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/*
* Read-Copy Update module-based torture test facility
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
*
* Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2005, 2006
*
* Authors: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@us.ibm.com>
* Josh Triplett <josh@freedesktop.org>
*
* See also: Documentation/RCU/torture.txt
*/
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <asm/atomic.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/stat.h>
#include <linux/srcu.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <asm/byteorder.h>
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@us.ibm.com> and "
"Josh Triplett <josh@freedesktop.org>");
static int nreaders = -1; /* # reader threads, defaults to 2*ncpus */
static int nfakewriters = 4; /* # fake writer threads */
static int stat_interval; /* Interval between stats, in seconds. */
/* Defaults to "only at end of test". */
static int verbose; /* Print more debug info. */
static int test_no_idle_hz; /* Test RCU's support for tickless idle CPUs. */
static int shuffle_interval = 3; /* Interval between shuffles (in sec)*/
static int stutter = 5; /* Start/stop testing interval (in sec) */
static int irqreader = 1; /* RCU readers from irq (timers). */
static char *torture_type = "rcu"; /* What RCU implementation to torture. */
module_param(nreaders, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(nreaders, "Number of RCU reader threads");
module_param(nfakewriters, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(nfakewriters, "Number of RCU fake writer threads");
module_param(stat_interval, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(stat_interval, "Number of seconds between stats printk()s");
module_param(verbose, bool, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(verbose, "Enable verbose debugging printk()s");
module_param(test_no_idle_hz, bool, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(test_no_idle_hz, "Test support for tickless idle CPUs");
module_param(shuffle_interval, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(shuffle_interval, "Number of seconds between shuffles");
module_param(stutter, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(stutter, "Number of seconds to run/halt test");
module_param(irqreader, int, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(irqreader, "Allow RCU readers from irq handlers");
module_param(torture_type, charp, 0444);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(torture_type, "Type of RCU to torture (rcu, rcu_bh, srcu)");
#define TORTURE_FLAG "-torture:"
#define PRINTK_STRING(s) \
do { printk(KERN_ALERT "%s" TORTURE_FLAG s "\n", torture_type); } while (0)
#define VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING(s) \
do { if (verbose) printk(KERN_ALERT "%s" TORTURE_FLAG s "\n", torture_type); } while (0)
#define VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING(s) \
do { if (verbose) printk(KERN_ALERT "%s" TORTURE_FLAG "!!! " s "\n", torture_type); } while (0)
static char printk_buf[4096];
static int nrealreaders;
static struct task_struct *writer_task;
static struct task_struct **fakewriter_tasks;
static struct task_struct **reader_tasks;
static struct task_struct *stats_task;
static struct task_struct *shuffler_task;
static struct task_struct *stutter_task;
#define RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN 10
struct rcu_torture {
struct rcu_head rtort_rcu;
int rtort_pipe_count;
struct list_head rtort_free;
int rtort_mbtest;
};
static LIST_HEAD(rcu_torture_freelist);
static struct rcu_torture *rcu_torture_current = NULL;
static long rcu_torture_current_version = 0;
static struct rcu_torture rcu_tortures[10 * RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN];
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(rcu_torture_lock);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long [RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1], rcu_torture_count) =
{ 0 };
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(long [RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1], rcu_torture_batch) =
{ 0 };
static atomic_t rcu_torture_wcount[RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1];
static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_alloc;
static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail;
static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_free;
static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_mberror;
static atomic_t n_rcu_torture_error;
static long n_rcu_torture_timers = 0;
static struct list_head rcu_torture_removed;
static cpumask_var_t shuffle_tmp_mask;
static int stutter_pause_test = 0;
#if defined(MODULE) || defined(CONFIG_RCU_TORTURE_TEST_RUNNABLE)
#define RCUTORTURE_RUNNABLE_INIT 1
#else
#define RCUTORTURE_RUNNABLE_INIT 0
#endif
int rcutorture_runnable = RCUTORTURE_RUNNABLE_INIT;
/* Mediate rmmod and system shutdown. Concurrent rmmod & shutdown illegal! */
#define FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP 0 /* Normal operation. */
#define FULLSTOP_SHUTDOWN 1 /* System shutdown with rcutorture running. */
#define FULLSTOP_RMMOD 2 /* Normal rmmod of rcutorture. */
static int fullstop = FULLSTOP_RMMOD;
DEFINE_MUTEX(fullstop_mutex); /* Protect fullstop transitions and spawning */
/* of kthreads. */
/*
* Detect and respond to a system shutdown.
