An Arduino library to interface the Avia Semiconductor HX711 24-Bit Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) for Weight Scales.
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bogde Merge pull request #126 from hiveeyes/spring-cleaning
Fix "clean" target in Makefile
Latest commit 7d10a35 Feb 21, 2019


An Arduino library to interface the Avia Semiconductor HX711 24-Bit Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) for Weight Scales.

It supports the platforms atmelavr, espressif8266, espressif32, atmelsam and ststm32 by corresponding PlatformIO build environments.


#include "HX711.h"
HX711 loadcell;

// 1. HX711 circuit wiring
const int LOADCELL_DOUT_PIN = 2;
const int LOADCELL_SCK_PIN = 3;

// 2. Adjustment settings
const long LOADCELL_OFFSET = 50682624;
const long LOADCELL_DIVIDER = 5895655;

// 3. Initialize library

// 4. Acquire reading
Serial.print("Weight: ");
Serial.println(loadcell.get_units(10), 2);

For non-blocking mode, use:

// 4. Acquire reading without blocking
if (scale.wait_ready_timeout(1000)) {
    long reading = loadcell.get_units(10);
    Serial.print("Weight: ");
    Serial.println(reading, 2);
} else {
    Serial.println("HX711 not found.");

More examples

See examples directory in this repository.

HAL support

Hardware support

The library has been tested successfully on the following hardware. Thanks, Bogdan!


  1. It provides a tare() function, which "resets" the scale to 0. Many other implementations calculate the tare weight when the ADC is initialized only. I needed a way to be able to set the tare weight at any time. Use case: Place an empty container on the scale, call tare() to reset the readings to 0, fill the container and get the weight of the content.

  2. It provides a power_down() function, to put the ADC into a low power mode. According to the datasheet,

    When PD_SCK pin changes from low to high and stays at high for longer than 60μs, HX711 enters power down mode.

    Use case: Battery-powered scales. Accordingly, there is a power_up() function to get the chip out of the low power mode.

  3. It has a set_gain(byte gain) function that allows you to set the gain factor and select the channel. According to the datasheet,

    Channel A can be programmed with a gain of 128 or 64, corresponding to a full-scale differential input voltage of ±20mV or ±40mV respectively, when a 5V supply is connected to AVDD analog power supply pin. Channel B has a fixed gain of 32.

    The same function is used to select the channel A or channel B, by passing 128 or 64 for channel A, or 32 for channel B as the parameter. The default value is 128, which means "channel A with a gain factor of 128", so one can simply call set_gain().

    This function is also called from the initializer method begin().

  4. The get_value() and get_units() functions can receive an extra parameter "times", and they will return the average of multiple readings instead of a single reading.

How to calibrate your load cell

  1. Call set_scale() with no parameter.
  2. Call tare() with no parameter.
  3. Place a known weight on the scale and call get_units(10).
  4. Divide the result in step 3 to your known weight. You should get about the parameter you need to pass to set_scale().
  5. Adjust the parameter in step 4 until you get an accurate reading.

Deprecation warning

This library received some spring-cleaning in February 2019, removing the pin definition within the constructor completely, as this was not timing safe. (#29) Please use the new initialization flavor as outlined in the example above.


All architectures

This will spawn a Python virtualenv in the current directory, install platformio into it and then execute platformio run. effectively running all targets defined in platformio.ini.

make build-all


Environment feather_328	[SUCCESS]
Environment atmega_2560	[SUCCESS]
Environment huzzah     	[SUCCESS]
Environment lopy4      	[SUCCESS]
Environment teensy31   	[SUCCESS]
Environment teensy36   	[SUCCESS]
Environment feather_m0 	[SUCCESS]
Environment arduino_due	[SUCCESS]
Environment feather_m4 	[SUCCESS]
Environment bluepill   	[SUCCESS]


Specific environment

# Build for LoPy4
make build-env environment=lopy4

# Build for Feather M0
make build-env environment=feather_m0


Thanks to Weihong Guan who started the first version of this library in 2012 already (see [arduino|module]Hx711 electronic scale kit, sources), Bogdan Necula who took over in 2014 and last but not least all others who contributed to this library over the course of the last years, see also CONTRIBUTORS.rst in this repository.

See also

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