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fine-grained, cgroup-based tool for profiling memory usage over time of a process tree
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mstat -- measure memory usage of a program over time

This tool runs on Linux, taking advantage of the cgroups kernel API (also used by container infrastructure like Docker) to record memory usage of a set of processes over time. Because mstat builds on groups, we automatically track memory usage of any child-processes spawned by the original program.

Additionally, the Memory API we are using not only gives us detailed information about userspace memory usage, but also about kernel memory allocated on behalf of the program. (such as memory used to mange a process's page tables).

This tool only runs on Linux, and requires being installed installed set-UID. Build it the normal way:

$ git clone
$ cd mstat
$ make; sudo make install

Then, use it to measure memory usage over time (freq specifies the sampling frequency in Hz, bump it up for short-lived programs or fine grained reporting):

$ mstat -o data/mem.tsv -freq 59 -- ./test

And there is even a handy flag to modify the environment:

$ mstat -o data/mem.tsv -freq 59 -env -- ./test
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