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Blockstack Integration Tests

This is the end-to-end Blockstack test framework. New Blockstack developers should familiarize themselves with this first, since the integration tests offer a straightforward way to set up and run all the components in a sandboxed environment.

Once installed, developers can easily interact with a fully-featured Blockstack core node running on a private Bitcoin blockchain.

Getting Started with Docker

NOTE: This is only supported for the develop and master branches of Blockstack Core. For testing feature branches, including the upcoming Stacks token implementation, you must install from source. See this section for details.

The easiest way to get started with our integration tests on the develop branch is to use our integration test docker images.

You can pull the integration test image from quay.

docker pull

To see a full list of tags check out our Quay repo!

The test-launcher tool can also be used to build an integration test image from your local repository.

Once you have the docker image, you can run individual test scenarios. Test scenarios are organized as Python modules, which can be imported from blockstack_integration_tests.scenarios. For example, the following command runs the test that will create a .id namespace, preorder and register the name, set its zonefile hash, and create an empty profile for it:

IMAGE=$(docker run -dt -v /tmp:/tmp blockstack-test-scenario blockstack_integration_tests.scenarios.browser_env)

You can check the status of the test:

docker logs -f $IMAGE

And stop the test with:

docker stop $IMAGE

Running interactive tests with Docker

You can setup an interactive regtest environment for connecting to a Blockstack Browser (or interaction via the CLI).

In interactive mode, a test idles after its checks finish (i.e. after check() returns). This leaves you with a running Bitcoin node and a running Blockstack Core node that you can interact with via the Blockstack CLI, as if it were a production system.

To start a test in interactive mode, pass the --interactive switch.

For example, with the docker file already pulled, you can execute:

IMAGE=$(docker run -dt -p 16268:16268 -p 16269:16269 -p 18332:18332 -e BLOCKSTACK_TEST_CLIENT_RPC_PORT=16268 -e BLOCKSTACK_TEST_CLIENT_BIND= -e BLOCKSTACK_TEST_BITCOIND_ALLOWIP= blockstack-test-scenario --interactive 2 blockstack_integration_tests.scenarios.browser_env)

You know the setup has finished when it has displayed in the log:

$ docker logs -f $IMAGE | grep inished

Note: To obtain regtest bitcoins in the browser's wallet during testing-mode, use the hidden browser page (http://localhost:8888/wallet/send-core) or (http://localhost:3000/wallet/send-core) to send bitcoins to the address.

Getting Started with Python virtualenv and local bitcoind


You can run the integration test framework without using our docker containers, however, this requires a bit more setup.

To install the test framework, first install blockstack-core and all of its dependencies (done above).

    $ virtualenv --python=python2 blockstack-testing
    $ cd blockstack-testing
    $ source bin/activate
    (blockstack-testing) $ git clone blockstack-core
    (blockstack-testing) $ cd blockstack-core/ && ./ build && ./ install

Next, you will need to install the Blockstack Gaia hub, the Blockstack subdomain registrar, and the Blockstack transaction broadcaster. Instructions:

You will need to install them somewhere in your PATH:

$ which blockstack-subdomain-registrar
$ which blockstack-transaction-broadcaster
$ which blockstack-gaia-hub

macOS Note: Installing the python scrypt library on macOS requires OpenSSL headers. Those can be obtained via HomeBrew (and setup using environment variables LDFLAGS and CPPFLAGS). Alternatively, you can use the virtualenv tarball that ships with our macOS releases of Blockstack Browser. Generally, on macOS, it is much easier to setup our test environment with Docker.