*/
static int
rcutorture_shutdown_notify(struct notifier_block *unused1,
unsigned long unused2, void *unused3)
{
mutex_lock(&fullstop_mutex);
if (fullstop == FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP)
fullstop = FULLSTOP_SHUTDOWN;
else
printk(KERN_WARNING /* but going down anyway, so... */
"Concurrent 'rmmod rcutorture' and shutdown illegal!\n");
mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
return NOTIFY_DONE;
}
/*
* Absorb kthreads into a kernel function that won't return, so that
* they won't ever access module text or data again.
*/
static void rcutorture_shutdown_absorb(char *title)
{
if (ACCESS_ONCE(fullstop) == FULLSTOP_SHUTDOWN) {
printk(KERN_NOTICE
"rcutorture thread %s parking due to system shutdown\n",
title);
schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT);
}
}
/*
* Allocate an element from the rcu_tortures pool.
*/
static struct rcu_torture *
rcu_torture_alloc(void)
{
struct list_head *p;
spin_lock_bh(&rcu_torture_lock);
if (list_empty(&rcu_torture_freelist)) {
atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail);
spin_unlock_bh(&rcu_torture_lock);
return NULL;
}
atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_alloc);
p = rcu_torture_freelist.next;
list_del_init(p);
spin_unlock_bh(&rcu_torture_lock);
return container_of(p, struct rcu_torture, rtort_free);
}
/*
* Free an element to the rcu_tortures pool.
*/
static void
rcu_torture_free(struct rcu_torture *p)
{
atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_free);
spin_lock_bh(&rcu_torture_lock);
list_add_tail(&p->rtort_free, &rcu_torture_freelist);
spin_unlock_bh(&rcu_torture_lock);
}
struct rcu_random_state {
unsigned long rrs_state;
long rrs_count;
};
#define RCU_RANDOM_MULT 39916801 /* prime */
#define RCU_RANDOM_ADD 479001701 /* prime */
#define RCU_RANDOM_REFRESH 10000
#define DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(name) struct rcu_random_state name = { 0, 0 }
/*
* Crude but fast random-number generator. Uses a linear congruential
* generator, with occasional help from cpu_clock().
*/
static unsigned long
rcu_random(struct rcu_random_state *rrsp)
{
if (--rrsp->rrs_count < 0) {
rrsp->rrs_state +=
(unsigned long)cpu_clock(raw_smp_processor_id());
rrsp->rrs_count = RCU_RANDOM_REFRESH;
}
rrsp->rrs_state = rrsp->rrs_state * RCU_RANDOM_MULT + RCU_RANDOM_ADD;
return swahw32(rrsp->rrs_state);
}
static void
rcu_stutter_wait(char *title)
{
while (stutter_pause_test || !rcutorture_runnable) {
if (rcutorture_runnable)
schedule_timeout_interruptible(1);
else
schedule_timeout_interruptible(round_jiffies_relative(HZ));
rcutorture_shutdown_absorb(title);
}
}
/*
* Operations vector for selecting different types of tests.
*/
struct rcu_torture_ops {
void (*init)(void);
void (*cleanup)(void);
int (*readlock)(void);
void (*readdelay)(struct rcu_random_state *rrsp);
void (*readunlock)(int idx);
int (*completed)(void);
void (*deferredfree)(struct rcu_torture *p);
void (*sync)(void);
void (*cb_barrier)(void);
int (*stats)(char *page);
int irqcapable;
char *name;
};
static struct rcu_torture_ops *cur_ops = NULL;
/*
* Definitions for rcu torture testing.
