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README
 collectd - System information collection daemon
=================================================
http://collectd.org/

About
-----

  collectd is a small daemon which collects system information periodically
  and provides mechanisms to store and monitor the values in a variety of
  ways.


Features
--------

  * collectd is able to collect the following data:

    - apache
      Apache server utilization: Number of bytes transfered, number of
      requests handled and detailed scoreboard statistics

    - apcups
      APC UPS Daemon: UPS charge, load, input/output/battery voltage, etc.

    - apple_sensors
      Sensors in Macs running Mac OS X / Darwin: Temperature, fanspeed and
      voltage sensors.

    - ascent
      Statistics about Ascent, a free server for the game `World of Warcraft'.

    - battery
      Batterycharge, -current and voltage of ACPI and PMU based laptop
      batteries.

    - bind
      Name server and resolver statistics from the `statistics-channel'
      interface of BIND 9.5, 9,6 and later.

    - conntrack
      Number of nf_conntrack entries.

    - contextswitch
      Number of context switches done by the operating system.

    - cpu
      CPU utilization: Time spent in the system, user, nice, idle, and related
      states.

    - cpufreq
      CPU frequency (For laptops with speed step or a similar technology)

    - curl
      Parse statistics from websites using regular expressions.

    - curl_json
      Retrieves JSON data via cURL and parses it according to user
      configuration.

    - curl_xml
      Retrieves XML data via cURL and parses it according to user
      configuration.

    - dbi
      Executes SQL statements on various databases and interprets the returned
      data.

    - df
      Mountpoint usage (Basically the values `df(1)' delivers)

    - disk
      Disk utilization: Sectors read/written, number of read/write actions,
      average time an IO-operation took to complete.

    - dns
      DNS traffic: Query types, response codes, opcodes and traffic/octets
      transfered.

    - email
      Email statistics: Count, traffic, spam scores and checks.
      See collectd-email(5).

    - entropy
      Amount of entropy available to the system.

    - exec
      Values gathered by a custom program or script.
      See collectd-exec(5).

    - filecount
      Count the number of files in directories.

    - fscache
      Linux file-system based caching framework statistics.

    - gmond
      Receive multicast traffic from Ganglia instances.

    - hddtemp
      Harddisk temperatures using hddtempd.

    - interface
      Interface traffic: Number of octets, packets and errors for each
      interface.

    - iptables
      Iptables' counters: Number of bytes that were matched by a certain
      iptables rule.

    - ipmi
      IPMI (Intelligent Platform Management Interface) sensors information.

    - ipvs
      IPVS connection statistics (number of connections, octets and packets
      for each service and destination).
      See http://www.linuxvirtualserver.org/software/index.html.

    - irq
      IRQ counters: Frequency in which certain interrupts occur.

    - java
      Integrates a `Java Virtual Machine' (JVM) to execute plugins in Java
      bytecode. See “Configuring with libjvm” below.

    - load
      System load average over the last 1, 5 and 15 minutes.

    - lpar
      Detailed CPU statistics of the “Logical Partitions” virtualization
      technique built into IBM's POWER processors.

    - libvirt
      CPU, disk and network I/O statistics from virtual machines.

    - madwifi
      Queries very detailed usage statistics from wireless LAN adapters and
      interfaces that use the Atheros chipset and the MadWifi driver.

    - mbmon
      Motherboard sensors: temperature, fanspeed and voltage information,
      using mbmon(1).

    - memcachec
      Query and parse data from a memcache daemon (memcached).

    - memcached
      Statistics of the memcached distributed caching system.
      <http://www.danga.com/memcached/>

    - memory
      Memory utilization: Memory occupied by running processes, page cache,
      buffer cache and free.

    - modbus
      Reads values from Modbus/TCP enabled devices. Supports reading values
      from multiple "slaves" so gateway devices can be used.

    - multimeter
      Information provided by serial multimeters, such as the `Metex
      M-4650CR'.

    - mysql
      MySQL server statistics: Commands issued, handlers triggered, thread
      usage, query cache utilization and traffic/octets sent and received.

    - netapp
      Plugin to query performance values from a NetApp storage system using the
      “Manage ONTAP” SDK provided by NetApp.

