Schedule R scripts/processes with the Windows task scheduler. This allows R users working on Windows to automate R processes on specific timepoints from R itself. Mark that if you are looking for a Linux/Unix scheduler, you might be interested in the R package cronR available at https://github.com/bnosac/cronR
This R package allows to
- Get the list of scheduled tasks
- Remove a task
- Add a task
- A task is basically a script with R code which is run through Rscript
- You can schedule tasks 'ONCE', 'MONTHLY', 'WEEKLY', 'DAILY', 'HOURLY', 'MINUTE', 'ONLOGON', 'ONIDLE'
- The task log contains the stdout & stderr of the Rscript which was run on that timepoint. This log can be found at the same folder as the R script
library(taskscheduleR) myscript <- system.file("extdata", "helloworld.R", package = "taskscheduleR") ## run script once within 62 seconds taskscheduler_create(taskname = "myfancyscript", rscript = myscript, schedule = "ONCE", starttime = format(Sys.time() + 62, "%H:%M")) ## Run every day at the same time on 09:10, starting from tomorrow on ## Mark: change the format of startdate to your locale if needed (e.g. US: %m/%d/%Y) taskscheduler_create(taskname = "myfancyscriptdaily", rscript = myscript, schedule = "DAILY", starttime = "09:10", startdate = format(Sys.Date()+1, "%d/%m/%Y")) ## Run every week on Saturday and Sunday at 09:10 taskscheduler_create(taskname = "myfancyscript_sunsat", rscript = myscript, schedule = "WEEKLY", starttime = "09:10", days = c('SUN', 'SAT')) ## Run every 5 minutes, starting from 10:40 taskscheduler_create(taskname = "myfancyscript_5min", rscript = myscript, schedule = "MINUTE", starttime = "10:40", modifier = 5) ## Run every minute, giving some command line arguments taskscheduler_create(taskname = "myfancyscript_withargs_a", rscript = myscript, schedule = "MINUTE", rscript_args = "productxyz 20160101") taskscheduler_create(taskname = "myfancyscript_withargs_b", rscript = myscript, schedule = "MINUTE", rscript_args = c("productabc", "20150101")) ## get a data.frame of all tasks tasks <- taskscheduler_ls() str(tasks) ## delete the tasks taskscheduler_delete(taskname = "myfancyscript") taskscheduler_delete(taskname = "myfancyscriptdaily") taskscheduler_delete(taskname = "myfancyscript_sunsat") taskscheduler_delete(taskname = "myfancyscript_5min") taskscheduler_delete(taskname = "myfancyscript_withargs_a") taskscheduler_delete(taskname = "myfancyscript_withargs_b")
When the task has run, you can look at the log which contains everything from stdout and stderr. The log file is located at the directory where the R script is located.
## log file is at the place where the helloworld.R script was located mylog <- system.file("extdata", "helloworld.log", package = "taskscheduleR") cat(readLines(mylog), sep = "\n")
The package contains also an RStudio add-in. If you install the package and use RStudio version 0.99.893 or later you can just click to schedule a task. Just click Addins > Schedule R scripts on Windows. Many thanks to
Mark that the date format is the date format in Belgium. Change once to your locale if needed. E.g. in the US %m/%d/%Y
The package is on CRAN. To install, just run:
If you want the RStudio add-in to work, also install miniUI and shiny
For installing the development version of this package:
devtools::install_github("bnosac/taskscheduleR", build_vignettes = TRUE)
Mark on administrator rights
By default, to schedule a task, you must be a member of the Administrators, Backup Operators, or Server Operators group on the local computer. If you are not, you can ask your System administrator to make sure you have the rights to execute Schtasks.exe. This is the application this R package connects to. Schtasks.exe enables an administrator to create, delete, query, change, run and end scheduled tasks on a local or remote computer. If you are using RStudio, you might need to start RStudio as admin, on Windows this is rightclick >> run as administrator.
Mark on error messages
- You can only have one task with the same name, make sure you use
taskscheduler_deletethe task if you are planning to create a new task with the same name.
- Tasks are only run if your computer is on and your cable is plugged in
taskscheduler_createrequires you to give the full path to the R script you want to schedule.
- R has many facilities to provide the full path to a file on disk
- Some examples include
file.path(getwd(), "subfolder", "yourscript.R"),
file.path(Sys.getenv("YOUR_PROJECT_DIR"), "subfolder", "yourscript.R"). Choose what suites you best to pass the full path on to argument
- Consider using the
taskscheduler_create(scheduling something at 9/2/2018 means something different than 2/9/2018 depending on your locale)