*/
static int rcu_torture_read_lock(void) __acquires(RCU)
{
rcu_read_lock();
return 0;
}
static void rcu_read_delay(struct rcu_random_state *rrsp)
{
long delay;
const long longdelay = 200;
/* We want there to be long-running readers, but not all the time. */
delay = rcu_random(rrsp) % (nrealreaders * 2 * longdelay);
if (!delay)
udelay(longdelay);
}
static void rcu_torture_read_unlock(int idx) __releases(RCU)
{
rcu_read_unlock();
}
static int rcu_torture_completed(void)
{
return rcu_batches_completed();
}
static void
rcu_torture_cb(struct rcu_head *p)
{
int i;
struct rcu_torture *rp = container_of(p, struct rcu_torture, rtort_rcu);
if (fullstop != FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP) {
/* Test is ending, just drop callbacks on the floor. */
/* The next initialization will pick up the pieces. */
return;
}
i = rp->rtort_pipe_count;
if (i > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN)
i = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
atomic_inc(&rcu_torture_wcount[i]);
if (++rp->rtort_pipe_count >= RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
rp->rtort_mbtest = 0;
rcu_torture_free(rp);
} else
cur_ops->deferredfree(rp);
}
static void rcu_torture_deferred_free(struct rcu_torture *p)
{
call_rcu(&p->rtort_rcu, rcu_torture_cb);
}
static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_ops = {
.init = NULL,
.cleanup = NULL,
.readlock = rcu_torture_read_lock,
.readdelay = rcu_read_delay,
.readunlock = rcu_torture_read_unlock,
.completed = rcu_torture_completed,
.deferredfree = rcu_torture_deferred_free,
.sync = synchronize_rcu,
.cb_barrier = rcu_barrier,
.stats = NULL,
.irqcapable = 1,
.name = "rcu"
};
static void rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free(struct rcu_torture *p)
{
int i;
struct rcu_torture *rp;
struct rcu_torture *rp1;
cur_ops->sync();
list_add(&p->rtort_free, &rcu_torture_removed);
list_for_each_entry_safe(rp, rp1, &rcu_torture_removed, rtort_free) {
i = rp->rtort_pipe_count;
if (i > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN)
i = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
atomic_inc(&rcu_torture_wcount[i]);
if (++rp->rtort_pipe_count >= RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
rp->rtort_mbtest = 0;
list_del(&rp->rtort_free);
rcu_torture_free(rp);
}
}
}
static void rcu_sync_torture_init(void)
{
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rcu_torture_removed);
}
static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_sync_ops = {
.init = rcu_sync_torture_init,
.cleanup = NULL,
.readlock = rcu_torture_read_lock,
.readdelay = rcu_read_delay,
.readunlock = rcu_torture_read_unlock,
.completed = rcu_torture_completed,
.deferredfree = rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
.sync = synchronize_rcu,
.cb_barrier = NULL,
.stats = NULL,
.irqcapable = 1,
.name = "rcu_sync"
};
/*
* Definitions for rcu_bh torture testing.
*/
static int rcu_bh_torture_read_lock(void) __acquires(RCU_BH)
{
rcu_read_lock_bh();
return 0;
}
static void rcu_bh_torture_read_unlock(int idx) __releases(RCU_BH)
{
rcu_read_unlock_bh();
}
static int rcu_bh_torture_completed(void)
{
return rcu_batches_completed_bh();
}
static void rcu_bh_torture_deferred_free(struct rcu_torture *p)
{
call_rcu_bh(&p->rtort_rcu, rcu_torture_cb);
}
struct rcu_bh_torture_synchronize {
struct rcu_head head;
struct completion completion;
};
static void rcu_bh_torture_wakeme_after_cb(struct rcu_head *head)
{
struct rcu_bh_torture_synchronize *rcu;
rcu = container_of(head, struct rcu_bh_torture_synchronize, head);
complete(&rcu->completion);
}
static void rcu_bh_torture_synchronize(void)
{
struct rcu_bh_torture_synchronize rcu;
init_completion(&rcu.completion);
call_rcu_bh(&rcu.head, rcu_bh_torture_wakeme_after_cb);
wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
}
static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_bh_ops = {
.init = NULL,
.cleanup = NULL,
.readlock = rcu_bh_torture_read_lock,
.readdelay = rcu_read_delay, /* just reuse rcu's version. */
.readunlock = rcu_bh_torture_read_unlock,
.completed = rcu_bh_torture_completed,
.deferredfree = rcu_bh_torture_deferred_free,
.sync = rcu_bh_torture_synchronize,
.cb_barrier = rcu_barrier_bh,
.stats = NULL,
.irqcapable = 1,
.name = "rcu_bh"
};
static struct rcu_torture_ops rcu_bh_sync_ops = {
.init = rcu_sync_torture_init,
.cleanup = NULL,
.readlock = rcu_bh_torture_read_lock,
.readdelay = rcu_read_delay, /* just reuse rcu's version. */
.readunlock = rcu_bh_torture_read_unlock,
.completed = rcu_bh_torture_completed,
.deferredfree = rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
.sync = rcu_bh_torture_synchronize,
.cb_barrier = NULL,
.stats = NULL,
.irqcapable = 1,
.name = "rcu_bh_sync"
};
/*
* Definitions for srcu torture testing.