    - netlink
      Very detailed Linux network interface and routing statistics. You can get
      (detailed) information on interfaces, qdiscs, classes, and, if you can
      make use of it, filters.

    - network
      Receive values that were collected by other hosts. Large setups will
      want to collect the data on one dedicated machine, and this is the
      plugin of choice for that.

    - nfs
      NFS Procedures: Which NFS command were called how often. Only NFSv2 and
      NFSv3 right now.

    - nginx
      Collects statistics from `nginx' (speak: engine X), a HTTP and mail
      server/proxy.

    - ntpd
      NTP daemon statistics: Local clock drift, offset to peers, etc.

    - nut
      Network UPS tools: UPS current, voltage, power, charge, utilisation,
      temperature, etc. See upsd(8).

    - olsrd
      Queries routing information from the “Optimized Link State Routing”
      daemon.

    - onewire (EXPERIMENTAL!)
      Read onewire sensors using the owcapu library of the owfs project.
      Please read in collectd.conf(5) why this plugin is experimental.

    - openvpn
      RX and TX of each client in openvpn-status.log (status-version 2).
      <http://openvpn.net/index.php/documentation/howto.html>

    - oracle
      Query data from an Oracle database.

    - perl
      The perl plugin implements a Perl-interpreter into collectd. You can
      write your own plugins in Perl and return arbitrary values using this
      API. See collectd-perl(5).

    - pinba
      Receive and dispatch timing values from Pinba, a profiling extension for
      PHP.

    - ping
      Network latency: Time to reach the default gateway or another given
      host.

    - postgresql
      PostgreSQL database statistics: active server connections, transaction
      numbers, block IO, table row manipulations.

    - powerdns
      PowerDNS name server statistics.

    - processes
      Process counts: Number of running, sleeping, zombie, ... processes.

    - protocols
      Counts various aspects of network protocols such as IP, TCP, UDP, etc.

    - python
      The python plugin implements a Python interpreter into collectd. This
      makes it possible to write plugins in Python which are executed by
      collectd without the need to start a heavy interpreter every interval.
      See collectd-python(5) for details.

    - redis
      The redis plugin gathers information from a redis server, including:
      uptime, used memory, total connections etc.

    - routeros
      Query interface and wireless registration statistics from RouterOS.

    - rrdcached
      RRDtool caching daemon (RRDcacheD) statistics.

    - sensors
      System sensors, accessed using lm_sensors: Voltages, temperatures and
      fan rotation speeds.

    - serial
      RX and TX of serial interfaces. Linux only; needs root privileges.

    - snmp
      Read values from SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) enabled
      network devices such as switches, routers, thermometers, rack monitoring
      servers, etc. See collectd-snmp(5).

    - swap
      Pages swapped out onto harddisk or whatever is called `swap' by the OS..

    - table
      Parse table-like structured files.

    - tail
      Follows (tails) logfiles, parses them by lines and submits matched
      values.

    - tape
      Bytes and operations read and written on tape devices. Solaris only.

    - tcpconns
      Number of TCP connections to specific local and remote ports.

    - teamspeak2
      TeamSpeak2 server statistics.

    - ted
      Plugin to read values from `The Energy Detective' (TED).

    - thermal
      Linux ACPI thermal zone information.

    - tokyotyrant
      Reads the number of records and file size from a running Tokyo Tyrant
      server.

    - uptime
      System uptime statistics.

    - users
      Users currently logged in.

    - varnish
      Various statistics from Varnish, an HTTP accelerator.

    - vmem
      Virtual memory statistics, e. g. the number of page-ins/-outs or the
      number of pagefaults.

    - vserver
      System resources used by Linux VServers.
      See <http://linux-vserver.org/>.

    - wireless
      Link quality of wireless cards. Linux only.

    - xmms
      Bitrate and frequency of music played with XMMS.

    - zfs_arc
      Statistics for ZFS' “Adaptive Replacement Cache” (ARC).

  * Output can be written or sent to various destinations by the following
    plugins:

    - amqp
      Sends JSON-encoded data to an Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP)
      server, such as RabbitMQ.

