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/*
* linux/fs/block_dev.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
* Copyright (C) 2001 Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> SuSE
*/
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/fcntl.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/kmod.h>
#include <linux/major.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/device_cgroup.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/blkpg.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/mpage.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/namei.h>
#include <linux/log2.h>
#include <linux/kmemleak.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include "internal.h"
struct bdev_inode {
struct block_device bdev;
struct inode vfs_inode;
};
static const struct address_space_operations def_blk_aops;
static inline struct bdev_inode *BDEV_I(struct inode *inode)
{
return container_of(inode, struct bdev_inode, vfs_inode);
}
inline struct block_device *I_BDEV(struct inode *inode)
{
return &BDEV_I(inode)->bdev;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(I_BDEV);
static sector_t max_block(struct block_device *bdev)
{
sector_t retval = ~((sector_t)0);
loff_t sz = i_size_read(bdev->bd_inode);
if (sz) {
unsigned int size = block_size(bdev);
unsigned int sizebits = blksize_bits(size);
retval = (sz >> sizebits);
}
return retval;
}
/* Kill _all_ buffers and pagecache , dirty or not.. */
static void kill_bdev(struct block_device *bdev)
{
if (bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping->nrpages == 0)
return;
invalidate_bh_lrus();
truncate_inode_pages(bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping, 0);
}
int set_blocksize(struct block_device *bdev, int size)
{
/* Size must be a power of two, and between 512 and PAGE_SIZE */
if (size > PAGE_SIZE || size < 512 || !is_power_of_2(size))
return -EINVAL;
/* Size cannot be smaller than the size supported by the device */
if (size < bdev_logical_block_size(bdev))
return -EINVAL;
/* Don't change the size if it is same as current */
if (bdev->bd_block_size != size) {
sync_blockdev(bdev);
bdev->bd_block_size = size;
bdev->bd_inode->i_blkbits = blksize_bits(size);
kill_bdev(bdev);
}
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(set_blocksize);
int sb_set_blocksize(struct super_block *sb, int size)
{
if (set_blocksize(sb->s_bdev, size))
return 0;
/* If we get here, we know size is power of two
* and it's value is between 512 and PAGE_SIZE */
sb->s_blocksize = size;
sb->s_blocksize_bits = blksize_bits(size);
return sb->s_blocksize;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sb_set_blocksize);
int sb_min_blocksize(struct super_block *sb, int size)
{
int minsize = bdev_logical_block_size(sb->s_bdev);
if (size < minsize)
size = minsize;
return sb_set_blocksize(sb, size);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sb_min_blocksize);
static int
blkdev_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
struct buffer_head *bh, int create)
{
if (iblock >= max_block(I_BDEV(inode))) {
if (create)
return -EIO;
/*
* for reads, we're just trying to fill a partial page.
* return a hole, they will have to call get_block again
* before they can fill it, and they will get -EIO at that
* time
*/
return 0;
}
bh->b_bdev = I_BDEV(inode);
bh->b_blocknr = iblock;
set_buffer_mapped(bh);
return 0;
}
static int
blkdev_get_blocks(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
struct buffer_head *bh, int create)
{
sector_t end_block = max_block(I_BDEV(inode));
unsigned long max_blocks = bh->b_size >> inode->i_blkbits;
if ((iblock + max_blocks) > end_block) {
max_blocks = end_block - iblock;
if ((long)max_blocks <= 0) {
if (create)
return -EIO; /* write fully beyond EOF */
/*
* It is a read which is fully beyond EOF. We return
* a !buffer_mapped buffer
*/
max_blocks = 0;
}
}
bh->b_bdev = I_BDEV(inode);
bh->b_blocknr = iblock;
bh->b_size = max_blocks << inode->i_blkbits;
if (max_blocks)
set_buffer_mapped(bh);
return 0;
}
static ssize_t
blkdev_direct_IO(int rw, struct kiocb *iocb, const struct iovec *iov,
loff_t offset, unsigned long nr_segs)
{
struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
return blockdev_direct_IO_no_locking(rw, iocb, inode, I_BDEV(inode),
iov, offset, nr_segs, blkdev_get_blocks, NULL);
}
int __sync_blockdev(struct block_device *bdev, int wait)
{
if (!bdev)
return 0;
if (!wait)
return filemap_flush(bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping);
return filemap_write_and_wait(bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping);
}
/*
* Write out and wait upon all the dirty data associated with a block
* device via its mapping. Does not take the superblock lock.
*/
int sync_blockdev(struct block_device *bdev)
{
return __sync_blockdev(bdev, 1);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sync_blockdev);
/*
* Write out and wait upon all dirty data associated with this
* device. Filesystem data as well as the underlying block
* device. Takes the superblock lock.
*/
int fsync_bdev(struct block_device *bdev)
{
struct super_block *sb = get_super(bdev);
if (sb) {
int res = sync_filesystem(sb);
drop_super(sb);
return res;
}
return sync_blockdev(bdev);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(fsync_bdev);
/**
* freeze_bdev -- lock a filesystem and force it into a consistent state
* @bdev: blockdevice to lock
*
* This takes the block device bd_mount_sem to make sure no new mounts
* happen on bdev until thaw_bdev() is called.