Then, do the following to install the integration tests:

    $ cd integration_tests/
    $ ./ build && sudo ./ install

Installing bitcoind in macOS

You'll need the bitcoind console app, which apparently doesn't come included with Bitcoin-QT on macOS, so we'll need to build it from source, using this guide


$ brew install automake berkeley-db4 libtool boost --c++11 miniupnpc openssl pkg-config protobuf qt libevent
$ git clone
$ cd bitcoin
$ ./
$ ./configure
$ make

You need to add the src/ directory from your bitcoind build to your path:

$ export PATH=/Users/Whomever/Wherever/bitcoin/src:$PATH

Running tests

Run a test with the blockstack-test-scenario command

     $ blockstack-test-scenario blockstack_integration_tests.scenarios.portal_test_env

If all is well, the test will run for a few minutes and print:

     SUCCESS blockstack_integration_tests.scenarios.portal_test_env

Interactive Testing

There are two ways to set up interactive testing:

  • Generate blocks automatically every n seconds.
  • Present a Web-facing control panel for generating blocks and funding addresses.

To do the former, pass --interactive <blocktime> to blockstack-test-scenario, where <blocktime> is the amount of seconds between blocks.

To do the latter, pass --interactive-web <portnum> to blockstack-test-scenario, where <portnum> is the port number on which the test framework will serve a control Web page.

Interactive Web Testing

If you start the test with --interactive-web 3001 and let it run to completion, you will be able to load http://localhost:3001 in your Web browser and see a screen like this:

Blockstack integration test control panel

  • The Blockchain height field indicates how many blocks have been generated. This is 693 in this figure.

  • The Number of blocks form field is the number of blocks to generate. Simply type in a number and click "Generate blocks" to generate that many blocks on the test framework's blockchain.

  • The Fund address and value (satoshis) form field lets you fund an arbitrary address with the given number of satoshis.

  • The Done testing button ends the test.

When you register a name with the Browser, and you are using interactive Web testing, you should do the following to make sure the transaction confirms:

  1. Generate 12 blocks via the Web panel
  2. Check the test output and make sure your NAME_PREORDER transaction went through. You should see a line that looks like ACCEPT NAME_PREORDER.
  3. Generate 12 more blocks via the Web panel
  4. Check that test output and make sure your NAME_REGISTRATION transaction went through. You should see a line that looks like ACCEPT NAME_REGISTRATION.

When you fund an address, you should generate 6 blocks via the Web panel in order to "confirm" it.

Testing the Blockstack Browser

This example will set up an interactive regtest node that you can connect to via Blockstack Browser

 $ BLOCKSTACK_TEST_CLIENT_RPC_PORT=6270 blockstack-test-scenario --interactive 2 blockstack_integration_tests.scenarios.browser_env

In this example, a block will be generated once every 2 seconds.

You can also do this:

 $ BLOCKSTACK_TEST_CLIENT_RPC_PORT=6270 blockstack-test-scenario --interactive-web 3001 blockstack_integration_tests.scenarios.browser_env

In this example, you will need to manually generate blocks in order to confirm name registrations. However, you can also fund arbitrary addresses in this mode, which makes it easier to do more advanced things (like test a subdomain registrar, create a namespace, or test the Blockstack wallet).

Information on the testing Framework

Internally, the test-runner (blockstack-test-scenario) starts up a Bitcoin node locally in -regtest mode, giving the test its own private testnet blockchain. It mines some blocks with Bitcoin, fills some test-specified addresses with an initial balance (those specified in the test module's wallets global variable), and sets up a temporary configuration directory tree in /tmp/blockstack-run-scenario.blockstack_integration_tests.scenarios.<foo>/.

Once Bitcoin is ready, the test-runner starts up Blockstack Core and has it crawl the local Bitcoin blockchain. It then runs the test's scenario() method, which feeds it a string of Blockstack CLI commands at the desired block heights. Once the scenario() method finishes, the test runner calls the check() method to verify that the test generated the right state. If this passes, the test-runner verifies the Blockstack node's database integrity, performs automated SNV tests, and checks that the Atlas network crawled the right zonefiles.

Relevant Files, Ports, Tips, and Tricks

  • Bitcoin in regtest mode runs its JSON-RPC server on port 18332, and its peer-to-peer endpoint on port 18444.

  • The Blockstack Core indexer and Atlas peer runs on port 16264. This is a private API; do not talk to it directly.

