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# Copyright 2010 Google Inc.
# Copyright (c) 2011 Mitch Garnaat http://garnaat.org/
# Copyright (c) 2011, Eucalyptus Systems, Inc.
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a
# copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
# "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
# without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, dis-
# tribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit
# persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the fol-
# lowing conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
# in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
# OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABIL-
# ITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT
# SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY,
# WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
# OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS
# IN THE SOFTWARE.
"""
Handles authentication required to AWS and GS
"""
import base64
import boto
import boto.auth_handler
import boto.exception
import boto.plugin
import boto.utils
import copy
import datetime
from email.utils import formatdate
import hmac
import os
import posixpath
from boto.compat import urllib, encodebytes
from boto.auth_handler import AuthHandler
from boto.exception import BotoClientError
try:
from hashlib import sha1 as sha
from hashlib import sha256 as sha256
except ImportError:
import sha
sha256 = None
# Region detection strings to determine if SigV4 should be used
# by default.
SIGV4_DETECT = [
'.cn-',
# In eu-central we support both host styles for S3
'.eu-central',
'-eu-central',
]
class HmacKeys(object):
"""Key based Auth handler helper."""
def __init__(self, host, config, provider):
if provider.access_key is None or provider.secret_key is None:
raise boto.auth_handler.NotReadyToAuthenticate()
self.host = host
self.update_provider(provider)
def update_provider(self, provider):
self._provider = provider
self._hmac = hmac.new(self._provider.secret_key.encode('utf-8'),
digestmod=sha)
if sha256:
self._hmac_256 = hmac.new(self._provider.secret_key.encode('utf-8'),
digestmod=sha256)
else:
self._hmac_256 = None
def algorithm(self):
if self._hmac_256:
return 'HmacSHA256'
else:
return 'HmacSHA1'
def _get_hmac(self):
if self._hmac_256:
digestmod = sha256
else:
digestmod = sha
return hmac.new(self._provider.secret_key.encode('utf-8'),
digestmod=digestmod)
def sign_string(self, string_to_sign):
new_hmac = self._get_hmac()
new_hmac.update(string_to_sign.encode('utf-8'))
return encodebytes(new_hmac.digest()).decode('utf-8').strip()
def __getstate__(self):
pickled_dict = copy.copy(self.__dict__)
del pickled_dict['_hmac']
del pickled_dict['_hmac_256']
return pickled_dict
def __setstate__(self, dct):
self.__dict__ = dct
self.update_provider(self._provider)
class AnonAuthHandler(AuthHandler, HmacKeys):
"""
Implements Anonymous requests.
"""
capability = ['anon']
def __init__(self, host, config, provider):
super(AnonAuthHandler, self).__init__(host, config, provider)
def add_auth(self, http_request, **kwargs):
pass
class HmacAuthV1Handler(AuthHandler, HmacKeys):
""" Implements the HMAC request signing used by S3 and GS."""
capability = ['hmac-v1', 's3']
def __init__(self, host, config, provider):
AuthHandler.__init__(self, host, config, provider)
HmacKeys.__init__(self, host, config, provider)
self._hmac_256 = None
def update_provider(self, provider):
super(HmacAuthV1Handler, self).update_provider(provider)
self._hmac_256 = None
def add_auth(self, http_request, **kwargs):
headers = http_request.headers
method = http_request.method
auth_path = http_request.auth_path
if 'Date' not in headers:
headers['Date'] = formatdate(usegmt=True)
if self._provider.security_token:
key = self._provider.security_token_header
headers[key] = self._provider.security_token
string_to_sign = boto.utils.canonical_string(method, auth_path,
headers, None,
self._provider)
boto.log.debug('StringToSign:\n%s' % string_to_sign)
b64_hmac = self.sign_string(string_to_sign)
auth_hdr = self._provider.auth_header
auth = ("%s %s:%s" % (auth_hdr, self._provider.access_key, b64_hmac))
boto.log.debug('Signature:\n%s' % auth)
headers['Authorization'] = auth
class HmacAuthV2Handler(AuthHandler, HmacKeys):
"""
Implements the simplified HMAC authorization used by CloudFront.
