Proof of concept Expat MDM solution as part of a paper on Android patching
Android is currently the most popular smartphone OS in the world. Many di�erent devices with outdated Android versions and kernels pose a risk as they become a potential target for attackers, making enterprises reluctant to allow employees to bring their Android devices to the workplace. Fixing vulnerabilities by patching the kernel and Android runtime in-memory allows leaving the underlying system mostly untouched while still providing protection against emerging threats.
Proof of concept
This paper introduces the concept of using the same vulnerabilities that can be used for exploiting the device, to patch the system: expatting.
The expatting techniques introduced in this paper were consolidated into a proof of concept Expat MDM solution. The proof of concept consists of a server and agent component, and demonstrates how an Expat MDM solution would be used in real-world situations.
The Android MDM agent application gathers system information and is able to download exploits and patches from a central MDM server and apply them.
The server component for this proof of concept was written in NodeJS. It uses the Express web application framework to serve API requests. The Expat DB is an in-memory SQLite database that is accessed from the main app through the Sequelize ORM as extra abstraction layer.
The POC contains a sample exploit and patch for CVE-2013-6282. It is compiled as a shared object from C code with JNI bindings.