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Bricolage Mac OS X/Darwin README
Bricolage works well on Mac OS X, especially on version 10.2 or later, but
installation requires a fair bit of additional preparation. The major issue is
that, because it cannot run on a DSO mod_perl, Bricolage will not run on the
verion of Apache that comes with Mac OS X. A further issue is that Bricolage
requires the libapreq library of Perl modules to run, and compiling this
library takes a few extra steps on Mac OS X.
The solution is to compile your own Apache with mod_perl. Complete details for
building everything you need to run Bricolage on Mac OS X 10.2 will always be
found at and on OS X 10.3 at
More detailed instructions, as well as a discussion of the issues of running
Apache/mod_perl/mod_ssl on Mac OS X, may be found in the following articles
on O'Reilly's
"Build Your Own Apache Server with mod_perl"
"Build Your Own Apache Server with mod_perl and mod_ssl"
Below is a summary of the instructions, for those who just need the barest of
hints for compiling and installing software. Just be sure that you've
installed the latest Mac OS X Developer Tools (10.2) or Xcode Tools (10.3).
available after a free registration at In Panther,
Xcode may already be installed at /Developers/Application/Xcode or the
installer may be available in /Applications/Installers/Xcode Tools.
If you're planning to use mod_ssl for secure connections to your Mac OS X
Bricolage server, you'll need to download a couple of patches that help
mod_ssl to find Mac OS X's OpenSSL libraries and allow the compiler to
properly find libdbm while configuring Apache. The patches can be found here:
Other files and libraries you'll need to download are as follows:
From, download the latest Apache 1.3
From download the mod_ssl sources. Make sure
that the second half of the version number is the same as the version of
Apache you downloaded. For example, if you downloaded apache_1.3.27.tar.gz,
then the mod_ssl sources you want will be something like
From, download perl-5.8.0.tar.gz or
From, download the the sources for latest 1.x
version of mod_perl.
From, download libapreq-1.1.tar.gz.
From, download the sources for the latest
version of the expat libraries.
From, download the latest version of XML::Parser.
From, download the latest readline
From, download the latest
PostgreSQL sources.
All examples here assume that youv've unpackaged all of the above source
tarballs into /usr/local/src, e.g., with the command
tar zxvf sources.tar.gz
Note that if you've never installed anything in /usr/local before, you must
install at least one library (expat is a good candidate) before installing Perl.
This is so that Perl will pick up on the existence of /usr/local/lib
and /usr/local/include and make sure that modules that need access
to the library files in these directories will be able to find them.
You should be fine if you follow the steps outlined here.
1. Install expat:
% cd expat-VERSION/
% ./configure
% make
% make install
% cd ..
2. Install readline (omit the perl line on Mac OS X 10.1):
% cd readline-4.x
% perl -i.bak -p -e \
"s/SHLIB_LIBS=.*/SHLIB_LIBS='-lSystem -lncurses -lcc_dynamic'/g" \
% ./configure
% make
% make install
3. Install Perl. For Perl 5.8.0, do this:
% cd perl-5.8.0/
% export LC_ALL=C # or setenv LC_ALL C
% export LANG="en_US" # or setenv LANG en_US
% sh Configure -des -Dprefix=/usr/local -Uinstallusrbinperl
% make
% make test # Will be a few expected and documented failures
% make install
% cd ..
Or, for Perl 5.6.1, do this:
% cd perl-5.6.1/
% export LC_ALL=C # or setenv LC_ALL C
% export LANG="en_US" # or setenv LANG en_US
% perl -i.bak -p -e 's|Local/Library|Library|g' hints/
% sh Configure -des -Dldflags="-flat_namespace" -Uinstallusrbinperl
% make
% make test # will be a few errors -- should be okay.
% make install
% cd ..
4. Patch Apache:
% cd apache_1.3.xx
% patch -p0 < ../apache_dbm.patch
% cd ..
5. Configure mod_ssl (Optional -- Required for SSL support):
% cd mod_ssl-VERSION/
% patch -p0 < ../mod_ssl_dylib.patch
% ./configure --with-apache=/usr/local/src/apache_1.3.xx
% cd ..
6. Install mod_perl:
% cd mod_perl-1.xx
% /usr/local/bin/perl Makefile.PL \
% make
% make install
% cd ..
7. Install Apache:
% cd apache_1.3.26/
% SSL_BASE=/usr/local/src/openssl-VERSION/ \
./configure \
--with-layout=Apache \
--enable-module=ssl \ # Optional.
--enable-module=so \
--activate-module=src/modules/perl/libperl.a \
--disable-shared=perl \
% make
% make certificate # Optional -- to make SSL certificate. Read messages.
% make install
% cd ..
8. Install libapreq:
% cd libapreq-1.1
% ./configure --with-apache-includes=/usr/local/apache/include
% make
% make install
% /usr/local/bin/perl Makefile.PL
% make
% make test
% make install
% cd ..
9. Install XML::Parser:
% cd XML-Parser-VERSION/
% /usr/local/bin/perl Makefile.PL EXPATLIBPATH=/usr/local/lib \
% make
% make test
% make install
% cd ..
LWP: We recommend that you install the Perl LWP library manually, and when it
prompts for whether to install the "HEAD" convenience program, say "No". This
will prevent LWP from overwriting the existing "head" program, which is needed
by many configure scripts.
PostgreSQL: You'll need to use NetInfo to create the "postgres" user and the
"postgres" group. Most likely you can copy the "nobody" or "mysql" user and
group for this purpose. Also, when you've completed installation as documented
in the main README file, you'll need to run this command so that DBD::Pg will
be able to use the PostgreSQL libraries:
% ranlib /usr/local/pgsql/lib/libpq.a
Consult for more
a detailed description of how to install and configure PostgreSQL.
While runing "make", you'll be prompted to answer a series of
questions. Provided you've followed the directions here and installed and
configured Apache, most of the defaults should be fine. There are a couple of
things to watch for, however:
* When you're prompted to confirm the location of Apache, do not accept
"/usr/sbin/httpd" if that's what is offered. That is the Apple Apache
installation, and it won't work. You'll need to enter in the path to the
special Apache you've compiled, e.g., "/usr/local/apache/bin/httpd".
* The optional Apache::SizeLimit module is not currently supported on Mac OS
X/Darwin. So when you're prompted for the option to install it, type "no".
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