"""
capability = ['hmac-v2', 'cloudfront']
def __init__(self, host, config, provider):
AuthHandler.__init__(self, host, config, provider)
HmacKeys.__init__(self, host, config, provider)
self._hmac_256 = None
def update_provider(self, provider):
super(HmacAuthV2Handler, self).update_provider(provider)
self._hmac_256 = None
def add_auth(self, http_request, **kwargs):
headers = http_request.headers
if 'Date' not in headers:
headers['Date'] = formatdate(usegmt=True)
if self._provider.security_token:
key = self._provider.security_token_header
headers[key] = self._provider.security_token
b64_hmac = self.sign_string(headers['Date'])
auth_hdr = self._provider.auth_header
headers['Authorization'] = ("%s %s:%s" %
(auth_hdr,
self._provider.access_key, b64_hmac))
class HmacAuthV3Handler(AuthHandler, HmacKeys):
"""Implements the new Version 3 HMAC authorization used by Route53."""
capability = ['hmac-v3', 'route53', 'ses']
def __init__(self, host, config, provider):
AuthHandler.__init__(self, host, config, provider)
HmacKeys.__init__(self, host, config, provider)
def add_auth(self, http_request, **kwargs):
headers = http_request.headers
if 'Date' not in headers:
headers['Date'] = formatdate(usegmt=True)
if self._provider.security_token:
key = self._provider.security_token_header
headers[key] = self._provider.security_token
b64_hmac = self.sign_string(headers['Date'])
s = "AWS3-HTTPS AWSAccessKeyId=%s," % self._provider.access_key
s += "Algorithm=%s,Signature=%s" % (self.algorithm(), b64_hmac)
headers['X-Amzn-Authorization'] = s
class HmacAuthV3HTTPHandler(AuthHandler, HmacKeys):
"""
Implements the new Version 3 HMAC authorization used by DynamoDB.
"""
capability = ['hmac-v3-http']
def __init__(self, host, config, provider):
AuthHandler.__init__(self, host, config, provider)
HmacKeys.__init__(self, host, config, provider)
def headers_to_sign(self, http_request):
"""
Select the headers from the request that need to be included
in the StringToSign.
"""
headers_to_sign = {'Host': self.host}
for name, value in http_request.headers.items():
lname = name.lower()
if lname.startswith('x-amz'):
headers_to_sign[name] = value
return headers_to_sign
def canonical_headers(self, headers_to_sign):
"""
Return the headers that need to be included in the StringToSign
in their canonical form by converting all header keys to lower
case, sorting them in alphabetical order and then joining
them into a string, separated by newlines.
"""
l = sorted(['%s:%s' % (n.lower().strip(),
headers_to_sign[n].strip()) for n in headers_to_sign])
return '\n'.join(l)
def string_to_sign(self, http_request):
"""
Return the canonical StringToSign as well as a dict
containing the original version of all headers that
were included in the StringToSign.
"""
headers_to_sign = self.headers_to_sign(http_request)
canonical_headers = self.canonical_headers(headers_to_sign)
string_to_sign = '\n'.join([http_request.method,
http_request.auth_path,
'',
canonical_headers,
'',
http_request.body])
return string_to_sign, headers_to_sign
def add_auth(self, req, **kwargs):
"""
Add AWS3 authentication to a request.
:type req: :class`boto.connection.HTTPRequest`
:param req: The HTTPRequest object.
"""
# This could be a retry. Make sure the previous
# authorization header is removed first.
if 'X-Amzn-Authorization' in req.headers:
del req.headers['X-Amzn-Authorization']
req.headers['X-Amz-Date'] = formatdate(usegmt=True)
if self._provider.security_token:
req.headers['X-Amz-Security-Token'] = self._provider.security_token
string_to_sign, headers_to_sign = self.string_to_sign(req)
boto.log.debug('StringToSign:\n%s' % string_to_sign)
hash_value = sha256(string_to_sign.encode('utf-8')).digest()
b64_hmac = self.sign_string(hash_value)
s = "AWS3 AWSAccessKeyId=%s," % self._provider.access_key
s += "Algorithm=%s," % self.algorithm()
s += "SignedHeaders=%s," % ';'.join(headers_to_sign)
s += "Signature=%s" % b64_hmac
req.headers['X-Amzn-Authorization'] = s
class HmacAuthV4Handler(AuthHandler, HmacKeys):
"""
Implements the new Version 4 HMAC authorization.
