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/*
* kernel/sched.c
*
* Kernel scheduler and related syscalls
*
* Copyright (C) 1991-2002 Linus Torvalds
*
* 1996-12-23 Modified by Dave Grothe to fix bugs in semaphores and
* make semaphores SMP safe
* 1998-11-19 Implemented schedule_timeout() and related stuff
* by Andrea Arcangeli
* 2002-01-04 New ultra-scalable O(1) scheduler by Ingo Molnar:
* hybrid priority-list and round-robin design with
* an array-switch method of distributing timeslices
* and per-CPU runqueues. Cleanups and useful suggestions
* by Davide Libenzi, preemptible kernel bits by Robert Love.
* 2003-09-03 Interactivity tuning by Con Kolivas.
* 2004-04-02 Scheduler domains code by Nick Piggin
* 2007-04-15 Work begun on replacing all interactivity tuning with a
* fair scheduling design by Con Kolivas.
* 2007-05-05 Load balancing (smp-nice) and other improvements
* by Peter Williams
* 2007-05-06 Interactivity improvements to CFS by Mike Galbraith
* 2007-07-01 Group scheduling enhancements by Srivatsa Vaddagiri
* 2007-11-29 RT balancing improvements by Steven Rostedt, Gregory Haskins,
* Thomas Gleixner, Mike Kravetz
*/
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/nmi.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/debug_locks.h>
#include <linux/perf_counter.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/profile.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/threads.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/cpuset.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/sysctl.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/times.h>
#include <linux/tsacct_kern.h>
#include <linux/kprobes.h>
#include <linux/delayacct.h>
#include <linux/reciprocal_div.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
#include <linux/tick.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/ftrace.h>
#include <asm/tlb.h>
#include <asm/irq_regs.h>
#include "sched_cpupri.h"
#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/sched.h>
/*
* Convert user-nice values [ -20 ... 0 ... 19 ]
* to static priority [ MAX_RT_PRIO..MAX_PRIO-1 ],
* and back.
*/
#define NICE_TO_PRIO(nice) (MAX_RT_PRIO + (nice) + 20)
#define PRIO_TO_NICE(prio) ((prio) - MAX_RT_PRIO - 20)
#define TASK_NICE(p) PRIO_TO_NICE((p)->static_prio)
/*
* 'User priority' is the nice value converted to something we
* can work with better when scaling various scheduler parameters,
* it's a [ 0 ... 39 ] range.
*/
#define USER_PRIO(p) ((p)-MAX_RT_PRIO)
#define TASK_USER_PRIO(p) USER_PRIO((p)->static_prio)
#define MAX_USER_PRIO (USER_PRIO(MAX_PRIO))
/*
* Helpers for converting nanosecond timing to jiffy resolution
*/
#define NS_TO_JIFFIES(TIME) ((unsigned long)(TIME) / (NSEC_PER_SEC / HZ))
#define NICE_0_LOAD SCHED_LOAD_SCALE
#define NICE_0_SHIFT SCHED_LOAD_SHIFT
/*
* These are the 'tuning knobs' of the scheduler:
*
* default timeslice is 100 msecs (used only for SCHED_RR tasks).
* Timeslices get refilled after they expire.
*/
#define DEF_TIMESLICE (100 * HZ / 1000)
/*
* single value that denotes runtime == period, ie unlimited time.
*/
#define RUNTIME_INF ((u64)~0ULL)
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static void double_rq_lock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2);
/*
* Divide a load by a sched group cpu_power : (load / sg->__cpu_power)
* Since cpu_power is a 'constant', we can use a reciprocal divide.
*/
static inline u32 sg_div_cpu_power(const struct sched_group *sg, u32 load)
{
return reciprocal_divide(load, sg->reciprocal_cpu_power);
}
/*
* Each time a sched group cpu_power is changed,
* we must compute its reciprocal value
*/
static inline void sg_inc_cpu_power(struct sched_group *sg, u32 val)
{
sg->__cpu_power += val;
sg->reciprocal_cpu_power = reciprocal_value(sg->__cpu_power);
}
#endif
static inline int rt_policy(int policy)
{
if (unlikely(policy == SCHED_FIFO || policy == SCHED_RR))
return 1;
return 0;
}
static inline int task_has_rt_policy(struct task_struct *p)
{
return rt_policy(p->policy);
}
/*
* This is the priority-queue data structure of the RT scheduling class:
*/
struct rt_prio_array {
DECLARE_BITMAP(bitmap, MAX_RT_PRIO+1); /* include 1 bit for delimiter */
struct list_head queue[MAX_RT_PRIO];
};
struct rt_bandwidth {
/* nests inside the rq lock: */
spinlock_t rt_runtime_lock;
ktime_t rt_period;
u64 rt_runtime;
struct hrtimer rt_period_timer;
};
static struct rt_bandwidth def_rt_bandwidth;
static int do_sched_rt_period_timer(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b, int overrun);
static enum hrtimer_restart sched_rt_period_timer(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b =
container_of(timer, struct rt_bandwidth, rt_period_timer);
ktime_t now;
int overrun;
int idle = 0;
for (;;) {
now = hrtimer_cb_get_time(timer);
overrun = hrtimer_forward(timer, now, rt_b->rt_period);
if (!overrun)
break;
idle = do_sched_rt_period_timer(rt_b, overrun);
}
return idle ? HRTIMER_NORESTART : HRTIMER_RESTART;
}
static
void init_rt_bandwidth(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b, u64 period, u64 runtime)
{
rt_b->rt_period = ns_to_ktime(period);
rt_b->rt_runtime = runtime;
spin_lock_init(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock);
hrtimer_init(&rt_b->rt_period_timer,
CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
rt_b->rt_period_timer.function = sched_rt_period_timer;
}
static inline int rt_bandwidth_enabled(void)
{
return sysctl_sched_rt_runtime >= 0;
}
static void start_rt_bandwidth(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b)
{
ktime_t now;
if (!rt_bandwidth_enabled() || rt_b->rt_runtime == RUNTIME_INF)
return;
if (hrtimer_active(&rt_b->rt_period_timer))
return;
spin_lock(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock);
for (;;) {
unsigned long delta;
ktime_t soft, hard;
if (hrtimer_active(&rt_b->rt_period_timer))
break;
now = hrtimer_cb_get_time(&rt_b->rt_period_timer);
hrtimer_forward(&rt_b->rt_period_timer, now, rt_b->rt_period);
soft = hrtimer_get_softexpires(&rt_b->rt_period_timer);
hard = hrtimer_get_expires(&rt_b->rt_period_timer);
delta = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(hard, soft));
__hrtimer_start_range_ns(&rt_b->rt_period_timer, soft, delta,
HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED, 0);
}
spin_unlock(&rt_b->rt_runtime_lock);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
static void destroy_rt_bandwidth(struct rt_bandwidth *rt_b)
{
hrtimer_cancel(&rt_b->rt_period_timer);
}
#endif
/*
* sched_domains_mutex serializes calls to arch_init_sched_domains,
* detach_destroy_domains and partition_sched_domains.
*/
static DEFINE_MUTEX(sched_domains_mutex);
#ifdef CONFIG_GROUP_SCHED
#include <linux/cgroup.h>
struct cfs_rq;
static LIST_HEAD(task_groups);
/* task group related information */
struct task_group {
#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED
struct cgroup_subsys_state css;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_USER_SCHED
uid_t uid;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
/* schedulable entities of this group on each cpu */
struct sched_entity **se;
/* runqueue "owned" by this group on each cpu */
struct cfs_rq **cfs_rq;
unsigned long shares;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
struct sched_rt_entity **rt_se;
struct rt_rq **rt_rq;
struct rt_bandwidth rt_bandwidth;
#endif
struct rcu_head rcu;
struct list_head list;
struct task_group *parent;
struct list_head siblings;
struct list_head children;
};
#ifdef CONFIG_USER_SCHED
/* Helper function to pass uid information to create_sched_user() */
void set_tg_uid(struct user_struct *user)
{
user->tg->uid = user->uid;
}
/*
* Root task group.
* Every UID task group (including init_task_group aka UID-0) will
* be a child to this group.
*/
struct task_group root_task_group;
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
/* Default task group's sched entity on each cpu */
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct sched_entity, init_sched_entity);
/* Default task group's cfs_rq on each cpu */
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cfs_rq, init_cfs_rq) ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
#endif /* CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED */
#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct sched_rt_entity, init_sched_rt_entity);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rt_rq, init_rt_rq) ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
#endif /* CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED */
#else /* !CONFIG_USER_SCHED */
#define root_task_group init_task_group
#endif /* CONFIG_USER_SCHED */
/* task_group_lock serializes add/remove of task groups and also changes to
* a task group's cpu shares.
*/
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(task_group_lock);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static int root_task_group_empty(void)
{
return list_empty(&root_task_group.children);
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
#ifdef CONFIG_USER_SCHED
# define INIT_TASK_GROUP_LOAD (2*NICE_0_LOAD)
#else /* !CONFIG_USER_SCHED */
# define INIT_TASK_GROUP_LOAD NICE_0_LOAD
#endif /* CONFIG_USER_SCHED */
/*
* A weight of 0 or 1 can cause arithmetics problems.
* A weight of a cfs_rq is the sum of weights of which entities
* are queued on this cfs_rq, so a weight of a entity should not be
* too large, so as the shares value of a task group.
* (The default weight is 1024 - so there's no practical
* limitation from this.)
*/
#define MIN_SHARES 2
#define MAX_SHARES (1UL << 18)
static int init_task_group_load = INIT_TASK_GROUP_LOAD;
#endif
/* Default task group.
* Every task in system belong to this group at bootup.
*/
struct task_group init_task_group;
/* return group to which a task belongs */
static inline struct task_group *task_group(struct task_struct *p)
{
struct task_group *tg;
#ifdef CONFIG_USER_SCHED
rcu_read_lock();
tg = __task_cred(p)->user->tg;
rcu_read_unlock();
#elif defined(CONFIG_CGROUP_SCHED)
tg = container_of(task_subsys_state(p, cpu_cgroup_subsys_id),
struct task_group, css);
#else
tg = &init_task_group;
#endif
return tg;
}
/* Change a task's cfs_rq and parent entity if it moves across CPUs/groups */
static inline void set_task_rq(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
p->se.cfs_rq = task_group(p)->cfs_rq[cpu];
p->se.parent = task_group(p)->se[cpu];
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
p->rt.rt_rq = task_group(p)->rt_rq[cpu];
p->rt.parent = task_group(p)->rt_se[cpu];
#endif
}
#else
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static int root_task_group_empty(void)
{
return 1;
}
#endif
static inline void set_task_rq(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu) { }
static inline struct task_group *task_group(struct task_struct *p)
{
return NULL;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_GROUP_SCHED */
/* CFS-related fields in a runqueue */
struct cfs_rq {
struct load_weight load;
unsigned long nr_running;
u64 exec_clock;
u64 min_vruntime;
struct rb_root tasks_timeline;
struct rb_node *rb_leftmost;
struct list_head tasks;
struct list_head *balance_iterator;
/*
* 'curr' points to currently running entity on this cfs_rq.
* It is set to NULL otherwise (i.e when none are currently running).
*/
struct sched_entity *curr, *next, *last;
unsigned int nr_spread_over;
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
struct rq *rq; /* cpu runqueue to which this cfs_rq is attached */
/*
* leaf cfs_rqs are those that hold tasks (lowest schedulable entity in
* a hierarchy). Non-leaf lrqs hold other higher schedulable entities
* (like users, containers etc.)
*
* leaf_cfs_rq_list ties together list of leaf cfs_rq's in a cpu. This
* list is used during load balance.
*/
struct list_head leaf_cfs_rq_list;
struct task_group *tg; /* group that "owns" this runqueue */
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* the part of load.weight contributed by tasks
*/
unsigned long task_weight;
/*
* h_load = weight * f(tg)
*
* Where f(tg) is the recursive weight fraction assigned to
* this group.
*/
unsigned long h_load;
/*
* this cpu's part of tg->shares
*/
unsigned long shares;
/*
* load.weight at the time we set shares
*/
unsigned long rq_weight;
#endif
#endif
};
/* Real-Time classes' related field in a runqueue: */
struct rt_rq {
struct rt_prio_array active;
unsigned long rt_nr_running;
#if defined CONFIG_SMP || defined CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
struct {
int curr; /* highest queued rt task prio */
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
int next; /* next highest */
#endif
} highest_prio;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
unsigned long rt_nr_migratory;
unsigned long rt_nr_total;
int overloaded;
struct plist_head pushable_tasks;
#endif
int rt_throttled;
u64 rt_time;
u64 rt_runtime;
/* Nests inside the rq lock: */
spinlock_t rt_runtime_lock;
#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
unsigned long rt_nr_boosted;
struct rq *rq;
struct list_head leaf_rt_rq_list;
struct task_group *tg;
struct sched_rt_entity *rt_se;
#endif
};
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* We add the notion of a root-domain which will be used to define per-domain
* variables. Each exclusive cpuset essentially defines an island domain by
* fully partitioning the member cpus from any other cpuset. Whenever a new
* exclusive cpuset is created, we also create and attach a new root-domain
* object.
*
*/
struct root_domain {
atomic_t refcount;
cpumask_var_t span;
cpumask_var_t online;
/*
* The "RT overload" flag: it gets set if a CPU has more than
* one runnable RT task.
*/
cpumask_var_t rto_mask;
atomic_t rto_count;
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
struct cpupri cpupri;
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_SCHED_MC) || defined(CONFIG_SCHED_SMT)
/*
* Preferred wake up cpu nominated by sched_mc balance that will be
* used when most cpus are idle in the system indicating overall very
* low system utilisation. Triggered at POWERSAVINGS_BALANCE_WAKEUP(2)
*/
unsigned int sched_mc_preferred_wakeup_cpu;
#endif
};
/*
* By default the system creates a single root-domain with all cpus as
* members (mimicking the global state we have today).
*/
static struct root_domain def_root_domain;
#endif
/*
* This is the main, per-CPU runqueue data structure.