  • The Blockstack RESTful HTTP endpoint runs on port 16268. This is what you want to use to programmatically interact with Blockstack.

  • All state for a given test is located under /tmp/blockstack-run-scenario.blockstack_integration_tests.scenarios.${SCENARIO_NAME}/, where ${SCENARIO_NAME} is the name of the test (e.g. portal_test_env).

  • The Core node's log file is located at /tmp/blockstack-run-scenario.blockstack_integration_tests.scenarios.${SCENARIO_NAME}/blockstack-server.log.

  • The Atlas and indexer node's config file is located at /tmp/blockstack-run-scenario.blockstack_integration_tests.scenarios.${SCENARIO_NAME}/blockstack-server.ini.

  • The Sqlite3 name database is located at /tmp/blockstack-run-scenario.blockstack_integration_tests.scenarios.${SCENARIO_NAME}/blockstack-server.db.

  • The history of accepted transactions and consensus hashes for the Core node is located in the Sqlite3 database at /tmp/blockstack-run-scenario.blockstack_integration_tests.scenarios.${SCENARIO_NAME}/blockstack-server.snapshots.


  • Before starting your test, make sure that there are no bitcoind -regtest processses running. Also, make sure that there are no lingering integration tests processes running. This can happen if your test encounters a fatal error and does not get a chance to clean itself up properly.

  • If your Core node fails to start, you should check the blockstack-server.log file in order to verify that the Core node didn't crash or misbehave.

  • You can verify that your Core node is running with curl http://localhost:16268. You should get back a simple HTML page.

  • Test output can be lengthy. If you want to preserve it, we recommend tee(1)-ing it to a log file.

ImportError: No module named _scrypt

The integration test suite depends on scrypt at this time. However, some Linux distributions have a hard time installing it.

Running this command usually fixes this issue:

$ pip uninstall scrypt; pip install scrypt

CLI Examples

TODO: These use the deprecated Blockstack CLI. Need to update them.

You can register names like normal when running the test in interactive mode:

     $ blockstack register bar.test
     Registering bar.test will cost 0.06481015 BTC.
     The entire process takes 30 confirmations, or about 5 hours.
     You need to have Internet access during this time period, so
     this program can send the right transactions at the right

     Continue? (Y/n): y
         "message": "The name has been queued up for registration and will take a few hours to go through. You can check on the status at any time by running 'blockstack info'.", 
         "success": true,
         "transaction_hash": "4fa9cd94f195b1aa391727c8949d88dbae25eddf1097bc8930fdb44c6a27b3d7"

You can check the status of the name as it gets registered on the regtest blockchain, just as you would on the mainnet blockchain. Because blocktimes are only 10 seconds in this example, names get registered quickly.

     $ blockstack info             
         "advanced_mode": true, 
         "cli_version": "0.14.2", 
         "consensus_hash": "bf168a3b5437c11c744891d38dffb8f2", 
         "last_block_processed": 305, 
         "last_block_seen": 305, 
         "queue": {
             "preorder": [
                     "confirmations": 7, 
                     "name": "bar.test", 
                     "tx_hash": "4fa9cd94f195b1aa391727c8949d88dbae25eddf1097bc8930fdb44c6a27b3d7"
         "server_alive": true, 
         "server_host": "localhost", 
         "server_port": 16264, 
         "server_version": "0.14.2"

As far as Blockstack is concerned, it thinks its running on the Bitcoin testnet. As such, you'll see that your names are owned by testnet-formatted addresses:

     $ blockstack names
         "addresses": [
                 "address": "n44rMyQ9rhTf7KjFdRwDNMWUSJ3MWLsDQ4", 
                 "names_owned": [
         "names_owned": [

Once the name registers, you'll see that its profile and zonefile are automatically generated and stored, and will be loaded from the pre-configured disk driver (the defualt driver used by the test framework):

