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# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# BEGIN WordPress
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# UTF-8 encoding
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Use UTF-8 encoding for anything served text/plain or text/html
AddDefaultCharset utf-8
# Force UTF-8 for a number of file formats
AddCharset utf-8 .css .js .xml .json .rss .atom
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Better website experience for IE users
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Force the latest IE version, in various cases when it may fall back to IE7 mode
# github.com/rails/rails/commit/123eb25#commitcomment-118920
# Use ChromeFrame if it's installed for a better experience for the poor IE folk
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header set X-UA-Compatible "IE=Edge,chrome=1"
# mod_headers can't match by content-type, but we don't want to send this header on *everything*...
<FilesMatch "\.(js|css|gif|png|jpe?g|pdf|xml|oga|ogg|m4a|ogv|mp4|m4v|webm|svg|svgz|eot|ttf|otf|woff|ico|webp|appcache|manifest|htc|crx|oex|xpi|safariextz|vcf)$" >
Header unset X-UA-Compatible
</FilesMatch>
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Cross-domain AJAX requests
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Serve cross-domain Ajax requests, disabled by default.
# enable-cors.org
# code.google.com/p/html5security/wiki/CrossOriginRequestSecurity
# <IfModule mod_headers.c>
# Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*"
# </IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# CORS-enabled images (@crossorigin)
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Send CORS headers if browsers request them; enabled by default for images.
# developer.mozilla.org/en/CORS_Enabled_Image
# blog.chromium.org/2011/07/using-cross-domain-images-in-webgl-and.html
# hacks.mozilla.org/2011/11/using-cors-to-load-webgl-textures-from-cross-domain-images/
# wiki.mozilla.org/Security/Reviews/crossoriginAttribute
<IfModule mod_setenvif.c>
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
# mod_headers, y u no match by Content-Type?!
<FilesMatch "\.(gif|png|jpe?g|svg|svgz|ico|webp)$">
SetEnvIf Origin ":" IS_CORS
Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*" env=IS_CORS
</FilesMatch>
</IfModule>
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Webfont access
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Allow access from all domains for webfonts.
# Alternatively you could only whitelist your
# subdomains like "subdomain.example.com".
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
<FilesMatch "\.(ttf|ttc|otf|eot|woff|font.css)$">
Header set Access-Control-Allow-Origin "*"
</FilesMatch>
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Stop search engines from indexing different files
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
<FilesMatch "\.(txt|log|xml|css|js|gz)$">
Header set X-Robots-Tag "noindex"
</FilesMatch>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Proper MIME type for all files
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# JavaScript
# Normalize to standard type (it's sniffed in IE anyways)
# tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4329#section-7.2
AddType application/javascript js jsonp
AddType application/json json
# Audio
AddType audio/ogg oga ogg
AddType audio/mp4 m4a f4a f4b
# Video
AddType video/ogg ogv
AddType video/mp4 mp4 m4v f4v f4p
AddType video/webm webm
AddType video/x-flv flv
# SVG
# Required for svg webfonts on iPad
# twitter.com/FontSquirrel/status/14855840545
AddType image/svg+xml svg svgz
AddEncoding gzip svgz
# Webfonts
AddType application/vnd.ms-fontobject eot
AddType application/x-font-ttf ttf ttc
AddType font/opentype otf
AddType application/x-font-woff woff
AddType image/svg+xml svg
# Assorted types
AddType image/x-icon ico
AddType image/webp webp
AddType text/cache-manifest appcache manifest
AddType text/x-component htc
AddType application/xml rss atom xml rdf
AddType application/x-chrome-extension crx
AddType application/x-opera-extension oex
AddType application/x-xpinstall xpi
AddType application/octet-stream safariextz
AddType application/x-web-app-manifest+json webapp
AddType text/x-vcard vcf
AddType application/x-shockwave-flash swf
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Gzip compression
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
<IfModule mod_deflate.c>
# Force deflate for mangled headers developer.yahoo.com/blogs/ydn/posts/2010/12/pushing-beyond-gzipping/
<IfModule mod_setenvif.c>
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
SetEnvIfNoCase ^(Accept-EncodXng|X-cept-Encoding|X{15}|~{15}|-{15})$ ^((gzip|deflate)\s*,?\s*)+|[X~-]{4,13}$ HAVE_Accept-Encoding
RequestHeader append Accept-Encoding "gzip,deflate" env=HAVE_Accept-Encoding
</IfModule>
</IfModule>
# HTML, TXT, CSS, JavaScript, JSON, XML, HTC:
<IfModule filter_module>
FilterDeclare COMPRESS
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $text/html
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $text/css
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $text/plain
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $text/xml
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $text/x-component
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/javascript
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/json
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/xml
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/xhtml+xml
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/rss+xml
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/atom+xml
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/vnd.ms-fontobject
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $image/svg+xml
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $image/x-icon
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $application/x-font-ttf
FilterProvider COMPRESS DEFLATE resp=Content-Type $font/opentype
FilterChain COMPRESS
FilterProtocol COMPRESS DEFLATE change=yes;byteranges=no
</IfModule>
<IfModule !mod_filter.c>
# Legacy versions of Apache
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/html text/plain text/css application/json
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/javascript
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/xml application/xml text/x-component
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/xhtml+xml application/rss+xml application/atom+xml
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE image/x-icon image/svg+xml application/vnd.ms-fontobject application/x-font-ttf font/opentype
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE application/atom+xml
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE application/json
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE application/xhtml+xml
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE application/xml
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE text/css
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE text/html
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE text/plain
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE text/x-component
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE text/xml
# The following MIME types are in the process of registration
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE application/xslt+xml
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE image/svg+xml
# The following MIME types are NOT registered
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE application/mathml+xml
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE application/rss+xml
# JavaScript has various MIME types
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE application/javascript
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE application/x-javascript
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE text/ecmascript
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE text/javascript
# .ico files and other compressible images
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE image/vnd.microsoft.icon
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE image/x-icon
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE image/bmp
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE image/tiff
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE application/pdf
# compressible fonts (.woff is already compressed)
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE font/opentype
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE application/x-font-ttf font/ttf font/otf image/svg+xml
AddOutputFilter DEFLATE application/vnd.ms-fontobject
</IfModule>
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Expires headers (for better cache control)
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# These are pretty far-future expires headers.
