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ccheck


ccheck is a command line application for writing tests against configuration files and data using the rego query language. It's intended purpose is for checking kubernetes config files (.json or .yaml) but can be extended to support other file types.

Usage

The ccheck binary checks for rego rules of the form deny_<rule_name> and warn_<rule_name> during its evaluation process. If a resource matches a "deny" rule, a failure will be issued, otherwise a "warning" will be logged to the command line. An example of a valid, well-formed ccheck config is as follows:

Example .rego file

package main

is_hpa {
  input.kind = "HorizontalPodAutoscaler"
}

# checks that we do not include any horizontal pod autoscalers
deny_no_hpa[msg] {
    not is_hpa
    msg = sprintf("%s must not include any Horizontal Pod AutoScalers", [input.metadata.name])
}

# checks that apps do not live in the default namespace
warn_no_default_namespace[msg] {
    not input.metadata.namespace = "default"
    msg = sprintf("%s should not be configured to live in the default namespace", [input.metadata.name])

N.B. As an added bonus you can also use ccheck rules as policies in the Open Policy Agent Admission Controller

ccheck can then be invoked using this policy via:

ccheck -p <policy directory> <files to check....>

For example using the following file:

Example Kubernetes .yaml file

apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: nginx-deployment
  labels:
    app: nginx
spec:
  replicas: 3
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: nginx
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app: nginx
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: nginx
        image: nginx:1.7.9
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80

---

apiVersion: autoscaling/v1
kind: HorizontalPodAutoscaler
metadata:
  name: nginx
  namespace: default
spec:
  scaleTargetRef:
    apiVersion: apps/v1
    kind: Deployment
    name: nginx
  minReplicas: 1
  maxReplicas: 10
  targetCPUUtilizationPercentage: 50

Will produce the following output:

Warning: /Users/brendanjryan/projects/ccheck/example/test.yaml - nginx-deployment should not be configured to live in the default namespace
Failure: /Users/brendanjryan/projects/ccheck/example/test.yaml - nginx-deployment must not include any Horizontal Pod AutoScalers
brendanjryan@Brendans-MacBook-Pro:~/projects/ccheck|

Full Example:

If you would like to see ccheck in action - this project bundles this example in its source as well. Just clone this project and run:

./ccheck -p example/policies example/test.yaml 
Warning: /Users/brendanjryan/projects/ccheck/example/test.yaml - nginx-deployment should not be configured to live in the default namespace
Failure: /Users/brendanjryan/projects/ccheck/example/test.yaml - nginx-deployment must not include any Horizontal Pod AutoScalers

FAQ

  • Why use rego instead of another declarative language like hcl?

    Although rego is a very new and domain specific language, it's simple grammar and extensibility were the main motivators in using it instead of a more popular declarative language or framework. As an added bonus, you can re-use your policies declared in rego right out of the box in kubernetes admission controllers powered by Open Policy Agent

Additional References

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A command line tool for validating Kubernetes configs with rego

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