*/
static struct srcu_struct srcu_ctl;
static void srcu_torture_init(void)
{
init_srcu_struct(&srcu_ctl);
rcu_sync_torture_init();
}
static void srcu_torture_cleanup(void)
{
synchronize_srcu(&srcu_ctl);
cleanup_srcu_struct(&srcu_ctl);
}
static int srcu_torture_read_lock(void) __acquires(&srcu_ctl)
{
return srcu_read_lock(&srcu_ctl);
}
static void srcu_read_delay(struct rcu_random_state *rrsp)
{
long delay;
const long uspertick = 1000000 / HZ;
const long longdelay = 10;
/* We want there to be long-running readers, but not all the time. */
delay = rcu_random(rrsp) % (nrealreaders * 2 * longdelay * uspertick);
if (!delay)
schedule_timeout_interruptible(longdelay);
}
static void srcu_torture_read_unlock(int idx) __releases(&srcu_ctl)
{
srcu_read_unlock(&srcu_ctl, idx);
}
static int srcu_torture_completed(void)
{
return srcu_batches_completed(&srcu_ctl);
}
static void srcu_torture_synchronize(void)
{
synchronize_srcu(&srcu_ctl);
}
static int srcu_torture_stats(char *page)
{
int cnt = 0;
int cpu;
int idx = srcu_ctl.completed & 0x1;
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "%s%s per-CPU(idx=%d):",
torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG, idx);
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " %d(%d,%d)", cpu,
per_cpu_ptr(srcu_ctl.per_cpu_ref, cpu)->c[!idx],
per_cpu_ptr(srcu_ctl.per_cpu_ref, cpu)->c[idx]);
}
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n");
return cnt;
}
static struct rcu_torture_ops srcu_ops = {
.init = srcu_torture_init,
.cleanup = srcu_torture_cleanup,
.readlock = srcu_torture_read_lock,
.readdelay = srcu_read_delay,
.readunlock = srcu_torture_read_unlock,
.completed = srcu_torture_completed,
.deferredfree = rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
.sync = srcu_torture_synchronize,
.cb_barrier = NULL,
.stats = srcu_torture_stats,
.name = "srcu"
};
/*
* Definitions for sched torture testing.
*/
static int sched_torture_read_lock(void)
{
preempt_disable();
return 0;
}
static void sched_torture_read_unlock(int idx)
{
preempt_enable();
}
static int sched_torture_completed(void)
{
return 0;
}
static void rcu_sched_torture_deferred_free(struct rcu_torture *p)
{
call_rcu_sched(&p->rtort_rcu, rcu_torture_cb);
}
static void sched_torture_synchronize(void)
{
synchronize_sched();
}
static struct rcu_torture_ops sched_ops = {
.init = rcu_sync_torture_init,
.cleanup = NULL,
.readlock = sched_torture_read_lock,
.readdelay = rcu_read_delay, /* just reuse rcu's version. */
.readunlock = sched_torture_read_unlock,
.completed = sched_torture_completed,
.deferredfree = rcu_sched_torture_deferred_free,
.sync = sched_torture_synchronize,
.cb_barrier = rcu_barrier_sched,
.stats = NULL,
.irqcapable = 1,
.name = "sched"
};
static struct rcu_torture_ops sched_ops_sync = {
.init = rcu_sync_torture_init,
.cleanup = NULL,
.readlock = sched_torture_read_lock,
.readdelay = rcu_read_delay, /* just reuse rcu's version. */
.readunlock = sched_torture_read_unlock,
.completed = sched_torture_completed,
.deferredfree = rcu_sync_torture_deferred_free,
.sync = sched_torture_synchronize,
.cb_barrier = NULL,
.stats = NULL,
.name = "sched_sync"
};
/*
* RCU torture writer kthread. Repeatedly substitutes a new structure
* for that pointed to by rcu_torture_current, freeing the old structure
* after a series of grace periods (the "pipeline").