*
* Locking rule: those places that want to lock multiple runqueues
* (such as the load balancing or the thread migration code), lock
* acquire operations must be ordered by ascending &runqueue.
*/
struct rq {
/* runqueue lock: */
spinlock_t lock;
/*
* nr_running and cpu_load should be in the same cacheline because
* remote CPUs use both these fields when doing load calculation.
*/
unsigned long nr_running;
#define CPU_LOAD_IDX_MAX 5
unsigned long cpu_load[CPU_LOAD_IDX_MAX];
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
unsigned long last_tick_seen;
unsigned char in_nohz_recently;
#endif
/* capture load from *all* tasks on this cpu: */
struct load_weight load;
unsigned long nr_load_updates;
u64 nr_switches;
u64 nr_migrations_in;
struct cfs_rq cfs;
struct rt_rq rt;
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
/* list of leaf cfs_rq on this cpu: */
struct list_head leaf_cfs_rq_list;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED
struct list_head leaf_rt_rq_list;
#endif
/*
* This is part of a global counter where only the total sum
* over all CPUs matters. A task can increase this counter on
* one CPU and if it got migrated afterwards it may decrease
* it on another CPU. Always updated under the runqueue lock:
*/
unsigned long nr_uninterruptible;
struct task_struct *curr, *idle;
unsigned long next_balance;
struct mm_struct *prev_mm;
u64 clock;
atomic_t nr_iowait;
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
struct root_domain *rd;
struct sched_domain *sd;
unsigned char idle_at_tick;
/* For active balancing */
int active_balance;
int push_cpu;
/* cpu of this runqueue: */
int cpu;
int online;
unsigned long avg_load_per_task;
struct task_struct *migration_thread;
struct list_head migration_queue;
#endif
/* calc_load related fields */
unsigned long calc_load_update;
long calc_load_active;
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
int hrtick_csd_pending;
struct call_single_data hrtick_csd;
#endif
struct hrtimer hrtick_timer;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
/* latency stats */
struct sched_info rq_sched_info;
unsigned long long rq_cpu_time;
/* could above be rq->cfs_rq.exec_clock + rq->rt_rq.rt_runtime ? */
/* sys_sched_yield() stats */
unsigned int yld_count;
/* schedule() stats */
unsigned int sched_switch;
unsigned int sched_count;
unsigned int sched_goidle;
/* try_to_wake_up() stats */
unsigned int ttwu_count;
unsigned int ttwu_local;
/* BKL stats */
unsigned int bkl_count;
#endif
};
static DEFINE_PER_CPU_SHARED_ALIGNED(struct rq, runqueues);
static inline void check_preempt_curr(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int sync)
{
rq->curr->sched_class->check_preempt_curr(rq, p, sync);
}
static inline int cpu_of(struct rq *rq)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
return rq->cpu;
#else
return 0;
#endif
}
/*
* The domain tree (rq->sd) is protected by RCU's quiescent state transition.
* See detach_destroy_domains: synchronize_sched for details.
*
* The domain tree of any CPU may only be accessed from within
* preempt-disabled sections.
*/
#define for_each_domain(cpu, __sd) \
for (__sd = rcu_dereference(cpu_rq(cpu)->sd); __sd; __sd = __sd->parent)
#define cpu_rq(cpu) (&per_cpu(runqueues, (cpu)))
#define this_rq() (&__get_cpu_var(runqueues))
#define task_rq(p) cpu_rq(task_cpu(p))
#define cpu_curr(cpu) (cpu_rq(cpu)->curr)
inline void update_rq_clock(struct rq *rq)
{
rq->clock = sched_clock_cpu(cpu_of(rq));
}
/*
* Tunables that become constants when CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG is off:
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
# define const_debug __read_mostly
#else
# define const_debug static const
#endif
/**
* runqueue_is_locked
*
* Returns true if the current cpu runqueue is locked.
* This interface allows printk to be called with the runqueue lock
* held and know whether or not it is OK to wake up the klogd.
*/
int runqueue_is_locked(void)
{
int cpu = get_cpu();
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
int ret;
ret = spin_is_locked(&rq->lock);
put_cpu();
return ret;
}
/*
* Debugging: various feature bits
*/
#define SCHED_FEAT(name, enabled) \
__SCHED_FEAT_##name ,
enum {
#include "sched_features.h"
};
#undef SCHED_FEAT
#define SCHED_FEAT(name, enabled) \
(1UL << __SCHED_FEAT_##name) * enabled |
const_debug unsigned int sysctl_sched_features =
#include "sched_features.h"
0;
#undef SCHED_FEAT
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
#define SCHED_FEAT(name, enabled) \
#name ,
static __read_mostly char *sched_feat_names[] = {
#include "sched_features.h"
NULL
};
#undef SCHED_FEAT
static int sched_feat_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; sched_feat_names[i]; i++) {
if (!(sysctl_sched_features & (1UL << i)))
seq_puts(m, "NO_");
seq_printf(m, "%s ", sched_feat_names[i]);
}
seq_puts(m, "\n");
return 0;
}
static ssize_t
sched_feat_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *ubuf,
size_t cnt, loff_t *ppos)
{
char buf[64];
char *cmp = buf;
int neg = 0;
int i;
if (cnt > 63)
cnt = 63;
if (copy_from_user(&buf, ubuf, cnt))
return -EFAULT;
buf[cnt] = 0;
if (strncmp(buf, "NO_", 3) == 0) {
neg = 1;
cmp += 3;
}
for (i = 0; sched_feat_names[i]; i++) {
int len = strlen(sched_feat_names[i]);
if (strncmp(cmp, sched_feat_names[i], len) == 0) {
if (neg)
sysctl_sched_features &= ~(1UL << i);
else
sysctl_sched_features |= (1UL << i);
break;
}
}
if (!sched_feat_names[i])
return -EINVAL;
filp->f_pos += cnt;
return cnt;
}
static int sched_feat_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
{
return single_open(filp, sched_feat_show, NULL);
}
static struct file_operations sched_feat_fops = {
.open = sched_feat_open,
.write = sched_feat_write,
.read = seq_read,
.llseek = seq_lseek,
.release = single_release,
};
static __init int sched_init_debug(void)
{
debugfs_create_file("sched_features", 0644, NULL, NULL,
&sched_feat_fops);
return 0;
}
late_initcall(sched_init_debug);
#endif
#define sched_feat(x) (sysctl_sched_features & (1UL << __SCHED_FEAT_##x))
/*
* Number of tasks to iterate in a single balance run.
* Limited because this is done with IRQs disabled.
*/
const_debug unsigned int sysctl_sched_nr_migrate = 32;
/*
* ratelimit for updating the group shares.
* default: 0.25ms
*/
unsigned int sysctl_sched_shares_ratelimit = 250000;
/*
* Inject some fuzzyness into changing the per-cpu group shares
* this avoids remote rq-locks at the expense of fairness.
* default: 4
*/
unsigned int sysctl_sched_shares_thresh = 4;
/*
* period over which we measure -rt task cpu usage in us.
* default: 1s
*/
unsigned int sysctl_sched_rt_period = 1000000;
static __read_mostly int scheduler_running;
/*
* part of the period that we allow rt tasks to run in us.
* default: 0.95s
*/
int sysctl_sched_rt_runtime = 950000;
static inline u64 global_rt_period(void)
{
return (u64)sysctl_sched_rt_period * NSEC_PER_USEC;
}
static inline u64 global_rt_runtime(void)
{
if (sysctl_sched_rt_runtime < 0)
return RUNTIME_INF;
return (u64)sysctl_sched_rt_runtime * NSEC_PER_USEC;
}
#ifndef prepare_arch_switch
# define prepare_arch_switch(next) do { } while (0)
#endif
#ifndef finish_arch_switch
# define finish_arch_switch(prev) do { } while (0)
#endif
static inline int task_current(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
{
return rq->curr == p;
}
#ifndef __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW
static inline int task_running(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
{
return task_current(rq, p);
}
static inline void prepare_lock_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *next)
{
}
static inline void finish_lock_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK
/* this is a valid case when another task releases the spinlock */
rq->lock.owner = current;
#endif
/*
* If we are tracking spinlock dependencies then we have to
* fix up the runqueue lock - which gets 'carried over' from
* prev into current:
*/
spin_acquire(&rq->lock.dep_map, 0, 0, _THIS_IP_);
spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
}
#else /* __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW */
static inline int task_running(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
return p->oncpu;
#else
return task_current(rq, p);
#endif
}
static inline void prepare_lock_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *next)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* We can optimise this out completely for !SMP, because the
* SMP rebalancing from interrupt is the only thing that cares
* here.
*/
next->oncpu = 1;
#endif
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW
spin_unlock_irq(&rq->lock);
#else
spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
#endif
}
static inline void finish_lock_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* After ->oncpu is cleared, the task can be moved to a different CPU.
* We must ensure this doesn't happen until the switch is completely
* finished.
*/
smp_wmb();
prev->oncpu = 0;
#endif
#ifndef __ARCH_WANT_INTERRUPTS_ON_CTXSW
local_irq_enable();
#endif
}
#endif /* __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW */
/*
* __task_rq_lock - lock the runqueue a given task resides on.
* Must be called interrupts disabled.
*/
static inline struct rq *__task_rq_lock(struct task_struct *p)
__acquires(rq->lock)
{
for (;;) {
struct rq *rq = task_rq(p);
spin_lock(&rq->lock);
if (likely(rq == task_rq(p)))
return rq;
spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
}
}
/*
* task_rq_lock - lock the runqueue a given task resides on and disable
* interrupts. Note the ordering: we can safely lookup the task_rq without
* explicitly disabling preemption.
*/
static struct rq *task_rq_lock(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long *flags)
__acquires(rq->lock)
{
struct rq *rq;
for (;;) {
local_irq_save(*flags);
rq = task_rq(p);
spin_lock(&rq->lock);
if (likely(rq == task_rq(p)))
return rq;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, *flags);
}
}
void task_rq_unlock_wait(struct task_struct *p)
{
struct rq *rq = task_rq(p);
smp_mb(); /* spin-unlock-wait is not a full memory barrier */
spin_unlock_wait(&rq->lock);
}
static void __task_rq_unlock(struct rq *rq)
__releases(rq->lock)
{
spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
}
static inline void task_rq_unlock(struct rq *rq, unsigned long *flags)
__releases(rq->lock)
{
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, *flags);
}
/*
* this_rq_lock - lock this runqueue and disable interrupts.
*/
static struct rq *this_rq_lock(void)
__acquires(rq->lock)
{
struct rq *rq;
local_irq_disable();
rq = this_rq();
spin_lock(&rq->lock);
return rq;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK
/*
* Use HR-timers to deliver accurate preemption points.
*
* Its all a bit involved since we cannot program an hrt while holding the
* rq->lock. So what we do is store a state in in rq->hrtick_* and ask for a
* reschedule event.
*
* When we get rescheduled we reprogram the hrtick_timer outside of the
* rq->lock.
*/
/*
* Use hrtick when:
* - enabled by features
* - hrtimer is actually high res
*/
static inline int hrtick_enabled(struct rq *rq)
{
if (!sched_feat(HRTICK))
return 0;
if (!cpu_active(cpu_of(rq)))
return 0;
return hrtimer_is_hres_active(&rq->hrtick_timer);
}
static void hrtick_clear(struct rq *rq)
{
if (hrtimer_active(&rq->hrtick_timer))
hrtimer_cancel(&rq->hrtick_timer);
}
/*
* High-resolution timer tick.
* Runs from hardirq context with interrupts disabled.
*/
static enum hrtimer_restart hrtick(struct hrtimer *timer)
{
struct rq *rq = container_of(timer, struct rq, hrtick_timer);
WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu_of(rq) != smp_processor_id());
spin_lock(&rq->lock);
update_rq_clock(rq);
rq->curr->sched_class->task_tick(rq, rq->curr, 1);
spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
return HRTIMER_NORESTART;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* called from hardirq (IPI) context
*/
static void __hrtick_start(void *arg)
{
struct rq *rq = arg;
spin_lock(&rq->lock);
hrtimer_restart(&rq->hrtick_timer);
rq->hrtick_csd_pending = 0;
spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
}
/*
* Called to set the hrtick timer state.
*
* called with rq->lock held and irqs disabled
*/
static void hrtick_start(struct rq *rq, u64 delay)
{
struct hrtimer *timer = &rq->hrtick_timer;
ktime_t time = ktime_add_ns(timer->base->get_time(), delay);
hrtimer_set_expires(timer, time);
if (rq == this_rq()) {
hrtimer_restart(timer);
} else if (!rq->hrtick_csd_pending) {
__smp_call_function_single(cpu_of(rq), &rq->hrtick_csd, 0);
rq->hrtick_csd_pending = 1;
}
}
static int
hotplug_hrtick(struct notifier_block *nfb, unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
{
int cpu = (int)(long)hcpu;
switch (action) {
case CPU_UP_CANCELED:
case CPU_UP_CANCELED_FROZEN:
case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE:
case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE_FROZEN:
case CPU_DEAD:
case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN:
hrtick_clear(cpu_rq(cpu));
return NOTIFY_OK;
}
return NOTIFY_DONE;
}
static __init void init_hrtick(void)
{
hotcpu_notifier(hotplug_hrtick, 0);
}
#else
/*
* Called to set the hrtick timer state.
*
* called with rq->lock held and irqs disabled
*/
static void hrtick_start(struct rq *rq, u64 delay)
{
__hrtimer_start_range_ns(&rq->hrtick_timer, ns_to_ktime(delay), 0,
HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED, 0);
}
static inline void init_hrtick(void)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
static void init_rq_hrtick(struct rq *rq)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
rq->hrtick_csd_pending = 0;
rq->hrtick_csd.flags = 0;
rq->hrtick_csd.func = __hrtick_start;
rq->hrtick_csd.info = rq;
#endif
hrtimer_init(&rq->hrtick_timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
rq->hrtick_timer.function = hrtick;
}
#else /* CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK */
static inline void hrtick_clear(struct rq *rq)
{
}
static inline void init_rq_hrtick(struct rq *rq)
{
}
static inline void init_hrtick(void)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_HRTICK */
/*
* resched_task - mark a task 'to be rescheduled now'.