    - csv
      Write to comma separated values (CSV) files. This needs lots of
      diskspace but is extremely portable and can be analysed with almost
      every program that can analyse anything. Even Microsoft's Excel..

    - network
      Send the data to a remote host to save the data somehow. This is useful
      for large setups where the data should be saved by a dedicated machine.

    - perl
      Of course the values are propagated to plugins written in Perl, too, so
      you can easily do weird stuff with the plugins we didn't dare think of
      ;) See collectd-perl(5).

    - python
      It's possible to implement write plugins in Python using the python
      plugin. See collectd-python(5) for details.

    - rrdcached
      Output to round-robin-database (RRD) files using the RRDtool caching
      daemon (RRDcacheD) - see rrdcached(1). That daemon provides a general
      implementation of the caching done by the `rrdtool' plugin.

    - rrdtool
      Output to round-robin-database (RRD) files using librrd. See rrdtool(1).
      This is likely the most popular destination for such values. Since
      updates to RRD-files are somewhat expensive this plugin can cache
      updates to the files and write a bunch of updates at once, which lessens
      system load a lot.

    - unixsock
      One can query the values from the unixsock plugin whenever they're
      needed. Please read collectd-unixsock(5) for a description on how that's
      done.

    - write_graphite
      Sends data to Carbon, the storage layer of Graphite.

    - write_http
      Sends the values collected by collectd to a web-server using HTTP POST
      requests. The transmitted data is either in a form understood by the
      Exec plugin or formatted in JSON.

    - write_redis
      Sends the values to a Redis key-value database server.

  * Logging is, as everything in collectd, provided by plugins. The following
    plugins keep up informed about what's going on:

    - logfile
      Writes logmessages to a file or STDOUT/STDERR.

    - perl
      Log messages are propagated to plugins written in Perl as well.
      See collectd-perl(5).

    - python
      It's possible to implement log plugins in Python using the python plugin.
      See collectd-python(5) for details.

    - syslog
      Logs to the standard UNIX logging mechanism, syslog.

  * Notifications can be handled by the following plugins:

    - notify_desktop
      Send a desktop notification to a notification daemon, as defined in
      the Desktop Notification Specification. To actually display the
      notifications, notification-daemon is required.
      See http://www.galago-project.org/specs/notification/.

    - notify_email
      Send an E-mail with the notification message to the configured
      recipients.

    - exec
      Execute a program or script to handle the notification.
      See collectd-exec(5).

    - logfile
      Writes the notification message to a file or STDOUT/STDERR.

    - network
      Send the notification to a remote host to handle it somehow.

    - perl
      Notifications are propagated to plugins written in Perl as well.
      See collectd-perl(5).

    - python
      It's possible to implement notification plugins in Python using the
      python plugin. See collectd-python(5) for details.

  * Value processing can be controlled using the "filter chain" infrastructure
    and "matches" and "targets". The following plugins are available:

    - match_empty_counter
      Match counter values which are currently zero.

    - match_hashed
      Match values using a hash function of the hostname.

    - match_regex
      Match values by their identifier based on regular expressions.

    - match_timediff
      Match values with an invalid timestamp.

    - match_value
      Select values by their data sources' values.

    - target_notification
      Create and dispatch a notification.

    - target_replace
      Replace parts of an identifier using regular expressions.

    - target_scale
      Scale (multiply) values by an arbitrary value.

    - target_set
      Set (overwrite) entire parts of an identifier.

  * Miscellaneous plugins:

    - threshold
      Checks values against configured thresholds and creates notifications if
      values are out of bounds. See collectd-threshold(5) for details.

    - uuid
      Sets the hostname to an unique identifier. This is meant for setups
      where each client may migrate to another physical host, possibly going
      through one or more name changes in the process.

  * Performance: Since collectd is running as a daemon it doesn't spend much
    time starting up again and again. With the exception of the exec plugin no
    processes are forked. Caching in output plugins, such as the rrdtool and
    network plugins, makes sure your resources are used efficiently. Also,
    since collectd is programmed multithreaded it benefits from hyperthreading
    and multicore processors and makes sure that the daemon isn't idle if only
    one plugin waits for an IO-operation to complete.