*/
static int
rcu_torture_writer(void *arg)
{
int i;
long oldbatch = rcu_batches_completed();
struct rcu_torture *rp;
struct rcu_torture *old_rp;
static DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(rand);
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_writer task started");
set_user_nice(current, 19);
do {
schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
if ((rp = rcu_torture_alloc()) == NULL)
continue;
rp->rtort_pipe_count = 0;
udelay(rcu_random(&rand) & 0x3ff);
old_rp = rcu_torture_current;
rp->rtort_mbtest = 1;
rcu_assign_pointer(rcu_torture_current, rp);
smp_wmb();
if (old_rp) {
i = old_rp->rtort_pipe_count;
if (i > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN)
i = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
atomic_inc(&rcu_torture_wcount[i]);
old_rp->rtort_pipe_count++;
cur_ops->deferredfree(old_rp);
}
rcu_torture_current_version++;
oldbatch = cur_ops->completed();
rcu_stutter_wait("rcu_torture_writer");
} while (!kthread_should_stop() && fullstop == FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP);
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_writer task stopping");
rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_writer");
while (!kthread_should_stop())
schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
return 0;
}
/*
* RCU torture fake writer kthread. Repeatedly calls sync, with a random
* delay between calls.
*/
static int
rcu_torture_fakewriter(void *arg)
{
DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(rand);
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_fakewriter task started");
set_user_nice(current, 19);
do {
schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1 + rcu_random(&rand)%10);
udelay(rcu_random(&rand) & 0x3ff);
cur_ops->sync();
rcu_stutter_wait("rcu_torture_fakewriter");
} while (!kthread_should_stop() && fullstop == FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP);
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_fakewriter task stopping");
rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_fakewriter");
while (!kthread_should_stop())
schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
return 0;
}
/*
* RCU torture reader from timer handler. Dereferences rcu_torture_current,
* incrementing the corresponding element of the pipeline array. The
* counter in the element should never be greater than 1, otherwise, the
* RCU implementation is broken.
*/
static void rcu_torture_timer(unsigned long unused)
{
int idx;
int completed;
static DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(rand);
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(rand_lock);
struct rcu_torture *p;
int pipe_count;
idx = cur_ops->readlock();
completed = cur_ops->completed();
p = rcu_dereference(rcu_torture_current);
if (p == NULL) {
/* Leave because rcu_torture_writer is not yet underway */
cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
return;
}
if (p->rtort_mbtest == 0)
atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_mberror);
spin_lock(&rand_lock);
cur_ops->readdelay(&rand);
n_rcu_torture_timers++;
spin_unlock(&rand_lock);
preempt_disable();
pipe_count = p->rtort_pipe_count;
if (pipe_count > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
/* Should not happen, but... */
pipe_count = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
}
++__get_cpu_var(rcu_torture_count)[pipe_count];
completed = cur_ops->completed() - completed;
if (completed > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
/* Should not happen, but... */
completed = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
}
++__get_cpu_var(rcu_torture_batch)[completed];
preempt_enable();
cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
}
/*
* RCU torture reader kthread. Repeatedly dereferences rcu_torture_current,
* incrementing the corresponding element of the pipeline array. The
* counter in the element should never be greater than 1, otherwise, the
* RCU implementation is broken.
*/
static int
rcu_torture_reader(void *arg)
{
int completed;
int idx;
DEFINE_RCU_RANDOM(rand);
struct rcu_torture *p;
int pipe_count;
struct timer_list t;
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_reader task started");
set_user_nice(current, 19);
if (irqreader && cur_ops->irqcapable)
setup_timer_on_stack(&t, rcu_torture_timer, 0);
do {
if (irqreader && cur_ops->irqcapable) {
if (!timer_pending(&t))
mod_timer(&t, 1);
}
idx = cur_ops->readlock();
completed = cur_ops->completed();
p = rcu_dereference(rcu_torture_current);
if (p == NULL) {
/* Wait for rcu_torture_writer to get underway */
cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
schedule_timeout_interruptible(HZ);
continue;
}
if (p->rtort_mbtest == 0)
atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_mberror);
cur_ops->readdelay(&rand);
preempt_disable();
pipe_count = p->rtort_pipe_count;
if (pipe_count > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
/* Should not happen, but... */
pipe_count = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
}
++__get_cpu_var(rcu_torture_count)[pipe_count];
completed = cur_ops->completed() - completed;
if (completed > RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN) {
/* Should not happen, but... */
completed = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN;
}
++__get_cpu_var(rcu_torture_batch)[completed];
preempt_enable();
cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
schedule();
rcu_stutter_wait("rcu_torture_reader");
} while (!kthread_should_stop() && fullstop == FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP);
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_reader task stopping");
rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_reader");
if (irqreader && cur_ops->irqcapable)
del_timer_sync(&t);
while (!kthread_should_stop())
schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
return 0;
}
/*
* Create an RCU-torture statistics message in the specified buffer.
