Skip to content
Permalink
Branch: master
Find file Copy path
189 lines (155 sloc) 7.28 KB

CellMeasurer

High-order component that automatically measures a cell's contents by temporarily rendering it in a way that is not visible to the user. Specify a fixed width to measure dynamic height (or vice versa). This is an advanced component and has some limitations and performance considerations. See below for more information.

CellMeasurer can be used with Grid, List, and Table components. It is not intended to be used with the Collection component.

Prop Types

Property Type Required? Description
cache CellMeasurerCache Cache to be shared between CellMeasurer and its parent Grid. Learn more here.
children Element or Function Either a React element as a child (eg <div />) or a function (eg. ({ measure }) => <div />). See below for more detailed examples.
columnIndex number Index of column being measured (within the parent Grid) or 0 (if used within a List or Table).
parent Grid Reference to the parent Grid; this value is passed by Grid to the cellRenderer and should be passed along as-is.
rowIndex number Index of row being measured (within the parent Grid).

CellMeasurerCache

The CellMeasurerCache stores CellMeasurer measurements and shares them with a parent Grid. It should be configured based on the type of measurements you need. It accepts the following parameters:

Prop Types

Property Type Required? Description
defaultHeight number Unmeasured cells will initially report this height
defaultWidth number Unmeasured cells will initially report this width
fixedHeight boolean Rendered cells will have a fixed height, dynamic width
fixedWidth boolean Rendered cells will have a fixed width, dynamic height
minHeight number Derived row height (of multiple cells) should not be less than this value
minWidth number Derived column width (of multiple cells) should not be less than this value
keyMapper KeyMapper Enables more intelligent mapping of a given column and row index to an item ID. This prevents a cell cache from being invalidated when its parent collection is modified. (rowIndex: number, columnIndex: number) => any

Note that while all of the individual parameters above are optional, you must supply at least some of them. CellMeasurerCache is not meant to measure cells that are both dynamic width and height. It would be inefficient to do so since the size of a row (or column) is equal to the largest cell within that row. See below for more information.

CellMeasurerCache Public Methods

clear (rowIndex: number, columnIndex: number)

Reset cached measurements for a specific cell.

This should be called when a cell needs to be re-measured to handle dynamic content (eg. replacing a loading indicator with loaded content or reacting to state-changes for stateful cells).

clearAll ()

Reset cached measurements for all cells.

This method should be called when a Grid, List or Table needs to reflow content due to a resizing event for a responsive layout (eg. a window width resize may have an impact on the height of cells).

Examples

Grid

This example shows a Grid with fixed row heights and dynamic column widths. For more examples check out the component demo page.

import React from 'react';
import { CellMeasurer, CellMeasurerCache, Grid } from 'react-virtualized';

// In this example, average cell width is assumed to be about 100px.
// This value will be used for the initial `Grid` layout.
// Cell measurements smaller than 75px should also be rounded up.
// Height is not dynamic.
const cache = new CellMeasurerCache({
  defaultWidth: 100,
  minWidth: 75,
  fixedHeight: true
});

function cellRenderer ({ columnIndex, key, parent, rowIndex, style }) {
  const content // Derive this from your data somehow

  return (
    <CellMeasurer
      cache={cache}
      columnIndex={columnIndex}
      key={key}
      parent={parent}
      rowIndex={rowIndex}
    >
      <div
        style={{
          ...style,
          height: 35,
          whiteSpace: 'nowrap'
        }}
      >
        {content}
      </div>
    </CellMeasurer>
  );
}

function renderGrid (props) {
  return (
    <Grid
      {...props}
      columnWidth={cache.columnWidth}
      deferredMeasurementCache={cache}
      cellRenderer={cellRenderer}
    />
  );
}
Using CellMeasurer with images

This example shows how you might use the CellMeasurer component along with the List component in order to display dynamic-height rows. The difference between this example and the above example is that the height of the row is not determined until image data has loaded. To support this, a function-child is passed to CellMeasurer which then receives a measure parameter. measure should be called when cell content is ready to be measured (in this case, when the image has loaded).

import React from 'react';
import { CellMeasurer, CellMeasurerCache, List } from 'react-virtualized';

// In this example, average cell height is assumed to be about 50px.
// This value will be used for the initial `Grid` layout.
// Width is not dynamic.
const cache = new CellMeasurerCache({
  defaultHeight: 50,
  fixedWidth: true
});

function rowRenderer ({ index, isScrolling, key, parent, style }) {
  const source // This comes from your list data

  return (
    <CellMeasurer
      cache={cache}
      columnIndex={0}
      key={key}
      parent={parent}
      rowIndex={index}
    >
      {({ measure }) => (
        // 'style' attribute required to position cell (within parent List)
        <div style={style}>
          <img
            onLoad={measure}
            src={source}
          />
        </div>
      )}
    </CellMeasurer>
  );
}

function renderList (props) {
  return (
    <List
      {...props}
      deferredMeasurementCache={cache}
      rowHeight={cache.rowHeight}
      rowRenderer={rowRenderer}
    />
  );
}
Using CellMeasurer with equal dynamic cell heights or widths
// Normally, every cell gets measured individually and is very slow.
// However, with the keyMapper prop we can specify a constant return value and
// tell CellMeasurer that all measurements after the first one will hit the
// cache and we get a speedy solution.
const cache = new CellMeasurerCache({
  defaultHeight: 30,
  fixedWidth: true,
  keyMapper: () => 1,
});

Limitations and Performance Considerations

Performance

Measuring a column's width requires measuring all rows in order to determine the widest occurrence of that column. The same is true in reverse for measuring a row's height. For this reason it may not be a good idea to use this HOC for Grids containing a large number of both columns and cells.

Since this component measures one cell at a time to determine it's width/height, it will likely be slow if a user skips many rows (or columns) at once by scrolling with a scrollbar or via a scroll-to-cell prop. There is (unfortunately) no workaround for this performance limitation at the moment.

You can’t perform that action at this time.