  * Once set up, hardly any maintenance is necessary. Setup is kept as easy
    as possible and the default values should be okay for most users.


Operation
---------

  * collectd's configuration file can be found at `sysconfdir'/collectd.conf.
    Run `collectd -h' for a list of builtin defaults. See `collectd.conf(5)'
    for a list of options and a syntax description.

  * When the `csv' or `rrdtool' plugins are loaded they'll write the values to
    files. The usual place for these files is beneath `/var/lib/collectd'.

  * When using some of the plugins, collectd needs to run as user root, since
    only root can do certain things, such as craft ICMP packages needed to ping
    other hosts. collectd should NOT be installed setuid root since it can be
    used to overwrite valuable files!

  * Sample scripts to generate graphs reside in `contrib/' in the source
    package or somewhere near `/usr/share/doc/collectd' in most distributions.
    Please be aware that those script are meant as a starting point for your
    own experiments.. Some of them require the `RRDs' Perl module.
    (`librrds-perl' on Debian) If you have written a more sophisticated
    solution please share it with us.

  * The RRAs of the automatically created RRD files depend on the `step'
    and `heartbeat' settings given. If change these settings you may need to
    re-create the files, losing all data. Please be aware of that when changing
    the values and read the rrdtool(1) manpage thoroughly.


collectd and chkrootkit
-----------------------

  If you are using the `dns' plugin chkrootkit(1) will report collectd as a
  packet sniffer ("<iface>: PACKET SNIFFER(/usr/sbin/collectd[<pid>])"). The
  plugin captures all UDP packets on port 53 to analyze the DNS traffic. In
  this case, collectd is a legitimate sniffer and the report should be
  considered to be a false positive. However, you might want to check that
  this really is collectd and not some other, illegitimate sniffer.


Prerequisites
-------------

  To compile collectd from source you will need:

  * Usual suspects: C compiler, linker, preprocessor, make, ...

  * A POSIX-threads (pthread) implementation.
    Since gathering some statistics is slow (network connections, slow devices,
    etc) the collectd is parallelized. The POSIX threads interface is being
    used and should be found in various implementations for hopefully all
    platforms.

  * CoreFoundation.framework and IOKit.framework (optional)
    For compiling on Darwin in general and the `apple_sensors' plugin in
    particular.
    <http://developer.apple.com/corefoundation/>

  * libclntsh (optional)
    Used by the `oracle' plugin.

  * libcredis (optional)
    Used by the redis plugin. Please note that you require a 0.2.2 version
    or higher. <http://code.google.com/p/credis/>

  * libcurl (optional)
    If you want to use the `apache', `ascent', `curl', `nginx', or `write_http'
    plugin.
    <http://curl.haxx.se/>

  * libdbi (optional)
    Used by the `dbi' plugin to connect to various databases.
    <http://libdbi.sourceforge.net/>

  * libesmtp (optional)
    For the `notify_email' plugin.
    <http://www.stafford.uklinux.net/libesmtp/>

  * libganglia (optional)
    Used by the `gmond' plugin to process data received from Ganglia.
    <http://ganglia.info/>

  * libgcrypt (optional)
    Used by the `network' plugin for encryption and authentication.
    <http://www.gnupg.org/>

  * libhal (optional)
    If present, the uuid plugin will check for UUID from HAL.
    <http://hal.freedesktop.org/>

  * libiptc (optional)
    For querying iptables counters.
    <http://netfilter.org/>

    If not found on the system, a version shipped with this distribution can
    be used. It requires some Linux headers in /usr/include/linux. You can
    force the build system to use the shipped version by specifying
      --with-libiptc=shipped
    when running the configure script.

  * libjvm (optional)
    Library that encapsulates the `Java Virtual Machine' (JVM). This library is
    used by the Java plugin to execute Java bytecode. See “Configuring with
    libjvm” below.
    <http://openjdk.java.net/> (and others)

  * libmemcached (optional)
    Used by the `memcachec' plugin to connect to a memcache daemon.
    <http://tangent.org/552/libmemcached.html>

  * libmodbus (optional)
    Used by the “modbus” plugin to communicate with Modbus/TCP devices. The
    “modbus” plugin works with version 2.0.3 of the library – due to frequent
    API changes other versions may or may not compile cleanly.
    <http://www.libmodbus.org/>

  * libmysqlclient (optional)
    Unsurprisingly used by the `mysql' plugin.
    <http://dev.mysql.com/>

  * libnetapp (optional)
    Required for the “netapp” plugin.
    This library is part of the “Manage ONTAP SDK” published by NetApp.