*
* On UP this means the setting of the need_resched flag, on SMP it
* might also involve a cross-CPU call to trigger the scheduler on
* the target CPU.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
#ifndef tsk_is_polling
#define tsk_is_polling(t) test_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG)
#endif
static void resched_task(struct task_struct *p)
{
int cpu;
assert_spin_locked(&task_rq(p)->lock);
if (test_tsk_need_resched(p))
return;
set_tsk_need_resched(p);
cpu = task_cpu(p);
if (cpu == smp_processor_id())
return;
/* NEED_RESCHED must be visible before we test polling */
smp_mb();
if (!tsk_is_polling(p))
smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
}
static void resched_cpu(int cpu)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
unsigned long flags;
if (!spin_trylock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags))
return;
resched_task(cpu_curr(cpu));
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
/*
* When add_timer_on() enqueues a timer into the timer wheel of an
* idle CPU then this timer might expire before the next timer event
* which is scheduled to wake up that CPU. In case of a completely
* idle system the next event might even be infinite time into the
* future. wake_up_idle_cpu() ensures that the CPU is woken up and
* leaves the inner idle loop so the newly added timer is taken into
* account when the CPU goes back to idle and evaluates the timer
* wheel for the next timer event.
*/
void wake_up_idle_cpu(int cpu)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
if (cpu == smp_processor_id())
return;
/*
* This is safe, as this function is called with the timer
* wheel base lock of (cpu) held. When the CPU is on the way
* to idle and has not yet set rq->curr to idle then it will
* be serialized on the timer wheel base lock and take the new
* timer into account automatically.
*/
if (rq->curr != rq->idle)
return;
/*
* We can set TIF_RESCHED on the idle task of the other CPU
* lockless. The worst case is that the other CPU runs the
* idle task through an additional NOOP schedule()
*/
set_tsk_need_resched(rq->idle);
/* NEED_RESCHED must be visible before we test polling */
smp_mb();
if (!tsk_is_polling(rq->idle))
smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ */
#else /* !CONFIG_SMP */
static void resched_task(struct task_struct *p)
{
assert_spin_locked(&task_rq(p)->lock);
set_tsk_need_resched(p);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
#if BITS_PER_LONG == 32
# define WMULT_CONST (~0UL)
#else
# define WMULT_CONST (1UL << 32)
#endif
#define WMULT_SHIFT 32
/*
* Shift right and round:
*/
#define SRR(x, y) (((x) + (1UL << ((y) - 1))) >> (y))
/*
* delta *= weight / lw
*/
static unsigned long
calc_delta_mine(unsigned long delta_exec, unsigned long weight,
struct load_weight *lw)
{
u64 tmp;
if (!lw->inv_weight) {
if (BITS_PER_LONG > 32 && unlikely(lw->weight >= WMULT_CONST))
lw->inv_weight = 1;
else
lw->inv_weight = 1 + (WMULT_CONST-lw->weight/2)
/ (lw->weight+1);
}
tmp = (u64)delta_exec * weight;
/*
* Check whether we'd overflow the 64-bit multiplication:
*/
if (unlikely(tmp > WMULT_CONST))
tmp = SRR(SRR(tmp, WMULT_SHIFT/2) * lw->inv_weight,
WMULT_SHIFT/2);
else
tmp = SRR(tmp * lw->inv_weight, WMULT_SHIFT);
return (unsigned long)min(tmp, (u64)(unsigned long)LONG_MAX);
}
static inline void update_load_add(struct load_weight *lw, unsigned long inc)
{
lw->weight += inc;
lw->inv_weight = 0;
}
static inline void update_load_sub(struct load_weight *lw, unsigned long dec)
{
lw->weight -= dec;
lw->inv_weight = 0;
}
/*
* To aid in avoiding the subversion of "niceness" due to uneven distribution
* of tasks with abnormal "nice" values across CPUs the contribution that
* each task makes to its run queue's load is weighted according to its
* scheduling class and "nice" value. For SCHED_NORMAL tasks this is just a
* scaled version of the new time slice allocation that they receive on time
* slice expiry etc.
*/
#define WEIGHT_IDLEPRIO 3
#define WMULT_IDLEPRIO 1431655765
/*
* Nice levels are multiplicative, with a gentle 10% change for every
* nice level changed. I.e. when a CPU-bound task goes from nice 0 to
* nice 1, it will get ~10% less CPU time than another CPU-bound task
* that remained on nice 0.
*
* The "10% effect" is relative and cumulative: from _any_ nice level,
* if you go up 1 level, it's -10% CPU usage, if you go down 1 level
* it's +10% CPU usage. (to achieve that we use a multiplier of 1.25.
* If a task goes up by ~10% and another task goes down by ~10% then
* the relative distance between them is ~25%.)
*/
static const int prio_to_weight[40] = {
/* -20 */ 88761, 71755, 56483, 46273, 36291,
/* -15 */ 29154, 23254, 18705, 14949, 11916,
/* -10 */ 9548, 7620, 6100, 4904, 3906,
/* -5 */ 3121, 2501, 1991, 1586, 1277,
/* 0 */ 1024, 820, 655, 526, 423,
/* 5 */ 335, 272, 215, 172, 137,
/* 10 */ 110, 87, 70, 56, 45,
/* 15 */ 36, 29, 23, 18, 15,
};
/*
* Inverse (2^32/x) values of the prio_to_weight[] array, precalculated.
*
* In cases where the weight does not change often, we can use the
* precalculated inverse to speed up arithmetics by turning divisions
* into multiplications:
*/
static const u32 prio_to_wmult[40] = {
/* -20 */ 48388, 59856, 76040, 92818, 118348,
/* -15 */ 147320, 184698, 229616, 287308, 360437,
/* -10 */ 449829, 563644, 704093, 875809, 1099582,
/* -5 */ 1376151, 1717300, 2157191, 2708050, 3363326,
/* 0 */ 4194304, 5237765, 6557202, 8165337, 10153587,
/* 5 */ 12820798, 15790321, 19976592, 24970740, 31350126,
/* 10 */ 39045157, 49367440, 61356676, 76695844, 95443717,
/* 15 */ 119304647, 148102320, 186737708, 238609294, 286331153,
};
static void activate_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int wakeup);
/*
* runqueue iterator, to support SMP load-balancing between different
* scheduling classes, without having to expose their internal data
* structures to the load-balancing proper:
*/
struct rq_iterator {
void *arg;
struct task_struct *(*start)(void *);
struct task_struct *(*next)(void *);
};
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static unsigned long
balance_tasks(struct rq *this_rq, int this_cpu, struct rq *busiest,
unsigned long max_load_move, struct sched_domain *sd,
enum cpu_idle_type idle, int *all_pinned,
int *this_best_prio, struct rq_iterator *iterator);
static int
iter_move_one_task(struct rq *this_rq, int this_cpu, struct rq *busiest,
struct sched_domain *sd, enum cpu_idle_type idle,
struct rq_iterator *iterator);
#endif
/* Time spent by the tasks of the cpu accounting group executing in ... */
enum cpuacct_stat_index {
CPUACCT_STAT_USER, /* ... user mode */
CPUACCT_STAT_SYSTEM, /* ... kernel mode */
CPUACCT_STAT_NSTATS,
};
#ifdef CONFIG_CGROUP_CPUACCT
static void cpuacct_charge(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime);
static void cpuacct_update_stats(struct task_struct *tsk,
enum cpuacct_stat_index idx, cputime_t val);
#else
static inline void cpuacct_charge(struct task_struct *tsk, u64 cputime) {}
static inline void cpuacct_update_stats(struct task_struct *tsk,
enum cpuacct_stat_index idx, cputime_t val) {}
#endif
static inline void inc_cpu_load(struct rq *rq, unsigned long load)
{
update_load_add(&rq->load, load);
}
static inline void dec_cpu_load(struct rq *rq, unsigned long load)
{
update_load_sub(&rq->load, load);
}
#if (defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED)) || defined(CONFIG_RT_GROUP_SCHED)
typedef int (*tg_visitor)(struct task_group *, void *);
/*
* Iterate the full tree, calling @down when first entering a node and @up when
* leaving it for the final time.
*/
static int walk_tg_tree(tg_visitor down, tg_visitor up, void *data)
{
struct task_group *parent, *child;
int ret;
rcu_read_lock();
parent = &root_task_group;
down:
ret = (*down)(parent, data);
if (ret)
goto out_unlock;
list_for_each_entry_rcu(child, &parent->children, siblings) {
parent = child;
goto down;
up:
continue;
}
ret = (*up)(parent, data);
if (ret)
goto out_unlock;
child = parent;
parent = parent->parent;
if (parent)
goto up;
out_unlock:
rcu_read_unlock();
return ret;
}
static int tg_nop(struct task_group *tg, void *data)
{
return 0;
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static unsigned long source_load(int cpu, int type);
static unsigned long target_load(int cpu, int type);
static int task_hot(struct task_struct *p, u64 now, struct sched_domain *sd);
static unsigned long cpu_avg_load_per_task(int cpu)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
unsigned long nr_running = ACCESS_ONCE(rq->nr_running);
if (nr_running)
rq->avg_load_per_task = rq->load.weight / nr_running;
else
rq->avg_load_per_task = 0;
return rq->avg_load_per_task;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
static void __set_se_shares(struct sched_entity *se, unsigned long shares);
/*
* Calculate and set the cpu's group shares.
*/
static void
update_group_shares_cpu(struct task_group *tg, int cpu,
unsigned long sd_shares, unsigned long sd_rq_weight)
{
unsigned long shares;
unsigned long rq_weight;
if (!tg->se[cpu])
return;
rq_weight = tg->cfs_rq[cpu]->rq_weight;
/*
* \Sum shares * rq_weight
* shares = -----------------------
* \Sum rq_weight
*
*/
shares = (sd_shares * rq_weight) / sd_rq_weight;
shares = clamp_t(unsigned long, shares, MIN_SHARES, MAX_SHARES);
if (abs(shares - tg->se[cpu]->load.weight) >
sysctl_sched_shares_thresh) {
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&rq->lock, flags);
tg->cfs_rq[cpu]->shares = shares;
__set_se_shares(tg->se[cpu], shares);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rq->lock, flags);
}
}
/*
* Re-compute the task group their per cpu shares over the given domain.
* This needs to be done in a bottom-up fashion because the rq weight of a
* parent group depends on the shares of its child groups.
*/
static int tg_shares_up(struct task_group *tg, void *data)
{
unsigned long weight, rq_weight = 0;
unsigned long shares = 0;
struct sched_domain *sd = data;
int i;
for_each_cpu(i, sched_domain_span(sd)) {
/*
* If there are currently no tasks on the cpu pretend there
* is one of average load so that when a new task gets to
* run here it will not get delayed by group starvation.
*/
weight = tg->cfs_rq[i]->load.weight;
if (!weight)
weight = NICE_0_LOAD;
tg->cfs_rq[i]->rq_weight = weight;
rq_weight += weight;
shares += tg->cfs_rq[i]->shares;
}
if ((!shares && rq_weight) || shares > tg->shares)
shares = tg->shares;
if (!sd->parent || !(sd->parent->flags & SD_LOAD_BALANCE))
shares = tg->shares;
for_each_cpu(i, sched_domain_span(sd))
update_group_shares_cpu(tg, i, shares, rq_weight);
return 0;
}
/*
* Compute the cpu's hierarchical load factor for each task group.
* This needs to be done in a top-down fashion because the load of a child
* group is a fraction of its parents load.
*/
static int tg_load_down(struct task_group *tg, void *data)
{
unsigned long load;
long cpu = (long)data;
if (!tg->parent) {
load = cpu_rq(cpu)->load.weight;
} else {
load = tg->parent->cfs_rq[cpu]->h_load;
load *= tg->cfs_rq[cpu]->shares;
load /= tg->parent->cfs_rq[cpu]->load.weight + 1;
}
tg->cfs_rq[cpu]->h_load = load;
return 0;
}
static void update_shares(struct sched_domain *sd)
{
u64 now = cpu_clock(raw_smp_processor_id());
s64 elapsed = now - sd->last_update;
if (elapsed >= (s64)(u64)sysctl_sched_shares_ratelimit) {
sd->last_update = now;
walk_tg_tree(tg_nop, tg_shares_up, sd);
}
}
static void update_shares_locked(struct rq *rq, struct sched_domain *sd)
{
spin_unlock(&rq->lock);
update_shares(sd);
spin_lock(&rq->lock);
}
static void update_h_load(long cpu)
{
walk_tg_tree(tg_load_down, tg_nop, (void *)cpu);
}
#else
static inline void update_shares(struct sched_domain *sd)
{
}
static inline void update_shares_locked(struct rq *rq, struct sched_domain *sd)
{
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
/*
* fair double_lock_balance: Safely acquires both rq->locks in a fair
* way at the expense of forcing extra atomic operations in all
* invocations. This assures that the double_lock is acquired using the
* same underlying policy as the spinlock_t on this architecture, which
* reduces latency compared to the unfair variant below. However, it
* also adds more overhead and therefore may reduce throughput.
*/
static inline int _double_lock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest)
__releases(this_rq->lock)
__acquires(busiest->lock)
__acquires(this_rq->lock)
{
spin_unlock(&this_rq->lock);
double_rq_lock(this_rq, busiest);
return 1;
}
#else
/*
* Unfair double_lock_balance: Optimizes throughput at the expense of
* latency by eliminating extra atomic operations when the locks are
* already in proper order on entry. This favors lower cpu-ids and will
* grant the double lock to lower cpus over higher ids under contention,
* regardless of entry order into the function.