* If a superblock is found on this device, we take the s_umount semaphore
* on it to make sure nobody unmounts until the snapshot creation is done.
* The reference counter (bd_fsfreeze_count) guarantees that only the last
* unfreeze process can unfreeze the frozen filesystem actually when multiple
* freeze requests arrive simultaneously. It counts up in freeze_bdev() and
* count down in thaw_bdev(). When it becomes 0, thaw_bdev() will unfreeze
* actually.
*/
struct super_block *freeze_bdev(struct block_device *bdev)
{
struct super_block *sb;
int error = 0;
mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
if (bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count > 0) {
bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count++;
sb = get_super(bdev);
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
return sb;
}
bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count++;
down(&bdev->bd_mount_sem);
sb = get_super(bdev);
if (sb && !(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)) {
sb->s_frozen = SB_FREEZE_WRITE;
smp_wmb();
sync_filesystem(sb);
sb->s_frozen = SB_FREEZE_TRANS;
smp_wmb();
sync_blockdev(sb->s_bdev);
if (sb->s_op->freeze_fs) {
error = sb->s_op->freeze_fs(sb);
if (error) {
printk(KERN_ERR
"VFS:Filesystem freeze failed\n");
sb->s_frozen = SB_UNFROZEN;
drop_super(sb);
up(&bdev->bd_mount_sem);
bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count--;
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
return ERR_PTR(error);
}
}
}
sync_blockdev(bdev);
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
return sb; /* thaw_bdev releases s->s_umount and bd_mount_sem */
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(freeze_bdev);
/**
* thaw_bdev -- unlock filesystem
* @bdev: blockdevice to unlock
* @sb: associated superblock
*
* Unlocks the filesystem and marks it writeable again after freeze_bdev().
*/
int thaw_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, struct super_block *sb)
{
int error = 0;
mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
if (!bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count) {
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
return -EINVAL;
}
bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count--;
if (bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count > 0) {
if (sb)
drop_super(sb);
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
return 0;
}
if (sb) {
BUG_ON(sb->s_bdev != bdev);
if (!(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)) {
if (sb->s_op->unfreeze_fs) {
error = sb->s_op->unfreeze_fs(sb);
if (error) {
printk(KERN_ERR
"VFS:Filesystem thaw failed\n");
sb->s_frozen = SB_FREEZE_TRANS;
bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count++;
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
return error;
}
}
sb->s_frozen = SB_UNFROZEN;
smp_wmb();
wake_up(&sb->s_wait_unfrozen);
}
drop_super(sb);
}
up(&bdev->bd_mount_sem);
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(thaw_bdev);
static int blkdev_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
return block_write_full_page(page, blkdev_get_block, wbc);
}
static int blkdev_readpage(struct file * file, struct page * page)
{
return block_read_full_page(page, blkdev_get_block);
}
static int blkdev_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags,
struct page **pagep, void **fsdata)
{
*pagep = NULL;
return block_write_begin(file, mapping, pos, len, flags, pagep, fsdata,
blkdev_get_block);
}
static int blkdev_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied,
struct page *page, void *fsdata)
{
int ret;
ret = block_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, page, fsdata);
unlock_page(page);
page_cache_release(page);
return ret;
}
/*
* private llseek:
* for a block special file file->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_size is zero
* so we compute the size by hand (just as in block_read/write above)
*/
static loff_t block_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int origin)
{
struct inode *bd_inode = file->f_mapping->host;
loff_t size;
loff_t retval;
mutex_lock(&bd_inode->i_mutex);
size = i_size_read(bd_inode);
switch (origin) {
case 2:
offset += size;
break;
case 1:
offset += file->f_pos;
}
retval = -EINVAL;
if (offset >= 0 && offset <= size) {
if (offset != file->f_pos) {
file->f_pos = offset;
}
retval = offset;
}
mutex_unlock(&bd_inode->i_mutex);
return retval;
}
/*
* Filp is never NULL; the only case when ->fsync() is called with
* NULL first argument is nfsd_sync_dir() and that's not a directory.
