Skip to content
master
Go to file
Code

README.md

ret-sync

ret-sync stands for Reverse-Engineering Tools SYNChronization. It is a set of plugins that help to synchronize a debugging session (WinDbg/GDB/LLDB/OllyDbg/OllyDbg2/x64dbg) with a disassembler (IDA/Ghidra). The underlying idea is simple: take the best from both worlds (static and dynamic analysis).

Debuggers and dynamic analysis provide us with:

  • local view, with live dynamic context (registers, memory, etc.)
  • built-in specialized features/API (ex: WinDbg's !peb, !drvobj, !address, etc.)

Disassemblers and static analysis provide us with:

  • macro view over modules
  • code analysis, signatures, types, etc.
  • fancy graph view
  • decompilation
  • persistent storage of knowledge within IDBs/GPRs

Key features:

  • synchronize graph and decompilation views with debugger's state
  • no need to deal with ASLR, addresses are rebased on-the-fly
  • pass data (comment, command output) from debugger to disassembler
  • multiple IDBs/GPRs can be synced at the same time allowing to easily trace through multiple modules
  • disassembler and debugger can be on different hosts / VMs

ret-sync is a fork of qb-sync that I developed and maintained during my stay at Quarkslab.


Table of contents


Repository content

The debugger plugins:

  • ext_windbg/sync: WinDbg extension source files, once built: sync.dll
  • ext_gdb/sync.py: GDB plugin
  • ext_lldb/sync.py: LLDB plugin
  • ext_olly1: OllyDbg 1.10 plugin
  • ext_olly2: OllyDbg v2 plugin
  • ext_x64dbg: x64dbg plugin

And the disassembler plugins:

  • ext_ida/SyncPlugin.py
  • ext_ghidra/dist/ghidra_*_retsync.zip: Ghidra plugin

General prerequisites

IDA and GDB plugins require a valid Python setup. Python 2 (>=2.7) and Python 3 are supported.

Binary release

Pre-built binaries for WinDbg/OllyDbg/OllyDbg2/x64dbg debuggers are proposed through an Azure DevOps pipeline: Build Status

Select the last build and check the artifacts under the Related section: 6 published.

A pre-built plugin archive of the Ghidra plugin is provided in ext_ghidra/dist.

ret-sync configuration

ret-sync should work out of the box for most users with a typical setup: debugger and disassembler(s) on the same host, module names matching.

Still, in some scenarios a specific configuration may be used. For that, extensions and plugins check for an optional global configuration file named .sync in the user's home directory. It must be a valid .INI file.

Additionally, the IDA and Ghidra plugins also look for the configuration file in the IDB or project directory (<project>.rep) first to allow local, per-IDB/project, settings. If a local configuration file is present, the global configuration file is ignored.

Values declared in these configuration files override default values. Please note, that no .sync file is created by default.

Below we detail, three common scenarios where a configuration file is useful/needed:

  • Remote debugging
  • Modules names mismatch
  • Missing PID

Remote debugging: debugger and disassembler are on different hosts

The [INTERFACE] section is used to customize network related settings. Let's suppose one wants to synchronize IDA with a debugger running inside a virtual machine (or simply another host), common remote kernel debugging scenario.

Simply create two .sync file:

  • one on the machine where IDA is installed, in the IDB directory:
[INTERFACE]
host=192.168.128.1
port=9234

It tells ret-sync IDA plugin to listen on the interface 192.168.128.1 with port 9234. It goes without saying that this interface must be reachable from the remote host or virtual machine.

  • one on the machine where the debugger is executed, in the user's home directory:
[INTERFACE]
host=192.168.128.1
port=9234

It tells ret-sync debugger plugin to connect to the ret-sync IDA plugin configured previously to listen in this interface.

NOTE: You must specify a real IP here, and not use 0.0.0.0. This is because the variable is used by multiple sources both for binding and connecting, so using 0.0.0.0 will result in weird errors.

IDB and debugger modules names are different

[ALIASES]
ntoskrnl_vuln.exe=ntkrnlmp.exe

The [ALIASES] section is used to customize the name which is used by a disassembler (IDA/Ghidra) to register a module to its dispatcher/program manager.

