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README.md

Builder Book

Open source web app to self-publish and sell books or other online content (builderbook directory of this repository). If you are book's reader, you will work book directory.

We've used this builderbook project to build:

  • Builder Book - learn how to build full-stack web apps from scratch
  • SaaS Boilerplate - open source web app to build your own SaaS product
  • Async - team communication tool for software developers

Live app:

How can you use this project?

  • As learning material for React/Material-UI/Next/Express/Mongoose/MongoDB stack
  • As learning material for Google/Github/AWS SES/Mailchimp/Stripe APIs
  • As starting point for your own project.
  • As a production-ready web app to publish and sell content on your own website (we sell two books at builderbook.org).
  • You tell us

Contents

Showcase

Check out projects built with the help of this open source app. Feel free to add your own project by creating a pull request.

  • SaaS boilerplate app: Open source web app that saves you weeks of work when building your own SaaS product.
  • Async: asynchronous communication and project management tool for small teams of software engineers.
  • Retaino by Earl Lee : Save, annotate, review, and share great web content. Receive smart email digests to retain key information.
  • https://michaelstromer.nyc by Michael Stromer: Books and articles by Michael Stromer.

Run locally

To use all features and third-party integrations (such as Stripe, Google OAuth, Mailchimp), add values for all of the following env variables in your .env file:

.env :

# Used in server/app.js
MONGO_URL=
MONGO_URL_TEST=
SESSION_SECRET=

# Used in lib/getRootUrl.js
URL_APP=
PRODUCTION_URL_APP=

# Used in server/google.js
Google_clientID=
Google_clientSecret=

# Used in server/aws.js
AWS_ACCESSKEYID=
AWS_SECRETACCESSKEY=

# Used in server/models/User.js
EMAIL_SUPPORT_FROM_ADDRESS=

----------
# All environmental variables above this line are required for successful sign up

# Used in server/github.js
Github_Test_ClientID=
Github_Test_SecretKey=
Github_Live_ClientID=
Github_Live_SecretKey=

# Used in server/stripe.js
STRIPE_TEST_PUBLISHABLEKEY=
STRIPE_LIVE_PUBLISHABLEKEY=
STRIPE_TEST_SECRETKEY=
STRIPE_LIVE_SECRETKEY=
STRIPE_TEST_DEMO_BOOK_PRICE_ID=
STRIPE_LIVE_DEMO_BOOK_PRICE_ID=
STRIPE_TEST_SECOND_BOOK_PRICE_ID=
STRIPE_LIVE_SECOND_BOOK_PRICE_ID=

# Used in server/mailchimp.js
MAILCHIMP_API_KEY=
MAILCHIMP_REGION=
MAILCHIMP_PURCHASED_LIST_ID=
MAILCHIMP_SIGNEDUP_LIST_ID=

# Used in pages/_document.js and pages/_app.js
GA_MEASUREMENT_ID=
COOKIE_DOMAIN=

  • Start the app with yarn dev.
    • To get GA_MEASUREMENT_ID, set up Google Analytics and follow these instructions to find your tracking ID.
    • To get Stripe-related API keys, set up or log into your Stripe account and find your key here.
  • Env keys GA_MEASUREMENT_ID and STRIPE_TEST_PUBLISHABLEKEY/STRIPE_LIVE_PUBLISHABLEKEY are universally available (client and server). Env keys inside .env file are used in server code only. To make env vars universally available, add them to next.config.js file.
  • To make user a book's owner, set "isAdmin": true on corresponding MongoDB document in your database (default value is false for any new user).

Important: if you don't add values for environmental variables to .env file, corresponding functionality will not work. For example, login with Google account, purchasing book, getting repo information via GitHub API and other third-party API infrastructures.

Add a new book

  • Create a new Github repo (public or private).

  • In that repo, create an introduction.md file and write some content.

  • At the top of your introduction.md file, add metadata in the format shown below. See this file as an example.