*/
static int block_fsync(struct file *filp, struct dentry *dentry, int datasync)
{
return sync_blockdev(I_BDEV(filp->f_mapping->host));
}
/*
* pseudo-fs
*/
static __cacheline_aligned_in_smp DEFINE_SPINLOCK(bdev_lock);
static struct kmem_cache * bdev_cachep __read_mostly;
static struct inode *bdev_alloc_inode(struct super_block *sb)
{
struct bdev_inode *ei = kmem_cache_alloc(bdev_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!ei)
return NULL;
return &ei->vfs_inode;
}
static void bdev_destroy_inode(struct inode *inode)
{
struct bdev_inode *bdi = BDEV_I(inode);
bdi->bdev.bd_inode_backing_dev_info = NULL;
kmem_cache_free(bdev_cachep, bdi);
}
static void init_once(void *foo)
{
struct bdev_inode *ei = (struct bdev_inode *) foo;
struct block_device *bdev = &ei->bdev;
memset(bdev, 0, sizeof(*bdev));
mutex_init(&bdev->bd_mutex);
sema_init(&bdev->bd_mount_sem, 1);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdev->bd_inodes);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdev->bd_list);
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&bdev->bd_holder_list);
#endif
inode_init_once(&ei->vfs_inode);
/* Initialize mutex for freeze. */
mutex_init(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
}
static inline void __bd_forget(struct inode *inode)
{
list_del_init(&inode->i_devices);
inode->i_bdev = NULL;
inode->i_mapping = &inode->i_data;
}
static void bdev_clear_inode(struct inode *inode)
{
struct block_device *bdev = &BDEV_I(inode)->bdev;
struct list_head *p;
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
while ( (p = bdev->bd_inodes.next) != &bdev->bd_inodes ) {
__bd_forget(list_entry(p, struct inode, i_devices));
}
list_del_init(&bdev->bd_list);
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
}
static const struct super_operations bdev_sops = {
.statfs = simple_statfs,
.alloc_inode = bdev_alloc_inode,
.destroy_inode = bdev_destroy_inode,
.drop_inode = generic_delete_inode,
.clear_inode = bdev_clear_inode,
};
static int bd_get_sb(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data, struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
return get_sb_pseudo(fs_type, "bdev:", &bdev_sops, 0x62646576, mnt);
}
static struct file_system_type bd_type = {
.name = "bdev",
.get_sb = bd_get_sb,
.kill_sb = kill_anon_super,
};
struct super_block *blockdev_superblock __read_mostly;
void __init bdev_cache_init(void)
{
int err;
struct vfsmount *bd_mnt;
bdev_cachep = kmem_cache_create("bdev_cache", sizeof(struct bdev_inode),
0, (SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT|
SLAB_MEM_SPREAD|SLAB_PANIC),
init_once);
err = register_filesystem(&bd_type);
if (err)
panic("Cannot register bdev pseudo-fs");
bd_mnt = kern_mount(&bd_type);
if (IS_ERR(bd_mnt))
panic("Cannot create bdev pseudo-fs");
/*
* This vfsmount structure is only used to obtain the
* blockdev_superblock, so tell kmemleak not to report it.
*/
kmemleak_not_leak(bd_mnt);
blockdev_superblock = bd_mnt->mnt_sb; /* For writeback */
}
/*
* Most likely _very_ bad one - but then it's hardly critical for small
* /dev and can be fixed when somebody will need really large one.
* Keep in mind that it will be fed through icache hash function too.
*/
static inline unsigned long hash(dev_t dev)
{
return MAJOR(dev)+MINOR(dev);
}
static int bdev_test(struct inode *inode, void *data)
{
return BDEV_I(inode)->bdev.bd_dev == *(dev_t *)data;
}
static int bdev_set(struct inode *inode, void *data)
{
BDEV_I(inode)->bdev.bd_dev = *(dev_t *)data;
return 0;
}
static LIST_HEAD(all_bdevs);
struct block_device *bdget(dev_t dev)
{
struct block_device *bdev;
struct inode *inode;
inode = iget5_locked(blockdev_superblock, hash(dev),
bdev_test, bdev_set, &dev);
if (!inode)
return NULL;
bdev = &BDEV_I(inode)->bdev;
if (inode->i_state & I_NEW) {
bdev->bd_contains = NULL;
bdev->bd_inode = inode;
bdev->bd_block_size = (1 << inode->i_blkbits);
bdev->bd_part_count = 0;
bdev->bd_invalidated = 0;
inode->i_mode = S_IFBLK;
inode->i_rdev = dev;
inode->i_bdev = bdev;
inode->i_data.a_ops = &def_blk_aops;
mapping_set_gfp_mask(&inode->i_data, GFP_USER);
inode->i_data.backing_dev_info = &default_backing_dev_info;
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
list_add(&bdev->bd_list, &all_bdevs);
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
unlock_new_inode(inode);
}
return bdev;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdget);
/**
* bdgrab -- Grab a reference to an already referenced block device
* @bdev: Block device to grab a reference to.
*/
struct block_device *bdgrab(struct block_device *bdev)
{
atomic_inc(&bdev->bd_inode->i_count);
return bdev;
}
long nr_blockdev_pages(void)
{
struct block_device *bdev;
long ret = 0;
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
list_for_each_entry(bdev, &all_bdevs, bd_list) {
ret += bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping->nrpages;
}
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
return ret;
}
void bdput(struct block_device *bdev)
{
iput(bdev->bd_inode);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bdput);
static struct block_device *bd_acquire(struct inode *inode)
{
struct block_device *bdev;
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
bdev = inode->i_bdev;
if (bdev) {
atomic_inc(&bdev->bd_inode->i_count);
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
return bdev;
}
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
bdev = bdget(inode->i_rdev);
if (bdev) {
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
if (!inode->i_bdev) {
/*
* We take an additional bd_inode->i_count for inode,
* and it's released in clear_inode() of inode.
* So, we can access it via ->i_mapping always
* without igrab().
