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libbuild2-hello

Test build system module for build2.

There are two ways to set things up: using only the build system, which works best if you just want to kick the tires, or using the project manager, which is how you would do it if you were developing a real module and needed the ability to CI, manage and publish releases, etc. The latter applies to other build2 modules which often refer to these setup instructions instead of repeating them.

Using only the build system

git clone .../libbuild2-hello.git
cd libbuild2-hello/
b configure: libbuild2-hello/ config.config.load=~build2
b configure: libbuild2-hello-tests/ config.import.libbuild2_hello=libbuild2-hello/
b test

If building the module in a cross-compile configuration (normally together with the build system), then we need to manually suppress importing of the host build system by adding import.build2=[null] to module's config.build.

Using the project manager

Build system module and projects that use them (tests in our case) have to use different build configurations. To achieve this we use the split host/target configuration support.

git clone .../libbuild2-hello.git
cd libbuild2-hello/

bdep init --empty

bdep config create @module ../libbuild2-hello-build/module/ --type build2 cc config.config.load=~build2
bdep config create @target ../libbuild2-hello-build/target/ cc config.cxx=g++

bdep init @module -d libbuild2-hello/
bdep init @target -d libbuild2-hello-tests/

Note that if your build system module project involves a tool (for example, a source code generation for which your module provides a build rule), then you will also need to create a host configuration and initialize the tool in it. For example, if this repository also contained the hello-tool package:

bdep config create @host ../libbuild2-hello-build/host/ --type host cc config.cxx=g++
bdep config create @module ../libbuild2-hello-build/module/ --type build2 cc config.config.load=~build2
bdep config create @target ../libbuild2-hello-build/target/ cc config.cxx=g++

bdep init @host -d hello-tool/
bdep init @module -d libbuild2-hello/
bdep init @target -d libbuild2-hello-tests/

Once this is done, we can develop using bdep or the build system as usual:

bdep test                       # run tests
b libbuild2-hello/              # update the module directly
b test: libbuild2-hello-tests/  # run only external tests

Note also that there is no customary glue buildfile in the root of the project because building the module and the tests simultaneously would be a bad idea (they must be built in separate build contexts).

We can also CI our module, manage releases, and publish it to the package repository:

bdep @module ci  # submits only the module (which pulls in the tests)

bdep release     # releases both the module and the tests

bdep publish     # submits both the module and the tests

Using in other projects during development

The above setup makes sure the module can be found by its own tests, examples, etc. When developing a real module, however, we often want to use our development version in other projects that use this module. While explicitly configuring each such project with config.import.libbuild2_* (as in the build system case above) is possible, it is also tedious. Instead, we can specify the necessary variable as a global override in our user-wide ~/.build2/b.options options file:

!config.import.libbuild2_hello=/home/.../libbuild2-hello-build/module/

Developing modules that require bootstrapping

Developing a module that requires bootstrapping (that is, which must be loaded in the project's bootstrap.build rather than root.build) is more complicated. The main issue is that when such a module has to be loaded, the project's configuration is not yet available. Specifically, neither non-global variable overrides have been entered nor has the config.build file been loaded. As a result, the config.import.libbuild2_* variable automatically entered by bdep while initializing libbuild2-hello-tests in the steps above has no effect.

The recommended approach to developing such modules is to use the global variable override in our user-wide ~/.build2/b.options options file, the same as in the previous section:

!config.import.libbuild2_hello=/home/.../libbuild2-hello-build/module/

This global override should be added before initializing libbuild2-hello-tests.

If you are planning to CI such a module, then it must be explicitly marked as requiring bootstrap by adding the following requirement to its manifest:

requires: bootstrap

Note also that loading of such a module may be omitted with the --no-external-modules build system option provided the project itself is being only bootstrapped. This option, for example, is used by the CI infrastructure when preparing the package distribution in the bootstrap mode (happens when the package is checked out from a version control-based repository) or when querying for information with the info meta-operation. As a result, a module that requires bootstrapping should be designed to tolerate such an eventuality. Generally, a module should strive to perform work during bootstrap that can only be performed during bootstrap, leaving everything else to the initialization step.

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Test build system module for build2

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