  * libnetlink (optional)
    Used, obviously, for the `netlink' plugin.
    <http://www.linuxfoundation.org/en/Net:Iproute2>

  * libnetsnmp (optional)
    For the `snmp' plugin.
    <http://www.net-snmp.org/>

  * libnotify (optional)
    For the `notify_desktop' plugin.
    <http://www.galago-project.org/>

  * liboping (optional)
    Used by the `ping' plugin to send and receive ICMP packets.
    <http://verplant.org/liboping/>

  * libowcapi (optional)
    Used by the `onewire' plugin to read values from onewire sensors (or the
    owserver(1) daemon).
    <http://www.owfs.org/>

  * libpcap (optional)
    Used to capture packets by the `dns' plugin.
    <http://www.tcpdump.org/>

  * libperfstat (optional)
    Used by various plugins to gather statistics under AIX.

  * libperl (optional)
    Obviously used by the `perl' plugin. The library has to be compiled with
    ithread support (introduced in Perl 5.6.0).
    <http://www.perl.org/>

  * libpq (optional)
    The PostgreSQL C client library used by the `postgresql' plugin.
    <http://www.postgresql.org/>

  * libprotobuf-c, protoc-c (optional)
    Used by the `pinba' plugin to generate a parser for the network packets
    sent by the Pinba PHP extension.
    <http://code.google.com/p/protobuf-c/>

  * libpython (optional)
    Used by the `python' plugin. Currently, Python 2.3 and later and Python 3
    are supported.
    <http://www.python.org/>

  * librabbitmq (optional; also called “rabbitmq-c”)
    Used by the AMQP plugin for AMQP connections, for example to RabbitMQ.
    <http://hg.rabbitmq.com/rabbitmq-c/>

  * librouteros (optional)
    Used by the `routeros' plugin to connect to a device running `RouterOS'.
    <http://verplant.org/librouteros/>

  * librrd (optional)
    Used by the `rrdtool' and `rrdcached' plugins. The latter requires RRDtool
    client support which was added after version 1.3 of RRDtool. Versions 1.0,
    1.2 and 1.3 are known to work with the `rrdtool' plugin.
    <http://oss.oetiker.ch/rrdtool/>

  * librt, libsocket, libkstat, libdevinfo (optional)
    Various standard Solaris libraries which provide system functions.
    <http://developers.sun.com/solaris/>

  * libsensors (optional)
    To read from `lm_sensors', see the `sensors' plugin.
    <http://www.lm-sensors.org/>

  * libstatgrab (optional)
    Used by various plugins to collect statistics on systems other than Linux
    and/or Solaris.
    <http://www.i-scream.org/libstatgrab/>

  * libtokyotyrant (optional)
    Used by the tokyotyrant plugin.
    <http://1978th.net/tokyotyrant/>

  * libupsclient/nut (optional)
    For the `nut' plugin which queries nut's `upsd'.
    <http://networkupstools.org/>

  * libvirt (optional)
    Collect statistics from virtual machines.
    <http://libvirt.org/>

  * libxml2 (optional)
    Parse XML data. This is needed for the `ascent' and `libvirt' plugins.
    <http://xmlsoft.org/>

  * libxmms (optional)
    <http://www.xmms.org/>

  * libyajl (optional)
    Parse JSON data. This is needed for the `curl_json' plugin.
    <http://github.com/lloyd/yajl>

  * libvarnish (optional)
     Fetches statistics from a Varnish instance. This is needed for the Varnish plugin
     <http://varnish-cache.org>

Configuring / Compiling / Installing
------------------------------------

  To configure, build and install collectd with the default settings, run
  `./configure && make && make install'.  For detailed, generic instructions
  see INSTALL. For a complete list of configure options and their description,
  run `./configure --help'.

