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37df185 Dec 9, 2011
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# A small example program for using the new getopt(1) program.
# This program will only work with tcsh(1)
# An similar program using the bash(1) script language can be found
# as parse.bash
# Example input and output (from the tcsh prompt):
# ./parse.tcsh -a par1 'another arg' --c-long 'wow\!*\?' -cmore -b " very long "
# Option a
# Option c, no argument
# Option c, argument `more'
# Option b, argument ` very long '
# Remaining arguments:
# --> `par1'
# --> `another arg'
# --> `wow!*\?'
# Note that we had to escape the exclamation mark in the wow-argument. This
# is _not_ a problem with getopt, but with the tcsh command parsing. If you
# would give the same line from the bash prompt (ie. call ./parse.tcsh),
# you could remove the exclamation mark.
# This is a bit tricky. We use a temp variable, to be able to check the
# return value of getopt (eval nukes it). argv contains the command arguments
# as a list. The ':q` copies that list without doing any substitutions:
# each element of argv becomes a separate argument for getopt. The braces
# are needed because the result is also a list.
set temp=(`getopt -s tcsh -o ab:c:: --long a-long,b-long:,c-long:: -- $argv:q`)
if ($? != 0) then
echo "Terminating..." >/dev/stderr
exit 1
# Now we do the eval part. As the result is a list, we need braces. But they
# must be quoted, because they must be evaluated when the eval is called.
# The 'q` stops doing any silly substitutions.
eval set argv=\($temp:q\)
while (1)
case -a:
case --a-long:
echo "Option a" ; shift
case -b:
case --b-long:
echo "Option b, argument "\`$2:q\' ; shift ; shift
case -c:
case --c-long:
# c has an optional argument. As we are in quoted mode,
# an empty parameter will be generated if its optional
# argument is not found.
if ($2:q == "") then
echo "Option c, no argument"
echo "Option c, argument "\`$2:q\'
shift; shift
case --:
echo "Internal error!" ; exit 1
echo "Remaining arguments:"
# foreach el ($argv:q) created problems for some tcsh-versions (at least
# 6.02). So we use another shift-loop here:
while ($#argv > 0)
echo '--> '\`$1:q\'