    ---
    title: Introduction
    seoTitle: title for search engines
    seoDescription: description for search engines
    isFree: true
    ---
    
  • Go to the app, click "Connect Github".

  • Click "Add Book". Enter details and select the Github repo you created.

  • Click "Save".

When you add new .md files or update content, go to the BookDetail page of your app and click Sync with Github.

Important: All .md files in your Github repo must have metadata in the format shown above.

Important: All .md files in your Github repo must have name introduction.md or chapter-N.md.

To make the content of a .md file private (meaning a person must purchase the content to see it), remove isFree:true and add excerpt:"". Add some excerpt content - this content is public and serves as a free preview.

Add your own styles

To change the color scheme of this app, modify the primary and secondary theme colors inside lib/context.js. Select any colors from Material UI's official color palette.

Recommended ways to add your own styles to this app:

  1. Inline style for a single element
  2. Reusable style for multiple elements within single page or component
  3. Reusable/importable style for multiple pages or components
  4. Global style for all pages in application

Inline style for a single element

USE CASE: apply a style to one element on a single page/component
For example, in our book page, we wrote this single inline style:

<p style={{ textAlign: 'center' }}>
  ...
</p>

See usage

Reusable style for multiple elements within single page or component

USE CASE: apply the same style to multiple elements on a single page/component.
For example, in our tutorials page, we created styleExcerpt and applied it to a <p> element within the page:

const styleExcerpt = {
  margin: '0px 20px',
  opacity: '0.75',
  fontSize: '13px',
};

<p style={styleExcerpt}>
  ...
</p>

See usage

Reusable/importable style for multiple pages or components

USE CASE: apply the same style to elements on multiple pages/components.
For example, we created styleH1 inside components/SharedStyles.js and exported the style at the bottom of the file:

const styleH1 = {
  textAlign: 'center',
  fontWeight: '400',
  lineHeight: '45px',
};

module.exports = {
  styleH1,
};

See usage

We then imported styleH1 into our book page, as well as our index page, and applied the style to a <h1> element:

import {
  styleH1,
} from '../components/SharedStyles';

<h1 style={styleH1}>
  ...
</h1>

See usage

Global style for all pages in application

USE CASE: apply the same style to elements on all pages of your app.
Create your style in pages/_document.js. For example, we specified a style for all hyperlinks that use the <a> element:

<style>
  {`
    a, a:focus {
      font-weight: 400;
      color: #1565C0;
      text-decoration: none;
      outline: none
    }
  `}
</style>

See usage

We also specified styles for all content inside a <body> element:

<body
  style={{
    font: '16px Muli',
    color: '#222',
    margin: '0px auto',
    fontWeight: '400',
    lineHeight: '1.5em',
    backgroundColor: '#F7F9FC',
  }}
>
</body>

See usage

Deploy to Heroku

In this section we will learn how to deploy our app to Heroku cloud. We will deploy our React-Next-Express app to lightweight Heroku container called dyno.

Instructions are for app located at /book/8-end. Adjust route if you are deploying app from the root of this public repo.

We will discuss the following topics in this section:

  1. installing Heroku on Linux-based OS
  2. creating app on Heroku dashboard
  3. preparing app for deployment
  4. configuring env variables
  5. deploying app
  6. checking logs
  7. adding custom domain

Let's go step by step.

  1. Install Heroku CLI (command-line interface) on your OS. Follow the official guide. In this book we provide instructions for Linux-based systems, in particular, a Ubuntu OS. For Ubuntu OS, run in your terminal:
sudo snap install --classic heroku

To confirm a successful installation, run:

heroku --version

As example, my output that confirms successful installation, looks like:

heroku/7.22.7 linux-x64 node-v11.10.1
  1. Sign up for Heroku, go to your Heroku dashboard and click purple New button on the right: image

    On the next screen, give a name to your app and select a region. Click purple Create app button at the bottom: image

    You will be redirected to Deploy tab of your newly created Heroku app: image

  2. As you can see from the above screenshot, you have two options. You can deploy the app directly from your local machine using Heroku CLI or directly from GitHub. In this tutorial, we will deploy a builderbook/builderbook/book/8-end app from our public builderbook/builderbook repo hosted on GitHub. Deploying from a private repo will be a similar process.