"""
capability = ['hmac-v4']
def __init__(self, host, config, provider,
service_name=None, region_name=None):
AuthHandler.__init__(self, host, config, provider)
HmacKeys.__init__(self, host, config, provider)
# You can set the service_name and region_name to override the
# values which would otherwise come from the endpoint, e.g.
# <service>.<region>.amazonaws.com.
self.service_name = service_name
self.region_name = region_name
def _sign(self, key, msg, hex=False):
if not isinstance(key, bytes):
key = key.encode('utf-8')
if hex:
sig = hmac.new(key, msg.encode('utf-8'), sha256).hexdigest()
else:
sig = hmac.new(key, msg.encode('utf-8'), sha256).digest()
return sig
def headers_to_sign(self, http_request):
"""
Select the headers from the request that need to be included
in the StringToSign.
"""
host_header_value = self.host_header(self.host, http_request)
if http_request.headers.get('Host'):
host_header_value = http_request.headers['Host']
headers_to_sign = {'Host': host_header_value}
for name, value in http_request.headers.items():
lname = name.lower()
if lname.startswith('x-amz'):
if isinstance(value, bytes):
value = value.decode('utf-8')
headers_to_sign[name] = value
return headers_to_sign
def host_header(self, host, http_request):
port = http_request.port
secure = http_request.protocol == 'https'
if ((port == 80 and not secure) or (port == 443 and secure)):
return host
return '%s:%s' % (host, port)
def query_string(self, http_request):
parameter_names = sorted(http_request.params.keys())
pairs = []
for pname in parameter_names:
pval = boto.utils.get_utf8_value(http_request.params[pname])
pairs.append(urllib.parse.quote(pname, safe='') + '=' +
urllib.parse.quote(pval, safe='-_~'))
return '&'.join(pairs)
def canonical_query_string(self, http_request):
# POST requests pass parameters in through the
# http_request.body field.
if http_request.method == 'POST':
return ""
l = []
for param in sorted(http_request.params):
value = boto.utils.get_utf8_value(http_request.params[param])
l.append('%s=%s' % (urllib.parse.quote(param, safe='-_.~'),
urllib.parse.quote(value, safe='-_.~')))
return '&'.join(l)
def canonical_headers(self, headers_to_sign):
"""
Return the headers that need to be included in the StringToSign
in their canonical form by converting all header keys to lower
case, sorting them in alphabetical order and then joining
them into a string, separated by newlines.
"""
canonical = []
for header in headers_to_sign:
c_name = header.lower().strip()
raw_value = str(headers_to_sign[header])
if '"' in raw_value:
c_value = raw_value.strip()
else:
c_value = ' '.join(raw_value.strip().split())
canonical.append('%s:%s' % (c_name, c_value))
return '\n'.join(sorted(canonical))
def signed_headers(self, headers_to_sign):
l = ['%s' % n.lower().strip() for n in headers_to_sign]
l = sorted(l)
return ';'.join(l)
def canonical_uri(self, http_request):
path = http_request.auth_path
# Normalize the path
# in windows normpath('/') will be '\\' so we chane it back to '/'
normalized = posixpath.normpath(path).replace('\\', '/')
# Then urlencode whatever's left.
encoded = urllib.parse.quote(normalized)
if len(path) > 1 and path.endswith('/'):
encoded += '/'
return encoded
def payload(self, http_request):
body = http_request.body
# If the body is a file like object, we can use
# boto.utils.compute_hash, which will avoid reading
# the entire body into memory.
if hasattr(body, 'seek') and hasattr(body, 'read'):
return boto.utils.compute_hash(body, hash_algorithm=sha256)[0]
elif not isinstance(body, bytes):
body = body.encode('utf-8')
return sha256(body).hexdigest()
def canonical_request(self, http_request):
cr = [http_request.method.upper()]
cr.append(self.canonical_uri(http_request))
cr.append(self.canonical_query_string(http_request))
headers_to_sign = self.headers_to_sign(http_request)
cr.append(self.canonical_headers(headers_to_sign) + '\n')
cr.append(self.signed_headers(headers_to_sign))
cr.append(self.payload(http_request))
return '\n'.join(cr)
def scope(self, http_request):
scope = [self._provider.access_key]
scope.append(http_request.timestamp)
scope.append(http_request.region_name)
scope.append(http_request.service_name)
scope.append('aws4_request')
return '/'.join(scope)
def split_host_parts(self, host):
return host.split('.')
