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U-Net GAN PyTorch

PyTorch implementation of the CVPR 2020 paper "A U-Net Based Discriminator for Generative Adversarial Networks". The paper and supplementary can be found here. Don't forget to have a look at the supplementary as well (the Tensorflow FIDs can be found there (Table S1)). The code allows the users to reproduce and extend the results reported in the study. Please cite the above paper when reporting, reproducing or extending the results.


Create the conda environment "unetgan" from the provided unetgan.yml file. The experiments can be reproduced with the scripts provided in the folder training_scripts (the experiment folder and dataset folder has to be set manually).

Argument Explanation
--unconditional Use this if the dataset does not have classes
(e.g. CelebA).
--unet_mixup Use CutMix.
--slow_mixup Use warmup for the CutMix-augmentation loss.
--slow_mixup_epochs Number of epochs for the warmup
--full_batch_mixup If True, a coin is tossed at every training step.
With a certain probability the whole batch is mixed
and the CutMix augmentation loss and consistency loss
is the only loss that is computed for this batch. The
probability increases from 0 to 0.5 over the course
of the specified warmup epochs. If False, the CutMix
augmentation and consistency loss are computed for
every batch and added to the default GAN loss. In the
case of a warmup, the augmentation loss is multiplied
with a factor that increases from 0 to 1 over the course
of the specified warmup epochs.
--consistency_loss Compute only the CutMix consistency loss, but not the
CutMix augmentation loss (Can increase stability but
might perform worse).
--consistency_loss_and_augmentation Compute both CutMix augmentation and consistency
--base_root Specify the path/to/folder_for_results where all
experimental results are saved.
--data_folder Specify the path to the dataset /path/to/dataset. For FFHQ,
this folder contains the 69 subfolders that can be
downloaded here. In our case, the images were
downscaled before training to resolution 256x256.
For CelebA, the folder should contain all images with their
6-digit number as file name (e.g. 016685.png)


This implementation of U-Net GAN is based on the PyTorch code for BigGAN ( The main differences are that (1) we use our own data-loader which does not require HDF5 pre-processing, (2) applied changes in the generator and discriminator class in, and (3) modified and If you want to turn your own GAN into a U-Net GAN, make sure to follow the tips outlined in how_to_unetgan.pdf.

Graphical Overview of the U-Net Discriminator Architecture

Video Summary

video summary


The inception metrics (FID and IS) are measured in the same way as in the parent repository ( They can be computed on-the-fly during training, using the pre-computed inception moments (see original BigGAN repository). We included the pre-computed inception moments for CelebA and FFHQ in this repository for convenience. This means when the model trains it will automatically read the npz files in the main folder and calculate the FID. The on-the-fly FID scores are saved in the logs folder in the output directory as a pickle named inception_metrics_<experiment_name>.p. Note that for CelebA training is perfectly stable, but for FFHQ we observe frequent collapse (which is also the case for the underlying BigGAN, which is unstable for FFHQ). The FID curve for a successful FFHQ run will look like the one on the left, while the more common failed runs will look like the curve on the right. The collapse occurs early in training and is easily detectable (in contrast, for BigGAN it usually occurs later).

Pretrained Model

First, download the checkpoint for FFHQ from and copy the files into the folder pretrained_model. To load the pre-trained model for FFHQ, execute sh training_scripts/ The script will load the checkpoint and resume training from this point. Of course, you still need to set the path to the dataset and the desired output folder in this script. If you quickly want to check the outputs of the pre-trained model, set te --sample_every to a small number of training steps, like 30.

Other Implementations

While our method is based on BigGAN, this repository combines the U-Net discriminator with StyleGAN2: U-Net StyleGAN-2 Check it out!


If you use this work please cite

  title={A u-net based discriminator for generative adversarial networks},
  author={Schonfeld, Edgar and Schiele, Bernt and Khoreva, Anna},
  booktitle={Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition},


U-Net GAN PyTorch is open-sourced under the AGPL-3.0 license. See the LICENSE file for details.

For a list of other open source components included in unetgan, see the file 3rd-party-licenses.txt.

Purpose of the project

This software is a research prototype, solely developed for and published as part of the publication. It will neither be maintained nor monitored in any way.


If you have questions or need help, feel free to write an email to