Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with
or
.
Download ZIP
Browse files

update README

  • Loading branch information...
commit 7d918074e52193af3c38bfb264c4f1ac9f45e2f5 1 parent 2a48840
@bscofield authored
Showing with 5 additions and 252 deletions.
  1. +5 −252 README
View
257 README
@@ -1,256 +1,9 @@
-== Welcome to Rails
+== Better Living through Resourceful Plugins
-Rails is a web-application framework that includes everything needed to create
-database-backed web applications according to the Model-View-Control pattern.
+This is the code that was written in the second half of the resourceful plugin tutorial given by Ben Scofield at Railsconf Europe (2 Sept 2008), along with after-the-fact modifications intended to make it more useful.
-This pattern splits the view (also called the presentation) into "dumb" templates
-that are primarily responsible for inserting pre-built data in between HTML tags.
-The model contains the "smart" domain objects (such as Account, Product, Person,
-Post) that holds all the business logic and knows how to persist themselves to
-a database. The controller handles the incoming requests (such as Save New Account,
-Update Product, Show Post) by manipulating the model and directing data to the view.
+It's a simple application—basically, a forum providing for Rooms and Comments; the forum piece has been fully extracted into an EasyForum resourceful plugin. In addition, the application allows comments to be rated, and includes a partially-extracted rating plugin, as well.
-In Rails, the model is handled by what's called an object-relational mapping
-layer entitled Active Record. This layer allows you to present the data from
-database rows as objects and embellish these data objects with business logic
-methods. You can read more about Active Record in
-link:files/vendor/rails/activerecord/README.html.
+=== Changes Since the Tutorial
-The controller and view are handled by the Action Pack, which handles both
-layers by its two parts: Action View and Action Controller. These two layers
-are bundled in a single package due to their heavy interdependence. This is
-unlike the relationship between the Active Record and Action Pack that is much
-more separate. Each of these packages can be used independently outside of
-Rails. You can read more about Action Pack in
-link:files/vendor/rails/actionpack/README.html.
-
-
-== Getting Started
-
-1. At the command prompt, start a new Rails application using the <tt>rails</tt> command
- and your application name. Ex: rails myapp
-2. Change directory into myapp and start the web server: <tt>script/server</tt> (run with --help for options)
-3. Go to http://localhost:3000/ and get "Welcome aboard: You're riding the Rails!"
-4. Follow the guidelines to start developing your application
-
-
-== Web Servers
-
-By default, Rails will try to use Mongrel and lighttpd if they are installed, otherwise
-Rails will use WEBrick, the webserver that ships with Ruby. When you run script/server,
-Rails will check if Mongrel exists, then lighttpd and finally fall back to WEBrick. This ensures
-that you can always get up and running quickly.
-
-Mongrel is a Ruby-based webserver with a C component (which requires compilation) that is
-suitable for development and deployment of Rails applications. If you have Ruby Gems installed,
-getting up and running with mongrel is as easy as: <tt>gem install mongrel</tt>.
-More info at: http://mongrel.rubyforge.org
-
-If Mongrel is not installed, Rails will look for lighttpd. It's considerably faster than
-Mongrel and WEBrick and also suited for production use, but requires additional
-installation and currently only works well on OS X/Unix (Windows users are encouraged
-to start with Mongrel). We recommend version 1.4.11 and higher. You can download it from
-http://www.lighttpd.net.
-
-And finally, if neither Mongrel or lighttpd are installed, Rails will use the built-in Ruby
-web server, WEBrick. WEBrick is a small Ruby web server suitable for development, but not
-for production.
-
-But of course its also possible to run Rails on any platform that supports FCGI.
-Apache, LiteSpeed, IIS are just a few. For more information on FCGI,
-please visit: http://wiki.rubyonrails.com/rails/pages/FastCGI
-
-
-== Apache .htaccess example
-
-# General Apache options
-AddHandler fastcgi-script .fcgi
-AddHandler cgi-script .cgi
-Options +FollowSymLinks +ExecCGI
-
-# If you don't want Rails to look in certain directories,
-# use the following rewrite rules so that Apache won't rewrite certain requests
-#
-# Example:
-# RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^/notrails.*
-# RewriteRule .* - [L]
-
-# Redirect all requests not available on the filesystem to Rails
-# By default the cgi dispatcher is used which is very slow
-#
-# For better performance replace the dispatcher with the fastcgi one
-#
-# Example:
-# RewriteRule ^(.*)$ dispatch.fcgi [QSA,L]
-RewriteEngine On
-
-# If your Rails application is accessed via an Alias directive,
-# then you MUST also set the RewriteBase in this htaccess file.
-#
-# Example:
-# Alias /myrailsapp /path/to/myrailsapp/public
-# RewriteBase /myrailsapp
-
-RewriteRule ^$ index.html [QSA]
-RewriteRule ^([^.]+)$ $1.html [QSA]
-RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
-RewriteRule ^(.*)$ dispatch.cgi [QSA,L]
-
-# In case Rails experiences terminal errors
-# Instead of displaying this message you can supply a file here which will be rendered instead
-#
-# Example:
-# ErrorDocument 500 /500.html
-
-ErrorDocument 500 "<h2>Application error</h2>Rails application failed to start properly"
-
-
-== Debugging Rails
-
-Sometimes your application goes wrong. Fortunately there are a lot of tools that
-will help you debug it and get it back on the rails.