def determine_region_name(self, host):
parts = self.split_host_parts(host)
if self.region_name is not None:
region_name = self.region_name
elif len(parts) > 1:
if parts[1] == 'us-gov':
region_name = 'us-gov-west-1'
else:
if len(parts) == 3:
region_name = 'us-east-1'
else:
region_name = parts[1]
else:
region_name = parts[0]
return region_name
def determine_service_name(self, host):
parts = self.split_host_parts(host)
if self.service_name is not None:
service_name = self.service_name
else:
service_name = parts[0]
return service_name
def credential_scope(self, http_request):
scope = []
http_request.timestamp = http_request.headers['X-Amz-Date'][0:8]
scope.append(http_request.timestamp)
# The service_name and region_name either come from:
# * The service_name/region_name attrs or (if these values are None)
# * parsed from the endpoint <service>.<region>.amazonaws.com.
region_name = self.determine_region_name(http_request.host)
service_name = self.determine_service_name(http_request.host)
http_request.service_name = service_name
http_request.region_name = region_name
scope.append(http_request.region_name)
scope.append(http_request.service_name)
scope.append('aws4_request')
return '/'.join(scope)
def string_to_sign(self, http_request, canonical_request):
"""
Return the canonical StringToSign as well as a dict
containing the original version of all headers that
were included in the StringToSign.
"""
sts = ['AWS4-HMAC-SHA256']
sts.append(http_request.headers['X-Amz-Date'])
sts.append(self.credential_scope(http_request))
sts.append(sha256(canonical_request.encode('utf-8')).hexdigest())
return '\n'.join(sts)
def signature(self, http_request, string_to_sign):
key = self._provider.secret_key
k_date = self._sign(('AWS4' + key).encode('utf-8'),
http_request.timestamp)
k_region = self._sign(k_date, http_request.region_name)
k_service = self._sign(k_region, http_request.service_name)
k_signing = self._sign(k_service, 'aws4_request')
return self._sign(k_signing, string_to_sign, hex=True)
def add_auth(self, req, **kwargs):
"""
Add AWS4 authentication to a request.
:type req: :class`boto.connection.HTTPRequest`
:param req: The HTTPRequest object.
"""
# This could be a retry. Make sure the previous
# authorization header is removed first.
if 'X-Amzn-Authorization' in req.headers:
del req.headers['X-Amzn-Authorization']
now = datetime.datetime.utcnow()
req.headers['X-Amz-Date'] = now.strftime('%Y%m%dT%H%M%SZ')
if self._provider.security_token:
req.headers['X-Amz-Security-Token'] = self._provider.security_token
qs = self.query_string(req)
qs_to_post = qs
# We do not want to include any params that were mangled into
# the params if performing s3-sigv4 since it does not
# belong in the body of a post for some requests. Mangled
# refers to items in the query string URL being added to the
# http response params. However, these params get added to
# the body of the request, but the query string URL does not
# belong in the body of the request. ``unmangled_resp`` is the
# response that happened prior to the mangling. This ``unmangled_req``
# kwarg will only appear for s3-sigv4.
if 'unmangled_req' in kwargs:
qs_to_post = self.query_string(kwargs['unmangled_req'])
if qs_to_post and req.method == 'POST':
# Stash request parameters into post body
# before we generate the signature.
req.body = qs_to_post
req.headers['Content-Type'] = 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8'
req.headers['Content-Length'] = str(len(req.body))
else:
