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/*
* Parser/loader for IHEX formatted data.
*
* Copyright © 2008 David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
* Copyright © 2005 Jan Harkes <jaharkes@cs.cmu.edu>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*/

#include <stdint.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include <getopt.h>


struct ihex_binrec {
struct ihex_binrec *next; /* not part of the real data structure */
        uint32_t addr;
        uint16_t len;
        uint8_t data[];
};

/**
* nybble/hex are little helpers to parse hexadecimal numbers to a byte value
**/
static uint8_t nybble(const uint8_t n)
{
       if (n >= '0' && n <= '9') return n - '0';
       else if (n >= 'A' && n <= 'F') return n - ('A' - 10);
       else if (n >= 'a' && n <= 'f') return n - ('a' - 10);
       return 0;
}

static uint8_t hex(const uint8_t *data, uint8_t *crc)
{
       uint8_t val = (nybble(data[0]) << 4) | nybble(data[1]);
       *crc += val;
       return val;
}

static int process_ihex(uint8_t *data, ssize_t size);
static void file_record(struct ihex_binrec *record);
static int output_records(int outfd);

static int sort_records = 0;
static int wide_records = 0;

int usage(void)
{
fprintf(stderr, "ihex2fw: Convert ihex files into binary "
"representation for use by Linux kernel\n");
fprintf(stderr, "usage: ihex2fw [<options>] <src.HEX> <dst.fw>\n");
fprintf(stderr, " -w: wide records (16-bit length)\n");
fprintf(stderr, " -s: sort records by address\n");
return 1;
}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
int infd, outfd;
struct stat st;
uint8_t *data;
int opt;

while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "ws")) != -1) {
switch (opt) {
case 'w':
wide_records = 1;
break;
case 's':
sort_records = 1;
break;
default:
return usage();
}
}

if (optind + 2 != argc)
return usage();

if (!strcmp(argv[optind], "-"))
infd = 0;
else
infd = open(argv[optind], O_RDONLY);
if (infd == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open source file: %s",
strerror(errno));
return usage();
}
if (fstat(infd, &st)) {
perror("stat");
return 1;
}
data = mmap(NULL, st.st_size, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, infd, 0);
if (data == MAP_FAILED) {
perror("mmap");
return 1;
}

if (!strcmp(argv[optind+1], "-"))
outfd = 1;
else
outfd = open(argv[optind+1], O_TRUNC|O_CREAT|O_WRONLY, 0644);
if (outfd == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "Failed to open destination file: %s",
strerror(errno));
return usage();
}
if (process_ihex(data, st.st_size))
return 1;

output_records(outfd);
return 0;
}

static int process_ihex(uint8_t *data, ssize_t size)
{
struct ihex_binrec *record;
uint32_t offset = 0;
uint8_t type, crc = 0, crcbyte = 0;
int i, j;
int line = 1;
int len;

i = 0;
next_record:
/* search for the start of record character */
while (i < size) {
if (data[i] == '\n') line++;
if (data[i++] == ':') break;
}

/* Minimum record length would be about 10 characters */
if (i + 10 > size) {
fprintf(stderr, "Can't find valid record at line %d\n", line);
return -EINVAL;
}

len = hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
if (wide_records) {
len <<= 8;
len += hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
}
record = malloc((sizeof (*record) + len + 3) & ~3);
if (!record) {
fprintf(stderr, "out of memory for records\n");
return -ENOMEM;
}
memset(record, 0, (sizeof(*record) + len + 3) & ~3);
record->len = len;

/* now check if we have enough data to read everything */
if (i + 8 + (record->len * 2) > size) {
fprintf(stderr, "Not enough data to read complete record at line %d\n",
line);
return -EINVAL;
}

record->addr = hex(data + i, &crc) << 8; i += 2;
record->addr |= hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
type = hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;

for (j = 0; j < record->len; j++, i += 2)
record->data[j] = hex(data + i, &crc);

/* check CRC */
crcbyte = hex(data + i, &crc); i += 2;
if (crc != 0) {
fprintf(stderr, "CRC failure at line %d: got 0x%X, expected 0x%X\n",
line, crcbyte, (unsigned char)(crcbyte-crc));
return -EINVAL;
}

/* Done reading the record */
switch (type) {
case 0:
/* old style EOF record? */
if (!record->len)
break;

record->addr += offset;
file_record(record);
goto next_record;

case 1: /* End-Of-File Record */
if (record->addr || record->len) {
fprintf(stderr, "Bad EOF record (type 01) format at line %d",
line);
return -EINVAL;
}
break;

case 2: /* Extended Segment Address Record (HEX86) */
case 4: /* Extended Linear Address Record (HEX386) */
if (record->addr || record->len != 2) {
fprintf(stderr, "Bad HEX86/HEX386 record (type %02X) at line %d\n",
type, line);
return -EINVAL;
}

/* We shouldn't really be using the offset for HEX86 because
* the wraparound case is specified quite differently. */
offset = record->data[0] << 8 | record->data[1];
offset <<= (type == 2 ? 4 : 16);
goto next_record;

case 3: /* Start Segment Address Record */
case 5: /* Start Linear Address Record */
if (record->addr || record->len != 4) {
fprintf(stderr, "Bad Start Address record (type %02X) at line %d\n",
type, line);
return -EINVAL;
}

/* These records contain the CS/IP or EIP where execution
* starts. Don't really know what to do with them. */
goto next_record;

default:
fprintf(stderr, "Unknown record (type %02X)\n", type);
return -EINVAL;
}

return 0;
}

static struct ihex_binrec *records;

static void file_record(struct ihex_binrec *record)
{
struct ihex_binrec **p = &records;

while ((*p) && (!sort_records || (*p)->addr < record->addr))
p = &((*p)->next);

record->next = *p;
*p = record;
}

static int output_records(int outfd)
{
unsigned char zeroes[6] = {0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0};
struct ihex_binrec *p = records;

while (p) {
uint16_t writelen = (p->len + 9) & ~3;

p->addr = htonl(p->addr);
p->len = htons(p->len);
write(outfd, &p->addr, writelen);
p = p->next;
}
/* EOF record is zero length, since we don't bother to represent
the type field in the binary version */
write(outfd, zeroes, 6);
return 0;
}
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