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# Copyright (c) 2006-2009 Mitch Garnaat http://garnaat.org/
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
# copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
# "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
# without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, dis-
# tribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit
# persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the fol-
# lowing conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
# in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
# OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABIL-
# ITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT
# SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY,
# WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
# OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS
# IN THE SOFTWARE.
from boto.connection import AWSQueryConnection
from boto.sqs.regioninfo import SQSRegionInfo
from boto.sqs.queue import Queue
from boto.sqs.message import Message
from boto.sqs.attributes import Attributes
from boto.sqs.batchresults import BatchResults
from boto.exception import SQSError, BotoServerError
class SQSConnection(AWSQueryConnection):
"""
A Connection to the SQS Service.
"""
DefaultRegionName = 'us-east-1'
DefaultRegionEndpoint = 'sqs.us-east-1.amazonaws.com'
APIVersion = '2011-10-01'
DefaultContentType = 'text/plain'
ResponseError = SQSError
def __init__(self, aws_access_key_id=None, aws_secret_access_key=None,
is_secure=True, port=None, proxy=None, proxy_port=None,
proxy_user=None, proxy_pass=None, debug=0,
https_connection_factory=None, region=None, path='/',
security_token=None):
if not region:
region = SQSRegionInfo(self, self.DefaultRegionName,
self.DefaultRegionEndpoint)
self.region = region
AWSQueryConnection.__init__(self, aws_access_key_id,
aws_secret_access_key,
is_secure, port,
proxy, proxy_port,
proxy_user, proxy_pass,
self.region.endpoint, debug,
https_connection_factory, path,
security_token=security_token)
def _required_auth_capability(self):
return ['sqs']
def _credentials_expired(self, response):
if response.status != 401:
return False
error = BotoServerError('', '', body=response.read())
return error.error_code == 'InvalidAccessKeyId'
def create_queue(self, queue_name, visibility_timeout=None):
"""
Create an SQS Queue.
:type queue_name: str or unicode
:param queue_name: The name of the new queue. Names are
scoped to an account and need to be unique within that
account. Calling this method on an existing queue name
will not return an error from SQS unless the value for
visibility_timeout is different than the value of the
existing queue of that name. This is still an expensive
operation, though, and not the preferred way to check for
the existence of a queue. See the
:func:`boto.sqs.connection.SQSConnection.lookup` method.
:type visibility_timeout: int
:param visibility_timeout: The default visibility timeout for
all messages written in the queue. This can be overridden
on a per-message.
:rtype: :class:`boto.sqs.queue.Queue`
:return: The newly created queue.
"""
params = {'QueueName': queue_name}
if visibility_timeout:
params['Attribute.1.Name'] = 'VisibilityTimeout'
params['Attribute.1.Value'] = int(visibility_timeout)
return self.get_object('CreateQueue', params, Queue)
def delete_queue(self, queue, force_deletion=False):
"""
Delete an SQS Queue.
:type queue: A Queue object
:param queue: The SQS queue to be deleted
:type force_deletion: Boolean
:param force_deletion: Normally, SQS will not delete a queue
that contains messages. However, if the force_deletion
argument is True, the queue will be deleted regardless of
whether there are messages in the queue or not. USE WITH
CAUTION. This will delete all messages in the queue as
well.
:rtype: bool
:return: True if the command succeeded, False otherwise
"""
return self.get_status('DeleteQueue', None, queue.id)
def get_queue_attributes(self, queue, attribute='All'):
"""
Gets one or all attributes of a Queue
:type queue: A Queue object
:param queue: The SQS queue to be deleted
:type attribute: str
:type attribute: The specific attribute requested. If not
supplied, the default is to return all attributes. Valid
attributes are:
* ApproximateNumberOfMessages|
* ApproximateNumberOfMessagesNotVisible|
* VisibilityTimeout|
* CreatedTimestamp|
* LastModifiedTimestamp|
* Policy
:rtype: :class:`boto.sqs.attributes.Attributes`
:return: An Attributes object containing request value(s).
