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README.md

React Free Style

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React Free Style combines Free Style with React.js by managing the style of React components dynamically. Works with server-side rendering, where only styles of rendered components will print.

Why?

Check out why you should be doing CSS in JS. This module exposes the API directly to React.js.

Even more improvements with React Free Style

  • Modular React.js components
  • Style debugging in development mode
  • Fast renders with automatic style for rendered React components
  • Supports universal/isomorphic applications

Installation

npm install react-free-style --save

Usage

Styled

import { styled } from "react-free-style";

const Button = styled("button", {
  backgroundColor: "red",
});

const App = () => {
  return <Button css={{ color: "blue" }}>Hello world!</Button>;
};

JSX

/** @jsx jsx */

import { jsx } from "react-free-style";

const App = () => {
  return (
    <button css={{ color: "blue", backgroundColor: "red" }}>
      Hello world!
    </button>
  );
};

Imperative

import { css, useCss } from "react-free-style";

// Creates "cached CSS":
const style = css({ color: "red" });
// But you can also write `const style = { color: "red" }`.

const Button = () => {
  const className = useCss(style);

  return <button className={className}>Hello world!</button>;
};

This is how the styled and jsx work! Knowing how it works can help you when you need to extract the class name for integrating with an existing UI library using className.

Recipes

Valid Styles

Every CSS method accepts:

  • CSS-in-JS object
  • String, i.e. a class name
  • Cached CSS, created using the css(...) method
  • Computed CSS, a function which accepts Style and returns a valid style
  • Array of the above

Composition

Components created using styled expose "cached CSS" on the style property.

const LargeButton = styled("button", [
  {
    fontSize: 16,
  },
  Button.style,
  {
    marginBottom: 8,
  },
]);

Animations

A "computed CSS" function can be used to register and use @keyframes.

import { css } from "react-free-style";

const style = css((Style) => {
  const animationName = Style.registerStyle({
    $global: true,
    "@keyframes &": styles,
  });

  return { animationName };
});

Themes

CSS Variables

The most effective CSS themes I've seen use CSS variables to dynamically change styles.

// Register this CSS wherever you want the theme to apply, e.g. `:root`.
const theme = {
  "--color": "red",
};

const Button = styled("button", {
  color: "var(--color)",
});

// Later on you can change the theme.
const style = css({
  "--color": "blue",
});

Context

Use React.Context to define a theme and custom components with css props.

const ThemeContext = React.createContext({
  color: "red",
});

const Button = () => {
  const theme = React.useContext(ThemeContext);

  return <button css={{ color: theme.color }}>Hello world!</button>;
};

Rendering

By default, CSS output is discarded (a "no op" useful for testing) because you may have different output requirements depending on the environment.

Client-side Rendering

StyleSheetRenderer is an efficient CSS renderer for browsers.

import { StyleSheetRenderer, Context } from "react-free-style";

// const renderer = new NoopRenderer();
const renderer = new StyleSheetRenderer();

React.render(
  <Context.Provider value={renderer}>
    <App />
  </Context.Provider>,
  document.body
);

Server-side Rendering

MemoryRenderer collects all styles in-memory for output at a later time.

import { MemoryRenderer, Context } from "react-free-style";

// const renderer = new NoopRenderer();
const renderer = new MemoryRenderer();

const content = ReactDOM.renderToString(
  <Context.Provider value={renderer}>
    <App />
  </Context.Provider>,
  document.body
);

const html = `
<!doctype html>
<html>
  <head>
    ${renderer.toString()}
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="content">
      ${content}
    </div>
  </body>
</html>
`;

License

MIT license

About

Make React components easier and more maintainable by using inline style objects

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