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// An example program that XORs standard input with a value given on the command
// line and writes the result to the standard output.
#include <iostream>
#include <functional>
#include <vector>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <string>
#include <utility>
using xor_fn = int (*)(int);
template <int KEY>
int do_static_xor(int input)
return input ^ KEY;
template<std::size_t... I>
static auto init_vector(std::index_sequence<I...>)
std::initializer_list<xor_fn> init = { &do_static_xor<I>... };
return std::vector<xor_fn>(init);
// Do generate lots of XOR instructions with immediate values, we generate a
// table of xor functions for values from 0 to 511.
static std::vector<xor_fn> optimized_fns = init_vector(std::make_index_sequence<512>());
int main(int argc, char **argv)
if (argc != 2)
int key = std::stoi(argv[1], nullptr, 0);
xor_fn do_xor = key < optimized_fns.size() ? optimized_fns[key] : nullptr;
union {
int int_buf;
char raw[sizeof(int)];
int buf;
while (std::cin) {, sizeof(raw));
if (std::cin.gcount() != sizeof(raw))
if (do_xor)
int_buf = do_xor(int_buf);
int_buf = int_buf ^ key;
std::cout.write(raw, sizeof(raw));
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