*/
atomic_inc(&bdev->bd_inode->i_count);
inode->i_bdev = bdev;
inode->i_mapping = bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping;
list_add(&inode->i_devices, &bdev->bd_inodes);
}
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
}
return bdev;
}
/* Call when you free inode */
void bd_forget(struct inode *inode)
{
struct block_device *bdev = NULL;
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
if (inode->i_bdev) {
if (!sb_is_blkdev_sb(inode->i_sb))
bdev = inode->i_bdev;
__bd_forget(inode);
}
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
if (bdev)
iput(bdev->bd_inode);
}
int bd_claim(struct block_device *bdev, void *holder)
{
int res;
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
/* first decide result */
if (bdev->bd_holder == holder)
res = 0; /* already a holder */
else if (bdev->bd_holder != NULL)
res = -EBUSY; /* held by someone else */
else if (bdev->bd_contains == bdev)
res = 0; /* is a whole device which isn't held */
else if (bdev->bd_contains->bd_holder == bd_claim)
res = 0; /* is a partition of a device that is being partitioned */
else if (bdev->bd_contains->bd_holder != NULL)
res = -EBUSY; /* is a partition of a held device */
else
res = 0; /* is a partition of an un-held device */
/* now impose change */
if (res==0) {
/* note that for a whole device bd_holders
* will be incremented twice, and bd_holder will
* be set to bd_claim before being set to holder
*/
bdev->bd_contains->bd_holders ++;
bdev->bd_contains->bd_holder = bd_claim;
bdev->bd_holders++;
bdev->bd_holder = holder;
}
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
return res;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bd_claim);
void bd_release(struct block_device *bdev)
{
spin_lock(&bdev_lock);
if (!--bdev->bd_contains->bd_holders)
bdev->bd_contains->bd_holder = NULL;
if (!--bdev->bd_holders)
bdev->bd_holder = NULL;
spin_unlock(&bdev_lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bd_release);
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
/*
* Functions for bd_claim_by_kobject / bd_release_from_kobject
*
* If a kobject is passed to bd_claim_by_kobject()
* and the kobject has a parent directory,
* following symlinks are created:
* o from the kobject to the claimed bdev
* o from "holders" directory of the bdev to the parent of the kobject
* bd_release_from_kobject() removes these symlinks.
*
* Example:
* If /dev/dm-0 maps to /dev/sda, kobject corresponding to
* /sys/block/dm-0/slaves is passed to bd_claim_by_kobject(), then:
* /sys/block/dm-0/slaves/sda --> /sys/block/sda
* /sys/block/sda/holders/dm-0 --> /sys/block/dm-0
*/
static int add_symlink(struct kobject *from, struct kobject *to)
{
if (!from || !to)
return 0;
return sysfs_create_link(from, to, kobject_name(to));
}
static void del_symlink(struct kobject *from, struct kobject *to)
{
if (!from || !to)
return;
sysfs_remove_link(from, kobject_name(to));
}
/*
* 'struct bd_holder' contains pointers to kobjects symlinked by
* bd_claim_by_kobject.
* It's connected to bd_holder_list which is protected by bdev->bd_sem.
*/
struct bd_holder {
struct list_head list; /* chain of holders of the bdev */
int count; /* references from the holder */
struct kobject *sdir; /* holder object, e.g. "/block/dm-0/slaves" */
struct kobject *hdev; /* e.g. "/block/dm-0" */
struct kobject *hdir; /* e.g. "/block/sda/holders" */
struct kobject *sdev; /* e.g. "/block/sda" */
};
/*
* Get references of related kobjects at once.
* Returns 1 on success. 0 on failure.
*
* Should call bd_holder_release_dirs() after successful use.
*/
static int bd_holder_grab_dirs(struct block_device *bdev,
struct bd_holder *bo)
{
if (!bdev || !bo)
return 0;
bo->sdir = kobject_get(bo->sdir);
if (!bo->sdir)
return 0;
bo->hdev = kobject_get(bo->sdir->parent);
if (!bo->hdev)
goto fail_put_sdir;
bo->sdev = kobject_get(&part_to_dev(bdev->bd_part)->kobj);
if (!bo->sdev)
goto fail_put_hdev;
bo->hdir = kobject_get(bdev->bd_part->holder_dir);
if (!bo->hdir)
goto fail_put_sdev;
return 1;
fail_put_sdev:
kobject_put(bo->sdev);
fail_put_hdev:
kobject_put(bo->hdev);
fail_put_sdir:
kobject_put(bo->sdir);
return 0;
}
/* Put references of related kobjects at once. */
static void bd_holder_release_dirs(struct bd_holder *bo)
{
kobject_put(bo->hdir);
kobject_put(bo->sdev);
kobject_put(bo->hdev);
kobject_put(bo->sdir);
}
static struct bd_holder *alloc_bd_holder(struct kobject *kobj)
{
struct bd_holder *bo;
bo = kzalloc(sizeof(*bo), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!bo)
return NULL;
bo->count = 1;
bo->sdir = kobj;
return bo;
}
static void free_bd_holder(struct bd_holder *bo)
{
kfree(bo);
}
/**
* find_bd_holder - find matching struct bd_holder from the block device
*
* @bdev: struct block device to be searched
* @bo: target struct bd_holder
*
* Returns matching entry with @bo in @bdev->bd_holder_list.