*/
static int _double_lock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest)
__releases(this_rq->lock)
__acquires(busiest->lock)
__acquires(this_rq->lock)
{
int ret = 0;
if (unlikely(!spin_trylock(&busiest->lock))) {
if (busiest < this_rq) {
spin_unlock(&this_rq->lock);
spin_lock(&busiest->lock);
spin_lock_nested(&this_rq->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
ret = 1;
} else
spin_lock_nested(&busiest->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
}
return ret;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PREEMPT */
/*
* double_lock_balance - lock the busiest runqueue, this_rq is locked already.
*/
static int double_lock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest)
{
if (unlikely(!irqs_disabled())) {
/* printk() doesn't work good under rq->lock */
spin_unlock(&this_rq->lock);
BUG_ON(1);
}
return _double_lock_balance(this_rq, busiest);
}
static inline void double_unlock_balance(struct rq *this_rq, struct rq *busiest)
__releases(busiest->lock)
{
spin_unlock(&busiest->lock);
lock_set_subclass(&this_rq->lock.dep_map, 0, _RET_IP_);
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED
static void cfs_rq_set_shares(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, unsigned long shares)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
cfs_rq->shares = shares;
#endif
}
#endif
static void calc_load_account_active(struct rq *this_rq);
#include "sched_stats.h"
#include "sched_idletask.c"
#include "sched_fair.c"
#include "sched_rt.c"
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
# include "sched_debug.c"
#endif
#define sched_class_highest (&rt_sched_class)
#define for_each_class(class) \
for (class = sched_class_highest; class; class = class->next)
static void inc_nr_running(struct rq *rq)
{
rq->nr_running++;
}
static void dec_nr_running(struct rq *rq)
{
rq->nr_running--;
}
static void set_load_weight(struct task_struct *p)
{
if (task_has_rt_policy(p)) {
p->se.load.weight = prio_to_weight[0] * 2;
p->se.load.inv_weight = prio_to_wmult[0] >> 1;
return;
}
/*
* SCHED_IDLE tasks get minimal weight:
*/
if (p->policy == SCHED_IDLE) {
p->se.load.weight = WEIGHT_IDLEPRIO;
p->se.load.inv_weight = WMULT_IDLEPRIO;
return;
}
p->se.load.weight = prio_to_weight[p->static_prio - MAX_RT_PRIO];
p->se.load.inv_weight = prio_to_wmult[p->static_prio - MAX_RT_PRIO];
}
static void update_avg(u64 *avg, u64 sample)
{
s64 diff = sample - *avg;
*avg += diff >> 3;
}
static void enqueue_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int wakeup)
{
if (wakeup)
p->se.start_runtime = p->se.sum_exec_runtime;
sched_info_queued(p);
p->sched_class->enqueue_task(rq, p, wakeup);
p->se.on_rq = 1;
}
static void dequeue_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int sleep)
{
if (sleep) {
if (p->se.last_wakeup) {
update_avg(&p->se.avg_overlap,
p->se.sum_exec_runtime - p->se.last_wakeup);
p->se.last_wakeup = 0;
} else {
update_avg(&p->se.avg_wakeup,
sysctl_sched_wakeup_granularity);
}
}
sched_info_dequeued(p);
p->sched_class->dequeue_task(rq, p, sleep);
p->se.on_rq = 0;
}
/*
* __normal_prio - return the priority that is based on the static prio
*/
static inline int __normal_prio(struct task_struct *p)
{
return p->static_prio;
}
/*
* Calculate the expected normal priority: i.e. priority
* without taking RT-inheritance into account. Might be
* boosted by interactivity modifiers. Changes upon fork,
* setprio syscalls, and whenever the interactivity
* estimator recalculates.
*/
static inline int normal_prio(struct task_struct *p)
{
int prio;
if (task_has_rt_policy(p))
prio = MAX_RT_PRIO-1 - p->rt_priority;
else
prio = __normal_prio(p);
return prio;
}
/*
* Calculate the current priority, i.e. the priority
* taken into account by the scheduler. This value might
* be boosted by RT tasks, or might be boosted by
* interactivity modifiers. Will be RT if the task got
* RT-boosted. If not then it returns p->normal_prio.
*/
static int effective_prio(struct task_struct *p)
{
p->normal_prio = normal_prio(p);
/*
* If we are RT tasks or we were boosted to RT priority,
* keep the priority unchanged. Otherwise, update priority
* to the normal priority:
*/
if (!rt_prio(p->prio))
return p->normal_prio;
return p->prio;
}
/*
* activate_task - move a task to the runqueue.
*/
static void activate_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int wakeup)
{
if (task_contributes_to_load(p))
rq->nr_uninterruptible--;
enqueue_task(rq, p, wakeup);
inc_nr_running(rq);
}
/*
* deactivate_task - remove a task from the runqueue.
*/
static void deactivate_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int sleep)
{
if (task_contributes_to_load(p))
rq->nr_uninterruptible++;
dequeue_task(rq, p, sleep);
dec_nr_running(rq);
}
/**
* task_curr - is this task currently executing on a CPU?
* @p: the task in question.
*/
inline int task_curr(const struct task_struct *p)
{
return cpu_curr(task_cpu(p)) == p;
}
static inline void __set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int cpu)
{
set_task_rq(p, cpu);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* After ->cpu is set up to a new value, task_rq_lock(p, ...) can be
* successfuly executed on another CPU. We must ensure that updates of
* per-task data have been completed by this moment.
*/
smp_wmb();
task_thread_info(p)->cpu = cpu;
#endif
}
static inline void check_class_changed(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p,
const struct sched_class *prev_class,
int oldprio, int running)
{
if (prev_class != p->sched_class) {
if (prev_class->switched_from)
prev_class->switched_from(rq, p, running);
p->sched_class->switched_to(rq, p, running);
} else
p->sched_class->prio_changed(rq, p, oldprio, running);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/* Used instead of source_load when we know the type == 0 */
static unsigned long weighted_cpuload(const int cpu)
{
return cpu_rq(cpu)->load.weight;
}
/*
* Is this task likely cache-hot:
*/
static int
task_hot(struct task_struct *p, u64 now, struct sched_domain *sd)
{
s64 delta;
/*
* Buddy candidates are cache hot:
*/
if (sched_feat(CACHE_HOT_BUDDY) &&
(&p->se == cfs_rq_of(&p->se)->next ||
&p->se == cfs_rq_of(&p->se)->last))
return 1;
if (p->sched_class != &fair_sched_class)
return 0;
if (sysctl_sched_migration_cost == -1)
return 1;
if (sysctl_sched_migration_cost == 0)
return 0;
delta = now - p->se.exec_start;
return delta < (s64)sysctl_sched_migration_cost;
}
void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int new_cpu)
{
int old_cpu = task_cpu(p);
struct rq *old_rq = cpu_rq(old_cpu), *new_rq = cpu_rq(new_cpu);
struct cfs_rq *old_cfsrq = task_cfs_rq(p),
*new_cfsrq = cpu_cfs_rq(old_cfsrq, new_cpu);
u64 clock_offset;
clock_offset = old_rq->clock - new_rq->clock;
trace_sched_migrate_task(p, new_cpu);
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
if (p->se.wait_start)
p->se.wait_start -= clock_offset;
if (p->se.sleep_start)
p->se.sleep_start -= clock_offset;
if (p->se.block_start)
p->se.block_start -= clock_offset;
#endif
if (old_cpu != new_cpu) {
p->se.nr_migrations++;
new_rq->nr_migrations_in++;
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
if (task_hot(p, old_rq->clock, NULL))
schedstat_inc(p, se.nr_forced2_migrations);
#endif
perf_swcounter_event(PERF_COUNT_SW_CPU_MIGRATIONS,
1, 1, NULL, 0);
}
p->se.vruntime -= old_cfsrq->min_vruntime -
new_cfsrq->min_vruntime;
__set_task_cpu(p, new_cpu);
}
struct migration_req {
struct list_head list;
struct task_struct *task;
int dest_cpu;
struct completion done;
};
/*
* The task's runqueue lock must be held.
* Returns true if you have to wait for migration thread.
*/
static int
migrate_task(struct task_struct *p, int dest_cpu, struct migration_req *req)
{
struct rq *rq = task_rq(p);
/*
* If the task is not on a runqueue (and not running), then
* it is sufficient to simply update the task's cpu field.
*/
if (!p->se.on_rq && !task_running(rq, p)) {
set_task_cpu(p, dest_cpu);
return 0;
}
init_completion(&req->done);
req->task = p;
req->dest_cpu = dest_cpu;
list_add(&req->list, &rq->migration_queue);
return 1;
}
/*
* wait_task_context_switch - wait for a thread to complete at least one
* context switch.
*
* @p must not be current.
*/
void wait_task_context_switch(struct task_struct *p)
{
unsigned long nvcsw, nivcsw, flags;
int running;
struct rq *rq;
nvcsw = p->nvcsw;
nivcsw = p->nivcsw;
for (;;) {
/*
* The runqueue is assigned before the actual context
* switch. We need to take the runqueue lock.
*
* We could check initially without the lock but it is
* very likely that we need to take the lock in every
* iteration.
*/
rq = task_rq_lock(p, &flags);
running = task_running(rq, p);
task_rq_unlock(rq, &flags);
if (likely(!running))
break;
/*
* The switch count is incremented before the actual
* context switch. We thus wait for two switches to be
* sure at least one completed.
*/
if ((p->nvcsw - nvcsw) > 1)
break;
if ((p->nivcsw - nivcsw) > 1)
break;
cpu_relax();
}
}
/*
* wait_task_inactive - wait for a thread to unschedule.
*
* If @match_state is nonzero, it's the @p->state value just checked and
* not expected to change. If it changes, i.e. @p might have woken up,
* then return zero. When we succeed in waiting for @p to be off its CPU,
* we return a positive number (its total switch count). If a second call
* a short while later returns the same number, the caller can be sure that
* @p has remained unscheduled the whole time.
*
* The caller must ensure that the task *will* unschedule sometime soon,
* else this function might spin for a *long* time. This function can't
* be called with interrupts off, or it may introduce deadlock with
* smp_call_function() if an IPI is sent by the same process we are
* waiting to become inactive.
*/
unsigned long wait_task_inactive(struct task_struct *p, long match_state)
{
unsigned long flags;
int running, on_rq;
unsigned long ncsw;
struct rq *rq;
for (;;) {
/*
* We do the initial early heuristics without holding
* any task-queue locks at all. We'll only try to get
* the runqueue lock when things look like they will
* work out!
*/
rq = task_rq(p);
/*
* If the task is actively running on another CPU
* still, just relax and busy-wait without holding
* any locks.
*
* NOTE! Since we don't hold any locks, it's not
* even sure that "rq" stays as the right runqueue!
* But we don't care, since "task_running()" will
* return false if the runqueue has changed and p
* is actually now running somewhere else!
*/
while (task_running(rq, p)) {
if (match_state && unlikely(p->state != match_state))
return 0;
cpu_relax();
}
/*
* Ok, time to look more closely! We need the rq
* lock now, to be *sure*. If we're wrong, we'll
* just go back and repeat.
*/
rq = task_rq_lock(p, &flags);
trace_sched_wait_task(rq, p);
running = task_running(rq, p);
on_rq = p->se.on_rq;
ncsw = 0;
if (!match_state || p->state == match_state)
ncsw = p->nvcsw | LONG_MIN; /* sets MSB */
task_rq_unlock(rq, &flags);
/*
* If it changed from the expected state, bail out now.
*/
if (unlikely(!ncsw))
break;
/*
* Was it really running after all now that we
* checked with the proper locks actually held?
*
* Oops. Go back and try again..
*/
if (unlikely(running)) {
cpu_relax();
continue;
}
/*
* It's not enough that it's not actively running,
* it must be off the runqueue _entirely_, and not
* preempted!
*
* So if it was still runnable (but just not actively
* running right now), it's preempted, and we should
* yield - it could be a while.
*/
if (unlikely(on_rq)) {
schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(1);
continue;
}
/*
* Ahh, all good. It wasn't running, and it wasn't
* runnable, which means that it will never become
* running in the future either. We're all done!
*/
break;
}
return ncsw;
}
/***
* kick_process - kick a running thread to enter/exit the kernel
* @p: the to-be-kicked thread
*
* Cause a process which is running on another CPU to enter
* kernel-mode, without any delay. (to get signals handled.)
*
* NOTE: this function doesnt have to take the runqueue lock,
* because all it wants to ensure is that the remote task enters
* the kernel. If the IPI races and the task has been migrated
* to another CPU then no harm is done and the purpose has been
* achieved as well.
*/
void kick_process(struct task_struct *p)
{
int cpu;
preempt_disable();
cpu = task_cpu(p);
if ((cpu != smp_processor_id()) && task_curr(p))
smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
preempt_enable();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kick_process);
/*
* Return a low guess at the load of a migration-source cpu weighted
* according to the scheduling class and "nice" value.
*
* We want to under-estimate the load of migration sources, to
* balance conservatively.
*/
static unsigned long source_load(int cpu, int type)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
unsigned long total = weighted_cpuload(cpu);
if (type == 0 || !sched_feat(LB_BIAS))
return total;
return min(rq->cpu_load[type-1], total);
}
/*
* Return a high guess at the load of a migration-target cpu weighted
* according to the scheduling class and "nice" value.
*/
static unsigned long target_load(int cpu, int type)
{
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
unsigned long total = weighted_cpuload(cpu);
if (type == 0 || !sched_feat(LB_BIAS))
return total;
return max(rq->cpu_load[type-1], total);
}
/*
* find_idlest_group finds and returns the least busy CPU group within the
* domain.
