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The joynr Code Generator

The joynr Code Generator can be used to create Java, C++ and Javascript code from Franca model files (*.fidl). Code generation itself is integrated into the Maven build process. See also the Demo App tutorial and sample code.

Maven configuration

The output path for the generated code, the model files, and the target language have to be provided in the Maven configuration:

<plugin>
    <groupId>io.joynr.tools.generator</groupId>
    <artifactId>joynr-generator-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <executions>
        <execution>
            <id>generate-code</id>
            <phase>generate-sources</phase>
            <goals>
                <goal>generate</goal>
            </goals>
            <configuration>
                <!-- provide the Franca model file(s) -->
                <model><PATH_TO_MODEL_FILE_OR_DIRECTORY></model>
                <!-- choose the generation language
                        (see section "Choosing the generation language"):
                    either by specifying <generationLanguage>
                    or <rootGenerator> -->
                <generationLanguage><GENERATION_LANGUAGE></generationLanguage>
                <rootGenerator><FULL_NAME_OF_ROOT_GENERATOR></rootGenerator>
                <!-- specify the output directory -->
                <outputPath><PATH_TO_OUTPUT_DIRECTORY></outputPath>
                <!-- optional parameters -->
                <!-- specify how the major version of Franca interfaces and typecollections shall
                        affect the generated name and package of interfaces and types:
                    package: interface/typecollection major versions (if existing) are added as an
                        additional package segment
                    name: interface/typecollection major versions (if existing) are appended to the
                        interface/type name
                    none (default): interface/typecollection versions do not affect the generated
                        name and package of interfaces and types
                    NOTE:
                        - Consumer and provider applications of one interface have to use the same
                          versioning scheme to be able to communicate with each other!
                        - The feature has been fully tested to work in Java, in C++ and JS only the
                          versioning of interfaces has been tested so far but the versioning of types
                          is expected to work as well. -->
                <addVersionTo>name|package|none</addVersionTo>
                <parameter>
                    <!-- for Jee code generation use generation language "java"
                         and set the following parameter
                         (see also documentation of joynr JEE Integration -->
                    <jee>true</jee>
                    <!-- for Java/Jee code generation with null values in
                         complex types use generation language "java"
                         and set the following parameter -->
                    <ignoreInvalidNullClassMembers>true</ignoreInvalidNullClassMembers>
                    <!-- for JavaScript only:
                         requireJSSupport=true: generate exports for all require mechanisms such
                             as requirejs, browser and node
                         requireJSSupport = false: generate only module.exports for node
                         default: false -->
                    <requireJSSupport>true</requireJSSupport>
                </parameter>
            </configuration>
        </execution>
    </executions>
    <dependencies>
        <!-- For Java/JEE code generation:
             add the Java/JEE generator dependency -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.joynr.tools.generator</groupId>
            <artifactId>java-generator</artifactId>
            <version><JOYNR_VERSION></version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- For C++ code generation:
             add the C++ generator dependency -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.joynr.tools.generator</groupId>
            <artifactId>cpp-generator</artifactId>
            <version><JOYNR_VERSION></version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- For JavaScript code generation:
             add the JavaScript generator dependency -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.joynr.tools.generator</groupId>
            <artifactId>js-generator</artifactId>
            <version><JOYNR_VERSION></version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- optionally, use model files from a dependency artifact -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId><MODEL_GROUP_ID></groupId>
            <artifactId><MODEL_ARTIFACT_ID></artifactId>
            <version><MODEL_VERSION></version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</plugin>

Gradle configuration

To include the plugin in your build.gradle use

buildscript {
    ...
    dependencies {
        classpath 'io.joynr.tools.generator:joynr-generator-gradle-plugin:<JOYNR_VERSION>'
        // Choose from the following depending on your target language
        classpath 'io.joynr.tools.generator:java-generator:<JOYNR_VERSION>'
        classpath 'io.joynr.tools.generator:cpp-generator:<JOYNR_VERSION>'
        classpath 'io.joynr.tools.generator:js-generator:<JOYNR_VERSION>'
    }
}

apply plugin: 'java'
apply plugin: 'io.joynr.tools.generator.joynr-generator-gradle-plugin'

Note: The Joynr Generator Plugin has to be applied after the Java or Kotlin plugin, as it attaches itself to the corresponding clean task.