* If found, increment the reference count and return the pointer.
* If not found, returns NULL.
*/
static struct bd_holder *find_bd_holder(struct block_device *bdev,
struct bd_holder *bo)
{
struct bd_holder *tmp;
list_for_each_entry(tmp, &bdev->bd_holder_list, list)
if (tmp->sdir == bo->sdir) {
tmp->count++;
return tmp;
}
return NULL;
}
/**
* add_bd_holder - create sysfs symlinks for bd_claim() relationship
*
* @bdev: block device to be bd_claimed
* @bo: preallocated and initialized by alloc_bd_holder()
*
* Add @bo to @bdev->bd_holder_list, create symlinks.
*
* Returns 0 if symlinks are created.
* Returns -ve if something fails.
*/
static int add_bd_holder(struct block_device *bdev, struct bd_holder *bo)
{
int err;
if (!bo)
return -EINVAL;
if (!bd_holder_grab_dirs(bdev, bo))
return -EBUSY;
err = add_symlink(bo->sdir, bo->sdev);
if (err)
return err;
err = add_symlink(bo->hdir, bo->hdev);
if (err) {
del_symlink(bo->sdir, bo->sdev);
return err;
}
list_add_tail(&bo->list, &bdev->bd_holder_list);
return 0;
}
/**
* del_bd_holder - delete sysfs symlinks for bd_claim() relationship
*
* @bdev: block device to be bd_claimed
* @kobj: holder's kobject
*
* If there is matching entry with @kobj in @bdev->bd_holder_list
* and no other bd_claim() from the same kobject,
* remove the struct bd_holder from the list, delete symlinks for it.
*
* Returns a pointer to the struct bd_holder when it's removed from the list
* and ready to be freed.
* Returns NULL if matching claim isn't found or there is other bd_claim()
* by the same kobject.
*/
static struct bd_holder *del_bd_holder(struct block_device *bdev,
struct kobject *kobj)
{
struct bd_holder *bo;
list_for_each_entry(bo, &bdev->bd_holder_list, list) {
if (bo->sdir == kobj) {
bo->count--;
BUG_ON(bo->count < 0);
if (!bo->count) {
list_del(&bo->list);
del_symlink(bo->sdir, bo->sdev);
del_symlink(bo->hdir, bo->hdev);
bd_holder_release_dirs(bo);
return bo;
}
break;
}
}
return NULL;
}
/**
* bd_claim_by_kobject - bd_claim() with additional kobject signature
*
* @bdev: block device to be claimed
* @holder: holder's signature
* @kobj: holder's kobject
*
* Do bd_claim() and if it succeeds, create sysfs symlinks between
* the bdev and the holder's kobject.
* Use bd_release_from_kobject() when relesing the claimed bdev.
*
* Returns 0 on success. (same as bd_claim())
* Returns errno on failure.
*/
static int bd_claim_by_kobject(struct block_device *bdev, void *holder,
struct kobject *kobj)
{
int err;
struct bd_holder *bo, *found;
if (!kobj)
return -EINVAL;
bo = alloc_bd_holder(kobj);
if (!bo)
return -ENOMEM;
mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
err = bd_claim(bdev, holder);
if (err)
goto fail;
found = find_bd_holder(bdev, bo);
if (found)
goto fail;
err = add_bd_holder(bdev, bo);
if (err)
bd_release(bdev);
else
bo = NULL;
fail:
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
free_bd_holder(bo);
return err;
}
/**
* bd_release_from_kobject - bd_release() with additional kobject signature
*
* @bdev: block device to be released
* @kobj: holder's kobject
*
* Do bd_release() and remove sysfs symlinks created by bd_claim_by_kobject().
*/
static void bd_release_from_kobject(struct block_device *bdev,
struct kobject *kobj)
{
if (!kobj)
return;
mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
bd_release(bdev);
free_bd_holder(del_bd_holder(bdev, kobj));
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
}
/**
* bd_claim_by_disk - wrapper function for bd_claim_by_kobject()
*
* @bdev: block device to be claimed
* @holder: holder's signature
* @disk: holder's gendisk
*
* Call bd_claim_by_kobject() with getting @disk->slave_dir.
*/
int bd_claim_by_disk(struct block_device *bdev, void *holder,
struct gendisk *disk)
{
return bd_claim_by_kobject(bdev, holder, kobject_get(disk->slave_dir));
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bd_claim_by_disk);
/**
* bd_release_from_disk - wrapper function for bd_release_from_kobject()
*
* @bdev: block device to be claimed
* @disk: holder's gendisk
*
* Call bd_release_from_kobject() and put @disk->slave_dir.