*/
static struct sched_group *
find_idlest_group(struct sched_domain *sd, struct task_struct *p, int this_cpu)
{
struct sched_group *idlest = NULL, *this = NULL, *group = sd->groups;
unsigned long min_load = ULONG_MAX, this_load = 0;
int load_idx = sd->forkexec_idx;
int imbalance = 100 + (sd->imbalance_pct-100)/2;
do {
unsigned long load, avg_load;
int local_group;
int i;
/* Skip over this group if it has no CPUs allowed */
if (!cpumask_intersects(sched_group_cpus(group),
&p->cpus_allowed))
continue;
local_group = cpumask_test_cpu(this_cpu,
sched_group_cpus(group));
/* Tally up the load of all CPUs in the group */
avg_load = 0;
for_each_cpu(i, sched_group_cpus(group)) {
/* Bias balancing toward cpus of our domain */
if (local_group)
load = source_load(i, load_idx);
else
load = target_load(i, load_idx);
avg_load += load;
}
/* Adjust by relative CPU power of the group */
avg_load = sg_div_cpu_power(group,
avg_load * SCHED_LOAD_SCALE);
if (local_group) {
this_load = avg_load;
this = group;
} else if (avg_load < min_load) {
min_load = avg_load;
idlest = group;
}
} while (group = group->next, group != sd->groups);
if (!idlest || 100*this_load < imbalance*min_load)
return NULL;
return idlest;
}
/*
* find_idlest_cpu - find the idlest cpu among the cpus in group.
*/
static int
find_idlest_cpu(struct sched_group *group, struct task_struct *p, int this_cpu)
{
unsigned long load, min_load = ULONG_MAX;
int idlest = -1;
int i;
/* Traverse only the allowed CPUs */
for_each_cpu_and(i, sched_group_cpus(group), &p->cpus_allowed) {
load = weighted_cpuload(i);
if (load < min_load || (load == min_load && i == this_cpu)) {
min_load = load;
idlest = i;
}
}
return idlest;
}
/*
* sched_balance_self: balance the current task (running on cpu) in domains
* that have the 'flag' flag set. In practice, this is SD_BALANCE_FORK and
* SD_BALANCE_EXEC.
*
* Balance, ie. select the least loaded group.
*
* Returns the target CPU number, or the same CPU if no balancing is needed.
*
* preempt must be disabled.
*/
static int sched_balance_self(int cpu, int flag)
{
struct task_struct *t = current;
struct sched_domain *tmp, *sd = NULL;
for_each_domain(cpu, tmp) {
/*
* If power savings logic is enabled for a domain, stop there.
*/
if (tmp->flags & SD_POWERSAVINGS_BALANCE)
break;
if (tmp->flags & flag)
sd = tmp;
}
if (sd)
update_shares(sd);
while (sd) {
struct sched_group *group;
int new_cpu, weight;
if (!(sd->flags & flag)) {
sd = sd->child;
continue;
}
group = find_idlest_group(sd, t, cpu);
if (!group) {
sd = sd->child;
continue;
}
new_cpu = find_idlest_cpu(group, t, cpu);
if (new_cpu == -1 || new_cpu == cpu) {
/* Now try balancing at a lower domain level of cpu */
sd = sd->child;
continue;
}
/* Now try balancing at a lower domain level of new_cpu */
cpu = new_cpu;
weight = cpumask_weight(sched_domain_span(sd));
sd = NULL;
for_each_domain(cpu, tmp) {
if (weight <= cpumask_weight(sched_domain_span(tmp)))
break;
if (tmp->flags & flag)
sd = tmp;
}
/* while loop will break here if sd == NULL */
}
return cpu;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
/**
* task_oncpu_function_call - call a function on the cpu on which a task runs
* @p: the task to evaluate
* @func: the function to be called
* @info: the function call argument
*
* Calls the function @func when the task is currently running. This might
* be on the current CPU, which just calls the function directly
*/
void task_oncpu_function_call(struct task_struct *p,
void (*func) (void *info), void *info)
{
int cpu;
preempt_disable();
cpu = task_cpu(p);
if (task_curr(p))
smp_call_function_single(cpu, func, info, 1);
preempt_enable();
}
/***
* try_to_wake_up - wake up a thread
* @p: the to-be-woken-up thread
* @state: the mask of task states that can be woken
* @sync: do a synchronous wakeup?
*
* Put it on the run-queue if it's not already there. The "current"
* thread is always on the run-queue (except when the actual
* re-schedule is in progress), and as such you're allowed to do
* the simpler "current->state = TASK_RUNNING" to mark yourself
* runnable without the overhead of this.
*
* returns failure only if the task is already active.
*/
static int try_to_wake_up(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int state, int sync)
{
int cpu, orig_cpu, this_cpu, success = 0;
unsigned long flags;
long old_state;
struct rq *rq;
if (!sched_feat(SYNC_WAKEUPS))
sync = 0;
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
if (sched_feat(LB_WAKEUP_UPDATE) && !root_task_group_empty()) {
struct sched_domain *sd;
this_cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
cpu = task_cpu(p);
for_each_domain(this_cpu, sd) {
if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, sched_domain_span(sd))) {
update_shares(sd);
break;
}
}
}
#endif
smp_wmb();
rq = task_rq_lock(p, &flags);
update_rq_clock(rq);
old_state = p->state;
if (!(old_state & state))
goto out;
if (p->se.on_rq)
goto out_running;
cpu = task_cpu(p);
orig_cpu = cpu;
this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
if (unlikely(task_running(rq, p)))
goto out_activate;
cpu = p->sched_class->select_task_rq(p, sync);
if (cpu != orig_cpu) {
set_task_cpu(p, cpu);
task_rq_unlock(rq, &flags);
/* might preempt at this point */
rq = task_rq_lock(p, &flags);
old_state = p->state;
if (!(old_state & state))
goto out;
if (p->se.on_rq)
goto out_running;
this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
cpu = task_cpu(p);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
schedstat_inc(rq, ttwu_count);
if (cpu == this_cpu)
schedstat_inc(rq, ttwu_local);
else {
struct sched_domain *sd;
for_each_domain(this_cpu, sd) {
if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, sched_domain_span(sd))) {
schedstat_inc(sd, ttwu_wake_remote);
break;
}
}
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS */
out_activate:
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
schedstat_inc(p, se.nr_wakeups);
if (sync)
schedstat_inc(p, se.nr_wakeups_sync);
if (orig_cpu != cpu)
schedstat_inc(p, se.nr_wakeups_migrate);
if (cpu == this_cpu)
schedstat_inc(p, se.nr_wakeups_local);
else
schedstat_inc(p, se.nr_wakeups_remote);
activate_task(rq, p, 1);
success = 1;
/*
* Only attribute actual wakeups done by this task.
*/
if (!in_interrupt()) {
struct sched_entity *se = &current->se;
u64 sample = se->sum_exec_runtime;
if (se->last_wakeup)
sample -= se->last_wakeup;
else
sample -= se->start_runtime;
update_avg(&se->avg_wakeup, sample);
se->last_wakeup = se->sum_exec_runtime;
}
out_running:
trace_sched_wakeup(rq, p, success);
check_preempt_curr(rq, p, sync);
p->state = TASK_RUNNING;
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
if (p->sched_class->task_wake_up)
p->sched_class->task_wake_up(rq, p);
#endif
out:
task_rq_unlock(rq, &flags);
return success;
}
/**
* wake_up_process - Wake up a specific process
* @p: The process to be woken up.
*
* Attempt to wake up the nominated process and move it to the set of runnable
* processes. Returns 1 if the process was woken up, 0 if it was already
* running.
*
* It may be assumed that this function implies a write memory barrier before
* changing the task state if and only if any tasks are woken up.
*/
int wake_up_process(struct task_struct *p)
{
return try_to_wake_up(p, TASK_ALL, 0);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(wake_up_process);
int wake_up_state(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int state)
{
return try_to_wake_up(p, state, 0);
}
/*
* Perform scheduler related setup for a newly forked process p.
* p is forked by current.
*
* __sched_fork() is basic setup used by init_idle() too:
*/
static void __sched_fork(struct task_struct *p)
{
p->se.exec_start = 0;
p->se.sum_exec_runtime = 0;
p->se.prev_sum_exec_runtime = 0;
p->se.nr_migrations = 0;
p->se.last_wakeup = 0;
p->se.avg_overlap = 0;
p->se.start_runtime = 0;
p->se.avg_wakeup = sysctl_sched_wakeup_granularity;
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
p->se.wait_start = 0;
p->se.wait_max = 0;
p->se.wait_count = 0;
p->se.wait_sum = 0;
p->se.sleep_start = 0;
p->se.sleep_max = 0;
p->se.sum_sleep_runtime = 0;
p->se.block_start = 0;
p->se.block_max = 0;
p->se.exec_max = 0;
p->se.slice_max = 0;
p->se.nr_migrations_cold = 0;
p->se.nr_failed_migrations_affine = 0;
p->se.nr_failed_migrations_running = 0;
p->se.nr_failed_migrations_hot = 0;
p->se.nr_forced_migrations = 0;
p->se.nr_forced2_migrations = 0;
p->se.nr_wakeups = 0;
p->se.nr_wakeups_sync = 0;
p->se.nr_wakeups_migrate = 0;
p->se.nr_wakeups_local = 0;
p->se.nr_wakeups_remote = 0;
p->se.nr_wakeups_affine = 0;
p->se.nr_wakeups_affine_attempts = 0;
p->se.nr_wakeups_passive = 0;
p->se.nr_wakeups_idle = 0;
#endif
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->rt.run_list);
p->se.on_rq = 0;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&p->se.group_node);
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&p->preempt_notifiers);
#endif
/*
* We mark the process as running here, but have not actually
* inserted it onto the runqueue yet. This guarantees that
* nobody will actually run it, and a signal or other external
* event cannot wake it up and insert it on the runqueue either.
*/
p->state = TASK_RUNNING;
}
/*
* fork()/clone()-time setup:
*/
void sched_fork(struct task_struct *p, int clone_flags)
{
int cpu = get_cpu();
__sched_fork(p);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
cpu = sched_balance_self(cpu, SD_BALANCE_FORK);
#endif
set_task_cpu(p, cpu);
/*
* Make sure we do not leak PI boosting priority to the child:
*/
p->prio = current->normal_prio;
if (!rt_prio(p->prio))
p->sched_class = &fair_sched_class;
#if defined(CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS) || defined(CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT)
if (likely(sched_info_on()))
memset(&p->sched_info, 0, sizeof(p->sched_info));
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(__ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW)
p->oncpu = 0;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
/* Want to start with kernel preemption disabled. */
task_thread_info(p)->preempt_count = 1;
#endif
plist_node_init(&p->pushable_tasks, MAX_PRIO);
put_cpu();
}
/*
* wake_up_new_task - wake up a newly created task for the first time.
*
* This function will do some initial scheduler statistics housekeeping
* that must be done for every newly created context, then puts the task
* on the runqueue and wakes it.
*/
void wake_up_new_task(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long clone_flags)
{
unsigned long flags;
struct rq *rq;
rq = task_rq_lock(p, &flags);
BUG_ON(p->state != TASK_RUNNING);
update_rq_clock(rq);
p->prio = effective_prio(p);
if (!p->sched_class->task_new || !current->se.on_rq) {
activate_task(rq, p, 0);
} else {
/*
* Let the scheduling class do new task startup
* management (if any):
*/
p->sched_class->task_new(rq, p);
inc_nr_running(rq);
}
trace_sched_wakeup_new(rq, p, 1);
check_preempt_curr(rq, p, 0);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
if (p->sched_class->task_wake_up)
p->sched_class->task_wake_up(rq, p);
#endif
task_rq_unlock(rq, &flags);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS
/**
* preempt_notifier_register - tell me when current is being preempted & rescheduled
* @notifier: notifier struct to register
*/
void preempt_notifier_register(struct preempt_notifier *notifier)
{
hlist_add_head(&notifier->link, &current->preempt_notifiers);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(preempt_notifier_register);
/**
* preempt_notifier_unregister - no longer interested in preemption notifications
* @notifier: notifier struct to unregister
*
* This is safe to call from within a preemption notifier.
*/
void preempt_notifier_unregister(struct preempt_notifier *notifier)
{
hlist_del(&notifier->link);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(preempt_notifier_unregister);
static void fire_sched_in_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr)
{
struct preempt_notifier *notifier;
struct hlist_node *node;
hlist_for_each_entry(notifier, node, &curr->preempt_notifiers, link)
notifier->ops->sched_in(notifier, raw_smp_processor_id());
}
static void
fire_sched_out_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr,
struct task_struct *next)
{
struct preempt_notifier *notifier;
struct hlist_node *node;
hlist_for_each_entry(notifier, node, &curr->preempt_notifiers, link)
notifier->ops->sched_out(notifier, next);
}
#else /* !CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS */
static void fire_sched_in_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr)
{
}
static void
fire_sched_out_preempt_notifiers(struct task_struct *curr,
struct task_struct *next)
{
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS */
/**
* prepare_task_switch - prepare to switch tasks
* @rq: the runqueue preparing to switch
* @prev: the current task that is being switched out
* @next: the task we are going to switch to.
*
* This is called with the rq lock held and interrupts off. It must
* be paired with a subsequent finish_task_switch after the context
* switch.
*
* prepare_task_switch sets up locking and calls architecture specific
* hooks.
*/
static inline void
prepare_task_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev,
struct task_struct *next)
{
fire_sched_out_preempt_notifiers(prev, next);
prepare_lock_switch(rq, next);
prepare_arch_switch(next);
}
/**
* finish_task_switch - clean up after a task-switch
* @rq: runqueue associated with task-switch
* @prev: the thread we just switched away from.
*
* finish_task_switch must be called after the context switch, paired
* with a prepare_task_switch call before the context switch.
* finish_task_switch will reconcile locking set up by prepare_task_switch,
* and do any other architecture-specific cleanup actions.
*
* Note that we may have delayed dropping an mm in context_switch(). If
* so, we finish that here outside of the runqueue lock. (Doing it
* with the lock held can cause deadlocks; see schedule() for
* details.)
*/
static void finish_task_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
__releases(rq->lock)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = rq->prev_mm;
long prev_state;
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
int post_schedule = 0;
if (current->sched_class->needs_post_schedule)
post_schedule = current->sched_class->needs_post_schedule(rq);
#endif
rq->prev_mm = NULL;
/*
* A task struct has one reference for the use as "current".
