Skip to content
Switch branches/tags

Latest commit


Git stats


Failed to load latest commit information.
Latest commit message
Commit time
Jun 1, 2018

Repository of VulSeeker

I. Introduction of VulSeeker

It's a semantic learning based vulnerability search tool for cross-platform binary. Given a vulnerability function f, VulSeeker can identify whether a binary program contains the same vulnerability as f. Currently, it support six architectures, such as X86, X64, ARM32, ARM64, MIPS32, MIPS64. If you meet any problems, please feel free to email me at

II. Prerequisites

To use VulSeeker, we need the following tools installed

  • IDA Pro - for generating the LSFG (data flow graph and control flow graph)and extracting features of basic blocks
  • python2.7 - all the source code is written in python2.7
  • miasm - for converting assembly program to LLVM IR. We extend it to support more assembly instructions. Please directly copy the miasm2 provided by us to the python directory of IDA Pro.

III. Directory structure

  • 0_Libs/search_program: it contains the binary file considered as the target from which VulSeeker search vulnerability.
  • 1_Features/search_program: it contains the instruction features, control flow graph and data flow graph for each function in the target.
  • 4_Model/VulSeeker: it is a DNN model that we have trained to use directly.
  • 5_CVE_Feature: It contains the instruction features, control flow graph and data flow graph of each version of the two vulnerabilities (CVE-2014-3508, CVE-2015-1791).
  • 6_Search_TFRecord: Tfrecord data file is a binary file that stores data and labels in a unified way. It can make better use of memory and make rapid replication, movement, reading and storage in tensorflow.
  • 7_Search_Result: All the search result list will be stored here.

IV. Usage

  1. We need modify the file. All the dependency directories can be modified here. Simple modification is listed as following, but it need to follow the directory structure we defined:
IDA32_DIR = "installation directory of 32-bit IDA Pro program"
IDA64_DIR = "installation directory of 64-bit IDA Pro program"
  1. We put the programs to be searched in the VulSeeker/0_Libs/search_program directory.
  2. We run the VulSeeker/ file to generate the labeled semantic flow graphs and extract initial numerical vectors for basic blocks. The result files should be placed in the 1_Features/search_program directory.
  3. We execute the VulSeeker/ file to obtain embedding vectors of the functions and get the function list in descending order of similarity scores.

Note: All steps can be executed in the Linux system.

V. Viewing the search result

The following figure is an example of the search result.


For each vulnerability function, there are a total of 48 compiled versions. These versions contain different architectures (X86, X64, ARM32, ARM64, MIPS32 and MIPS64), compilers (GCC v4.9 and GCC v5.5) with four optimization levels (O0-O3).

  • Column A records the function name.
  • Column B is the average similarity score between the corresponding function and the vulnerability function with 48 compiled versions.
  • Column C records the file to which the function belongs.
  • The other items after column C are the similarity scores between a particular version of the vulnerability and the corresponding function.

VI. Build VulSeeker from source code for model modification and retraining

Optional installation and configuration: Python-2.7.13

If you have an appropriate Python-2.7 version, you can skip this installation. Please make sure that you have installed Python with ucs4 unicode encoding. You can identify ucs2 and ucs4 with the following code.

>> import sys
>>print sys.maxunicode
1114111# it means the ucs4 encoding
65535# it means the ucs2 encoding, you need reinstall your python. The tensorflow-1.1.0 requires the ucs4 unicode encoding style.
  1. install required libraries, or it will cause some troubles. sudo apt-get install python-dev libffi-dev libssl-dev libxml2-dev libxslt-dev libmysqlclient-dev libsqlite3-dev zlib1g-dev libgdbm-dev
  2. download and install Python-2.7.13 wget -c xz -d Python-2.7.13.tar.xz tar xf Python-2.7.13.tar cd Python-2.7.13 ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/python2713 --enable-unicode=ucs4 make make install
  3. install setuptools and pip package wget -O - | sudo python curl -O python
  4. link pip and python to bin path rm /usr/bin/pip2 rm /usr/bin/pip2 ln -s /usr/local/python2713/bin/pip /usr/bin/pip2 ln -s /usr/local/python2713/bin/pip /usr/bin/pip rm /usr/bin/python rm /usr/bin/python2 ln -s /usr/local/python2713/bin/python /usr/bin/python2 ln -s /usr/local/python2713/bin/python /usr/bin/python
  5. add environment variables export PATH="$PATH:/usr/local/python2713/lib/python2.7/site-packages:/usr/local/python2713/bin"

Required installation

If you want to train your own network model, you need to install tensorflow-1.1.0 version. We build this version of tensorflow from source code. The following is the detailed installation instructions (for cpu-only tensorflow) on the ubuntu14 machine.

  1. install dependent packages
sudo apt-get install zlib1g-dev swig python-wheel pkg-config zip g++ unzip python-numpy python-dev
wget #download and install six
sudo pip install six-1.10.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl 
sudo pip install networkx
sudo pip install pyparsing
sudo pip install numpy
  1. install bazel building tool
  • Download from .
  • chmod +x
  • ./ --user
  • add bazel file path to the PATH environment variable. e,g,: export PATH="$PATH:$HOME/bin"
  1. install java8/openjdk8 sudo add-apt-repository ppa:openjdk-r/ppa sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install openjdk-8-jdk sudo update-alternatives --config java #note: select the appropriate version sudo update-alternatives --config javac
  2. install tensorflow
  • $git clone --recurse-submodules -b r1.1 #download source code,--recurse-submodules is used for downloading the dependent tools,-b r1.1 means the tensorflow-1.1.0 version.
  • enter the tensorflow directory and then select the python path e.g.,./condigure /usr/bin/python
note: the following is the selection during the installation process.
malloc implementation: Y
Google Cloud Platform support: N
Hadoop File System support: N
XLA just-in-time compiler: N
Python library paths: Default is [/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages],you can select a different path.
OpenCL support: N
CUDA support: N
Configuration finished.
  • execute bazel build --config=opt //tensorflow/tools/pip_package:build_pip_package to build the tensorflow source code
  • execute ./bazel-bin/tensorflow/tools/pip_package/build_pip_package /tmp/tensorflow_pkg to get the installation wheel tensorflow-1.1.0-cp27-cp27mu-linux_x86_64.whl
  • install the tensorflow package sudo pip install /tmp/tensorflow_pkgtensorflow-1.1.0-cp27-cp27mu-linux_x86_64.whl, it will also install funcsigs mock pbr protobuf.
  • verify the installation
>>import tensorflow as tf
>>hello=tf.constant('Hello, tensorflow!')
Hello, tensorflows!


It is consistent with the usage described above.


VulSeeker: A Semantic Learning Based Vulnerability Seeker For Cross-Platform Binary






No releases published


No packages published