JavaScript statistics and analytics library - Node.JS ready
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README.md

#Gauss

JavaScript statistics and analytics library - Node.JS ready

Evented, asynchronous, and fast, Node.JS is an attractive platform for data mining, statistics, and data analysis. Gauss makes it easy to calculate and explore data through JavaScript.

##License MIT/X11 - See LICENSE

##Getting started

###Install with NPM (Node Package Manager)

Getting started with Gauss + Node.JS is easy:

$ npm install gauss

###Build for browser/embedded applications

Generates a minified gauss.js (Requires Java Runtime Environment to run Google's Closure Compiler)

$ git clone git://github.com/stackd/gauss.git
$ cd gauss
$ make

###Installing development dependencies and running tests

To run Gauss's tests you'll need Vows. NPM can automatically resolve this:

$ npm install gauss --devel

You can then invoke the tests with either node or vows:

Simple test run

$ node test/*

Run tests and view specification (verbose)

$ vows test/* --spec

##API

For now Gauss only has methods for univariate analysis. We're constantly working on adding more functions, adding multivariate statistics, and we encourage additions to the library. Accuracy is a primary concern. If Gauss is returning incorrect results, please submit an issue and/or submit a patch!

###Instantiation

Conventional:

var gauss = require('gauss');
var set = new gauss.Vector(5, 1, 3, 2, 21);

Monkey patch:

Array = require('gauss').Vector;
var set = [5, 1, 3, 2, 21];

###Callbacks and method chaining

All of Gauss's methods accept an optional callback:

set.min();
set.min(function(result) {
    result / 2;
    /* Do more things with the minimum*/
});

In addition, for methods that return another Vector, method chaining makes it easy to perform calculations that flow through each other:

set.quantile(4).stdev(); // Find the standard deviation of data set's quartiles

Finally, you can mix and match both callbacks and chaining:

set.quantile(4).stdev(function(stdev) {
    if (stdev > 1) {
        /* Do something awesome */
    }
});

###Methods

.min(callback)

Returns the smallest number.

.max(callback)

Returns the largest number.

.sum(callback)

Returns the sum of the numbers.

.range(callback)

Returns the difference between the largest and smallest value in a data set.

.mean(callback)

Returns the arithmetic mean.

.median(callback)

Returns the median. If there are an even amount of numbers in the data set, returns the arithmetic mean of the two middle values.

.mode(callback)

Returns the value(s) that occur the most frequently in a data set. If there is a tie, returns an array of values.

.variance(callback)

Returns a measure of how far a set of numbers are spread out from each other.

.stdev(percent, callback)

Returns the standard deviation of data set. If a percent is given, returns the standard deviation with respect to a percentile of the population.

.frequency(value, callback)

Returns the number of occurrences of value within a data set.

.percentile(value, callback)

Returns the value that below which a certain percent of observations fall within the data set.

.density(percent, callback)

Returns an array which is a percentile subset of values occurring within a data set.

.distribution(format, callback)

Returns an Object containing the (frequency) distribution of values within the array. Default format: absolute; relative returns ratio of occurrences and total number of values in a data set.

set.distribution();
> {
    1: 1,
    2: 1,
    3: 1,
    5: 1,
    21: 1
  }
set.distribution('relative');
> {
    1: 0.2,
    2: 0.2,
    3: 0.2,
    5: 0.2,
    21: 0.2
  }

.quantile(quantity, callback)

Returns an array of values that divide a frequency distribution into equal groups, each containing the same fraction of the total data set.

set.quantile(4); // Quartiles

.copy(callback)

Returns a copy of the data set.

.clone(callback)

Returns another instance of the Vector object and data.