Connected-component labelling (aka blob extraction)
by Andrew Brampton 2011
This is useful for Computer Vision problems, such as identifying objects in a photo.
function BlobExtraction(matrix, width, height)
Performs blob extraction on a matrix of zeros and ones. The matrix must be a one dimensional array, which represents a image with dimisions width x height.
A array the same size as matrix is returned, containing numbered labels.
function BlobBounds(labels, width, height)
Uses the labels returned by BlobExtraction, works out the bounds of each labelled blob.
function BlobColouring(dest, width, height, labels)
Creates a coloured image, containing all the blobs identified in labels.