# They assume you control versioning with filename-based cache busting
# Additionally, consider that outdated proxies may miscache
# www.stevesouders.com/blog/2008/08/23/revving-filenames-dont-use-querystring/
# If you don't use filenames to version, lower the CSS and JS to something like
# "access plus 1 week" or so.
<IfModule mod_expires.c>
ExpiresActive on
<FilesMatch ".(jpg|png|gif)$">
ExpiresDefault A0
Header set Cache-Control "max-age=0, no-cache, must-revalidate"
</FilesMatch>
# Perhaps better to whitelist expires rules? Perhaps.
ExpiresDefault "access plus 1 year"
# cache.appcache needs re-requests in FF 3.6 (thanks Remy ~Introducing HTML5)
ExpiresByType text/cache-manifest "access plus 0 seconds"
ExpiresByType application/json "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType application/pdf "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType application/x-shockwave-flash "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/bmp "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/gif "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/jpeg "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/png "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/svg+xml "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/tiff "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/vnd.microsoft.icon "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/x-icon "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType text/css "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType video/x-flv "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType application/vnd.bw-fontobject "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType application/x-font-ttf "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType application/font-woff "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType application/vnd.ms-fontobject "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType font/ttf "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType font/otf "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType font/x-woff "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/svg+xml "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType font/opentype "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/webp "access plus 1 year"
# The following MIME types are in the process of registration
ExpiresByType application/xslt+xml "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType image/svg+xml "access plus 1 year"
# The following MIME types are NOT registered
ExpiresByType application/mathml+xml "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType application/rss+xml "access plus 1 year"
# JavaScript has various MIME types
ExpiresByType application/x-javascript "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType application/javascript "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType text/ecmascript "access plus 1 year"
ExpiresByType text/javascript "access plus 1 year"
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# ETag removal
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# FileETag None is not enough for every server.
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header unset ETag
</IfModule>
# Since we're sending far-future expires, we don't need ETags for
# static content.
# developer.yahoo.com/performance/rules.html#etags
FileETag None
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Stop screen flicker in IE on CSS rollovers
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# The following directives stop screen flicker in IE on CSS rollovers - in
# combination with the "ExpiresByType" rules for images (see above). If
# needed, un-comment the following rules.
BrowserMatch "MSIE" brokenvary=1
BrowserMatch "Mozilla/4.[0-9]{2}" brokenvary=1
BrowserMatch "Opera" !brokenvary
SetEnvIf brokenvary 1 force-no-vary
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Set Keep-Alive Header
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Keep-Alive allows the server to send multiple requests through one TCP-connection.
# Be aware of possible disadvantages of this setting. Turn on if you serve a lot of
# static content.
<IfModule mod_headers.c>
Header set Connection Keep-Alive
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Start rewrite engine
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Turning on the rewrite engine is necessary for the following rules and features.
# FollowSymLinks must be enabled for this to work.
#
# Some cloud hosting services require RewriteBase to be set: goo.gl/HOcPN
# If using the h5bp in a subdirectory, use `RewriteBase /foo` instead where 'foo' is your directory.
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
Options +FollowSymlinks
RewriteEngine On
# RewriteBase /
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Suppress or force the "www." at the beginning of URLs
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^www\.(.+)$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^ http://%1%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L]
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Built-in filename-based cache busting
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# If you're not using the build script to manage your filename version revving,
# you might want to consider enabling this, which will route requests for
# /css/style.20110203.css to /css/style.css
# To understand why this is important and a better idea than all.css?v1231,
# read: github.com/h5bp/html5-boilerplate/wiki/cachebusting
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule ^(.+)\.(\d+)\.(js|css|png|jpg|gif)$ $1.$3 [L]
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Prevent 404 errors for non-existing redirected folders
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# without -MultiViews, Apache will give a 404 for a rewrite if a folder of the same name does not exist
# e.g. /blog/hello : webmasterworld.com/apache/3808792.htm
Options -MultiViews
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Youth media protection
# read: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jugendmedienschutz-Staatsvertrag
# Prefer:Safe with Apache for rewrite
# read: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-nottingham-safe-hint-01
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteCond %{HTTP:prefer} =safe
RewriteRule ^ - [F,L]
</IfModule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Custom 404 page
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# You can add custom pages to handle 500 or 403 pretty easily, if you like.
