Google Spreadsheets Python API
Python Makefile

README.md

Google Spreadsheets Python API

Manage your spreadsheets with gspread in Python.

Features:

  • Open a spreadsheet by its title or url.
  • Extract range, entire row or column values.
  • Independent of Google Data Python client library.
  • Python 3 support.

Basic Usage

  1. Obtain OAuth2 credentials from Google Developers Console

  2. Start using gspread:

import gspread

gc = gspread.authorize(credentials)

# Open a worksheet from spreadsheet with one shot
wks = gc.open("Where is the money Lebowski?").sheet1

wks.update_acell('B2', "it's down there somewhere, let me take another look.")

# Fetch a cell range
cell_list = wks.range('A1:B7')

More Examples

Opening a Spreadsheet

# You can open a spreadsheet by its title as it appears in Google Docs
sh = gc.open('My poor gym results') # <-- Look ma, no keys!

# If you want to be specific, use a key (which can be extracted from
# the spreadsheet's url)
sht1 = gc.open_by_key('0BmgG6nO_6dprdS1MN3d3MkdPa142WFRrdnRRUWl1UFE')

# Or, if you feel really lazy to extract that key, paste the entire url
sht2 = gc.open_by_url('https://docs.google.com/spreadsheet/ccc?key=0Bm...FE&hl')

Creating a Spreadsheet

sh = gc.create('A new spreadsheet')

# But that new spreadsheet will be visible only to your script's account.
# To be able to access newly created spreadsheet you *must* share it
# with your email. Which brings us to…

Sharing a Spreadsheet

sh.share('otto@example.com', perm_type='user', role='writer')

Selecting a Worksheet

# Select worksheet by index. Worksheet indexes start from zero
worksheet = sh.get_worksheet(0)

# By title
worksheet = sh.worksheet("January")

# Most common case: Sheet1
worksheet = sh.sheet1

# Get a list of all worksheets
worksheet_list = sh.worksheets()

Creating a Worksheet

worksheet = sh.add_worksheet(title="A worksheet", rows="100", cols="20")

Deleting a Worksheet

sh.del_worksheet(worksheet)

Getting a Cell Value

# With label
val = worksheet.acell('B1').value

# With coords
val = worksheet.cell(1, 2).value

# To get a cell formula
cell = worksheet.acell('B1') # or .cell(1, 2)
cell.input_value

Getting All Values From a Row or a Column

# Get all values from the first row
values_list = worksheet.row_values(1)

# Get all values from the first column
values_list = worksheet.col_values(1)

Getting All Values From a Worksheet as a List of Lists

list_of_lists = worksheet.get_all_values()

Finding a Cell

# Find a cell with exact string value
cell = worksheet.find("Dough")

print("Found something at R%sC%s" % (cell.row, cell.col))

# Find a cell matching a regular expression
amount_re = re.compile(r'(Big|Enormous) dough')
cell = worksheet.find(amount_re)

Finding All Matched Cells

# Find all cells with string value
cell_list = worksheet.findall("Rug store")

# Find all cells with regexp
criteria_re = re.compile(r'(Small|Room-tiering) rug')
cell_list = worksheet.findall(criteria_re)

Cell Object

Each cell has a value and coordinates properties.

value = cell.value
row_number = cell.row
column_number = cell.col

Updating Cells

worksheet.update_acell('B1', 'Bingo!')

# Or
worksheet.update_cell(1, 2, 'Bingo!')

# Select a range
cell_list = worksheet.range('A1:C7')

for cell in cell_list:
    cell.value = 'O_o'

# Update in batch
worksheet.update_cells(cell_list)

Installation

Requirements

Python 2.6+ or Python 3+

From PyPI

pip install gspread

From GitHub

git clone https://github.com/burnash/gspread.git
cd gspread
python setup.py install

Documentation

Testing

  1. Go to Google Drive and create an empty spreadsheet you will use for testing.

  2. Create a configuration file from config dummy:

    cp tests/tests.config.example tests/tests.config
  3. Open tests.config with your favorite editor and fill up config parameters with your testing spreadsheet's info.

  4. Install Nose.

  5. Download credentials json file(see doc), rename it to creds.json and put it into the tests folder.

  6. Run tests:

    nosetests

Contributors

How to Contribute

Ask Questions

The best way to get an answer to a question is to ask on Stack Overflow with a gspread tag.

Report Issues

Please report bugs and suggest features via the GitHub Issues.

Before opening an issue, search the tracker for possible duplicates. If you find a duplicate, please add a comment saying that you encountered the problem as well.

Contribute code