"""
params = {'AttributeName' : attribute}
return self.get_object('GetQueueAttributes', params,
Attributes, queue.id)
def set_queue_attribute(self, queue, attribute, value):
params = {'Attribute.Name' : attribute, 'Attribute.Value' : value}
return self.get_status('SetQueueAttributes', params, queue.id)
def receive_message(self, queue, number_messages=1,
visibility_timeout=None, attributes=None):
"""
Read messages from an SQS Queue.
:type queue: A Queue object
:param queue: The Queue from which messages are read.
:type number_messages: int
:param number_messages: The maximum number of messages to read
(default=1)
:type visibility_timeout: int
:param visibility_timeout: The number of seconds the message should
remain invisible to other queue readers
(default=None which uses the Queues default)
:type attributes: str
:param attributes: The name of additional attribute to return
with response or All if you want all attributes. The
default is to return no additional attributes. Valid
values:
* All
* SenderId
* SentTimestamp
* ApproximateReceiveCount
* ApproximateFirstReceiveTimestamp
:rtype: list
:return: A list of :class:`boto.sqs.message.Message` objects.
"""
params = {'MaxNumberOfMessages' : number_messages}
if visibility_timeout:
params['VisibilityTimeout'] = visibility_timeout
if attributes:
self.build_list_params(params, attributes, 'AttributeName')
return self.get_list('ReceiveMessage', params,
[('Message', queue.message_class)],
queue.id, queue)
def delete_message(self, queue, message):
"""
Delete a message from a queue.
:type queue: A :class:`boto.sqs.queue.Queue` object
:param queue: The Queue from which messages are read.
:type message: A :class:`boto.sqs.message.Message` object
:param message: The Message to be deleted
:rtype: bool
:return: True if successful, False otherwise.
"""
params = {'ReceiptHandle' : message.receipt_handle}
return self.get_status('DeleteMessage', params, queue.id)
def delete_message_batch(self, queue, messages):
"""
Deletes a list of messages from a queue in a single request.
:type queue: A :class:`boto.sqs.queue.Queue` object.
:param queue: The Queue to which the messages will be written.
:type messages: List of :class:`boto.sqs.message.Message` objects.
:param messages: A list of message objects.
"""
params = {}
for i, msg in enumerate(messages):
prefix = 'DeleteMessageBatchRequestEntry'
p_name = '%s.%i.Id' % (prefix, (i+1))
params[p_name] = msg.id
p_name = '%s.%i.ReceiptHandle' % (prefix, (i+1))
params[p_name] = msg.receipt_handle
return self.get_object('DeleteMessageBatch', params, BatchResults,
queue.id, verb='POST')
def delete_message_from_handle(self, queue, receipt_handle):
"""
Delete a message from a queue, given a receipt handle.
:type queue: A :class:`boto.sqs.queue.Queue` object
:param queue: The Queue from which messages are read.
:type receipt_handle: str
:param receipt_handle: The receipt handle for the message
:rtype: bool
:return: True if successful, False otherwise.
"""
params = {'ReceiptHandle' : receipt_handle}
return self.get_status('DeleteMessage', params, queue.id)
def send_message(self, queue, message_content, delay_seconds=None):
params = {'MessageBody' : message_content}
if delay_seconds:
params['DelaySeconds'] = int(delay_seconds)
return self.get_object('SendMessage', params, Message,
queue.id, verb='POST')
def send_message_batch(self, queue, messages):
"""
Delivers up to 10 messages to a queue in a single request.
:type queue: A :class:`boto.sqs.queue.Queue` object.
:param queue: The Queue to which the messages will be written.
:type messages: List of lists.
:param messages: A list of lists or tuples. Each inner
tuple represents a single message to be written
and consists of and ID (string) that must be unique
within the list of messages, the message body itself
which can be a maximum of 64K in length, and an
integer which represents the delay time (in seconds)
for the message (0-900) before the message will
be delivered to the queue.