By default, disassembler plugins use the name of the input file. However one may have renamed the file beforehand and it doesn't match anymore the name of the actual process or loaded module as seen by the debugger.

Here we simply tell to the dispatcher to match the name ntkrnlmp.exe (real name) instead of ntoskrnl_vuln.exe (IDB name).

gdb with Qt Creator debugging frontend

The Qt Creator debugging frontend changes the way gdb command output is logged. Since this would interfere with the synchronization an option exists to use the raw gdb output for synchronization instead of a temporary file. In the .sync configuration file use

[GENERAL]
use_tmp_logging_file=false

if you wish to use the Qt debugging frontend for the target.

Embedded devices and missing /proc/<pid>/maps

In some scenarios, such as debugging embedded devices over serial or raw firmware in QEMU, gdb is not aware of the PID and cannot access /proc/<pid>/maps.

In these cases, The [INIT] section is used to pass a custom context to the plugin. It allows overriding some fields such as the PID and memory mappings.

.sync content extract:

    [INIT]
    context = {
          "pid": 200,
          "mappings": [ [0x400000, 0x7A81158, 0x7681158, "asav941-200.qcow2|lina"] ]
      }

Each entry in the mappings is: mem_base, mem_end, mem_size, mem_name.

Installation

IDA extension

IDA prerequisites

IDA 7.x branch is required. For older versions (6.9x) please see archived release ida6.9x.

Install the IDA extension

For IDA installation, copy Syncplugin.py and retsync folder from ext_ida to IDA plugins directory, for example:

  • C:\Program Files\IDA Pro 7.4\plugins
  • %APPDATA%\Hex-Rays\IDA Pro\plugins
  • ~/.idapro/plugins

Run the IDA extension

  1. Open IDB
  2. Run the plugin in IDA (Alt-Shift-S) or Edit -> Plugins -> ret-sync
[sync] default idb name: ld.exe
[sync] sync enabled
[sync] cmdline: "C:\Program Files\Python38\python.exe" -u "C:\Users\user\AppData\Roaming\Hex-Rays\IDA Pro\plugins\retsync\broker.py" --idb "target.exe"
[sync] module base 0x100400000
[sync] hexrays #7.3.0.190614 found
[sync] broker started
[sync] plugin loaded
[sync] << broker << dispatcher not found, trying to run it
[sync] << broker << dispatcher now runs with pid: 6544
[sync] << broker << connected to dispatcher
[sync] << broker << listening on port 63107

IDA plugin troubleshooting

To troubleshoot issues with the IDA extension two options are available in the file retsync/rsconfig.py:

LOG_LEVEL = logging.INFO
LOG_TO_FILE_ENABLE = False

Setting LOG_LEVEL value to logging.DEBUG makes the plugin more verbose.

Setting LOG_TO_FILE_ENABLE value to True triggers the logging of exception information from broker.py and dispatcher.py into dedicated files. Log file are generated in the %TMP% folder with a name pattern retsync.%s.err .

Ghidra extension

Build the Ghidra extension

Either use the pre-built version from the ext_ghidra/dist folder or follow the instruction to build it. Each extension build only supports the version of Ghidra specified in the plugin's file name. E.g. ghidra_9.1_PUBLIC_20191104_retsync.zip is for Ghidra 9.1 Public.

  1. Install Ghidra
  2. Install gradle
apt install gradle
  1. Build extension for your Ghidra installation (replace $GHIDRA_DIR with your installation directory)
cd ext_ghidra
gradle -PGHIDRA_INSTALL_DIR=$GHIDRA_DIR

Install the Ghidra extension

  1. From Ghidra projects manager: File -> Install Extensions..., click on the + sign and select the ext_ghidra/dist/ghidra_*_retsync.zip and click OK. This will effectively extract the retsync folder from the zip into $GHIDRA_DIR/Extensions/Ghidra/
  2. Restart Ghidra as requested
  3. After reloading Ghidra, open a module in CodeBrowser. It should tell you a new extension plugin has been detected. Select "yes" to configure it. Then tick "RetSyncPlugin" and click OK. The console should show something like:
[*] retsync init
[>] programOpened: tm.sys
    imageBase: 0x1c0000000
  1. From Ghidra CodeBrowser tool: use toolbar icons or shortcuts to enable (Alt+s)/disable (Alt+Shift+s)/restart (Alt+r) synchronization.