The following parameters can be configured (see section Maven configuration for details):

  • modelPath
  • outputPath
  • generationLanguage
  • rootGenerator
  • generationId
  • skip
  • addVersionTo
  • extraParameters

Highlighted parameters are required, the rest is optional.

Example configuration:

joynrGenerator {
    modelPath = "src/main/model/"
    outputPath = "src/main/generated-java/"
    generationLanguage = "java"
}

The plugin can now be invoked with

gradle joynr-generate

To remove the generated sources again, invoke

gradle clean

Choosing the generation language

The value <GENERATION_LANGUAGE> of the setting generationLanguage can be either java, cpp, or javascript.

In each case, the corresponding dependency has to be added to the plugin's dependencies section (see above):

  • for java: the artifact io.joynr.tools.generator: java-generator
  • for cpp: the artifact io.joynr.tools.generator: cpp-generator
  • for javascript: the artifact io.joynr.tools.generator: js-generator

Alternatively, the generation language can also be chosen by the setting rootGenerator. Possible values of <FULL_NAME_OF_ROOT_GENERATOR> are

  • for java: io.joynr.generator.JoynrJavaGenerator,
  • for cpp: io.joynr.generator.cpp.JoynrCppGenerator,
  • for javascript: io.joynr.generator.js.JoynrJSGenerator

Providing the Franca model files

The model (Franca files) can either be provided by a relative path to a file on the filesystem or a relative path to a directory on the filesystem or a relative path to a single file inside a JAR on the class path. In case a directory on the filesystem is specified, all Franca files in the directory are used for generation. If a file inside a JAR on the classpath is referenced, the model artifact containing the referenced file must be in the plugin's dependencies section (see above). To generate code for multiple files in JAR files on the class path, each file has to be configured in its own execution section.

The dependencies section can also be used to provide and reuse non app specific Franca files, e.g. simple data types, that are then imported in the local Franca files.

It is recommended to place any local model files into the project's subdirectory src/main/model like in the Demo application.

Joynr Generator Standalone

The joynr Code Generator also exists as standalone version which can be used to manually generate the code from Franca models.

The standalone version as well as the Maven plugin are produced during the joynr Java build (see Building joynr Java and common components) and installed into the local Maven repository. The standalone jar resides in the target directory in <JOYNR_REPOSITORY>/tools/generator/joynr-generator-standalone. It has to be called with the following command line arguments:

  • -outputPath: output directory for the generated code
  • -modelpath: path to the Franca model files
  • -generationLanguage: either java, cpp or javascript

Example:

java -jar target/joynr-generator-standalone-0.9.0.jar
-outputPath gen -modelpath model.fidl -generationLanguage java

This will generate Java code for the model file model.fidl and output the generated code to gen.

Command line arguments:

    Required:
      -modelpath <path to model>
      -outputPath <path to output directory>
    Also one of:
      -rootGenerator <full name of template root> OR
      -generationLanguage <cpp|java|javascript>
    Optional:
      -templatesDir <folder name of templates directory>
      -templatesEncoding <encoding of templates>
      -generationId <name of what is being generated>
      -addVersionTo <name, package, none>
        package: interface/typecollection major versions (if existing) are added as an additional
            package segment
        name: interface/typecollection major versions (if existing) are appended to the
            interface/type name
        none: interface/typecollection versions do not affect the generated name and package of
            interfaces and types
        default: none
        NOTE:
            - Consumer and provider applications of one interface have to use the same versioning
              scheme to be able to communicate with each other!
            - The feature has been fully tested to work in Java, in C++ and JS only the versioning
              of interfaces has been tested so far but the versioning of types is expected to work
              as well.
    Optional, C++ only:
      -outputHeaderPath <path to directory containing header files>
      -includePrefix <prefix to use in include statements>
    Optional, JS only:
      -requireJSSupport <true, false>
        true: generate exports for all require mechanisms such as requirejs, browser and node
        false: generate only module.exports for node
        default: false
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