# Safe to modify req.path here since
# the signature will use req.auth_path.
req.path = req.path.split('?')[0]
if qs:
# Don't insert the '?' unless there's actually a query string
req.path = req.path + '?' + qs
canonical_request = self.canonical_request(req)
boto.log.debug('CanonicalRequest:\n%s' % canonical_request)
string_to_sign = self.string_to_sign(req, canonical_request)
boto.log.debug('StringToSign:\n%s' % string_to_sign)
signature = self.signature(req, string_to_sign)
boto.log.debug('Signature:\n%s' % signature)
headers_to_sign = self.headers_to_sign(req)
l = ['AWS4-HMAC-SHA256 Credential=%s' % self.scope(req)]
l.append('SignedHeaders=%s' % self.signed_headers(headers_to_sign))
l.append('Signature=%s' % signature)
req.headers['Authorization'] = ','.join(l)
class S3HmacAuthV4Handler(HmacAuthV4Handler, AuthHandler):
"""
Implements a variant of Version 4 HMAC authorization specific to S3.
"""
capability = ['hmac-v4-s3']
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
super(S3HmacAuthV4Handler, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
if self.region_name:
self.region_name = self.clean_region_name(self.region_name)
def clean_region_name(self, region_name):
if region_name.startswith('s3-'):
return region_name[3:]
return region_name
def canonical_uri(self, http_request):
# S3 does **NOT** do path normalization that SigV4 typically does.
# Urlencode the path, **NOT** ``auth_path`` (because vhosting).
path = urllib.parse.urlparse(http_request.path)
# Because some quoting may have already been applied, let's back it out.
unquoted = urllib.parse.unquote(path.path)
# Requote, this time addressing all characters.
encoded = urllib.parse.quote(unquoted)
return encoded
def canonical_query_string(self, http_request):
# Note that we just do not return an empty string for
# POST request. Query strings in url are included in canonical
# query string.
l = []
for param in sorted(http_request.params):
value = boto.utils.get_utf8_value(http_request.params[param])
l.append('%s=%s' % (urllib.parse.quote(param, safe='-_.~'),
urllib.parse.quote(value, safe='-_.~')))
return '&'.join(l)
def host_header(self, host, http_request):
port = http_request.port
secure = http_request.protocol == 'https'
if ((port == 80 and not secure) or (port == 443 and secure)):
return http_request.host
return '%s:%s' % (http_request.host, port)
def headers_to_sign(self, http_request):
"""
Select the headers from the request that need to be included
in the StringToSign.
"""
host_header_value = self.host_header(self.host, http_request)
headers_to_sign = {'Host': host_header_value}
for name, value in http_request.headers.items():
lname = name.lower()
# Hooray for the only difference! The main SigV4 signer only does
# ``Host`` + ``x-amz-*``. But S3 wants pretty much everything
# signed, except for authorization itself.
if lname not in ['authorization']:
headers_to_sign[name] = value
return headers_to_sign
def determine_region_name(self, host):
# S3's different format(s) of representing region/service from the
# rest of AWS makes this hurt too.
#
# Possible domain formats:
# - s3.amazonaws.com (Classic)
# - s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com (Specific region)
# - bukkit.s3.amazonaws.com (Vhosted Classic)
# - bukkit.s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com (Vhosted specific region)
# - s3.cn-north-1.amazonaws.com.cn - (Beijing region)
# - bukkit.s3.cn-north-1.amazonaws.com.cn - (Vhosted Beijing region)
parts = self.split_host_parts(host)
if self.region_name is not None:
region_name = self.region_name
else:
# Classic URLs - s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com
if len(parts) == 3:
region_name = self.clean_region_name(parts[0])
# Special-case for Classic.
if region_name == 's3':
region_name = 'us-east-1'
else:
# Iterate over the parts in reverse order.
for offset, part in enumerate(reversed(parts)):
part = part.lower()
# Look for the first thing starting with 's3'.
# Until there's a ``.s3`` TLD, we should be OK. :P
if part == 's3':
# If it's by itself, the region is the previous part.
region_name = parts[-offset]
# Unless it's Vhosted classic
if region_name == 'amazonaws':
region_name = 'us-east-1'
break
elif part.startswith('s3-'):
region_name = self.clean_region_name(part)
break
return region_name
def determine_service_name(self, host):
# Should this signing mechanism ever be used for anything else, this
# will fail. Consider utilizing the logic from the parent class should
# you find yourself here.
return 's3'
def mangle_path_and_params(self, req):
"""
Returns a copy of the request object with fixed ``auth_path/params``
attributes from the original.
