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Bootique AWS

Helps to build Bootique apps that interact with AWS services and/or are deployed in the AWS environment (such as AWS Java Lambdas). Integrates Amazon Java SDK 2.x libraries with Bootique and allows to seamlessly merge data from AWS Secrets Manager into Bootique app configuration.

Quick FAQ

What AWS SDK Version does Bootique support?

Bootique 2 supports AWS SDK 1.x. Bootique 3 supports 2.x, and 1.x (in maintenance mode. No new features added to 1.x). We strongly encourage the users to use *-aws2 flavor.

I already have an app using Bootique with AWS SDK 1.x. How do I upgrade?

The main challenge would be to upgrade the use of AWS API, which is significantly different. You can start by reading AWS Docs on this subject. On Bootique side there are some differences in configuration and in what objects you inject. They are all documented here.

What if I need to work with XYZ AWS service, and there is no module for it?

If Bootique doesn't yet provide a module for your favorite AWS service, you should still use bootique-aws2 to configure service credentials. And you can easily write your own integration module. Refer to bootique-aws2-s3 source code for a good example. Also, you can ping us via GitHub or the forum, and we may add your integration to Bootique.

Getting Started

To be able to call any AWS services, an app will need to be provided with a set of AWS credentials and a default region. This can be done either via a Bootique config or one of the standard AWS client library strategies. Let's look at the first option - Bootique config. Start by importing bootique-aws2 dependency:


Generate access credentials in the AWS console, and configure the app similar to this:

    accessKey: AKINXC5IHNPO255OW4EW
    secretKey: N8RX3nvEjlOfB3Fmp+KPVAV+4wbLSQCUL9+tkEA+
    # Used for "temporary" credentials
    # sessionToken: ....
  defaultRegion: us-east-2

To use a specific AWS service, you will need to import a corresponding module, that will create an injectable client singleton for such service and will automatically use the credentials above. E.g. for S3 this might look like this:

private S3ClientFactory s3ClientFactory

Bootique configuration support explicit credentials (including a "temporary" variety), and reading configuration profiles. At the same time, AWS library has its own credential provider chain that attempts to load credentials in turn from various sources (env vars, system properties, profile files, etc.). It is disabled by default in Bootique to avoid unexpected interactions between the app and the environment. But it can be turned on either all at once:

// turn on the entire default provider chain

or piecemeal:

// turn on one or more credential providers individually

Note that Bootique configuration will still take precedence over these providers, and only if the configuration is absent, the providers would be invoked.


You don't need an explicit accessKey / secretKey configuration when running on EC2 or ECS, as these environments provide a built-in metadata service to look up credentials. To enable no-config deployment in EC2 or ECS, add the following credentials provider:


AWS Lambdas

Minimal footprint and quick startup time of Bootique makes it a perfect technology for writing AWS Lambdas in Java. Instead of a "main" class in a normal app, you would implement a Lambda "handler" with Bootique runtime included in it:

public class MyHandler implements RequestHandler<Object, String> {

    private static BQRuntime runtime =

    public String handleRequest(Object o, Context context) {
        // do something

The main difference with a standalone app is that there's no CLI, and you only "create" a BQRuntime, but do not "run" a command. You'd usually make the runtime static to speed up responses from warmed-up lambda instances. Within the handle* method you'd obtain Bootique objects by calling runtime.getInstance(MyType.class) instead of injection. Otherwise, all the Bootique APIs and practices should work unchanged.

Since Lambda environment already includes credentials to access the rest of AWS as shell variables, you don't need an explicit accessKey / secretKey configuration. Instead, add an extra line to add a Lambda-friendly credentials provider:


AWS Secret Manager as a Source of App Configuration

Often parts of the app configuration (especially various passwords) are stored as "secrets" in the AWS Secrets Manager. WHen you query a Secrets Manager, secrets are returned as simple JSON objects. Bootique provides a way to load and merge them into the main app configuration tree. To work with the Secrets Manager you will need the following dependency:


And then you'd list any secrets that should be included in the app configuration:

      awsName: "mysecret" # Either a human-readable AWS name of a secret or an AWS ARN
      mergePath: "myapp.subconfig" # Where in a config tree to place the loaded secret
      jsonTransformer: "mytransformer" # Optional. 
         # A symbolic name of a class implementing AwsJsonTransformer that would 
         # transform the secret's JSON into a form compatible with the app config.

If secret field names match exactly your target configuration properties, you won't need a transformer. Otherwise, write a class implementing AwsJsonTransformer and register it like this:

AwsSecretsModule.extend(binder).addTransformer("mytransformer", MyTransformer.class);

Bootique strives to provide built-in transformers for the known secret formats. Here is an example showing how to load a standard RDS connection secret (that has a predefined format) and transform it to a bootique-jdbc Hikari DataSource configuration:

      awsName: "myRDSSecret"
      mergePath: "jdbc.mydb"
      jsonTransformer: "rds-to-hikari-datasource" # This transformer is provided by 
          # Bootique out of the box and will transform a standard RDS connection secret
          # into a Hikari config with "jdbcUrl", "username" and "password" keys.

Custom Endpoints and Testing



Bootique integration with AWS Java SDK







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