Uses inotify to monitor Cassandra SSTables and upload them to S3
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tablesnap

README.md

Tablesnap

Theory of Operation

Tablesnap is a script that uses inotify to monitor a directory for IN_MOVED_TO events and reacts to them by spawning a new thread to upload that file to Amazon S3, along with a JSON-formatted list of what other files were in the directory at the time of the copy.

When running a Cassandra cluster, this behavior can be quite useful as it allows for automated point-in-time backups of SSTables. Theoretically, tablesnap should work for any application where files are written to some temporary location, then moved into their final location once the data is written to disk. Tablesnap also makes the assumption that files are immutable once written.

Installation

This distribution provides a debian/ source directory, allowing it to be built as a standard Debian/Ubuntu package and stored in a repository. The Debian package includes an init script that can run and daemonize tablesnap for you. Tablesnap does not daemonize itself. This is best left to tools like init, supervisord, daemontools, etc.

If you are not a Debian/Ubuntu user or do not wish to install the tablesnap package, you may copy the tablesnap script anywhere you'd like and run it from there. Tablesnap depends on the pyinotify and boto Python packages. These are available via "pip install pyinotify; pip install boto;", or as packages from most common Linux distributions.

Configuration

All configuration for tablesnap happens on the command line. If you are using the Debian package, you'll set these options in the DAEMON_OPTS variable in /etc/default/tablesnap.

Usage: tablesnap [options] <bucket:prefix:path:regex> [...]
Options:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -k AWS_KEY, --aws-key=AWS_KEY
  -s AWS_SECRET, --aws-secret=AWS_SECRET
  -r, --recursive       Recursively watch the given path(s)s for new SSTables
  -a, --auto-add        Automatically start watching new subdirectories within path(s)
  -B, --backup          Backup existing SSTables to S3 if they're not already there

bucket: s3 bucket
prefix: subdirectory under s3 bucket
path: local folder location to watch
regex: file name to match under the local path

prefix and regex can be optionally left blank, while bucket and path are required
the regex needs to be a valid python regex and while be compared using the 're' module and the 'match' function

For example:

$ tablesnap -k AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA -s BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB me.synack.sstables:location/in/s3:/var/lib/cassandra/data/GiantKeyspace:columnfamily-hc.*db

This would cause tablesnap to use the given Amazon Web Services credentials to backup the SSTables for my GiantKeyspace to the S3 bucket named me.synack.sstables.

Notes

Tablesnap respawns by default when launched from the init.d script

A path can only be watched once, but the regex allows you to watch different files within that path

By following this strategy, we are able to monitor both staging and prod on the same cassandra cluster and upload to separate staging and production buckets in s3. We can also cherry pick which column family's from a given keyspace we want to back up

Debian Packaging

https://wiki.ubuntu.com/PackagingGuide/Complete

To build your own .deb from this repo.. (optionally, a pre-built .deb is available: wget --no-check-certificate https://s3.amazonaws.com/tinyco.vendor/python/tablesnap_0.2_amd64.deb)

git clone git://github.com/brooklynpacket/tablesnap.git cd tablesnap sudo apt-get install cdbs debuild debuild -us -uc

The debuild command disables gpg key signing. The build must take place on a Linux box. Tested with Ubuntu Lucid.

To install the tablesnap.deb package..

apt-get install python-pip python-pyinotify daemon pip install pyinotify boto lesspipe tablesnap.deb sudo dpkg --install tablesnap.deb

set RUN and DAEMONOPTS variables in /etc/default/tablesnap

Questions, Comments, and Help

The fine folks in #cassandra-ops on irc.freenode.net are an excellent resource for getting tablesnap up and running, and also for solving more general Cassandra issues.