mstat -- measure memory usage of a program over time
This tool runs on Linux, taking advantage of the
cgroups kernel API
(also used by container infrastructure like Docker) to record memory
usage of a set of processes over time. Because
mstat builds on
groups, we automatically track memory usage of any child-processes
spawned by the original program.
Additionally, the Memory API we are using not only gives us detailed information about userspace memory usage, but also about kernel memory allocated on behalf of the program. (such as memory used to mange a process's page tables).
This tool only runs on Linux, and requires being installed installed set-UID. Build it the normal way:
$ git clone https://github.com/bpowers/mstat $ cd mstat $ make; sudo make install
Then, use it to measure memory usage over time (freq specifies the sampling frequency in Hz, bump it up for short-lived programs or fine grained reporting):
$ mstat -o data/mem.tsv -freq 59 -- ./test
And there is even a handy flag to modify the environment:
$ mstat -o data/mem.tsv -freq 59 -env LD_PRELOAD=libawesome.so -- ./test