-
-First area to check is the application log files. Have "tail -f" commands running
-on the server.log and development.log. Rails will automatically display debugging
-and runtime information to these files. Debugging info will also be shown in the
-browser on requests from 127.0.0.1.
-
-You can also log your own messages directly into the log file from your code using
-the Ruby logger class from inside your controllers. Example:
-
- class WeblogController < ActionController::Base
- def destroy
- @weblog = Weblog.find(params[:id])
- @weblog.destroy
- logger.info("#{Time.now} Destroyed Weblog ID ##{@weblog.id}!")
- end
- end
-
-The result will be a message in your log file along the lines of:
-
- Mon Oct 08 14:22:29 +1000 2007 Destroyed Weblog ID #1
-
-More information on how to use the logger is at http://www.ruby-doc.org/core/
-
-Also, Ruby documentation can be found at http://www.ruby-lang.org/ including:
-
-* The Learning Ruby (Pickaxe) Book: http://www.ruby-doc.org/docs/ProgrammingRuby/
-* Learn to Program: http://pine.fm/LearnToProgram/ (a beginners guide)
-
-These two online (and free) books will bring you up to speed on the Ruby language
-and also on programming in general.
-
-
-== Debugger
-
-Debugger support is available through the debugger command when you start your Mongrel or
-Webrick server with --debugger. This means that you can break out of execution at any point
-in the code, investigate and change the model, AND then resume execution!
-You need to install ruby-debug to run the server in debugging mode. With gems, use 'gem install ruby-debug'
-Example:
-
- class WeblogController < ActionController::Base
- def index
- @posts = Post.find(:all)
- debugger
- end
- end
-
-So the controller will accept the action, run the first line, then present you
-with a IRB prompt in the server window. Here you can do things like:
-
- >> @posts.inspect
- => "[#<Post:0x14a6be8 @attributes={\"title\"=>nil, \"body\"=>nil, \"id\"=>\"1\"}>,
- #<Post:0x14a6620 @attributes={\"title\"=>\"Rails you know!\", \"body\"=>\"Only ten..\", \"id\"=>\"2\"}>]"
- >> @posts.first.title = "hello from a debugger"
- => "hello from a debugger"
-
-...and even better is that you can examine how your runtime objects actually work:
-
- >> f = @posts.first
- => #<Post:0x13630c4 @attributes={"title"=>nil, "body"=>nil, "id"=>"1"}>
- >> f.
- Display all 152 possibilities? (y or n)
-
-Finally, when you're ready to resume execution, you enter "cont"
-
-
-== Console
-
-You can interact with the domain model by starting the console through <tt>script/console</tt>.
-Here you'll have all parts of the application configured, just like it is when the
-application is running. You can inspect domain models, change values, and save to the
-database. Starting the script without arguments will launch it in the development environment.
-Passing an argument will specify a different environment, like <tt>script/console production</tt>.
-
-To reload your controllers and models after launching the console run <tt>reload!</tt>
-
-== dbconsole
-
-You can go to the command line of your database directly through <tt>script/dbconsole</tt>.
-You would be connected to the database with the credentials defined in database.yml.
-Starting the script without arguments will connect you to the development database. Passing an
-argument will connect you to a different database, like <tt>script/dbconsole production</tt>.
-Currently works for mysql, postgresql and sqlite.
-
-== Description of Contents
-
-app
- Holds all the code that's specific to this particular application.
-
-app/controllers
- Holds controllers that should be named like weblogs_controller.rb for
- automated URL mapping. All controllers should descend from ApplicationController
- which itself descends from ActionController::Base.
-
-app/models
- Holds models that should be named like post.rb.
- Most models will descend from ActiveRecord::Base.
-
-app/views
- Holds the template files for the view that should be named like
- weblogs/index.html.erb for the WeblogsController#index action. All views use eRuby
- syntax.
-
-app/views/layouts
- Holds the template files for layouts to be used with views. This models the common
- header/footer method of wrapping views. In your views, define a layout using the
- <tt>layout :default</tt> and create a file named default.html.erb. Inside default.html.erb,
- call <% yield %> to render the view using this layout.
-
-app/helpers
- Holds view helpers that should be named like weblogs_helper.rb. These are generated
- for you automatically when using script/generate for controllers. Helpers can be used to
- wrap functionality for your views into methods.
-
-config
- Configuration files for the Rails environment, the routing map, the database, and other dependencies.
-
-db
- Contains the database schema in schema.rb. db/migrate contains all
- the sequence of Migrations for your schema.
-
-doc
- This directory is where your application documentation will be stored when generated
- using <tt>rake doc:app</tt>
-
-lib
- Application specific libraries. Basically, any kind of custom code that doesn't
- belong under controllers, models, or helpers. This directory is in the load path.
-
-public
- The directory available for the web server. Contains subdirectories for images, stylesheets,
- and javascripts. Also contains the dispatchers and the default HTML files. This should be
- set as the DOCUMENT_ROOT of your web server.
-
-script
- Helper scripts for automation and generation.
-
-test
- Unit and functional tests along with fixtures. When using the script/generate scripts, template
- test files will be generated for you and placed in this directory.
-
-vendor
- External libraries that the application depends on. Also includes the plugins subdirectory.
- If the app has frozen rails, those gems also go here, under vendor/rails/.
- This directory is in the load path.
+I've added a PDF version of the slides in /doc (which means that the first checkout may take a while). Also, I've fixed the problems with using AJAX for the ratings—we had just forgotten to include the necessary Javascript in the layout.
Please sign in to comment.
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.