*/
void bd_release_from_disk(struct block_device *bdev, struct gendisk *disk)
{
bd_release_from_kobject(bdev, disk->slave_dir);
kobject_put(disk->slave_dir);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(bd_release_from_disk);
#endif
/*
* Tries to open block device by device number. Use it ONLY if you
* really do not have anything better - i.e. when you are behind a
* truly sucky interface and all you are given is a device number. _Never_
* to be used for internal purposes. If you ever need it - reconsider
* your API.
*/
struct block_device *open_by_devnum(dev_t dev, fmode_t mode)
{
struct block_device *bdev = bdget(dev);
int err = -ENOMEM;
if (bdev)
err = blkdev_get(bdev, mode);
return err ? ERR_PTR(err) : bdev;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(open_by_devnum);
/**
* flush_disk - invalidates all buffer-cache entries on a disk
*
* @bdev: struct block device to be flushed
*
* Invalidates all buffer-cache entries on a disk. It should be called
* when a disk has been changed -- either by a media change or online
* resize.
*/
static void flush_disk(struct block_device *bdev)
{
if (__invalidate_device(bdev)) {
char name[BDEVNAME_SIZE] = "";
if (bdev->bd_disk)
disk_name(bdev->bd_disk, 0, name);
printk(KERN_WARNING "VFS: busy inodes on changed media or "
"resized disk %s\n", name);
}
if (!bdev->bd_disk)
return;
if (disk_partitionable(bdev->bd_disk))
bdev->bd_invalidated = 1;
}
/**
* check_disk_size_change - checks for disk size change and adjusts bdev size.
* @disk: struct gendisk to check
* @bdev: struct bdev to adjust.
*
* This routine checks to see if the bdev size does not match the disk size
* and adjusts it if it differs.
*/
void check_disk_size_change(struct gendisk *disk, struct block_device *bdev)
{
loff_t disk_size, bdev_size;
disk_size = (loff_t)get_capacity(disk) << 9;
bdev_size = i_size_read(bdev->bd_inode);
if (disk_size != bdev_size) {
char name[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
disk_name(disk, 0, name);
printk(KERN_INFO
"%s: detected capacity change from %lld to %lld\n",
name, bdev_size, disk_size);
i_size_write(bdev->bd_inode, disk_size);
flush_disk(bdev);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(check_disk_size_change);
/**
* revalidate_disk - wrapper for lower-level driver's revalidate_disk call-back
* @disk: struct gendisk to be revalidated
*
* This routine is a wrapper for lower-level driver's revalidate_disk
* call-backs. It is used to do common pre and post operations needed
* for all revalidate_disk operations.
*/
int revalidate_disk(struct gendisk *disk)
{
struct block_device *bdev;
int ret = 0;
if (disk->fops->revalidate_disk)
ret = disk->fops->revalidate_disk(disk);
bdev = bdget_disk(disk, 0);
if (!bdev)
return ret;
mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
check_disk_size_change(disk, bdev);
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
bdput(bdev);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(revalidate_disk);
/*
* This routine checks whether a removable media has been changed,
* and invalidates all buffer-cache-entries in that case. This
* is a relatively slow routine, so we have to try to minimize using
* it. Thus it is called only upon a 'mount' or 'open'. This
* is the best way of combining speed and utility, I think.
* People changing diskettes in the middle of an operation deserve
* to lose :-)
*/
int check_disk_change(struct block_device *bdev)
{
struct gendisk *disk = bdev->bd_disk;
struct block_device_operations * bdops = disk->fops;
if (!bdops->media_changed)
return 0;
if (!bdops->media_changed(bdev->bd_disk))
return 0;
flush_disk(bdev);
if (bdops->revalidate_disk)
bdops->revalidate_disk(bdev->bd_disk);
return 1;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(check_disk_change);
void bd_set_size(struct block_device *bdev, loff_t size)
{
unsigned bsize = bdev_logical_block_size(bdev);
bdev->bd_inode->i_size = size;
while (bsize < PAGE_CACHE_SIZE) {
if (size & bsize)
break;
bsize <<= 1;
}
bdev->bd_block_size = bsize;
bdev->bd_inode->i_blkbits = blksize_bits(bsize);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(bd_set_size);
static int __blkdev_put(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, int for_part);
/*
* bd_mutex locking:
*
* mutex_lock(part->bd_mutex)
* mutex_lock_nested(whole->bd_mutex, 1)
*/
static int __blkdev_get(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, int for_part)
{
struct gendisk *disk;
int ret;
int partno;
int perm = 0;
if (mode & FMODE_READ)
perm |= MAY_READ;
if (mode & FMODE_WRITE)
perm |= MAY_WRITE;
/*
* hooks: /n/, see "layering violations".
*/
ret = devcgroup_inode_permission(bdev->bd_inode, perm);
if (ret != 0) {
bdput(bdev);
return ret;
}
lock_kernel();
restart:
ret = -ENXIO;
disk = get_gendisk(bdev->bd_dev, &partno);
if (!disk)
goto out_unlock_kernel;
mutex_lock_nested(&bdev->bd_mutex, for_part);
if (!bdev->bd_openers) {
bdev->bd_disk = disk;
bdev->bd_contains = bdev;
if (!partno) {
struct backing_dev_info *bdi;
ret = -ENXIO;
bdev->bd_part = disk_get_part(disk, partno);
if (!bdev->bd_part)
goto out_clear;
if (disk->fops->open) {
ret = disk->fops->open(bdev, mode);
if (ret == -ERESTARTSYS) {
/* Lost a race with 'disk' being
* deleted, try again.
