Skip to content
Lightweight javascript implementation of promises.
JavaScript
Find file
Pull request Compare This branch is 43 commits behind stackp:master.
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Failed to load latest commit information.
README.md
promise.js
promise.min.js
tests.html
tests.js

README.md

promise.js

A lightweight javascript implementation of promises.

Using the Promise Object

Promises provide an alternative to callback-passing. Asynchronous functions return a Promise object onto which callbacks can be attached.

Callbacks are attached using the .then(callback) method. They will be called when the promise is resolved.

var p = asyncfoo(a, b, c);

p.then(function(error, result) {
    if (error) return;
    alert(result);
});

Asynchronous functions resolve the promise with the .done(error, result) method when their task is done. This invokes the promise callbacks with the error and result arguments.

function asyncfoo() {

    var p = new promise.Promise();  /* (1) create a Promise */

    setTimeout(function() {
        p.done(null, "O hai!");     /* (3) resolve it when ready */
    }, 1000);

    return p;                       /* (2) return it */
}

Callbacks Signature

Callbacks shall have the signature: callback(error, result). It matches the .done(error, result) signature.

The error parameter is used to pass an error code such that error != false in case something went wrong; the result parameter is used to pass a value produced by the asynchronous task. This allows to write callbacks like this:

function callback(error, result) {
    if (error) {
        /* Deal with error case. */
        ...
        return;
    }

    /* Deal with normal case. */
    ...
}

Chaining Functions

promise.chain([f1, f2, f3, ...]);

promise.chain() executes a bunch of asynchronous tasks in sequence, passing to each function the error, value arguments produced by the previous task. Each function must return a promise and resolve it somehow. promise.chain() returns a Promise.

Example:

function late(n) {
    var p = new promise.Promise();
    setTimeout(function() {
        p.done(null, n);
    }, n);
    return p;
}

promise.chain([
    function() {
        return late(100);
    },
    function(err, n) {
        return late(n + 200);
    },
    function(err, n) {
        return late(n + 300);
    },
    function(err, n) {
        return late(n + 400);
    }
]).then(
    function(err, n) {
        alert(n);
    }
);

Joining Functions

promise.join([f1, f2, f3, ...]);

promise.join() executes a bunch of asynchronous tasks together, returns a promise, and resolve that promise when all tasks are done. The callbacks attached to that promise are invoked with the arguments: [error1, error2, error3, ...], [result1, result2, result3, ...]. Each function must return a promise and resolve it somehow.

Example:

function late(n) {
    var p = new promise.Promise();
    setTimeout(function() {
        p.done(null, n);
    }, n);
    return p;
}

promise.join([
    function() {
        return late(400);
    },
    function() {
        return late(800);
    }
]).then(
    function(errors, values) {
        alert(values[0] + " " + values[1]);
    }
);

AJAX Functions Included

Because AJAX requests are the root of much asynchrony in Javascript, promise.js provides the following functions:

promise.get(url, data, headers)
promise.post(url, data, headers)
promise.put(url, data, headers)
promise.del(url, data, headers)

data (optional) : a {key: value} object or url-encoded string.

headers (optional) : a {key: value} object (e.g. {"Accept", "application/json"}).

Example:

promise.get('/').then(function(error, result) {
    if (!error) {
        alert('The page contains ' + result.length + ' character(s).');
    }
});

Browser compatibility

The library has been successfully tested on IE6+ and FF2+

Have fun!

Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.