A status window is also available from Windows -> RetSyncPlugin. You generally want to drop it on the side to integrate it with the Ghidra environment windows.

WinDbg extension

Build the WinDbg extension

Either use pre-built binaries or use the Visual Studio 2017 solution provided in ext_windbg, (see https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/visualstudio/releasenotes/vs2017-relnotes if needed).

This will build the x64\release\sync.dll file.

Install the WinDbg extension

You will need to copy the resulting sync.dll file into the appropriate Windbg extension path.

  • WinDbg Classic:

For earlier versions of Windbg this is is something like this (be careful of x86/x64 flavours), for example

C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\Debuggers\x64\winext\sync.dll

  • Windbg Preview

The folder for storing extension seems to be based on the PATH, so you need to put it one of the queried locations.

One example is to put it here:

C:\Users\user\AppData\Local\Microsoft\WindowsApps\sync.dll

Run the WinDbg extension

  1. Launch WinDbg on target
  2. Load extension (.load command)
    0:000> .load sync
    [sync.dll] DebugExtensionInitialize, ExtensionApis loaded
  1. Sync WinDbg
      0:000> !sync
      [sync] No argument found, using default host (127.0.0.1:9100)
      [sync] sync success, sock 0x5a8
      [sync] probing sync
      [sync] sync is now enabled with host 127.0.0.1

E.g. in IDA's Output window

      [*] << broker << dispatcher msg: add new client (listening on port 63898), nb client(s): 1
      [*] << broker << dispatcher msg: new debugger client: dbg connect - HostMachine\HostUser
      [sync] set debugger dialect to windbg, enabling hotkeys

If Windbg's current module matches IDA file name

      [sync] idb is enabled with the idb client matching the module name.

WinDbg installation troubleshooting

Note: If you get the following error, it is because you haven't copied the file to the right folder in the above steps.

0: kd> .load sync
The call to LoadLibrary(sync) failed, Win32 error 0n2
    "The system cannot find the file specified."
Please check your debugger configuration and/or network access.

The error below usually means that Windbg tried to load the incorrect flavour of the extension, ex: x86 in place of the x64 sync.dll.

0:000> .load sync
The call to LoadLibrary(sync) failed, Win32 error 0n193
    "%1 is not a valid Win32 application."
Please check your debugger configuration and/or network access.

GNU gdb (GDB) installation

  1. Copy the ext_gdb/sync.py to the directory of your choice
  2. Load the extension (see auto-load-scripts)
    gdb> source sync.py
    [sync] configuration file loaded 192.168.52.1:9100
    [sync] commands added

LLDB installation

LLDB support is experimental, however:

  1. Load extension (can also be added in ~/.lldbinit)
    lldb> command script import sync

OllyDbg 1.10 installation

OllyDbg 1.10 support is experimental, however:

  1. Build the plugin using the VS solution (optional, see pre-built binaries)
  2. Copy the dll within OllyDbg's plugin directory

OllyDbg2 installation

OllyDbg2 support is experimental, however:

  1. Build the plugin using the VS solution (optional, see pre-built binaries)
  2. Copy the dll within OllyDbg2's plugin directory

x64dbg installation

Based on testplugin, https://github.com/x64dbg/testplugin. x64dbg support is experimental, however:

  1. Build the plugin using the VS solution (optional, see pre-built binaries). May you need a different version of the plugin sdk, a copy can be found in each release of x64dbg. Paste the "pluginsdk" directory into "ext_x64dbg\x64dbg_sync"
  2. Copy the dll (extension is .d32 or .dp64) within x64dbg's plugin directory.

Usage

ret-sync debugger commands

For command-line oriented debuggers (mainly Windbg and GDB) a set of commands is exposed by ret-sync to assist in the reverse-engineering task.

The commands below are generic (Windbg and GDB), please note that a ! prefix is needed on WinDbg (e.g.: sync in GDB, !sync in Windbg).