* See md.c
*/
disk_put_part(bdev->bd_part);
bdev->bd_part = NULL;
module_put(disk->fops->owner);
put_disk(disk);
bdev->bd_disk = NULL;
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
goto restart;
}
if (ret)
goto out_clear;
}
if (!bdev->bd_openers) {
bd_set_size(bdev,(loff_t)get_capacity(disk)<<9);
bdi = blk_get_backing_dev_info(bdev);
if (bdi == NULL)
bdi = &default_backing_dev_info;
bdev->bd_inode->i_data.backing_dev_info = bdi;
}
if (bdev->bd_invalidated)
rescan_partitions(disk, bdev);
} else {
struct block_device *whole;
whole = bdget_disk(disk, 0);
ret = -ENOMEM;
if (!whole)
goto out_clear;
BUG_ON(for_part);
ret = __blkdev_get(whole, mode, 1);
if (ret)
goto out_clear;
bdev->bd_contains = whole;
bdev->bd_inode->i_data.backing_dev_info =
whole->bd_inode->i_data.backing_dev_info;
bdev->bd_part = disk_get_part(disk, partno);
if (!(disk->flags & GENHD_FL_UP) ||
!bdev->bd_part || !bdev->bd_part->nr_sects) {
ret = -ENXIO;
goto out_clear;
}
bd_set_size(bdev, (loff_t)bdev->bd_part->nr_sects << 9);
}
} else {
put_disk(disk);
module_put(disk->fops->owner);
disk = NULL;
if (bdev->bd_contains == bdev) {
if (bdev->bd_disk->fops->open) {
ret = bdev->bd_disk->fops->open(bdev, mode);
if (ret)
goto out_unlock_bdev;
}
if (bdev->bd_invalidated)
rescan_partitions(bdev->bd_disk, bdev);
}
}
bdev->bd_openers++;
if (for_part)
bdev->bd_part_count++;
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
unlock_kernel();
return 0;
out_clear:
disk_put_part(bdev->bd_part);
bdev->bd_disk = NULL;
bdev->bd_part = NULL;
bdev->bd_inode->i_data.backing_dev_info = &default_backing_dev_info;
if (bdev != bdev->bd_contains)
__blkdev_put(bdev->bd_contains, mode, 1);
bdev->bd_contains = NULL;
out_unlock_bdev:
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
out_unlock_kernel:
unlock_kernel();
if (disk)
module_put(disk->fops->owner);
put_disk(disk);
bdput(bdev);
return ret;
}
int blkdev_get(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode)
{
return __blkdev_get(bdev, mode, 0);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blkdev_get);
static int blkdev_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp)
{
struct block_device *bdev;
int res;
/*
* Preserve backwards compatibility and allow large file access
* even if userspace doesn't ask for it explicitly. Some mkfs
* binary needs it. We might want to drop this workaround
* during an unstable branch.
*/
filp->f_flags |= O_LARGEFILE;
if (filp->f_flags & O_NDELAY)
filp->f_mode |= FMODE_NDELAY;
if (filp->f_flags & O_EXCL)
filp->f_mode |= FMODE_EXCL;
if ((filp->f_flags & O_ACCMODE) == 3)
filp->f_mode |= FMODE_WRITE_IOCTL;
bdev = bd_acquire(inode);
if (bdev == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
filp->f_mapping = bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping;
res = blkdev_get(bdev, filp->f_mode);
if (res)
return res;
if (filp->f_mode & FMODE_EXCL) {
res = bd_claim(bdev, filp);
if (res)
goto out_blkdev_put;
}
return 0;
out_blkdev_put:
blkdev_put(bdev, filp->f_mode);
return res;
}
static int __blkdev_put(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode, int for_part)
{
int ret = 0;
struct gendisk *disk = bdev->bd_disk;
struct block_device *victim = NULL;
mutex_lock_nested(&bdev->bd_mutex, for_part);
lock_kernel();
if (for_part)
bdev->bd_part_count--;
if (!--bdev->bd_openers) {
sync_blockdev(bdev);
kill_bdev(bdev);
}
if (bdev->bd_contains == bdev) {
if (disk->fops->release)
ret = disk->fops->release(disk, mode);
}
if (!bdev->bd_openers) {
struct module *owner = disk->fops->owner;
put_disk(disk);
module_put(owner);
disk_put_part(bdev->bd_part);
bdev->bd_part = NULL;
bdev->bd_disk = NULL;
bdev->bd_inode->i_data.backing_dev_info = &default_backing_dev_info;
if (bdev != bdev->bd_contains)
victim = bdev->bd_contains;
bdev->bd_contains = NULL;
}
unlock_kernel();
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_mutex);
bdput(bdev);
if (victim)
__blkdev_put(victim, mode, 1);
return ret;
}
int blkdev_put(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode)
{
return __blkdev_put(bdev, mode, 0);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blkdev_put);
static int blkdev_close(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp)
{
struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(filp->f_mapping->host);
if (bdev->bd_holder == filp)
bd_release(bdev);
return blkdev_put(bdev, filp->f_mode);
}
static long block_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
struct block_device *bdev = I_BDEV(file->f_mapping->host);
fmode_t mode = file->f_mode;
/*
* O_NDELAY can be altered using fcntl(.., F_SETFL, ..), so we have
* to updated it before every ioctl.
