Implements Zones for JavaScript
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Latest commit 26e7f51 Nov 3, 2015 @Brooooooklyn Brooooooklyn committed with vicb fix(util): origin addEventListener/removeEventListener should be call…
…ed without eventListener

fixes #198

README.md

Zone.js

Build Status

Implements Zones for JavaScript, inspired by Dart.

What's a Zone?

A Zone is an execution context that persists across async tasks. You can think of it as thread-local storage for JavaScript VMs.

See this video from ng-conf 2014 for a detailed explanation:

screenshot of the zone.js presentation and ng-conf 2014

Running Within a Zone

You can run code within a zone with zone.run. Tasks scheduled (with setTimeout, setInterval, or event listeners) stay within that zone.

zone.fork().run(function () {
  zone.inTheZone = true;

  setTimeout(function () {
    console.log('in the zone: ' + !!zone.inTheZone);
  }, 0);
});

console.log('in the zone: ' + !!zone.inTheZone);

The above will log:

'in the zone: false'
'in the zone: true'

Note that the function delayed by setTimeout stays inside the zone.

Forking a Zone

Zones have a set of hooks that allow you to change the behavior of code running within that zone. To change a zone, you fork it to get a new one.

zone.fork({
  beforeTask: function () {
    console.log('hi');
  }
}).run(function () {
  // do stuff
});

Hooks that you don't override when forking a zone are inherited from the existing one.

See the API docs below for more.

Usage

To start using Zones, you need to include the zone.js script in this package onto your page. This script should appear in the <head> of your HTML file before any other scripts, including shims/polyfills.

Examples

There are two kinds of examples:

  1. The kind you have to run
  2. Illustrative code snippets in this README

Running the ones that you have to run

For fully working examples:

  1. Spawn a webserver in the root of the directory in which this repo lives. (I like to use python -m SimpleHTTPServer 3000).
  2. Open http://localhost:3000/example in your browser

Below are the aforementioned snippets.

Overriding A Zone's Hook

var someZone = zone.fork({
  afterTask: function () {
    console.log('goodbye');
  }
});

someZone.fork({
  afterTask: function () {
    console.log('cya l8r');
  }
}).run(function () {
  // do stuff
});

// logs: cya l8r

Augmenting A Zone's Hook

When you fork a zone, you'll often want to control how the parent zone's hook gets called.

Prefixing a hook with $ means that the hook will be passed the parent zone's hook, and the hook will be expected to return the function to be invoked rather than be the function itself.

var someZone = zone.fork({
  afterTask: function () {
    console.log('goodbye');
  }
});

someZone.fork({
  $afterTask: function (parentOnLeave) {
    // return the hook
    return function afterTask() {
      parentOnLeave();
      console.log('cya l8r');
    };
  }
}).run(function () {
  // do stuff
});

// logs: goodbye
//       cya l8r

+ and - Sugar

Most of the time, you'll want to run a hook before or after the parent's implementation. You can prefix a hook with - for running before, and + for running after.

The above can be written like this:

var someZone = zone.fork({
  afterTask: function () {
    console.log('goodbye');
  }
});

someZone.fork({
  '+afterTask': function () {
    console.log('cya l8r');
  }
}).run(function () {
  // do stuff
});

// logs: goodbye
//       cya l8r

This frees you from writing boilerplate to compose a new hook.

API

Zone.js exports a single object: window.zone.

zone.run

Runs a given function within the zone. Explained above.

zone.bind

Transforms a function to run within the given zone.

zone.fork

var myZone = zone.fork({
  onZoneCreated: function () {},
  beforeTask: function () {},
  afterTask: function () {},
  onError: function () {},
  enqueueTask: function() {},
  dequeueTask: function() {},
  setTimeout: function () {},
  setInterval: function () {},
  alert: function () {},
  prompt: function () {},
});
myZone.run(function () {
  // woo!
});

Below describes the behavior of each of these hooks.

zone.onZoneCreated

Runs when a zone is forked.

zone.beforeTask

Before a function invoked with zone.run, this hook runs. If zone.beforeTask throws, the function passed to run will not be invoked.

zone.afterTask

After a function in a zone runs, the afterTask hook runs. This hook will run even if the function passed to run throws.

zone.onError

This hook is called when the function passed to run or the beforeTask hook throws.

zone.enqueueTask

This hook is called when a function is registered with the VM. For instance setTimeout and addEventListener.

zone.dequeueTask

This hook is called when a function is unregistered with the VM. For instance clearTimeout and removeEventListener.

zone.setTimeout, zone.setInterval, zone.alert, zone.prompt

These hooks allow you to change the behavior of window.setTimeout, window.setInterval, etc. While in this zone, calls to window.setTimeout will redirect to zone.setTimeout.

zone.requestAnimationFrame, zone.webkitRequestAnimationFrame, zone.mozRequestAnimationFrame

These hooks allow you to change the behavior of window.requestAnimationFrame(), window.webkitRequestAnimationFrame, and window.mozRequestAnimationFrame.

By default the callback is executed in the zone where those methods have been called to avoid growing the stack size on each recursive call.

zone.addEventListener

This hook allows you to intercept calls to EventTarget#addEventListener.

var clickListenerCount = 0;

zone.fork(
  $addEventListener: function(parentAddEventListener) {
    return function (type, listener) {
      if (type === 'click') clickListenerCount++;
      return parentAddEventListener.apply(this, arguments);
    };
  }
);

zone.run(function() {
  myElement.addEventListener('click', listener);
  myOtherElement.addEventListener('click', listener);

  console.log(clickListenerCount); // 2
});

zone.removeEventListener

This hook allows you to intercept calls to EventTarget#removeEventListener.

var clickListenerCount = 0;

zone.fork(
  $removeEventListener: function(parentRemoveEventListener) {
    return function (type, listener) {
      if (type === 'click') clickListenerCount--;
      return parentRemoveEventListener.apply(this, arguments);
    };
  }
);

zone.run(function() {
  myElement.addEventListener('click', listener);
  myElement.removeEventListener('click', listener);

  console.log(clickListenerCount); // 0
});

Status

  • setTimeout, setInterval, and addEventListener work in FF23, IE10, and Chrome.
  • stack trace rewrite is kinda ugly and may contain extraneous calls.
  • elt.onevent works in FF23, IE10, but not Chrome. There's a fix in the works though!

See also

License

Apache 2.0