"""
modified_req = copy.copy(req)
# Unlike the most other services, in S3, ``req.params`` isn't the only
# source of query string parameters.
# Because of the ``query_args``, we may already have a query string
# **ON** the ``path/auth_path``.
# Rip them apart, so the ``auth_path/params`` can be signed
# appropriately.
parsed_path = urllib.parse.urlparse(modified_req.auth_path)
modified_req.auth_path = parsed_path.path
if modified_req.params is None:
modified_req.params = {}
else:
# To keep the original request object untouched. We must make
# a copy of the params dictionary. Because the copy of the
# original request directly refers to the params dictionary
# of the original request.
copy_params = req.params.copy()
modified_req.params = copy_params
raw_qs = parsed_path.query
existing_qs = urllib.parse.parse_qs(
raw_qs,
keep_blank_values=True
)
# ``parse_qs`` will return lists. Don't do that unless there's a real,
# live list provided.
for key, value in existing_qs.items():
if isinstance(value, (list, tuple)):
if len(value) == 1:
existing_qs[key] = value[0]
modified_req.params.update(existing_qs)
return modified_req
def payload(self, http_request):
if http_request.headers.get('x-amz-content-sha256'):
return http_request.headers['x-amz-content-sha256']
return super(S3HmacAuthV4Handler, self).payload(http_request)
def add_auth(self, req, **kwargs):
if 'x-amz-content-sha256' not in req.headers:
if '_sha256' in req.headers:
req.headers['x-amz-content-sha256'] = req.headers.pop('_sha256')
else:
req.headers['x-amz-content-sha256'] = self.payload(req)
updated_req = self.mangle_path_and_params(req)
return super(S3HmacAuthV4Handler, self).add_auth(updated_req,
unmangled_req=req,
**kwargs)
def presign(self, req, expires, iso_date=None):
"""
Presign a request using SigV4 query params. Takes in an HTTP request
and an expiration time in seconds and returns a URL.
http://docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonS3/latest/API/sigv4-query-string-auth.html
"""
if iso_date is None:
iso_date = datetime.datetime.utcnow().strftime('%Y%m%dT%H%M%SZ')
region = self.determine_region_name(req.host)
service = self.determine_service_name(req.host)
params = {
'X-Amz-Algorithm': 'AWS4-HMAC-SHA256',
'X-Amz-Credential': '%s/%s/%s/%s/aws4_request' % (
self._provider.access_key,
iso_date[:8],
region,
service
),
'X-Amz-Date': iso_date,
'X-Amz-Expires': expires,
'X-Amz-SignedHeaders': 'host'
}
if self._provider.security_token:
params['X-Amz-Security-Token'] = self._provider.security_token
headers_to_sign = self.headers_to_sign(req)
l = sorted(['%s' % n.lower().strip() for n in headers_to_sign])
params['X-Amz-SignedHeaders'] = ';'.join(l)
req.params.update(params)
cr = self.canonical_request(req)
# We need to replace the payload SHA with a constant
cr = '\n'.join(cr.split('\n')[:-1]) + '\nUNSIGNED-PAYLOAD'
# Date header is expected for string_to_sign, but unused otherwise
req.headers['X-Amz-Date'] = iso_date
sts = self.string_to_sign(req, cr)
signature = self.signature(req, sts)
# Add signature to params now that we have it
req.params['X-Amz-Signature'] = signature
return 'https://%s%s?%s' % (req.host, req.path,
urllib.parse.urlencode(req.params))
class STSAnonHandler(AuthHandler):
"""
Provides pure query construction (no actual signing).
Used for making anonymous STS request for operations like
``assume_role_with_web_identity``.
