Terminal Kamer Bezetting daemon voor faculteit NWI van de Radboud Universiteit
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README.md

tkbd

tkbd is a daemon run on the faculty of sciences of the Radboud University Nijmegen to register which computer lab PC's are free and which are taken.

tkb.js is a frontend.

How it works

Information stored

tkbd maintains three bits of information. See state.py.

  1. occupation: for each PC its current state, which is either:
    • o the PC is turned off
    • x the PC is in an unknown state
    • wf the PC is free and booted in Windows
    • lf the PC is free and booted in Linux
    • wu the PC is used and booted in Windows
    • lu the PC is used and booted in Linux
    • wx the PC is booted in Windows, but we do not know if it is used
    • lx the PC is booted in Linux, but we do not know if it is used
  2. roomMap: a list of rooms and the PC's in it.
  3. schedule: for each room, the possible reservations of it.
  4. tagMap: a list of tags and the rooms belonging to each tag. For instance, in the hg tag (which is short for Huygens Gebouw) are all the rooms of the Huygens Gebouw.

Source of information

When people log in and out of computers, this is logged. A script watches the log and pushes changes to tkbd via HTTP requests on port 1235. See cnczPush.py.

Secondly, another script periodically polls all PCs. The results of this scan are also pushed to port 1235.

The schedule is pulled from Ruuster. See ruuster.py.

How to access it

Joyce

tkbd uses a bidirectional JSON message exchanging protocol over HTTP called Joyce. A client can create many channels with the server. On each of these channels, the server and the client can send messages to eachother.

  1. To create a channel, send a HTTP GET request to the server for /?m=null. The server wil respond with an array [<token>, <messages>, <streams>]. token contains the token assigned to this channel. messages is a list of messages the server has send. streams is not important for tkbd.
  2. After this, you should send another HTTP GET request to the server. This time for /?m=[<token>]. This time the server might not respond immediately. When there is a message (or after a timeout), the server will respond with a similar array [<token>, <messages>, <streams>].
  3. To send a list of messages messages, send a HTTP GET request to the server for /?m=[<token>, <messages>]. Now there are two outstanding HTTP requests. The one to send these messages and another to receive. One of these two will be responded to immediately. The other will stay open to receive messages.

So, what messages does tkbd send and tkbd likes to receive?

Messages received by tkbd

These are the messages understood by tkbd. See cometApi.py.

  1. {"type": "set_msgFilter", "schedule":filter1, "roomMap":filter2, "occupation":filter3}

    When checking the occupation of PC's in the Huygens Gebouw, one is not interested occupation updates for PC's in other faculties. When the server receives this message, it will set a message filter for the three types of messages. A filter is either a list of tags to allow (eg. ["hg"]) or null which means "do not filter".

    The default filters are all []. That is: all rooms and PC's are filtered out and thus no update is sent.

  2. {"type": "get_occupation"}

    When received, the server will send in return an occupation message. (See below.)

  3. {"type": "get_roomMap"}

    When received, the server will send in return a roomMap message. (See below.)

  4. {"type": "get_schedule"}

    When received, the server will send in return a schedule message. (See below.)

  5. {"type": "get_tag_names"}

    When received, the server will send in return a tags message. (See below.)

  6. {"type": "get_tagMap"}

    When received, the server will send in return a tagMap message. (See below.)

  7. {"type": "get_historic_updates", "offset": <offset>, "count": <count>}

    When received, the server will send in return a historic_updates message. (See below.)

Messages sent by tkbd

Every messages sent by tkbd is one of the following. See cometApi.py.

  1. {"type": "welcome", "protocols" : [1]}

    This is the first message sent. It tells which protocols tkbd understands. Currently, there is only protocol supported: 1.

  2. {"type": "occupation", "version": <version>, "occupation": <occupation>}

    It contains the current occupation of PC's. occupation is a dictionary with as keys names of PC's and as values the state of the corresponding PC's. Only PC's are included that match the current occupation filter. (See set_msgFilter.)

  3. {"type": "roomMap", "version": <version>, "roomMap": <roomMap>}

    roomMap is a dictionary with as keys names of rooms and as values the corresponding list of PC's in that room. Only PC's are included that match the current roomMap filter. (See set_msgFilter.)

  4. {"type": "schedule", "version": <version>, "schedule": <schedule>}

    schedule is a dictionary with as keys names of rooms and as values the corresponding schedule of that room. A schedule of a room is a list of events. An event is a list with three element: the first element is the starting time; the second is the ending time and the third is a decription of the event. Only rooms are included that match the current schedule filter. (See set_msgFilter.)

  5. {"type": "occupation_update", "version": <version>, "update": <update>}

    This message is sent, when the occupation of one or more PCs changes. update is a dictionary with as keys PC names and as values the new state of the corresponding PC. Only updates are sent for PC's that match the current occupation filter. (See set_msgFilter.)

  6. {"type": "tags", "tags": <tags>}

    This is the second message sent. tags is the list of tags.

  7. {"type": "tagMap", "tagMap": <tagMap>}

    tagMap is a dictionary with as keys names of tags and as values the corresponding list of rooms that have the tag.

  8. {"type": "historic_updates", "count": <count>, "offset": <offset>, "updates": <updates>}

    This gives count historic updates from the offsetth one. updates is a list of quadrupels [<pc>, <source>, <unix timestamp>, <occupation>].

On every update of the occupation, roomMap, tagMap or schedule, the corresponding version is incremented by one.

How to install it

The simplest way to install tkbd is to run

$ easy_install tkbd

easy_install is a part of Python's setuptools. (In Debian, try apt-get install python-setuptools).

How to run it

To run, simply execute:

$ mirte tkbd/setups/default

This will run the default setup of tkbd. For changes in occupation it will listen on port 1235. This is not useful if you are not the IT guys of the faculty.

You can configure tkbd to mirror another tkbd instance. To mirror the default tk.science.ru.nl, simply run:

$ mirte tkbd/setups/slave

To create a custom configuration, copy and edit one of the .mirte files in src/setups.

Changelog

  • 0.3.10:
    • Add mytimetable to fetch schedule from mytimetable (eg. persoonlijkrooster.ru.nl). By Wouter Geraedts.
  • 0.3.9
    • ruuster: use event comment when course name equals Reserveringen
    • state: updated rooms
  • 0.3.8:
    • state: handle schedule exceptions correctly
  • 0.3.7:
    • ruuster: handle more exceptions gracefully
  • 0.3.6:
    • Add get_historic_updates to API
  • 0.3.5:
    • Some minor improvements and bugfixes in the history and mirror modules
  • 0.3.4:
    • keep history of occupation updates in a SQQLite3 database
  • 0.3.3:
    • mirror: support tags
    • ruuster: normalize event names
    • ruuster: handle errors more gracefully
  • 0.3.2
    • Fix: do not crash on new schedule.
  • 0.3.1
    • Fix: special `null' tag filter to disable filter is properly set
  • 0.3.0
    • Feature: add tags. This will allow multiple `screens' running on the same tkbd.
  • 0.2.4
    • Fix: keep mirror running if master is down for a while
    • Fix: ignore PCs with names ending with `docent'
  • 0.2.3
    • Fix: properly package .mirte files
    • Fix: send proper start and ending times for the scheduled events
  • 0.2.0
    • Support for mirroring
    • Fix some bugs