# If you are hosting your site in subdirectory, adjust this accordingly
# e.g. ErrorDocument 404 /subdir/404.php
# ErrorDocument 404 /404.php
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# A little more security
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Do we want to advertise the exact version number of Apache we're running?
# Probably not.
## This can only be enabled if used in httpd.conf - It will not work in .htaccess
# ServerTokens Prod
# "-Indexes" will have Apache block users from browsing folders without a default document
# Usually you should leave this activated, because you shouldn't allow everybody to surf through
# every folder on your server (which includes rather private places like CMS system folders).
<IfModule mod_autoindex.c>
Options -Indexes
</IfModule>
# Block access to "hidden" directories whose names begin with a period. This
# includes directories used by version control systems such as Subversion or Git.
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteCond %{SCRIPT_FILENAME} -d
RewriteCond %{SCRIPT_FILENAME} -f
RewriteRule "(^|/)\." - [F]
</IfModule>
# Block access to backup and source files
# This files may be left by some text/html editors and
# pose a great security danger, when someone can access them
<FilesMatch "(\.(bak|config|sql|fla|psd|ini|log|sh|inc|swp|dist)|~)$">
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
Satisfy All
</FilesMatch>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# WordPress features, rewrites
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
<Ifmodule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule (.+)(#|%23) /$1 [R=301,NE,L]
# Redirect HTTPS requests to HTTP
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} on
RewriteRule (.*) http://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI}
# Deny access with invalid or missing referer on log-in attempts
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_METHOD} POST
# See http://tltech.com/info/referrer-htaccess/
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST}@@%{HTTP_REFERER} !^([^@]*)@@https?://\1/wp-login\.php
RewriteRule wp-login\.php - [L,R=403]
# Deny access with invalid or missing referer on log-in attempts
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_METHOD} POST
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} ^$
RewriteRule wp-login\.php - [L,R=403]
RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L]
# uploaded files
RewriteRule ^files/(.+) wp-includes/ms-files.php?file=$1 [L]
# forbid double slashes in all URLs
RewriteCond %{THE_REQUEST} ^[A-Z]+\ /(([^/\ ]+/)*)/+([^\ ]*)
RewriteRule ^ /%1%3 [L,R=301]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -f [OR]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -d
RewriteRule ^ - [L]
RewriteRule ^(wp-(content|admin|includes).*) $1 [L]
RewriteRule ^(.*\.php)$ $1 [L]
RewriteRule . index.php [L]
# add a trailing slash to /wp-admin
RewriteRule ^wp-admin$ wp-admin/ [R=301,L]
# Enumerating author names, see http://wordpress.stackexchange.com/a/130171/73
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} author=\d
RewriteRule ^ /? [L,R=301]
</Ifmodule>
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Little more security in WP and htaccess protection
# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
# PROTECT all htaccess files
<Files ~ "^[\._]ht">
Order Allow,Deny
Deny from all
Satisfy All
</Files>
# PROTECT wp-config.php
<files wp-config.php>
Order Allow,Deny
Deny from all
Satisfy all
</files>
# PROTECT wp-login.php
#<files wp-login.php>
# AuthName "Admin-Bereich"
# AuthType Basic
# AuthUserFile /www/htdocs/absolute_path/.htusers
# require valid-user
#</files>
# PROTECT readme.html
<Files readme.html>
Order Allow,Deny
Deny from all
Satisfy all
</Files>
# PROTECT install.php
# Unkomment or change to 'Allow from all' for install of WordPress
<Files install.php>
Order Allow,Deny
Deny from all
Satisfy all
</Files>
# PROTECT xmlrpc.php
#<Files xmlrpc.php>
# Order Allow,Deny
# Deny from all
#</Files>
# ACCESS for xmlrpc surface only for different apps
<IfModule mod_setenvif.c>
<Files xmlrpc.php>
# blogs
BrowserMatch "WordPress" allowed
# poster
BrowserMatch "Poster" allowed
# Windows Livew Writer
BrowserMatch "Windows Live Writer" allowed
# WP 4 iOS
BrowserMatch "wp-iphone" allowed
# WP 4 Android
BrowserMatch "wp-android" allowed
Order Allow,Deny
Deny from All
Allow from env=allowed
</Files>
</IfModule>