    $ BLOCKSTACK_DEBUG=1 blockstack lookup bar.test
    [2016-10-03 17:41:00,892] [DEBUG] [spv:110] (15317.139910730368768) Using testnet/regtest
    [2016-10-03 17:41:01,038] [WARNING] [config:104] (15317.139910730368768) TX_MIN_CONFIRMATIONS = 0
    [2016-10-03 17:41:01,038] [WARNING] [config:276] (15317.139910730368768) CONFIG_PATH = /tmp/blockstack-run-scenario.blockstack_integration_tests.scenarios.rpc_register/client/client.ini
    [2016-10-03 17:41:01,085] [DEBUG] [cli:210] (15317.139910730368768) Enabling advanced methods
    [2016-10-03 17:41:01,125] [DEBUG] [client:134] (15317.139910730368768) Loaded storage driver 'disk'
    [2016-10-03 17:41:01,140] [DEBUG] [storage:285] (15317.139910730368768) get_immutable b4d1edb5ea706310b4599540a8d76ead4c7afd96
    [2016-10-03 17:41:01,141] [DEBUG] [storage:311] (15317.139910730368768) Try disk (b4d1edb5ea706310b4599540a8d76ead4c7afd96)
    [2016-10-03 17:41:01,141] [DEBUG] [storage:345] (15317.139910730368768) loaded b4d1edb5ea706310b4599540a8d76ead4c7afd96 with disk
    [2016-10-03 17:41:01,206] [DEBUG] [storage:422] (15317.139910730368768) get_mutable bar.test
    [2016-10-03 17:41:01,206] [DEBUG] [storage:462] (15317.139910730368768) Try disk (file:///tmp/blockstack-disk/mutable/bar.test)
    [2016-10-03 17:41:01,268] [DEBUG] [storage:492] (15317.139910730368768) loaded 'file:///tmp/blockstack-disk/mutable/bar.test' with disk
        "profile": {
            "@type": "Person", 
            "accounts": []
        "zonefile": '$ORIGIN bar.test\n$TTL 3600\npubkey TXT "pubkey:data:039408bc142ffe926a5865cb35447bb6142c9170e74ec194186f96129a37eb9033"\n_file URI 10 1 "file:///tmp/blockstack-disk/mutable/bar.test"\n'

Namespace Creation Example

You can test out the namespace creation functions once you've got a shell set up to connect to your regtest environment:

First, get the private keys you'll use for the namespace:

$ blockstack wallet
    "data_privkey": "bb68eda988e768132bc6c7ca73a87fb9b0918e9a38d3618b74099be25f7cab7d01",
    "data_pubkey": "04ea5d8c2a3ba84eb17625162320bb53440557c71f7977a57d61405e86be7bdcdab63a7f1eda1e6c1670c64a9f532b9f55458019d9b80fdf41748d06cd7f60d451", 
    "owner_address": "myaPViveUWiiZQQTb51KXCDde4iLC3Rf3K",
    "owner_privkey": "8f87d1ea26d03259371675ea3bd31231b67c5df0012c205c154764a124f5b8fe01",
    "payment_address": "mvF2KY1UbdopoomiB371epM99GTnzjSUfj",
    "payment_privkey": "f4c3907cb5769c28ff603c145db7fc39d7d26f69f726f8a7f995a40d3897bb5201"

For testing, I use the payment_privkey above to fund the namespace creation and owner_privkey as the namespace reveal key.

$ PAYMENTKEY="f4c3907cb5769c28ff603c145db7fc39d7d26f69f726f8a7f995a40d3897bb5201"
$ REVEALKEY="8f87d1ea26d03259371675ea3bd31231b67c5df0012c205c154764a124f5b8fe01"

Now, you can perform the preorder.

$ blockstack namespace_preorder blankstein $PAYMENTKEY $REVEALKEY

Wait for the transaction to confirm, and then issue a "reveal". During the reveal you configure the price function, expiration time of names, and whether or not you receive funds.

$ blockstack namespace_reveal blankstein $PAYMENTKEY $REVEALKEY

Once your reveal your namespace, you can issue a "ready", and then

$ blockstack namespace_ready blankstein $REVEALKEY