Debugger command Description
synchelp Display the list of available commands with short explanation
sync Start synchronization
syncoff Stop synchronization
cmt [-a address] <string> Add a comment at current ip in disassembler
rcmt [-a address] Reset comment at current ip in disassembler
fcmt [-a address] <string> Add a function comment for function in which current ip is located
raddr <expression> Add a comment with rebased address evaluated from expression
rln <expression> Get symbol from the disassembler for the given address
lbl [-a address] <string> Add a label name at current ip in disassembler
cmd <string> Execute a command in debugger and add its output as comment at current ip in disassembler
bc <||on|off|set 0xBBGGRR> Enable/disable path coloring in disassembler
idblist Get list of all IDB clients connected to the dispatcher
syncmodauto <on|off> Enable/disable disassembler auto switch based on module name
idbn <n> Set active IDB to the nth client
jmpto <expression>
jmpraw <expression> If an IDB is enabled then disassembler's view is synced with the resulting address.
translate <base> <addr> <mod> rebase an address with respect to its module's name and offset

WinDbg specific commands:

Debugger command Description
curmod Display module infomation for current instruction offset (for troubleshooting)
modlist Debugger Markup Language (DML) enhanced module list meant for smoother active idb switching
idb <module name> Set given module as the active idb (see modlist enhanced version of lm)
modmap <base> <size> <name> A synthetic ("faked") module (defined using its base address and size) is added to the debugger internal list
modunmap <base> Remove a previously mapped synthetic module at base address
modcheck <||md5> Use to check if current module really matches IDB's file (ex: module has been updated)
bpcmds <||save|load|> bpcmds wrapper, save and reload .bpcmds (breakpoints commands list) output to current IDB
ks Debugger Markup Language (DML) enhanced output of kv command

GDB specific commands:

Debugger command Description
bbt Beautiful backtrace. Similar to bt in GDB but requests symbols from disassembler
patch Patch bytes in disassembler based on live context
bx Similar to GDB x but using a symbol. The symbol will be resolved by disassembler
cc Continue to cursor in disassembler

IDA usage

IDA plugin's GUI

The Overwrite idb name input field is meant to change the default IDB name. It is the name that is used by the plugin to register with the dispatcher. IDB automatic switch is based on module name matching. In case of conflicting names (like a foo.exe and foo.dll), this can be used to ease matching. Please note, if you modify the input field while the sync is active, you have to re-register with the dispatcher; this can be done simply by using the "Restart" button.

As a reminder it is possible to alias by default using the .sync configuration file.

IDA global shortcuts

ret-sync defines these global shortcuts in IDA:

  • Alt-Shift-S - Run ret-sync plugin
  • Ctrl-Shift-S - Toggle global syncing
  • Ctrl-H - Toggle Hex-Rays syncing

Two buttons are also available in the Debug toolbar to toggle global and Hex-Rays syncing.

IDA bindings over WinDbg commands

Syncplugin.py also registers WinDbg command wrapper hotkeys.

  • F2 - Set breakpoint at cursor address
  • F3 - Set one-shot breakpoint at cursor address
  • Ctrl-F2 - Set hardware breakpoint at cursor address
  • Ctrl-F3 - Set one-shot hardware breakpoint at cursor address
  • Alt-F2 - Translate (rebase in debugger) current cursor address
  • Alt-F5 - Go
  • F10 - Single step
  • F11 - Single trace

These commands are only available when the current IDB is active. When possible they have also been implemented for others debuggers.

Ghidra usage

Ghidra plugin's GUI

Once the RetSyncPlugin opened, you can add it to the CodeBrowser window by simple drag'n'drop:

If you want to view several modules, files need to be open in the same CodeBrowser viewer, simply drag'n'drop the additional ones in the CodeBrowser window to obtain the result as above.

Ghidra global shortcuts

ret-sync defines these global shortcuts in Ghidra:

  • Alt-S - Enable syncing
  • Alt-Shift-S - Disable syncing
  • Alt-R - Restart syncing
  • Alt-Shift-R - Reload configuration

Ghidra bindings over WinDbg

Bindings over debugger commands are also implemented. They are similar to the ones from IDA's extension (except the "Go" command).