* If a task dies, then it sets TASK_DEAD in tsk->state and calls
* schedule one last time. The schedule call will never return, and
* the scheduled task must drop that reference.
* The test for TASK_DEAD must occur while the runqueue locks are
* still held, otherwise prev could be scheduled on another cpu, die
* there before we look at prev->state, and then the reference would
* be dropped twice.
* Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
*/
prev_state = prev->state;
finish_arch_switch(prev);
perf_counter_task_sched_in(current, cpu_of(rq));
finish_lock_switch(rq, prev);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
if (post_schedule)
current->sched_class->post_schedule(rq);
#endif
fire_sched_in_preempt_notifiers(current);
if (mm)
mmdrop(mm);
if (unlikely(prev_state == TASK_DEAD)) {
/*
* Remove function-return probe instances associated with this
* task and put them back on the free list.
*/
kprobe_flush_task(prev);
put_task_struct(prev);
}
}
/**
* schedule_tail - first thing a freshly forked thread must call.
* @prev: the thread we just switched away from.
*/
asmlinkage void schedule_tail(struct task_struct *prev)
__releases(rq->lock)
{
struct rq *rq = this_rq();
finish_task_switch(rq, prev);
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW
/* In this case, finish_task_switch does not reenable preemption */
preempt_enable();
#endif
if (current->set_child_tid)
put_user(task_pid_vnr(current), current->set_child_tid);
}
/*
* context_switch - switch to the new MM and the new
* thread's register state.
*/
static inline void
context_switch(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev,
struct task_struct *next)
{
struct mm_struct *mm, *oldmm;
prepare_task_switch(rq, prev, next);
trace_sched_switch(rq, prev, next);
mm = next->mm;
oldmm = prev->active_mm;
/*
* For paravirt, this is coupled with an exit in switch_to to
* combine the page table reload and the switch backend into
* one hypercall.
*/
arch_start_context_switch(prev);
if (unlikely(!mm)) {
next->active_mm = oldmm;
atomic_inc(&oldmm->mm_count);
enter_lazy_tlb(oldmm, next);
} else
switch_mm(oldmm, mm, next);
if (unlikely(!prev->mm)) {
prev->active_mm = NULL;
rq->prev_mm = oldmm;
}
/*
* Since the runqueue lock will be released by the next
* task (which is an invalid locking op but in the case
* of the scheduler it's an obvious special-case), so we
* do an early lockdep release here:
*/
#ifndef __ARCH_WANT_UNLOCKED_CTXSW
spin_release(&rq->lock.dep_map, 1, _THIS_IP_);
#endif
/* Here we just switch the register state and the stack. */
switch_to(prev, next, prev);
barrier();
/*
* this_rq must be evaluated again because prev may have moved
* CPUs since it called schedule(), thus the 'rq' on its stack
* frame will be invalid.
*/
finish_task_switch(this_rq(), prev);
}
/*
* nr_running, nr_uninterruptible and nr_context_switches:
*
* externally visible scheduler statistics: current number of runnable
* threads, current number of uninterruptible-sleeping threads, total
* number of context switches performed since bootup.
*/
unsigned long nr_running(void)
{
unsigned long i, sum = 0;
for_each_online_cpu(i)
sum += cpu_rq(i)->nr_running;
return sum;
}
unsigned long nr_uninterruptible(void)
{
unsigned long i, sum = 0;
for_each_possible_cpu(i)
sum += cpu_rq(i)->nr_uninterruptible;
/*
* Since we read the counters lockless, it might be slightly
* inaccurate. Do not allow it to go below zero though:
*/
if (unlikely((long)sum < 0))
sum = 0;
return sum;
}
unsigned long long nr_context_switches(void)
{
int i;
unsigned long long sum = 0;
for_each_possible_cpu(i)
sum += cpu_rq(i)->nr_switches;
return sum;
}
unsigned long nr_iowait(void)
{
unsigned long i, sum = 0;
for_each_possible_cpu(i)
sum += atomic_read(&cpu_rq(i)->nr_iowait);
return sum;
}
/* Variables and functions for calc_load */
static atomic_long_t calc_load_tasks;
static unsigned long calc_load_update;
unsigned long avenrun[3];
EXPORT_SYMBOL(avenrun);
/**
* get_avenrun - get the load average array
* @loads: pointer to dest load array
* @offset: offset to add
* @shift: shift count to shift the result left
*
* These values are estimates at best, so no need for locking.
*/
void get_avenrun(unsigned long *loads, unsigned long offset, int shift)
{
loads[0] = (avenrun[0] + offset) << shift;
loads[1] = (avenrun[1] + offset) << shift;
loads[2] = (avenrun[2] + offset) << shift;
}
static unsigned long
calc_load(unsigned long load, unsigned long exp, unsigned long active)
{
load *= exp;
load += active * (FIXED_1 - exp);
return load >> FSHIFT;
}
/*
* calc_load - update the avenrun load estimates 10 ticks after the
* CPUs have updated calc_load_tasks.
*/
void calc_global_load(void)
{
unsigned long upd = calc_load_update + 10;
long active;
if (time_before(jiffies, upd))
return;
active = atomic_long_read(&calc_load_tasks);
active = active > 0 ? active * FIXED_1 : 0;
avenrun[0] = calc_load(avenrun[0], EXP_1, active);
avenrun[1] = calc_load(avenrun[1], EXP_5, active);
avenrun[2] = calc_load(avenrun[2], EXP_15, active);
calc_load_update += LOAD_FREQ;
}
/*
* Either called from update_cpu_load() or from a cpu going idle
*/
static void calc_load_account_active(struct rq *this_rq)
{
long nr_active, delta;
nr_active = this_rq->nr_running;
nr_active += (long) this_rq->nr_uninterruptible;
if (nr_active != this_rq->calc_load_active) {
delta = nr_active - this_rq->calc_load_active;
this_rq->calc_load_active = nr_active;
atomic_long_add(delta, &calc_load_tasks);
}
}
/*
* Externally visible per-cpu scheduler statistics:
* cpu_nr_migrations(cpu) - number of migrations into that cpu
*/
u64 cpu_nr_migrations(int cpu)
{
return cpu_rq(cpu)->nr_migrations_in;
}
/*
* Update rq->cpu_load[] statistics. This function is usually called every
* scheduler tick (TICK_NSEC).
*/
static void update_cpu_load(struct rq *this_rq)
{
unsigned long this_load = this_rq->load.weight;
int i, scale;
this_rq->nr_load_updates++;
/* Update our load: */
for (i = 0, scale = 1; i < CPU_LOAD_IDX_MAX; i++, scale += scale) {
unsigned long old_load, new_load;
/* scale is effectively 1 << i now, and >> i divides by scale */
old_load = this_rq->cpu_load[i];
new_load = this_load;
/*
* Round up the averaging division if load is increasing. This
* prevents us from getting stuck on 9 if the load is 10, for
* example.
*/
if (new_load > old_load)
new_load += scale-1;
this_rq->cpu_load[i] = (old_load*(scale-1) + new_load) >> i;
}
if (time_after_eq(jiffies, this_rq->calc_load_update)) {
this_rq->calc_load_update += LOAD_FREQ;
calc_load_account_active(this_rq);
}
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* double_rq_lock - safely lock two runqueues
*
* Note this does not disable interrupts like task_rq_lock,
* you need to do so manually before calling.
*/
static void double_rq_lock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2)
__acquires(rq1->lock)
__acquires(rq2->lock)
{
BUG_ON(!irqs_disabled());
if (rq1 == rq2) {
spin_lock(&rq1->lock);
__acquire(rq2->lock); /* Fake it out ;) */
} else {
if (rq1 < rq2) {
spin_lock(&rq1->lock);
spin_lock_nested(&rq2->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
} else {
spin_lock(&rq2->lock);
spin_lock_nested(&rq1->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
}
}
update_rq_clock(rq1);
update_rq_clock(rq2);
}
/*
* double_rq_unlock - safely unlock two runqueues
*
* Note this does not restore interrupts like task_rq_unlock,
* you need to do so manually after calling.
*/
static void double_rq_unlock(struct rq *rq1, struct rq *rq2)
__releases(rq1->lock)
__releases(rq2->lock)
{
spin_unlock(&rq1->lock);
if (rq1 != rq2)
spin_unlock(&rq2->lock);
else
__release(rq2->lock);
}
/*
* If dest_cpu is allowed for this process, migrate the task to it.
* This is accomplished by forcing the cpu_allowed mask to only
* allow dest_cpu, which will force the cpu onto dest_cpu. Then
* the cpu_allowed mask is restored.
*/
static void sched_migrate_task(struct task_struct *p, int dest_cpu)
{
struct migration_req req;
unsigned long flags;
struct rq *rq;
rq = task_rq_lock(p, &flags);
if (!cpumask_test_cpu(dest_cpu, &p->cpus_allowed)
|| unlikely(!cpu_active(dest_cpu)))
goto out;
/* force the process onto the specified CPU */
if (migrate_task(p, dest_cpu, &req)) {
/* Need to wait for migration thread (might exit: take ref). */
struct task_struct *mt = rq->migration_thread;
get_task_struct(mt);
task_rq_unlock(rq, &flags);
wake_up_process(mt);
put_task_struct(mt);
wait_for_completion(&req.done);
return;
}
out:
task_rq_unlock(rq, &flags);
}
/*
* sched_exec - execve() is a valuable balancing opportunity, because at
* this point the task has the smallest effective memory and cache footprint.
*/
void sched_exec(void)
{
int new_cpu, this_cpu = get_cpu();
new_cpu = sched_balance_self(this_cpu, SD_BALANCE_EXEC);
put_cpu();
if (new_cpu != this_cpu)
sched_migrate_task(current, new_cpu);
}
/*
* pull_task - move a task from a remote runqueue to the local runqueue.
* Both runqueues must be locked.
*/
static void pull_task(struct rq *src_rq, struct task_struct *p,
struct rq *this_rq, int this_cpu)
{
deactivate_task(src_rq, p, 0);
set_task_cpu(p, this_cpu);
activate_task(this_rq, p, 0);
/*
* Note that idle threads have a prio of MAX_PRIO, for this test
* to be always true for them.
*/
check_preempt_curr(this_rq, p, 0);
}
/*
* can_migrate_task - may task p from runqueue rq be migrated to this_cpu?
*/
static
int can_migrate_task(struct task_struct *p, struct rq *rq, int this_cpu,
struct sched_domain *sd, enum cpu_idle_type idle,
int *all_pinned)
{
int tsk_cache_hot = 0;
/*
* We do not migrate tasks that are:
* 1) running (obviously), or
* 2) cannot be migrated to this CPU due to cpus_allowed, or
* 3) are cache-hot on their current CPU.
*/
if (!cpumask_test_cpu(this_cpu, &p->cpus_allowed)) {
schedstat_inc(p, se.nr_failed_migrations_affine);
return 0;
}
*all_pinned = 0;
if (task_running(rq, p)) {
schedstat_inc(p, se.nr_failed_migrations_running);
return 0;
}
/*
* Aggressive migration if:
* 1) task is cache cold, or
* 2) too many balance attempts have failed.
*/
tsk_cache_hot = task_hot(p, rq->clock, sd);
if (!tsk_cache_hot ||
sd->nr_balance_failed > sd->cache_nice_tries) {
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
if (tsk_cache_hot) {
schedstat_inc(sd, lb_hot_gained[idle]);
schedstat_inc(p, se.nr_forced_migrations);
}
#endif
return 1;
}
if (tsk_cache_hot) {
schedstat_inc(p, se.nr_failed_migrations_hot);
return 0;
}
return 1;
}
static unsigned long
balance_tasks(struct rq *this_rq, int this_cpu, struct rq *busiest,
unsigned long max_load_move, struct sched_domain *sd,
enum cpu_idle_type idle, int *all_pinned,
int *this_best_prio, struct rq_iterator *iterator)
{
int loops = 0, pulled = 0, pinned = 0;
struct task_struct *p;
long rem_load_move = max_load_move;
if (max_load_move == 0)
goto out;
pinned = 1;
/*
* Start the load-balancing iterator:
*/
p = iterator->start(iterator->arg);
next:
if (!p || loops++ > sysctl_sched_nr_migrate)
goto out;
if ((p->se.load.weight >> 1) > rem_load_move ||
!can_migrate_task(p, busiest, this_cpu, sd, idle, &pinned)) {
p = iterator->next(iterator->arg);
goto next;
}
pull_task(busiest, p, this_rq, this_cpu);
pulled++;
rem_load_move -= p->se.load.weight;
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
/*
* NEWIDLE balancing is a source of latency, so preemptible kernels
* will stop after the first task is pulled to minimize the critical
* section.
*/
if (idle == CPU_NEWLY_IDLE)
goto out;
#endif
/*
* We only want to steal up to the prescribed amount of weighted load.
*/
if (rem_load_move > 0) {
if (p->prio < *this_best_prio)
*this_best_prio = p->prio;
p = iterator->next(iterator->arg);
goto next;
}
out:
/*
* Right now, this is one of only two places pull_task() is called,
* so we can safely collect pull_task() stats here rather than
* inside pull_task().
*/
schedstat_add(sd, lb_gained[idle], pulled);
if (all_pinned)
*all_pinned = pinned;
return max_load_move - rem_load_move;
}
/*
* move_tasks tries to move up to max_load_move weighted load from busiest to
* this_rq, as part of a balancing operation within domain "sd".
* Returns 1 if successful and 0 otherwise.
*
* Called with both runqueues locked.
*/
static int move_tasks(struct rq *this_rq, int this_cpu, struct rq *busiest,
unsigned long max_load_move,
struct sched_domain *sd, enum cpu_idle_type idle,
int *all_pinned)
{
const struct sched_class *class = sched_class_highest;
unsigned long total_load_moved = 0;
int this_best_prio = this_rq->curr->prio;
do {
total_load_moved +=
class->load_balance(this_rq, this_cpu, busiest,
max_load_move - total_load_moved,
sd, idle, all_pinned, &this_best_prio);
class = class->next;
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
/*
* NEWIDLE balancing is a source of latency, so preemptible
* kernels will stop after the first task is pulled to minimize
* the critical section.