    Deploying from GitHub has a few advantages. Heroku uses git to track changes in a codebase. It's possible to deploy app from the local machine using Heroku CLI, however you have to create a Git repo for builderbook/builderbook/book/8-end with package.json file at the root level. A first advantage is that we can deploy from a non-root folder using GitHub instead of Heroku CLI.

    A second advantage is automation, later on you can create a branch that automatically deploy every new commit to Heroku. For example, we have a deploy branch for our demo for SaaS boilerplate. When we commit to master branch - there is no new deployment, when we commit to deploy branch - new change is automatically deployed to Heroku app.

    Let's set up deploying from GitHub. On Deploy tab of your Heroku app at Heroku dashboard, click Connect to GitHub, then search for your repo, then click Connect next to the name of the proper repo: image

    If successful, you will see green text Connected and be offered to select a branch and deploy app automatically or manually. Automatic deployment will deploy every new commit, manual deployment requires you to manually click on Deploy Branch button. For simplicity, we will deploy manually from master branch of our builderbook/builderbook repo.

    Before we perform a manual deployment via GitHub, we need Heroku to run some additional code while app is being deploying. Firstly, we need to tell Heroku that 8-end app in the builderbook/builderbook repo is not at the root level, it's actually nested at /book/8-end. Secondly, Heroku needs to know that our app is Node.js app so Heroku finds package.json file, properly installs dependencies and runs proper scripts (such as build and start scripts from package.json). To achieve this, we need to add so called buildpacks to our Heroku app. Click Settings tab, scroll to Buildpacks section and click purple Add buildpack button: image

    Add two buildpacks, first is https://github.com/timanovsky/subdir-heroku-buildpack and second is heroku/nodejs: image

    Next, scroll up while on Settings tab and click purple Reveal Config Vars button, create a new environmental variable PROJECT_PATH with value book/8-end: image

    The above variable will be used by the first buildpack subdir-heroku-buildpack to deploy app from repo's subdirectory.

  3. If we deploy app at this point, our app will deploy with errors since we did not add environmental variables. Similar to how you added PROJECT_PATH variable, add all environmental variables from book/8-end/.env file to your Heroku app. Remember to add the rest of env variables for all features to work, including signup event.

  4. While on Settings tab, scroll to Domains and certificates section and note your app's URL. My app's URL is: https://builderbook-8-end.herokuapp.com Let's deploy, go to Deploy tab, scroll to Manual deploy section and click Deploy branch button. After deployment process is complete , navigate to your app's URL: image

  5. Server logs are not available on Heroku dashboard. To see logs, you have to use Heroku CLI. In your terminal, run:

    heroku login

    Follow instructions to log in to Heroku CLI.

    After successful login, terminal will print:

    Logged in as email@domain.com

    Where email@domain.com is an email address that you used to create your Heroku account.

    To see logs, in your terminal run:

    heroku logs --app builderbook-8-end --tail

    In your terminal, you will see your most recent logs and be able to see a real-time logs.

    You can output certain number of lines (N) for retrieved logs by adding --num N to the heroku logs command. You can print only app's logs by adding --source app or system's logs by adding --source heroku.

  6. Time to add a custom domain. The Heroku app that we created is deployed on free dyno. Free dyno plan does not let you to add a custom domain to your app. To add custom domain, go to Resources tab and click purple Change Dyno Type button: image

    Select a Hobby plan and click Save button.

    Navigate to Settings tab and scroll to the Domains and certificates and click purple Add domain button: image

    Type your custom domain name, I added heroku.builderbook.org as a custom domain, click Save changes button.