  • F2 - Set breakpoint at cursor address
  • Ctrl-F2 - Set hardware breakpoint at cursor address
  • Alt-F3 - Set one-shot breakpoint at cursor address
  • Ctrl-F3 - Set one-shot hardware breakpoint at cursor address
  • Alt-F2 - Translate (rebase in debugger) current cursor address
  • F5 - Go
  • F10 - Single step
  • F11 - Single trace

WinDbg usage

WinDbg plugin commands

  • !sync: Start synchronization
  • !syncoff: Stop synchronization
  • !synchelp: Display the list of available commands with short explanation.
  • !cmt [-a address] : Add comment at current ip in IDA
    [WinDbg]
    0:000:x86> pr
    eax=00000032 ebx=00000032 ecx=00000032 edx=0028eebc esi=00000032 edi=00000064
    eip=00430db1 esp=0028ed94 ebp=00000000 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na po nc
    cs=0023  ss=002b  ds=002b  es=002b  fs=0053  gs=002b             efl=00000202
    image00000000_00400000+0x30db1:
    00430db1 57    push    edi

    0:000:x86> dd esp 8
    0028ed94  00000000 00433845 0028eebc 00000032
    0028eda4  0028f88c 00000064 002b049e 00000110

    0:000:x86> !cmt 0028ed94  00000000 00433845 0028eebc 00000032
    [sync.dll]  !cmt called

    [IDA]
    .text:00430DB1    push    edi             ; 0028ed94  00000000 00433845 0028eebc 00000032
  • !rcmt [-a address]: Reset comment at current ip in IDA
    [WinDbg]
    0:000:x86> !rcmt
    [sync] !rcmt called

    [IDA]
    .text:00430DB1    push    edi
  • !fcmt [-a address] : Add a function comment for function in which current ip is located
    [WinDbg]
    0:000:x86> !fcmt decodes buffer with key
    [sync] !fcmt called

    [IDA]
    .text:004012E0 ; decodes buffer with key
    .text:004012E0                 public decrypt_func
    .text:004012E0 decrypt_func    proc near
    .text:004012E0                 push    ebp

Note: calling this command without argument reset the function's comment.

  • !raddr : Add a comment with rebased address evaluated from expression
  • !rln : Get symbol from the disassembler for the given address
  • !lbl [-a address] : Add a label name at current ip in disassembler
    [WinDbg]
    0:000:x86> !lbl meaningful_label
    [sync] !lbl called

    [IDA]
    .text:000000000040271E meaningful_label:
    .text:000000000040271E    mov     rdx, rsp
  • !cmd : Execute a command in WinDbg and add its output as comment at current ip in disassembler
    [WinDbg]
    0:000:x86> pr
    eax=00000032 ebx=00000032 ecx=00000032 edx=0028eebc esi=00000032 edi=00000064
    eip=00430db1 esp=0028ed94 ebp=00000000 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz na po nc
    cs=0023  ss=002b  ds=002b  es=002b  fs=0053  gs=002b             efl=00000202
    image00000000_00400000+0x30db1:
    00430db1 57     push    edi
    [sync.dll]  !cmd r edi

    [IDA]
    .text:00430DB1    push    edi             ; edi=00000064
  • !bc <||on|off|set 0xBBGGRR> : Enable/disable path coloring in disassembler. This is NOT a code tracing tool, there are efficient tools for that. Each manually stepped instruction is colored in the graph. Color a single instruction at current ip if called without argument. "set" argument is used to set path color with a new hex rgb code (reset color if called with a value > 0xFFFFFF).
  • !idblist: Get list of all IDB clients connected to the dispatcher:
    [WinDbg]
    0:000> !idblist
    > currently connected idb(s):
        [0] target.exe
  • !syncmodauto <on|off>: Enable/disable disassembler auto switch based on module name:
    [WinDbg]
    0:000> !syncmodauto off

    [IDA]
    [*] << broker << dispatcher msg: sync mode auto set to off
  • !idbn : Set active IDB to the nth client. n should be a valid decimal value. This is a semi-automatic mode (personal tribute to the tremendous jj)
    [WinDbg]
    0:000:> !idbn 0
    > current idb set to 0

In this example, current active IDB client would have been set to:

