A simple web framework based on asyncio.
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A simple web framework based on asyncio.

Tesla's induction motor

Induction is the phenomenon that drives asynchronous motors. Pictured above is Tesla's induction motor.


pip install induction

Usage examples

If you know express and/or Flask, you'll feel right at home.

Synchronous route

from induction import Induction
app = Induction(__name__)

def index(request):
    return app.render_template('index.html')

Async route

import asyncio
from induction import Induction
app = Induction(__name__)

def slow(request, response):
    yield from asyncio.sleep(10)
    response.write('Hello, world!')


Handlers are decorated with @app.route(url_pattern). Routes are managed by the Routes library.

Handlers have several way to send data back to the client:

  • returning: synchronous routes can return data directly. The return values are passed to the response object. Supported return values are:
    • A string or bytes object, which becomes the body of the response. A default status of 200 OK and mimetype of text/html are added.
    • A tuple of (response, headers, status), in any order and with at least one item provided. headers can be a list or a dictionnary.
  • writing: handlers can be defined to accept two arguments, request and response. They can then directly write data to the response.

Induction objects

The Induction constructor accepts the following arguments:

  • name: the name for your app.

And the following keyword arguments:

  • template_folder: path to the folder from which to load templates. Defaults to 'templates' relatively to the current working directory.

The following methods are available on Induction instances:

  • route(path, **conditions): registers a route. Meant to be used as a decorator:

    def foo(request):
        return jsonify({})
  • before_request(func): registers a function to be called before all request handlers. E.g.:

    def set_some_header(request, response):
        request.uuid = str(uuid.uuid4())
        response.add_header('X-Request-ID', request.uuid)

    before_request functions are called in the order they've been declared.

    When a before_request function returns something else than None, all request processing is stopped and the returned data is passed to the response.

  • after_request(func) registers a function to be called after all request handlers. Works like before_request.

  • handle_404(request, [response]): error handler for HTTP 404 errors.

  • error_handler(exc_type): registers a function to be called when a request handler raises an exception of type exc_type. Exception handlers take the request, the response and the exception object as argument:

    def handle_value_error(request, response, exception):
        response.add_header("X-Exception", str(exception))

    Note that the response may have been partially sent to the client already. Depending on what your application does, it might not be safe to set headers or even send data to the response.

    Setting exc_type to None lets you register a catch-all error handler that will process all unhandled exceptions:

    def handle_exception(request, response, exception):
        # Send exception to Sentry
        client = raven.Client()
  • render_template(template_name_or_list, **context): loads the first matching template from template_name_or_list and renders it using the given context.

Response objects

The following attributes and methods are available on Response objects:

  • status, status_line: the HTTP status code and line for this response.

  • write(chunk, close=False, unchunked=False): writes a chunk of data to the reponse.

    If chunk is a string, it'll be encoded to bytes.

    If close is True, write_eof() is called on the response.

    If unchunked is True a Content-Length header is added and the response will be closed once the chunk is written.

  • redirect(location, status=302): redirects to location using the given status code.


  • 0.2 (2014-09-25)
    • 404 error returns HTML by default.
    • Ability to set a catch-all error handler, e.g. for Sentry handling.
  • 0.1 (2014-09-19)
    • Initial release.