"""
capability = ['sts-anon']
def _escape_value(self, value):
# This is changed from a previous version because this string is
# being passed to the query string and query strings must
# be url encoded. In particular STS requires the saml_response to
# be urlencoded when calling assume_role_with_saml.
return urllib.parse.quote(value)
def _build_query_string(self, params):
keys = list(params.keys())
keys.sort(key=lambda x: x.lower())
pairs = []
for key in keys:
val = boto.utils.get_utf8_value(params[key])
pairs.append(key + '=' + self._escape_value(val.decode('utf-8')))
return '&'.join(pairs)
def add_auth(self, http_request, **kwargs):
headers = http_request.headers
qs = self._build_query_string(
http_request.params
)
boto.log.debug('query_string in body: %s' % qs)
headers['Content-Type'] = 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'
# This will be a POST so the query string should go into the body
# as opposed to being in the uri
http_request.body = qs
class QuerySignatureHelper(HmacKeys):
"""
Helper for Query signature based Auth handler.
Concrete sub class need to implement _calc_sigature method.
"""
def add_auth(self, http_request, **kwargs):
headers = http_request.headers
params = http_request.params
params['AWSAccessKeyId'] = self._provider.access_key
params['SignatureVersion'] = self.SignatureVersion
params['Timestamp'] = boto.utils.get_ts()
qs, signature = self._calc_signature(
http_request.params, http_request.method,
http_request.auth_path, http_request.host)
boto.log.debug('query_string: %s Signature: %s' % (qs, signature))
if http_request.method == 'POST':
headers['Content-Type'] = 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8'
http_request.body = qs + '&Signature=' + urllib.parse.quote_plus(signature)
http_request.headers['Content-Length'] = str(len(http_request.body))
else:
http_request.body = ''
# if this is a retried request, the qs from the previous try will
# already be there, we need to get rid of that and rebuild it
http_request.path = http_request.path.split('?')[0]
http_request.path = (http_request.path + '?' + qs +
'&Signature=' + urllib.parse.quote_plus(signature))
class QuerySignatureV0AuthHandler(QuerySignatureHelper, AuthHandler):
"""Provides Signature V0 Signing"""
SignatureVersion = 0
capability = ['sign-v0']
def _calc_signature(self, params, *args):
boto.log.debug('using _calc_signature_0')
hmac = self._get_hmac()
s = params['Action'] + params['Timestamp']
hmac.update(s.encode('utf-8'))
keys = params.keys()
keys.sort(cmp=lambda x, y: cmp(x.lower(), y.lower()))
pairs = []
for key in keys:
val = boto.utils.get_utf8_value(params[key])
pairs.append(key + '=' + urllib.parse.quote(val))
qs = '&'.join(pairs)
return (qs, base64.b64encode(hmac.digest()))
class QuerySignatureV1AuthHandler(QuerySignatureHelper, AuthHandler):
"""
Provides Query Signature V1 Authentication.
"""
SignatureVersion = 1
capability = ['sign-v1', 'mturk']
def __init__(self, *args, **kw):
QuerySignatureHelper.__init__(self, *args, **kw)
AuthHandler.__init__(self, *args, **kw)
self._hmac_256 = None
def _calc_signature(self, params, *args):
boto.log.debug('using _calc_signature_1')
hmac = self._get_hmac()
keys = params.keys()
keys.sort(cmp=lambda x, y: cmp(x.lower(), y.lower()))
pairs = []
for key in keys:
hmac.update(key.encode('utf-8'))
val = boto.utils.get_utf8_value(params[key])
hmac.update(val)
pairs.append(key + '=' + urllib.parse.quote(val))
qs = '&'.join(pairs)
return (qs, base64.b64encode(hmac.digest()))
class QuerySignatureV2AuthHandler(QuerySignatureHelper, AuthHandler):
"""Provides Query Signature V2 Authentication."""
SignatureVersion = 2
capability = ['sign-v2', 'ec2', 'ec2', 'emr', 'fps', 'ecs',
'sdb', 'iam', 'rds', 'sns', 'sqs', 'cloudformation']
def _calc_signature(self, params, verb, path, server_name):
boto.log.debug('using _calc_signature_2')
string_to_sign = '%s\n%s\n%s\n' % (verb, server_name.lower(), path)
hmac = self._get_hmac()
params['SignatureMethod'] = self.algorithm()
if self._provider.security_token:
params['SecurityToken'] = self._provider.security_token
keys = sorted(params.keys())
pairs = []
for key in keys:
val = boto.utils.get_utf8_value(params[key])
pairs.append(urllib.parse.quote(key, safe='') + '=' +
urllib.parse.quote(val, safe='-_~'))
qs = '&'.join(pairs)
boto.log.debug('query string: %s' % qs)
string_to_sign += qs
boto.log.debug('string_to_sign: %s' % string_to_sign)
hmac.update(string_to_sign.encode('utf-8'))
b64 = base64.b64encode(hmac.digest())
boto.log.debug('len(b64)=%d' % len(b64))
boto.log.debug('base64 encoded digest: %s' % b64)
return (qs, b64)
class POSTPathQSV2AuthHandler(QuerySignatureV2AuthHandler, AuthHandler):
"""
Query Signature V2 Authentication relocating signed query
into the path and allowing POST requests with Content-Types.