	[0] target.exe.
  • !jmpto : Expression given as argument is evaluated in the context of the current debugger's status. disassembler's view is then synced with the resulting address if a matching module is registered. Can be seen as a manual syncing, relocation is automatically performed, on the fly. Especially useful for randomly relocated binary.
  • !jmpraw : Expression given as argument is evaluated in the context of the current debugger's status. If an IDB is enabled then disassembler's view is synced with the resulting address. Address is not rebased and there is no IDB switching. Especially useful for dynamically allocated/generated code.
  • !modmap : A synthetic ("faked") module (defined using its base address and size) is added to the debugger internal list. From msdn: "If all the modules are reloaded - for example, by calling Reload with the Module parameter set to an empty string - all synthetic modules will be discarded." It can be used to more easily debug dynamically allocated/generated code.
  • !modunmap : Remove a previously mapped synthetic module at base address.
  • !modcheck <||md5>: Use to check if current module really matches IDB's file (ex: module has been updated) When called without an argument, pdb's GUID from Debug Directory is used. It can alternatively use md5, but only with a local debuggee (not in remote kernel debugging).
  • !bpcmds <||save|load|>: bpcmds wrapper, save and reload .bpcmds (breakpoints commands list) output to current IDB. Display (but not execute) saved data if called with no argument. Persistent storage is achieved using IDA's netnode feature.
  • !ks: Debugger Markup Language (DML) enhanced output of kv command. Code Addresses are clickable (!jmpto) as well as data addresses (dc).
  • !translate : Meant to be used from IDA (Alt-F2 shortcut), rebase an address with respect to its module's name and offset.

Address optional argument

!cmt, !rcmt and !fcmt commands support an optional address option: -a or --address. Address should be passed as an hexadecimal value. Command parsing is based on python's argparse module. To stop line parsing use --.

    [WinDbg]
    0:000:x86> !cmt -a 0x430DB2 comment

The address has to be a valid instruction's address.

GNU gdb (GDB) usage

Sync with host:

    gdb> sync
    [sync] sync is now enabled with host 192.168.52.1
    <not running>

    gdb> r
    Starting program: /bin/ls
    [Thread debugging using libthread_db enabled]
    Using host libthread_db library "/lib/libthread_db.so.1".

GDB plugin commands

Use commands, without "!" prefix

    (gdb) cmd x/i $pc
    [sync] command output: => 0x8049ca3:    push   edi

    (gdb) synchelp
    [sync] extension commands help:
     > sync <host>
     > syncoff
     > cmt [-a address] <string>
     > rcmt [-a address] <string>
     > fcmt [-a address] <string>
     > cmd <string>
     > bc <on|off|>
     > rln <address>
     > bbt <symbol>
     > patch <addr> <count> <size>
     > bx /i <symbol>
     > cc
     > translate <base> <addr> <mod>
  • rln: Get symbol from the IDB for the given address
  • bbt: Beautiful backtrace. Similar to bt but requests symbols from disassembler
    (gdb) bt
    #0  0x0000000000a91a73 in ?? ()
    #1  0x0000000000a6d994 in ?? ()
    #2  0x0000000000a89125 in ?? ()
    #3  0x0000000000a8a574 in ?? ()
    #4  0x000000000044f83b in ?? ()
    #5  0x0000000000000000 in ?? ()
    (gdb) bbt
    #0 0x0000000000a91a73 in IKE_GetAssembledPkt ()
    #1 0x0000000000a6d994 in catcher ()
    #2 0x0000000000a89125 in IKEProcessMsg ()
    #3 0x0000000000a8a574 in IkeDaemon ()
    #4 0x000000000044f83b in sub_44F7D0 ()
    #5 0x0000000000000000 in  ()
  • patch: Patch bytes in disassembler based on live context
  • bx: Beautiful display. Similar to x but using a symbol. The symbol will be resolved by disassembler.
  • cc: Continue to cursor in disassembler. This is an alternative to using F3 to set a one-shot breakpoint and F5 to continue. This is useful if you prefer to do it from gdb.
    (gdb) b* 0xA91A73
    Breakpoint 1 at 0xa91a73
    (gdb) c
    Continuing.