  By default, the configure script will check for all build dependencies and
  disable all plugins whose requirements cannot be fulfilled (any other plugin
  will be enabled). To enable a plugin, install missing dependencies (see
  section `Prerequisites' above) and rerun `configure'. If you specify the
  `--enable-<plugin>' configure option, the script will fail if the depen-
  dencies for the specified plugin are not met. In that case you can force the
  plugin to be built using the `--enable-<plugin>=force' configure option.
  This will most likely fail though unless you're working in a very unusual
  setup and you really know what you're doing. If you specify the
  `--disable-<plugin>' configure option, the plugin will not be built. If you
  specify the `--enable-all-plugins' or `--disable-all-plugins' configure
  options, all plugins will be enabled or disabled respectively by default.
  Explicitly enabling or disabling a plugin overwrites the default for the
  specified plugin. These options are meant for package maintainers and should
  not be used in everyday situations.

  By default, collectd will be installed into `/opt/collectd'. You can adjust
  this setting by specifying the `--prefix' configure option - see INSTALL for
  details. If you pass DESTDIR=<path> to `make install', <path> will be
  prefixed to all installation directories. This might be useful when creating
  packages for collectd.

Configuring with libjvm
-----------------------

  To determine the location of the required files of a Java installation is not
  an easy task, because the locations vary with your kernel (Linux, SunOS, …)
  and with your architecture (x86, SPARC, …) and there is no ‘java-config’
  script we could use. Configuration of the JVM library is therefore a bit
  tricky.

  The easiest way to use the `--with-java=$JAVA_HOME' option, where
  `$JAVA_HOME' is usually something like:
    /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.5.0-sun-1.5.0.14

  The configure script will then use find(1) to look for the following files:

    - jni.h
    - jni_md.h
    - libjvm.so

  If found, appropriate CPP-flags and LD-flags are set and the following
  library checks succeed.

  If this doesn't work for you, you have the possibility to specify CPP-flags,
  C-flags and LD-flags for the ‘Java’ plugin by hand, using the following three
  (environment) variables:

    - JAVA_CPPFLAGS
    - JAVA_CFLAGS
    - JAVA_LDFLAGS

  For example (shortened for demonstration purposes):

    ./configure JAVA_CPPFLAGS="-I$JAVA_HOME/include -I$JAVA_HOME/include/linux"

  Adding "-ljvm" to the JAVA_LDFLAGS is done automatically, you don't have to
  do that.

Crosscompiling
--------------

  To compile correctly collectd needs to be able to initialize static
  variables to NAN (Not A Number). Some C libraries, especially the GNU
  libc, have a problem with that.

  Luckily, with GCC it's possible to work around that problem: One can define
  NAN as being (0.0 / 0.0) and `isnan' as `f != f'. However, to test this
  ``implementation'' the configure script needs to compile and run a short
  test program. Obviously running a test program when doing a cross-
  compilation is, well, challenging.

  If you run into this problem, you can use the `--with-nan-emulation'
  configure option to force the use of this implementation. We can't promise
  that the compiled binary actually behaves as it should, but since NANs
  are likely never passed to the libm you have a good chance to be lucky.

  Likewise, collectd needs to know the layout of doubles in memory, in order
  to craft uniform network packets over different architectures. For this, it
  needs to know how to convert doubles into the memory layout used by x86. The
  configure script tries to figure this out by compiling and running a few
  small test programs. This is of course not possible when cross-compiling.
  You can use the `--with-fp-layout' option to tell the configure script which
  conversion method to assume. Valid arguments are:

    * `nothing'    (12345678 -> 12345678)
    * `endianflip' (12345678 -> 87654321)
    * `intswap'    (12345678 -> 56781234)


Contact
-------

  For questions, bug reports, development information and basically all other
  concerns please send an email to collectd's mailing list at
  <collectd at verplant.org>.

  For live discussion and more personal contact visit us in IRC, we're in
  channel #collectd on freenode.


Author
------

  Florian octo Forster <octo at verplant.org>,
  Sebastian tokkee Harl <sh at tokkee.org>,
  and many contributors (see `AUTHORS').

  Please send bug reports and patches to the mailing list, see `Contact'
  above.

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