*/
static int
rcu_torture_printk(char *page)
{
int cnt = 0;
int cpu;
int i;
long pipesummary[RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1] = { 0 };
long batchsummary[RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1] = { 0 };
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++) {
pipesummary[i] += per_cpu(rcu_torture_count, cpu)[i];
batchsummary[i] += per_cpu(rcu_torture_batch, cpu)[i];
}
}
for (i = RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
if (pipesummary[i] != 0)
break;
}
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt],
"rtc: %p ver: %ld tfle: %d rta: %d rtaf: %d rtf: %d "
"rtmbe: %d nt: %ld",
rcu_torture_current,
rcu_torture_current_version,
list_empty(&rcu_torture_freelist),
atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_alloc),
atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail),
atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_free),
atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_mberror),
n_rcu_torture_timers);
if (atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_mberror) != 0)
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " !!!");
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
if (i > 1) {
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "!!! ");
atomic_inc(&n_rcu_torture_error);
WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
}
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "Reader Pipe: ");
for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++)
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " %ld", pipesummary[i]);
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "Reader Batch: ");
for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++)
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " %ld", batchsummary[i]);
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n%s%s ", torture_type, TORTURE_FLAG);
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "Free-Block Circulation: ");
for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++) {
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], " %d",
atomic_read(&rcu_torture_wcount[i]));
}
cnt += sprintf(&page[cnt], "\n");
if (cur_ops->stats)
cnt += cur_ops->stats(&page[cnt]);
return cnt;
}
/*
* Print torture statistics. Caller must ensure that there is only
* one call to this function at a given time!!! This is normally
* accomplished by relying on the module system to only have one copy
* of the module loaded, and then by giving the rcu_torture_stats
* kthread full control (or the init/cleanup functions when rcu_torture_stats
* thread is not running).
*/
static void
rcu_torture_stats_print(void)
{
int cnt;
cnt = rcu_torture_printk(printk_buf);
printk(KERN_ALERT "%s", printk_buf);
}
/*
* Periodically prints torture statistics, if periodic statistics printing
* was specified via the stat_interval module parameter.
*
* No need to worry about fullstop here, since this one doesn't reference
* volatile state or register callbacks.
*/
static int
rcu_torture_stats(void *arg)
{
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_stats task started");
do {
schedule_timeout_interruptible(stat_interval * HZ);
rcu_torture_stats_print();
rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_stats");
} while (!kthread_should_stop());
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_stats task stopping");
return 0;
}
static int rcu_idle_cpu; /* Force all torture tasks off this CPU */
/* Shuffle tasks such that we allow @rcu_idle_cpu to become idle. A special case
* is when @rcu_idle_cpu = -1, when we allow the tasks to run on all CPUs.
*/
static void rcu_torture_shuffle_tasks(void)
{
int i;
cpumask_setall(shuffle_tmp_mask);
get_online_cpus();
/* No point in shuffling if there is only one online CPU (ex: UP) */
if (num_online_cpus() == 1) {
put_online_cpus();
return;
}
if (rcu_idle_cpu != -1)
cpumask_clear_cpu(rcu_idle_cpu, shuffle_tmp_mask);
set_cpus_allowed_ptr(current, shuffle_tmp_mask);
if (reader_tasks) {
for (i = 0; i < nrealreaders; i++)
if (reader_tasks[i])
set_cpus_allowed_ptr(reader_tasks[i],
shuffle_tmp_mask);
}
if (fakewriter_tasks) {
for (i = 0; i < nfakewriters; i++)
if (fakewriter_tasks[i])
set_cpus_allowed_ptr(fakewriter_tasks[i],
shuffle_tmp_mask);
}
if (writer_task)
set_cpus_allowed_ptr(writer_task, shuffle_tmp_mask);
if (stats_task)
set_cpus_allowed_ptr(stats_task, shuffle_tmp_mask);
if (rcu_idle_cpu == -1)
rcu_idle_cpu = num_online_cpus() - 1;
else
rcu_idle_cpu--;
put_online_cpus();
}
/* Shuffle tasks across CPUs, with the intent of allowing each CPU in the
* system to become idle at a time and cut off its timer ticks. This is meant
* to test the support for such tickless idle CPU in RCU.
*/
static int
rcu_torture_shuffle(void *arg)
{
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_shuffle task started");
do {
schedule_timeout_interruptible(shuffle_interval * HZ);
rcu_torture_shuffle_tasks();
rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_shuffle");
} while (!kthread_should_stop());
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_shuffle task stopping");
return 0;
}
/* Cause the rcutorture test to "stutter", starting and stopping all
* threads periodically.