"""
params = {}
for i, msg in enumerate(messages):
p_name = 'SendMessageBatchRequestEntry.%i.Id' % (i+1)
params[p_name] = msg[0]
p_name = 'SendMessageBatchRequestEntry.%i.MessageBody' % (i+1)
params[p_name] = msg[1]
p_name = 'SendMessageBatchRequestEntry.%i.DelaySeconds' % (i+1)
params[p_name] = msg[2]
return self.get_object('SendMessageBatch', params, BatchResults,
queue.id, verb='POST')
def change_message_visibility(self, queue, receipt_handle,
visibility_timeout):
"""
Extends the read lock timeout for the specified message from
the specified queue to the specified value.
:type queue: A :class:`boto.sqs.queue.Queue` object
:param queue: The Queue from which messages are read.
:type receipt_handle: str
:param queue: The receipt handle associated with the message whose
visibility timeout will be changed.
:type visibility_timeout: int
:param visibility_timeout: The new value of the message's visibility
timeout in seconds.
"""
params = {'ReceiptHandle' : receipt_handle,
'VisibilityTimeout' : visibility_timeout}
return self.get_status('ChangeMessageVisibility', params, queue.id)
def change_message_visibility_batch(self, queue, messages):
"""
A batch version of change_message_visibility that can act
on up to 10 messages at a time.
:type queue: A :class:`boto.sqs.queue.Queue` object.
:param queue: The Queue to which the messages will be written.
:type messages: List of tuples.
:param messages: A list of tuples where each tuple consists
of a :class:`boto.sqs.message.Message` object and an integer
that represents the new visibility timeout for that message.
"""
params = {}
for i, t in enumerate(messages):
prefix = 'ChangeMessageVisibilityBatchRequestEntry'
p_name = '%s.%i.Id' % (prefix, (i+1))
params[p_name] = t[0].id
p_name = '%s.%i.ReceiptHandle' % (prefix, (i+1))
params[p_name] = t[0].receipt_handle
p_name = '%s.%i.VisibilityTimeout' % (prefix, (i+1))
params[p_name] = t[1]
return self.get_object('ChangeMessageVisibilityBatch',
params, BatchResults,
queue.id, verb='POST')
def get_all_queues(self, prefix=''):
"""
Retrieves all queues.
:keyword str prefix: Optionally, only return queues that start with
this value.
:rtype: list
:returns: A list of :py:class:`boto.sqs.queue.Queue` instances.
"""
params = {}
if prefix:
params['QueueNamePrefix'] = prefix
return self.get_list('ListQueues', params, [('QueueUrl', Queue)])
def get_queue(self, queue_name):
"""
Retrieves the queue with the given name, or ``None`` if no match
was found.
:param str queue_name: The name of the queue to retrieve.
:rtype: :py:class:`boto.sqs.queue.Queue` or ``None``
:returns: The requested queue, or ``None`` if no match was found.
"""
params = {'QueueName': queue_name}
try:
return self.get_object('GetQueueUrl', params, Queue)
except SQSError:
return None
lookup = get_queue
#
# Permissions methods
#
def add_permission(self, queue, label, aws_account_id, action_name):
"""
Add a permission to a queue.
:type queue: :class:`boto.sqs.queue.Queue`
:param queue: The queue object
:type label: str or unicode
:param label: A unique identification of the permission you are setting.
Maximum of 80 characters ``[0-9a-zA-Z_-]``
Example, AliceSendMessage
:type aws_account_id: str or unicode
:param principal_id: The AWS account number of the principal
who will be given permission. The principal must have an
AWS account, but does not need to be signed up for Amazon
SQS. For information about locating the AWS account
identification.
:type action_name: str or unicode
:param action_name: The action. Valid choices are:
* *
* SendMessage
* ReceiveMessage
* DeleteMessage
* ChangeMessageVisibility
* GetQueueAttributes
:rtype: bool
:return: True if successful, False otherwise.
"""
params = {'Label': label,
'AWSAccountId' : aws_account_id,
'ActionName' : action_name}
return self.get_status('AddPermission', params, queue.id)
def remove_permission(self, queue, label):
"""
Remove a permission from a queue.
:type queue: :class:`boto.sqs.queue.Queue`
:param queue: The queue object
:type label: str or unicode
:param label: The unique label associated with the permission
being removed.
:rtype: bool
:return: True if successful, False otherwise.
"""
params = {'Label': label}
return self.get_status('RemovePermission', params, queue.id)
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