*/
if (idle == CPU_NEWLY_IDLE && this_rq->nr_running)
break;
#endif
} while (class && max_load_move > total_load_moved);
return total_load_moved > 0;
}
static int
iter_move_one_task(struct rq *this_rq, int this_cpu, struct rq *busiest,
struct sched_domain *sd, enum cpu_idle_type idle,
struct rq_iterator *iterator)
{
struct task_struct *p = iterator->start(iterator->arg);
int pinned = 0;
while (p) {
if (can_migrate_task(p, busiest, this_cpu, sd, idle, &pinned)) {
pull_task(busiest, p, this_rq, this_cpu);
/*
* Right now, this is only the second place pull_task()
* is called, so we can safely collect pull_task()
* stats here rather than inside pull_task().
*/
schedstat_inc(sd, lb_gained[idle]);
return 1;
}
p = iterator->next(iterator->arg);
}
return 0;
}
/*
* move_one_task tries to move exactly one task from busiest to this_rq, as
* part of active balancing operations within "domain".
* Returns 1 if successful and 0 otherwise.
*
* Called with both runqueues locked.
*/
static int move_one_task(struct rq *this_rq, int this_cpu, struct rq *busiest,
struct sched_domain *sd, enum cpu_idle_type idle)
{
const struct sched_class *class;
for (class = sched_class_highest; class; class = class->next)
if (class->move_one_task(this_rq, this_cpu, busiest, sd, idle))
return 1;
return 0;
}
/********** Helpers for find_busiest_group ************************/
/*
* sd_lb_stats - Structure to store the statistics of a sched_domain
* during load balancing.
*/
struct sd_lb_stats {
struct sched_group *busiest; /* Busiest group in this sd */
struct sched_group *this; /* Local group in this sd */
unsigned long total_load; /* Total load of all groups in sd */
unsigned long total_pwr; /* Total power of all groups in sd */
unsigned long avg_load; /* Average load across all groups in sd */
/** Statistics of this group */
unsigned long this_load;
unsigned long this_load_per_task;
unsigned long this_nr_running;
/* Statistics of the busiest group */
unsigned long max_load;
unsigned long busiest_load_per_task;
unsigned long busiest_nr_running;
int group_imb; /* Is there imbalance in this sd */
#if defined(CONFIG_SCHED_MC) || defined(CONFIG_SCHED_SMT)
int power_savings_balance; /* Is powersave balance needed for this sd */
struct sched_group *group_min; /* Least loaded group in sd */
struct sched_group *group_leader; /* Group which relieves group_min */
unsigned long min_load_per_task; /* load_per_task in group_min */
unsigned long leader_nr_running; /* Nr running of group_leader */
unsigned long min_nr_running; /* Nr running of group_min */
#endif
};
/*
* sg_lb_stats - stats of a sched_group required for load_balancing
*/
struct sg_lb_stats {
unsigned long avg_load; /*Avg load across the CPUs of the group */
unsigned long group_load; /* Total load over the CPUs of the group */
unsigned long sum_nr_running; /* Nr tasks running in the group */
unsigned long sum_weighted_load; /* Weighted load of group's tasks */
unsigned long group_capacity;
int group_imb; /* Is there an imbalance in the group ? */
};
/**
* group_first_cpu - Returns the first cpu in the cpumask of a sched_group.
* @group: The group whose first cpu is to be returned.
*/
static inline unsigned int group_first_cpu(struct sched_group *group)
{
return cpumask_first(sched_group_cpus(group));
}
/**
* get_sd_load_idx - Obtain the load index for a given sched domain.
* @sd: The sched_domain whose load_idx is to be obtained.
* @idle: The Idle status of the CPU for whose sd load_icx is obtained.
*/
static inline int get_sd_load_idx(struct sched_domain *sd,
enum cpu_idle_type idle)
{
int load_idx;
switch (idle) {
case CPU_NOT_IDLE:
load_idx = sd->busy_idx;
break;
case CPU_NEWLY_IDLE:
load_idx = sd->newidle_idx;
break;
default:
load_idx = sd->idle_idx;
break;
}
return load_idx;
}
#if defined(CONFIG_SCHED_MC) || defined(CONFIG_SCHED_SMT)
/**
* init_sd_power_savings_stats - Initialize power savings statistics for
* the given sched_domain, during load balancing.
*
* @sd: Sched domain whose power-savings statistics are to be initialized.
* @sds: Variable containing the statistics for sd.
* @idle: Idle status of the CPU at which we're performing load-balancing.
*/
static inline void init_sd_power_savings_stats(struct sched_domain *sd,
struct sd_lb_stats *sds, enum cpu_idle_type idle)
{
/*
* Busy processors will not participate in power savings
* balance.
*/
if (idle == CPU_NOT_IDLE || !(sd->flags & SD_POWERSAVINGS_BALANCE))
sds->power_savings_balance = 0;
else {
sds->power_savings_balance = 1;
sds->min_nr_running = ULONG_MAX;
sds->leader_nr_running = 0;
}
}
/**
* update_sd_power_savings_stats - Update the power saving stats for a
* sched_domain while performing load balancing.
*
* @group: sched_group belonging to the sched_domain under consideration.
* @sds: Variable containing the statistics of the sched_domain
* @local_group: Does group contain the CPU for which we're performing
* load balancing ?
* @sgs: Variable containing the statistics of the group.
*/
static inline void update_sd_power_savings_stats(struct sched_group *group,
struct sd_lb_stats *sds, int local_group, struct sg_lb_stats *sgs)
{
if (!sds->power_savings_balance)
return;
/*
* If the local group is idle or completely loaded
* no need to do power savings balance at this domain
*/
if (local_group && (sds->this_nr_running >= sgs->group_capacity ||
!sds->this_nr_running))
sds->power_savings_balance = 0;
/*
* If a group is already running at full capacity or idle,
* don't include that group in power savings calculations
*/
if (!sds->power_savings_balance ||
sgs->sum_nr_running >= sgs->group_capacity ||
!sgs->sum_nr_running)
return;
/*
* Calculate the group which has the least non-idle load.
* This is the group from where we need to pick up the load
* for saving power
*/
if ((sgs->sum_nr_running < sds->min_nr_running) ||
(sgs->sum_nr_running == sds->min_nr_running &&
group_first_cpu(group) > group_first_cpu(sds->group_min))) {
sds->group_min = group;
sds->min_nr_running = sgs->sum_nr_running;
sds->min_load_per_task = sgs->sum_weighted_load /
sgs->sum_nr_running;
}
/*
* Calculate the group which is almost near its
* capacity but still has some space to pick up some load
* from other group and save more power
*/
if (sgs->sum_nr_running > sgs->group_capacity - 1)
return;
if (sgs->sum_nr_running > sds->leader_nr_running ||
(sgs->sum_nr_running == sds->leader_nr_running &&
group_first_cpu(group) < group_first_cpu(sds->group_leader))) {
sds->group_leader = group;
sds->leader_nr_running = sgs->sum_nr_running;
}
}
/**
* check_power_save_busiest_group - see if there is potential for some power-savings balance
* @sds: Variable containing the statistics of the sched_domain
* under consideration.
* @this_cpu: Cpu at which we're currently performing load-balancing.
* @imbalance: Variable to store the imbalance.
*
* Description:
* Check if we have potential to perform some power-savings balance.
* If yes, set the busiest group to be the least loaded group in the
* sched_domain, so that it's CPUs can be put to idle.
*
* Returns 1 if there is potential to perform power-savings balance.
* Else returns 0.
*/
static inline int check_power_save_busiest_group(struct sd_lb_stats *sds,
int this_cpu, unsigned long *imbalance)
{
if (!sds->power_savings_balance)
return 0;
if (sds->this != sds->group_leader ||
sds->group_leader == sds->group_min)
return 0;
*imbalance = sds->min_load_per_task;
sds->busiest = sds->group_min;
if (sched_mc_power_savings >= POWERSAVINGS_BALANCE_WAKEUP) {
cpu_rq(this_cpu)->rd->sched_mc_preferred_wakeup_cpu =
group_first_cpu(sds->group_leader);
}
return 1;
}
#else /* CONFIG_SCHED_MC || CONFIG_SCHED_SMT */
static inline void init_sd_power_savings_stats(struct sched_domain *sd,
struct sd_lb_stats *sds, enum cpu_idle_type idle)
{
return;
}
static inline void update_sd_power_savings_stats(struct sched_group *group,
struct sd_lb_stats *sds, int local_group, struct sg_lb_stats *sgs)
{
return;
}
static inline int check_power_save_busiest_group(struct sd_lb_stats *sds,
int this_cpu, unsigned long *imbalance)
{
return 0;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_MC || CONFIG_SCHED_SMT */
/**
* update_sg_lb_stats - Update sched_group's statistics for load balancing.
* @group: sched_group whose statistics are to be updated.
* @this_cpu: Cpu for which load balance is currently performed.
* @idle: Idle status of this_cpu
* @load_idx: Load index of sched_domain of this_cpu for load calc.
* @sd_idle: Idle status of the sched_domain containing group.
* @local_group: Does group contain this_cpu.
* @cpus: Set of cpus considered for load balancing.
* @balance: Should we balance.
* @sgs: variable to hold the statistics for this group.
*/
static inline void update_sg_lb_stats(struct sched_group *group, int this_cpu,
enum cpu_idle_type idle, int load_idx, int *sd_idle,
int local_group, const struct cpumask *cpus,
int *balance, struct sg_lb_stats *sgs)
{
unsigned long load, max_cpu_load, min_cpu_load;
int i;
unsigned int balance_cpu = -1, first_idle_cpu = 0;
unsigned long sum_avg_load_per_task;
unsigned long avg_load_per_task;
if (local_group)
balance_cpu = group_first_cpu(group);
/* Tally up the load of all CPUs in the group */
sum_avg_load_per_task = avg_load_per_task = 0;
max_cpu_load = 0;
min_cpu_load = ~0UL;
for_each_cpu_and(i, sched_group_cpus(group), cpus) {
struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(i);
if (*sd_idle && rq->nr_running)
*sd_idle = 0;
/* Bias balancing toward cpus of our domain */
if (local_group) {
if (idle_cpu(i) && !first_idle_cpu) {
first_idle_cpu = 1;
balance_cpu = i;
}
load = target_load(i, load_idx);
} else {
load = source_load(i, load_idx);
if (load > max_cpu_load)
max_cpu_load = load;
if (min_cpu_load > load)
min_cpu_load = load;
}
sgs->group_load += load;
sgs->sum_nr_running += rq->nr_running;
sgs->sum_weighted_load += weighted_cpuload(i);
sum_avg_load_per_task += cpu_avg_load_per_task(i);
}
/*
* First idle cpu or the first cpu(busiest) in this sched group
* is eligible for doing load balancing at this and above
* domains. In the newly idle case, we will allow all the cpu's
* to do the newly idle load balance.
*/
if (idle != CPU_NEWLY_IDLE && local_group &&
balance_cpu != this_cpu && balance) {
*balance = 0;
return;
}
/* Adjust by relative CPU power of the group */
sgs->avg_load = sg_div_cpu_power(group,
sgs->group_load * SCHED_LOAD_SCALE);
/*
* Consider the group unbalanced when the imbalance is larger
* than the average weight of two tasks.
*
* APZ: with cgroup the avg task weight can vary wildly and
* might not be a suitable number - should we keep a
* normalized nr_running number somewhere that negates
* the hierarchy?
*/
avg_load_per_task = sg_div_cpu_power(group,
sum_avg_load_per_task * SCHED_LOAD_SCALE);
if ((max_cpu_load - min_cpu_load) > 2*avg_load_per_task)
sgs->group_imb = 1;
sgs->group_capacity = group->__cpu_power / SCHED_LOAD_SCALE;
}
/**
* update_sd_lb_stats - Update sched_group's statistics for load balancing.
* @sd: sched_domain whose statistics are to be updated.
* @this_cpu: Cpu for which load balance is currently performed.
* @idle: Idle status of this_cpu
* @sd_idle: Idle status of the sched_domain containing group.
* @cpus: Set of cpus considered for load balancing.
* @balance: Should we balance.
* @sds: variable to hold the statistics for this sched_domain.
*/
static inline void update_sd_lb_stats(struct sched_domain *sd, int this_cpu,
enum cpu_idle_type idle, int *sd_idle,
const struct cpumask *cpus, int *balance,
struct sd_lb_stats *sds)
{
struct sched_group *group = sd->groups;
struct sg_lb_stats sgs;
int load_idx;
init_sd_power_savings_stats(sd, sds, idle);
load_idx = get_sd_load_idx(sd, idle);
do {
int local_group;
local_group = cpumask_test_cpu(this_cpu,
sched_group_cpus(group));
memset(&sgs, 0, sizeof(sgs));
update_sg_lb_stats(group, this_cpu, idle, load_idx, sd_idle,
local_group, cpus, balance, &sgs);
if (local_group && balance && !(*balance))
return;
sds->total_load += sgs.group_load;
sds->total_pwr += group->__cpu_power;
if (local_group) {
sds->this_load = sgs.avg_load;
sds->this = group;
sds->this_nr_running = sgs.sum_nr_running;
sds->this_load_per_task = sgs.sum_weighted_load;
} else if (sgs.avg_load > sds->max_load &&
(sgs.sum_nr_running > sgs.group_capacity ||
sgs.group_imb)) {
sds->max_load = sgs.avg_load;
sds->busiest = group;
sds->busiest_nr_running = sgs.sum_nr_running;
sds->busiest_load_per_task = sgs.sum_weighted_load;
sds->group_imb = sgs.group_imb;
}
update_sd_power_savings_stats(group, sds, local_group, &sgs);
group = group->next;
} while (group != sd->groups);
}
/**
* fix_small_imbalance - Calculate the minor imbalance that exists
* amongst the groups of a sched_domain, during
* load balancing.
* @sds: Statistics of the sched_domain whose imbalance is to be calculated.