*/
static int
rcu_torture_stutter(void *arg)
{
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_stutter task started");
do {
schedule_timeout_interruptible(stutter * HZ);
stutter_pause_test = 1;
if (!kthread_should_stop())
schedule_timeout_interruptible(stutter * HZ);
stutter_pause_test = 0;
rcutorture_shutdown_absorb("rcu_torture_stutter");
} while (!kthread_should_stop());
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("rcu_torture_stutter task stopping");
return 0;
}
static inline void
rcu_torture_print_module_parms(char *tag)
{
printk(KERN_ALERT "%s" TORTURE_FLAG
"--- %s: nreaders=%d nfakewriters=%d "
"stat_interval=%d verbose=%d test_no_idle_hz=%d "
"shuffle_interval=%d stutter=%d irqreader=%d\n",
torture_type, tag, nrealreaders, nfakewriters,
stat_interval, verbose, test_no_idle_hz, shuffle_interval,
stutter, irqreader);
}
static struct notifier_block rcutorture_nb = {
.notifier_call = rcutorture_shutdown_notify,
};
static void
rcu_torture_cleanup(void)
{
int i;
mutex_lock(&fullstop_mutex);
if (fullstop == FULLSTOP_SHUTDOWN) {
printk(KERN_WARNING /* but going down anyway, so... */
"Concurrent 'rmmod rcutorture' and shutdown illegal!\n");
mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(10);
if (cur_ops->cb_barrier != NULL)
cur_ops->cb_barrier();
return;
}
fullstop = FULLSTOP_RMMOD;
mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
unregister_reboot_notifier(&rcutorture_nb);
if (stutter_task) {
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Stopping rcu_torture_stutter task");
kthread_stop(stutter_task);
}
stutter_task = NULL;
if (shuffler_task) {
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Stopping rcu_torture_shuffle task");
kthread_stop(shuffler_task);
free_cpumask_var(shuffle_tmp_mask);
}
shuffler_task = NULL;
if (writer_task) {
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Stopping rcu_torture_writer task");
kthread_stop(writer_task);
}
writer_task = NULL;
if (reader_tasks) {
for (i = 0; i < nrealreaders; i++) {
if (reader_tasks[i]) {
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING(
"Stopping rcu_torture_reader task");
kthread_stop(reader_tasks[i]);
}
reader_tasks[i] = NULL;
}
kfree(reader_tasks);
reader_tasks = NULL;
}
rcu_torture_current = NULL;
if (fakewriter_tasks) {
for (i = 0; i < nfakewriters; i++) {
if (fakewriter_tasks[i]) {
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING(
"Stopping rcu_torture_fakewriter task");
kthread_stop(fakewriter_tasks[i]);
}
fakewriter_tasks[i] = NULL;
}
kfree(fakewriter_tasks);
fakewriter_tasks = NULL;
}
if (stats_task) {
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Stopping rcu_torture_stats task");
kthread_stop(stats_task);
}
stats_task = NULL;
/* Wait for all RCU callbacks to fire. */
if (cur_ops->cb_barrier != NULL)
cur_ops->cb_barrier();
rcu_torture_stats_print(); /* -After- the stats thread is stopped! */
if (cur_ops->cleanup)
cur_ops->cleanup();
if (atomic_read(&n_rcu_torture_error))
rcu_torture_print_module_parms("End of test: FAILURE");
else
rcu_torture_print_module_parms("End of test: SUCCESS");
}
static int __init
rcu_torture_init(void)
{
int i;
int cpu;
int firsterr = 0;
static struct rcu_torture_ops *torture_ops[] =
{ &rcu_ops, &rcu_sync_ops, &rcu_bh_ops, &rcu_bh_sync_ops,
&srcu_ops, &sched_ops, &sched_ops_sync, };
mutex_lock(&fullstop_mutex);
/* Process args and tell the world that the torturer is on the job. */
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(torture_ops); i++) {
cur_ops = torture_ops[i];
if (strcmp(torture_type, cur_ops->name) == 0)
break;
}
if (i == ARRAY_SIZE(torture_ops)) {
printk(KERN_ALERT "rcutorture: invalid torture type: \"%s\"\n",
torture_type);
mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
return (-EINVAL);
}
if (cur_ops->init)
cur_ops->init(); /* no "goto unwind" prior to this point!!! */
if (nreaders >= 0)
nrealreaders = nreaders;
else
nrealreaders = 2 * num_online_cpus();
rcu_torture_print_module_parms("Start of test");
fullstop = FULLSTOP_DONTSTOP;
/* Set up the freelist. */