"""
capability = ['mws']
def add_auth(self, req, **kwargs):
req.params['AWSAccessKeyId'] = self._provider.access_key
req.params['SignatureVersion'] = self.SignatureVersion
req.params['Timestamp'] = boto.utils.get_ts()
qs, signature = self._calc_signature(req.params, req.method,
req.auth_path, req.host)
boto.log.debug('query_string: %s Signature: %s' % (qs, signature))
if req.method == 'POST':
req.headers['Content-Length'] = str(len(req.body))
req.headers['Content-Type'] = req.headers.get('Content-Type',
'text/plain')
else:
req.body = ''
# if this is a retried req, the qs from the previous try will
# already be there, we need to get rid of that and rebuild it
req.path = req.path.split('?')[0]
req.path = (req.path + '?' + qs +
'&Signature=' + urllib.parse.quote_plus(signature))
def get_auth_handler(host, config, provider, requested_capability=None):
"""Finds an AuthHandler that is ready to authenticate.
Lists through all the registered AuthHandlers to find one that is willing
to handle for the requested capabilities, config and provider.
:type host: string
:param host: The name of the host
:type config:
:param config:
:type provider:
:param provider:
Returns:
An implementation of AuthHandler.
Raises:
boto.exception.NoAuthHandlerFound
"""
ready_handlers = []
auth_handlers = boto.plugin.get_plugin(AuthHandler, requested_capability)
for handler in auth_handlers:
try:
ready_handlers.append(handler(host, config, provider))
except boto.auth_handler.NotReadyToAuthenticate:
pass
if not ready_handlers:
checked_handlers = auth_handlers
names = [handler.__name__ for handler in checked_handlers]
raise boto.exception.NoAuthHandlerFound(
'No handler was ready to authenticate. %d handlers were checked.'
' %s '
'Check your credentials' % (len(names), str(names)))
# We select the last ready auth handler that was loaded, to allow users to
# customize how auth works in environments where there are shared boto
# config files (e.g., /etc/boto.cfg and ~/.boto): The more general,
# system-wide shared configs should be loaded first, and the user's
# customizations loaded last. That way, for example, the system-wide
# config might include a plugin_directory that includes a service account
# auth plugin shared by all users of a Google Compute Engine instance
# (allowing sharing of non-user data between various services), and the
# user could override this with a .boto config that includes user-specific
# credentials (for access to user data).
return ready_handlers[-1]
def detect_potential_sigv4(func):
def _wrapper(self):
if os.environ.get('EC2_USE_SIGV4', False):
return ['hmac-v4']
if boto.config.get('ec2', 'use-sigv4', False):
return ['hmac-v4']
if hasattr(self, 'region'):
# If you're making changes here, you should also check
# ``boto/iam/connection.py``, as several things there are also
# endpoint-related.
if getattr(self.region, 'endpoint', ''):
for test in SIGV4_DETECT:
if test in self.region.endpoint:
return ['hmac-v4']
return func(self)
return _wrapper
def detect_potential_s3sigv4(func):
def _wrapper(self):
if os.environ.get('S3_USE_SIGV4', False):
return ['hmac-v4-s3']
if boto.config.get('s3', 'use-sigv4', False):
return ['hmac-v4-s3']
if hasattr(self, 'host'):
# If you're making changes here, you should also check
# ``boto/iam/connection.py``, as several things there are also
# endpoint-related.
for test in SIGV4_DETECT:
if test in self.host:
return ['hmac-v4-s3']
return func(self)
return _wrapper
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