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#! /usr/bin/env python
# vim: set fenc=utf8 ts=4 sw=4 et :
# Layer 2 network neighbourhood discovery tool
# written by Benedikt Waldvogel (mail at
from __future__ import absolute_import, division, print_function
import logging
import scapy.config
import scapy.layers.l2
import scapy.route
import socket
import math
import errno
logging.basicConfig(format='%(asctime)s %(levelname)-5s %(message)s', datefmt='%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S', level=logging.DEBUG)
logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)
def long2net(arg):
if (arg <= 0 or arg >= 0xFFFFFFFF):
raise ValueError("illegal netmask value", hex(arg))
return 32 - int(round(math.log(0xFFFFFFFF - arg, 2)))
def to_CIDR_notation(bytes_network, bytes_netmask):
network = scapy.utils.ltoa(bytes_network)
netmask = long2net(bytes_netmask)
net = "%s/%s" % (network, netmask)
if netmask < 16:
logger.warn("%s is too big. skipping" % net)
return None
return net
def scan_and_print_neighbors(net, interface, timeout=1):"arping %s on %s" % (net, interface))
ans, unans = scapy.layers.l2.arping(net, iface=interface, timeout=timeout, verbose=True)
for s, r in ans.res:
line = r.sprintf("%Ether.src% %ARP.psrc%")
hostname = socket.gethostbyaddr(r.psrc)
line += " " + hostname[0]
except socket.herror:
# failed to resolve
except socket.error as e:
if e.errno == errno.EPERM: # Operation not permitted
logger.error("%s. Did you run as root?", e.strerror)
if __name__ == "__main__":
for network, netmask, _, interface, address in scapy.config.conf.route.routes:
# skip loopback network and default gw
if network == 0 or interface == 'lo' or address == '' or address == '':
if netmask <= 0 or netmask == 0xFFFFFFFF:
net = to_CIDR_notation(network, netmask)
if interface != scapy.config.conf.iface:
# see
logger.warn("skipping %s because scapy currently doesn't support arping on non-primary network interfaces", net)
if net:
scan_and_print_neighbors(net, interface)
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