    Breakpoint 1, 0x0000000000a91a73 in ?? ()
    (gdb) cc
    [sync] current cursor: 0xa91a7f
    [sync] reached successfully
    (gdb)

LLDB usage

  1. Sync with host
    lldb> process launch -s
    lldb> sync
    [sync] connecting to localhost
    [sync] sync is now enabled with host localhost
    [sync] event handler started
  1. Use commands
    lldb> synchelp
    [sync] extension commands help:
     > sync <host>                   = synchronize with <host> or the default value
     > syncoff                       = stop synchronization
     > cmt <string>                  = add comment at current eip in IDA
     > rcmt <string>                 = reset comments at current eip in IDA
     > fcmt <string>                 = add a function comment for 'f = get_func(eip)' in IDA
     > cmd <string>                  = execute command <string> and add its output as comment at current eip in IDA
     > bc <on|off|>                  = enable/disable path coloring in IDA
                                       color a single instruction at current eip if called without argument
    lldb> cmt mooo

OllyDbg 1.10 usage

  1. Use Plugins menu or shortcuts to enable (Alt+s)/disable (Alt+u) synchronization.

OllyDbg2 usage

  1. Use Plugins menu or shortcuts to enable (Ctrl+s)/disable (Ctrl+u) synchronization.

Due to the beta status of OllyDbg2 API, only the following features have been implemented:

  • Graph sync [use F7; F8 for stepping]
  • Comment [use CTRL+;]
  • Label [use CTRL+:]

x64dbg usage

  1. Use Plugins menu or commands enable ("!sync") or disable ("!syncoff") synchronization.

  2. Use commands

[sync] synchelp command!
[sync] extension commands help:
 > !sync                          = synchronize with <host from conf> or the default value
 > !syncoff                       = stop synchronization
 > !synchelp                      = display this help
 > !cmt <string>                  = add comment at current eip in IDA
 > !rcmt <string>                 = reset comments at current eip in IDA
 > !idblist                       = display list of all IDB clients connected to the dispatcher
 > !idb <module name>             = set given module as the active idb (see !idblist)
 > !idbn <n>                      = set active idb to the n_th client. n should be a valid decimal value
 > !translate <base> <addr> <mod> = rebase an address with respect to local module's base

Note: using the !translate command from a disassembler (IDA/Ghidra, Alt-F2 shortcut), will make the disassembler window to "jump" to the specific address (equivalent of running disasm in x64dbg command line).

Extend

While mostly focus on dynamic analysis, it is of-course possible to use other tools, see:

TODO

  • Sure.

Known Bugs/Limitations

  • Tested with Python 2.7/3.7, IDA 7.4SP1 (Windows, Linux and Mac OS X), Ghidra 9.1.2, GNU gdb (GDB) 8.1.0 (Debian), lldb 310.2.37.
  • THERE IS NO AUTHENTICATION/ENCRYPTION whatsoever between the parties; you're on your own.
  • Self modifying code is out of scope.

With GDB:

  • it seems that stop event is not called when using 'return' command.
  • multi-threading debugging have issues with signals.

With WinDbg:

  • IDA's client plugin gets notified even though encountered breakpoint uses a command string that makes it continue ('g'). This can cause major slow-down if there are too much of these events. A limited fix has been implemented, the best solution is still to sync off temporarily.
  • Possible race condition

With IDA:

  • Graph window redrawing is quite slow for big graphs.
  • ret-sync shortcuts conflicts in Linux environments.

License

ret-sync is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.

Greetz

Hail to Bruce Dang, StalkR, @Ivanlef0u, Damien Aumaître, Sébastien Renaud and Kévin Szkudlapski, @m00dy, @saidelike, Xavier Mehrenberger, ben64, Raphaël Rigo, Jiss for their kindness, help, feedbacks and thoughts. Ilfak Guilfanov, Igor Skochinsky and Arnaud Diederen for their help with IDA's internals and outstanding support. Finally, thank you also to all the contributors and everyone who reported issues/bugs.

About

ret-sync is a set of plugins that helps to synchronize a debugging session (WinDbg/GDB/LLDB/OllyDbg2/x64dbg) with IDA/Ghidra disassemblers.

Topics

Resources

License

Packages

No packages published
You can’t perform that action at this time.