*/
if (file->f_flags & O_NDELAY)
mode |= FMODE_NDELAY;
else
mode &= ~FMODE_NDELAY;
return blkdev_ioctl(bdev, mode, cmd, arg);
}
/*
* Try to release a page associated with block device when the system
* is under memory pressure.
*/
static int blkdev_releasepage(struct page *page, gfp_t wait)
{
struct super_block *super = BDEV_I(page->mapping->host)->bdev.bd_super;
if (super && super->s_op->bdev_try_to_free_page)
return super->s_op->bdev_try_to_free_page(super, page, wait);
return try_to_free_buffers(page);
}
static const struct address_space_operations def_blk_aops = {
.readpage = blkdev_readpage,
.writepage = blkdev_writepage,
.sync_page = block_sync_page,
.write_begin = blkdev_write_begin,
.write_end = blkdev_write_end,
.writepages = generic_writepages,
.releasepage = blkdev_releasepage,
.direct_IO = blkdev_direct_IO,
};
const struct file_operations def_blk_fops = {
.open = blkdev_open,
.release = blkdev_close,
.llseek = block_llseek,
.read = do_sync_read,
.write = do_sync_write,
.aio_read = generic_file_aio_read,
.aio_write = generic_file_aio_write_nolock,
.mmap = generic_file_mmap,
.fsync = block_fsync,
.unlocked_ioctl = block_ioctl,
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
.compat_ioctl = compat_blkdev_ioctl,
#endif
.splice_read = generic_file_splice_read,
.splice_write = generic_file_splice_write,
};
int ioctl_by_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, unsigned cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
int res;
mm_segment_t old_fs = get_fs();
set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
res = blkdev_ioctl(bdev, 0, cmd, arg);
set_fs(old_fs);
return res;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(ioctl_by_bdev);
/**
* lookup_bdev - lookup a struct block_device by name
* @pathname: special file representing the block device
*
* Get a reference to the blockdevice at @pathname in the current
* namespace if possible and return it. Return ERR_PTR(error)
* otherwise.
*/
struct block_device *lookup_bdev(const char *pathname)
{
struct block_device *bdev;
struct inode *inode;
struct path path;
int error;
if (!pathname || !*pathname)
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
error = kern_path(pathname, LOOKUP_FOLLOW, &path);
if (error)
return ERR_PTR(error);
inode = path.dentry->d_inode;
error = -ENOTBLK;
if (!S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode))
goto fail;
error = -EACCES;
if (path.mnt->mnt_flags & MNT_NODEV)
goto fail;
error = -ENOMEM;
bdev = bd_acquire(inode);
if (!bdev)
goto fail;
out:
path_put(&path);
return bdev;
fail:
bdev = ERR_PTR(error);
goto out;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(lookup_bdev);
/**
* open_bdev_exclusive - open a block device by name and set it up for use
*
* @path: special file representing the block device
* @mode: FMODE_... combination to pass be used
* @holder: owner for exclusion
*
* Open the blockdevice described by the special file at @path, claim it
* for the @holder.
*/
struct block_device *open_bdev_exclusive(const char *path, fmode_t mode, void *holder)
{
struct block_device *bdev;
int error = 0;
bdev = lookup_bdev(path);
if (IS_ERR(bdev))
return bdev;
error = blkdev_get(bdev, mode);
if (error)
return ERR_PTR(error);
error = -EACCES;
if ((mode & FMODE_WRITE) && bdev_read_only(bdev))
goto blkdev_put;
error = bd_claim(bdev, holder);
if (error)
goto blkdev_put;
return bdev;
blkdev_put:
blkdev_put(bdev, mode);
return ERR_PTR(error);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(open_bdev_exclusive);
/**
* close_bdev_exclusive - close a blockdevice opened by open_bdev_exclusive()
*
* @bdev: blockdevice to close
* @mode: mode, must match that used to open.
*
* This is the counterpart to open_bdev_exclusive().
*/
void close_bdev_exclusive(struct block_device *bdev, fmode_t mode)
{
bd_release(bdev);
blkdev_put(bdev, mode);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(close_bdev_exclusive);
int __invalidate_device(struct block_device *bdev)
{
struct super_block *sb = get_super(bdev);
int res = 0;
if (sb) {
/*
* no need to lock the super, get_super holds the
* read mutex so the filesystem cannot go away
* under us (->put_super runs with the write lock
* hold).
*/
shrink_dcache_sb(sb);
res = invalidate_inodes(sb);
drop_super(sb);
}
invalidate_bdev(bdev);
return res;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__invalidate_device);