* @this_cpu: The cpu at whose sched_domain we're performing load-balance.
* @imbalance: Variable to store the imbalance.
*/
static inline void fix_small_imbalance(struct sd_lb_stats *sds,
int this_cpu, unsigned long *imbalance)
{
unsigned long tmp, pwr_now = 0, pwr_move = 0;
unsigned int imbn = 2;
if (sds->this_nr_running) {
sds->this_load_per_task /= sds->this_nr_running;
if (sds->busiest_load_per_task >
sds->this_load_per_task)
imbn = 1;
} else
sds->this_load_per_task =
cpu_avg_load_per_task(this_cpu);
if (sds->max_load - sds->this_load + sds->busiest_load_per_task >=
sds->busiest_load_per_task * imbn) {
*imbalance = sds->busiest_load_per_task;
return;
}
/*
* OK, we don't have enough imbalance to justify moving tasks,
* however we may be able to increase total CPU power used by
* moving them.
*/
pwr_now += sds->busiest->__cpu_power *
min(sds->busiest_load_per_task, sds->max_load);
pwr_now += sds->this->__cpu_power *
min(sds->this_load_per_task, sds->this_load);
pwr_now /= SCHED_LOAD_SCALE;
/* Amount of load we'd subtract */
tmp = sg_div_cpu_power(sds->busiest,
sds->busiest_load_per_task * SCHED_LOAD_SCALE);
if (sds->max_load > tmp)
pwr_move += sds->busiest->__cpu_power *
min(sds->busiest_load_per_task, sds->max_load - tmp);
/* Amount of load we'd add */
if (sds->max_load * sds->busiest->__cpu_power <
sds->busiest_load_per_task * SCHED_LOAD_SCALE)
tmp = sg_div_cpu_power(sds->this,
sds->max_load * sds->busiest->__cpu_power);
else
tmp = sg_div_cpu_power(sds->this,
sds->busiest_load_per_task * SCHED_LOAD_SCALE);
pwr_move += sds->this->__cpu_power *
min(sds->this_load_per_task, sds->this_load + tmp);
pwr_move /= SCHED_LOAD_SCALE;
/* Move if we gain throughput */
if (pwr_move > pwr_now)
*imbalance = sds->busiest_load_per_task;
}
/**
* calculate_imbalance - Calculate the amount of imbalance present within the
* groups of a given sched_domain during load balance.
* @sds: statistics of the sched_domain whose imbalance is to be calculated.
* @this_cpu: Cpu for which currently load balance is being performed.
* @imbalance: The variable to store the imbalance.
*/
static inline void calculate_imbalance(struct sd_lb_stats *sds, int this_cpu,
unsigned long *imbalance)
{
unsigned long max_pull;
/*
* In the presence of smp nice balancing, certain scenarios can have
* max load less than avg load(as we skip the groups at or below
* its cpu_power, while calculating max_load..)
*/
if (sds->max_load < sds->avg_load) {
*imbalance = 0;
return fix_small_imbalance(sds, this_cpu, imbalance);
}
/* Don't want to pull so many tasks that a group would go idle */
max_pull = min(sds->max_load - sds->avg_load,
sds->max_load - sds->busiest_load_per_task);
/* How much load to actually move to equalise the imbalance */
*imbalance = min(max_pull * sds->busiest->__cpu_power,
(sds->avg_load - sds->this_load) * sds->this->__cpu_power)
/ SCHED_LOAD_SCALE;
/*
* if *imbalance is less than the average load per runnable task
* there is no gaurantee that any tasks will be moved so we'll have
* a think about bumping its value to force at least one task to be
* moved
*/
if (*imbalance < sds->busiest_load_per_task)
return fix_small_imbalance(sds, this_cpu, imbalance);
}
/******* find_busiest_group() helpers end here *********************/
/**
* find_busiest_group - Returns the busiest group within the sched_domain
* if there is an imbalance. If there isn't an imbalance, and
* the user has opted for power-savings, it returns a group whose
* CPUs can be put to idle by rebalancing those tasks elsewhere, if
* such a group exists.
*
* Also calculates the amount of weighted load which should be moved
* to restore balance.
*
* @sd: The sched_domain whose busiest group is to be returned.
* @this_cpu: The cpu for which load balancing is currently being performed.
* @imbalance: Variable which stores amount of weighted load which should
* be moved to restore balance/put a group to idle.
* @idle: The idle status of this_cpu.
* @sd_idle: The idleness of sd
* @cpus: The set of CPUs under consideration for load-balancing.
* @balance: Pointer to a variable indicating if this_cpu
* is the appropriate cpu to perform load balancing at this_level.
*
* Returns: - the busiest group if imbalance exists.
* - If no imbalance and user has opted for power-savings balance,
* return the least loaded group whose CPUs can be
* put to idle by rebalancing its tasks onto our group.
*/
static struct sched_group *
find_busiest_group(struct sched_domain *sd, int this_cpu,
unsigned long *imbalance, enum cpu_idle_type idle,
int *sd_idle, const struct cpumask *cpus, int *balance)
{
struct sd_lb_stats sds;
memset(&sds, 0, sizeof(sds));
/*
* Compute the various statistics relavent for load balancing at
* this level.
*/
update_sd_lb_stats(sd, this_cpu, idle, sd_idle, cpus,
balance, &sds);
/* Cases where imbalance does not exist from POV of this_cpu */
/* 1) this_cpu is not the appropriate cpu to perform load balancing
* at this level.
* 2) There is no busy sibling group to pull from.
* 3) This group is the busiest group.
* 4) This group is more busy than the avg busieness at this
* sched_domain.
* 5) The imbalance is within the specified limit.
* 6) Any rebalance would lead to ping-pong
*/
if (balance && !(*balance))
goto ret;
if (!sds.busiest || sds.busiest_nr_running == 0)
goto out_balanced;
if (sds.this_load >= sds.max_load)
goto out_balanced;
sds.avg_load = (SCHED_LOAD_SCALE * sds.total_load) / sds.total_pwr;
if (sds.this_load >= sds.avg_load)
goto out_balanced;
if (100 * sds.max_load <= sd->imbalance_pct * sds.this_load)
goto out_balanced;
sds.busiest_load_per_task /= sds.busiest_nr_running;
if (sds.group_imb)
sds.busiest_load_per_task =
min(sds.busiest_load_per_task, sds.avg_load);
/*
* We're trying to get all the cpus to the average_load, so we don't
* want to push ourselves above the average load, nor do we wish to
* reduce the max loaded cpu below the average load, as either of these
* actions would just result in more rebalancing later, and ping-pong
* tasks around. Thus we look for the minimum possible imbalance.
* Negative imbalances (*we* are more loaded than anyone else) will
* be counted as no imbalance for these purposes -- we can't fix that
* by pulling tasks to us. Be careful of negative numbers as they'll
* appear as very large values with unsigned longs.
*/
if (sds.max_load <= sds.busiest_load_per_task)
goto out_balanced;
/* Looks like there is an imbalance. Compute it */
calculate_imbalance(&sds, this_cpu, imbalance);
return sds.busiest;
out_balanced:
/*
* There is no obvious imbalance. But check if we can do some balancing
* to save power.
*/
if (check_power_save_busiest_group(&sds, this_cpu, imbalance))
return sds.busiest;
ret:
*imbalance = 0;
return NULL;
}
/*
* find_busiest_queue - find the busiest runqueue among the cpus in group.
*/
static struct rq *
find_busiest_queue(struct sched_group *group, enum cpu_idle_type idle,
unsigned long imbalance, const struct cpumask *cpus)
{
struct rq *busiest = NULL, *rq;
unsigned long max_load = 0;
int i;
for_each_cpu(i, sched_group_cpus(group)) {
unsigned long wl;
if (!cpumask_test_cpu(i, cpus))
continue;
rq = cpu_rq(i);
wl = weighted_cpuload(i);
if (rq->nr_running == 1 && wl > imbalance)
continue;
if (wl > max_load) {
max_load = wl;
busiest = rq;
}
}
return busiest;
}
/*
* Max backoff if we encounter pinned tasks. Pretty arbitrary value, but
* so long as it is large enough.
*/
#define MAX_PINNED_INTERVAL 512
/* Working cpumask for load_balance and load_balance_newidle. */
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(cpumask_var_t, load_balance_tmpmask);
/*
* Check this_cpu to ensure it is balanced within domain. Attempt to move
* tasks if there is an imbalance.
*/
static int load_balance(int this_cpu, struct rq *this_rq,
struct sched_domain *sd, enum cpu_idle_type idle,
int *balance)
{
int ld_moved, all_pinned = 0, active_balance = 0, sd_idle = 0;
struct sched_group *group;
unsigned long imbalance;
struct rq *busiest;
unsigned long flags;
struct cpumask *cpus = __get_cpu_var(load_balance_tmpmask);
cpumask_setall(cpus);
/*
* When power savings policy is enabled for the parent domain, idle
* sibling can pick up load irrespective of busy siblings. In this case,
* let the state of idle sibling percolate up as CPU_IDLE, instead of
* portraying it as CPU_NOT_IDLE.
*/
if (idle != CPU_NOT_IDLE && sd->flags & SD_SHARE_CPUPOWER &&
!test_sd_parent(sd, SD_POWERSAVINGS_BALANCE))
sd_idle = 1;
schedstat_inc(sd, lb_count[idle]);
redo:
update_shares(sd);
group = find_busiest_group(sd, this_cpu, &imbalance, idle, &sd_idle,
cpus, balance);
if (*balance == 0)
goto out_balanced;
if (!group) {
schedstat_inc(sd, lb_nobusyg[idle]);
goto out_balanced;
}
busiest = find_busiest_queue(group, idle, imbalance, cpus);
if (!busiest) {
schedstat_inc(sd, lb_nobusyq[idle]);
goto out_balanced;
}
BUG_ON(busiest == this_rq);
schedstat_add(sd, lb_imbalance[idle], imbalance);
ld_moved = 0;
if (busiest->nr_running > 1) {
/*
* Attempt to move tasks. If find_busiest_group has found
* an imbalance but busiest->nr_running <= 1, the group is
* still unbalanced. ld_moved simply stays zero, so it is
* correctly treated as an imbalance.
*/
local_irq_save(flags);
double_rq_lock(this_rq, busiest);
ld_moved = move_tasks(this_rq, this_cpu, busiest,
imbalance, sd, idle, &all_pinned);
double_rq_unlock(this_rq, busiest);
local_irq_restore(flags);
/*
* some other cpu did the load balance for us.
*/
if (ld_moved && this_cpu != smp_processor_id())
resched_cpu(this_cpu);
/* All tasks on this runqueue were pinned by CPU affinity */
if (unlikely(all_pinned)) {
cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu_of(busiest), cpus);
if (!cpumask_empty(cpus))
goto redo;
goto out_balanced;
}
}
if (!ld_moved) {
schedstat_inc(sd, lb_failed[idle]);
sd->nr_balance_failed++;
if (unlikely(sd->nr_balance_failed > sd->cache_nice_tries+2)) {
spin_lock_irqsave(&busiest->lock, flags);
/* don't kick the migration_thread, if the curr
* task on busiest cpu can't be moved to this_cpu
*/
if (!cpumask_test_cpu(this_cpu,
&busiest->curr->cpus_allowed)) {
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&busiest->lock, flags);
all_pinned = 1;
goto out_one_pinned;
}
if (!busiest->active_balance) {
busiest->active_balance = 1;
busiest->push_cpu = this_cpu;
active_balance = 1;
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&busiest->lock, flags);
if (active_balance)
wake_up_process(busiest->migration_thread);
/*
* We've kicked active balancing, reset the failure
* counter.
*/
sd->nr_balance_failed = sd->cache_nice_tries+1;
}
} else
sd->nr_balance_failed = 0;
if (likely(!active_balance)) {
/* We were unbalanced, so reset the balancing interval */
sd->balance_interval = sd->min_interval;
} else {
/*
* If we've begun active balancing, start to back off. This
* case may not be covered by the all_pinned logic if there
* is only 1 task on the busy runqueue (because we don't call
* move_tasks).
*/
if (sd->balance_interval < sd->max_interval)
sd->balance_interval *= 2;
}
if (!ld_moved && !sd_idle && sd->flags & SD_SHARE_CPUPOWER &&
!test_sd_parent(sd, SD_POWERSAVINGS_BALANCE))
ld_moved = -1;
goto out;
out_balanced:
schedstat_inc(sd, lb_balanced[idle]);
sd->nr_balance_failed = 0;
out_one_pinned:
/* tune up the balancing interval */
if ((all_pinned && sd->balance_interval < MAX_PINNED_INTERVAL) ||
(sd->balance_interval < sd->max_interval))
sd->balance_interval *= 2;
if (!sd_idle && sd->flags & SD_SHARE_CPUPOWER &&
!test_sd_parent(sd, SD_POWERSAVINGS_BALANCE))
ld_moved = -1;
else
ld_moved = 0;
out:
if (ld_moved)
update_shares(sd);
return ld_moved;
}
/*
* Check this_cpu to ensure it is balanced within domain. Attempt to move
* tasks if there is an imbalance.
*
* Called from schedule when this_rq is about to become idle (CPU_NEWLY_IDLE).
* this_rq is locked.
*/
static int
load_balance_newidle(int this_cpu, struct rq *this_rq, struct sched_domain *sd)
{
struct sched_group *group;
struct rq *busiest = NULL;
unsigned long imbalance;
int ld_moved = 0;
int sd_idle = 0;
int all_pinned = 0;
struct cpumask *cpus = __get_cpu_var(load_balance_tmpmask);
cpumask_setall(cpus);
/*
* When power savings policy is enabled for the parent domain, idle
* sibling can pick up load irrespective of busy siblings. In this case,
* let the state of idle sibling percolate up as IDLE, instead of
* portraying it as CPU_NOT_IDLE.
*/
if (sd->flags & SD_SHARE_CPUPOWER &&
!test_sd_parent(sd, SD_POWERSAVINGS_BALANCE))
sd_idle = 1;