    Heroku will display you a value for CNAME record that you have to create for your custom domain. For me, custom domain is `heroku.builderbook.org and I manage DNS records at Now by Zeit.

    After you create a CNAME, ACM status on Heroku's dashboard will change to Ok: image

It's important that you remember to manually add your custom domain to the settings of your Google OAuth app (Chapter 3) and GitHub OAuth app (Chapter 6). If you forget to do it, you will see errors when you try to log in to your app or when you try to connect GitHub to your app.

Scaling

You may want to consider splitting single Next/Express server into two servers:

  • Next server for serving pages, server-side caching, sitemap and robots
  • Express server for internal and external APIs

Here is an example of web application with split servers: https://github.com/async-labs/saas

Splitting servers will get you:

  • faster page loads since Next rendering does not block internal and external APIs,
  • faster code reload times during development,
  • faster deployment and more flexible scaling of individual apps.

Screenshots

Chapter excerpt with Buy Button for Public/Guest visitor: builderbook-public-readchapter

Chapter content and Table of Contents for book Customer: builderbook-customer-readchapter

Add-book/Edit-book page for Admin user: builderbook-admin-editbook

Book-detail page for Admin user: builderbook-admin-bookdetails

Built with

Core stack

Third party APIs

  • Google OAuth
  • Github
  • AWS SES
  • Stripe
  • MailChimp

Check out package.json.

Docker

Contributing

We welcome suggestions and bug reports via issues and and pull requests.

By participating in this project, you are expected to uphold Builder Book's Code of Conduct.

Want to support this project? Sign up at async and/or buy our books, which teach you how to build web apps from scratch. Also check out our open source SaaS boilerplate.

Team

You can contact us at team@builderbook.org

License

All code in this repository is provided under the MIT License.

Project structure

.
├── .vscode
│   ├── extensions.json
│   ├── settings.json
├── book
├── builderbook
│   ├── .ebextensions
│   │   ├── environment.config
│   │   ├── git.config
│   ├── .elasticbeanstalk
│   │   ├── config.yml
│   ├── components
│   │   ├── admin
│   │   │   ├── EditBook.jsx
│   │   ├── customer
│   │   │   ├── BuyButton.jsx
│   │   ├── Header.jsx
│   │   ├── MenuDrop.jsx                   
│   │   ├── Notifier.jsx
│   │   ├── SharedStyles.jsx
├── lib
│   ├── api
│   │   ├── admin.js
│   │   ├── customer.js
│   │   ├── getRootURL.js
│   │   ├── public.js
│   │   ├── sendRequest.js
│   ├── env.js
│   ├── notifier.js
│   ├── theme.js
│   ├── withAuth.jsx
├── pages
│   ├── admin
│   │   ├── add-book.jsx
│   │   ├── book-detail.jsx
│   │   ├── edit-book.jsx
│   │   ├── index.jsx
│   ├── customer
│   │   ├── my-books.jsx
│   ├── public
│   │   ├── login.jsx
│   │   ├── read-chapter.jsx
│   ├── _app.jsx
│   ├── _document.jsx
│   ├── index.jsx
├── public
│   ├── robots.txt
├── server
│   ├── api
│   │   ├── admin.js
│   │   ├── customer.js
│   │   ├── index.js
│   │   ├── public.js
│   ├── models
│   │   ├── Book.js
│   │   ├── Chapter.js
│   │   ├── EmailTemplate.js
│   │   ├── Purchase.js
│   │   ├── User.js
│   ├── utils
│   │   ├──slugify.js
│   ├── app.js
│   ├── aws.js
│   ├── github.js
│   ├── google.js
│   ├── logger.js
│   ├── mailchimp.js
│   ├── routesWithSlug.js
│   ├── sitemapAndRobots.js
│   ├── stripe.js
├── test/server/utils
│   ├── slugify.test.js
├── .eslintrc.js
├── .gitignore
├── package.json
├── yarn.lock

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