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rcu_torture_freelist);
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(rcu_tortures); i++) {
rcu_tortures[i].rtort_mbtest = 0;
list_add_tail(&rcu_tortures[i].rtort_free,
&rcu_torture_freelist);
}
/* Initialize the statistics so that each run gets its own numbers. */
rcu_torture_current = NULL;
rcu_torture_current_version = 0;
atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_alloc, 0);
atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_alloc_fail, 0);
atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_free, 0);
atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_mberror, 0);
atomic_set(&n_rcu_torture_error, 0);
for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++)
atomic_set(&rcu_torture_wcount[i], 0);
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
for (i = 0; i < RCU_TORTURE_PIPE_LEN + 1; i++) {
per_cpu(rcu_torture_count, cpu)[i] = 0;
per_cpu(rcu_torture_batch, cpu)[i] = 0;
}
}
/* Start up the kthreads. */
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Creating rcu_torture_writer task");
writer_task = kthread_run(rcu_torture_writer, NULL,
"rcu_torture_writer");
if (IS_ERR(writer_task)) {
firsterr = PTR_ERR(writer_task);
VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create writer");
writer_task = NULL;
goto unwind;
}
fakewriter_tasks = kzalloc(nfakewriters * sizeof(fakewriter_tasks[0]),
GFP_KERNEL);
if (fakewriter_tasks == NULL) {
VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("out of memory");
firsterr = -ENOMEM;
goto unwind;
}
for (i = 0; i < nfakewriters; i++) {
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Creating rcu_torture_fakewriter task");
fakewriter_tasks[i] = kthread_run(rcu_torture_fakewriter, NULL,
"rcu_torture_fakewriter");
if (IS_ERR(fakewriter_tasks[i])) {
firsterr = PTR_ERR(fakewriter_tasks[i]);
VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create fakewriter");
fakewriter_tasks[i] = NULL;
goto unwind;
}
}
reader_tasks = kzalloc(nrealreaders * sizeof(reader_tasks[0]),
GFP_KERNEL);
if (reader_tasks == NULL) {
VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("out of memory");
firsterr = -ENOMEM;
goto unwind;
}
for (i = 0; i < nrealreaders; i++) {
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Creating rcu_torture_reader task");
reader_tasks[i] = kthread_run(rcu_torture_reader, NULL,
"rcu_torture_reader");
if (IS_ERR(reader_tasks[i])) {
firsterr = PTR_ERR(reader_tasks[i]);
VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create reader");
reader_tasks[i] = NULL;
goto unwind;
}
}
if (stat_interval > 0) {
VERBOSE_PRINTK_STRING("Creating rcu_torture_stats task");
stats_task = kthread_run(rcu_torture_stats, NULL,
"rcu_torture_stats");
if (IS_ERR(stats_task)) {
firsterr = PTR_ERR(stats_task);
VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create stats");
stats_task = NULL;
goto unwind;
}
}
if (test_no_idle_hz) {
rcu_idle_cpu = num_online_cpus() - 1;
if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&shuffle_tmp_mask, GFP_KERNEL)) {
firsterr = -ENOMEM;
VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to alloc mask");
goto unwind;
}
/* Create the shuffler thread */
shuffler_task = kthread_run(rcu_torture_shuffle, NULL,
"rcu_torture_shuffle");
if (IS_ERR(shuffler_task)) {
free_cpumask_var(shuffle_tmp_mask);
firsterr = PTR_ERR(shuffler_task);
VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create shuffler");
shuffler_task = NULL;
goto unwind;
}
}
if (stutter < 0)
stutter = 0;
if (stutter) {
/* Create the stutter thread */
stutter_task = kthread_run(rcu_torture_stutter, NULL,
"rcu_torture_stutter");
if (IS_ERR(stutter_task)) {
firsterr = PTR_ERR(stutter_task);
VERBOSE_PRINTK_ERRSTRING("Failed to create stutter");
stutter_task = NULL;
goto unwind;
}
}
register_reboot_notifier(&rcutorture_nb);
mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
return 0;
unwind:
mutex_unlock(&fullstop_mutex);
rcu_torture_cleanup();
return firsterr;
}
module_init(rcu_torture_init);
module_exit(rcu_torture_cleanup);
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