CouchDB admin tooling
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README.md

CouchDB 2 cluster admin tool Build Status

Currently operating a CouchDB 2 clustered database is a highly manual and error prone task and that's something you definitely should avoid when it comes to databases. couchdb-admin is a FOSS tool written in Go that operates your database via the Oficial REST API in a command-line fashion. Performs sanity checks for you and hides all the REST communication complexities from you.


Features

couchdb-admin works at three levels: Cluster, Node and Database:

  • Cluster wide management:
    • Describe cluster: Get an overview of your cluster's current status (nodes joined, ...)
    • Add nodes: Join a node into the cluster.
    • Remove nodes: Remove a node from the cluster.
  • Node management:
    • Set config values: Apply config values on your nodes. No need to restart.
    • Disable maintenance mode: Shortcut method to remove the maintenance_mode flag from a node.
  • Database management:
    • Describe database: Get an overview of your database's shards distribution across nodes.
    • Create database: Create a database, configuring shards number and replication.
    • Replicate a shard: Design a new replica for a particular database's shard.
    • Remove a shard's replica: Free a node from holding a replica of a particular database's shard.

Prerequisites

The couchdb-admin tool needs to be able to reach any of the nodes of the cluster to operate on both 5984 and 5986 ports. Additionally a configured admin role is required.

  • The address where to contact the server has to be given in the --server argument (defaults to 127.0.0.1)
  • The admin username is required into the --admin argument (defaults to admin)
  • The admin's password is required into the --password argument (defaults to password)

Examples

DISCLAIMER: The examples shown below will use the default values for server, admin and password arguments. Please update them accordingly when running your own.

Cluster management

Describe cluster

Get an overview of your cluster's current status, which nodes form it and so on. Uses the _membership endpoint.

$ couchdb-admin describe_cluster

2017/06/29 13:46:26  info Describing cluster layout... server=127.0.0.1

couchdb_admin.Nodes{
    AllNodes:     {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
    ClusterNodes: {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
}

Add nodes

Following the procedure described in the official docs joins a node into the cluster. Uses the _nodes endpoint

After firing up a new node, located, for example, at couch-3.couchdb2-replica-admin:

$ couchdb-admin add_node --node=couch-3.couchdb2-replica-admin

2017/06/29 15:38:39  info Adding node to the cluster... node=couch-3.couchdb2-replica-admin

2017/06/29 15:38:40  info Successfully added node!  node=couch-3.couchdb2-replica-admin

And then, describing the cluster again...

$ couchdb-admin describe_cluster

2017/06/29 15:38:54  info Describing cluster layout... server=127.0.0.1

couchdb_admin.Nodes{
    AllNodes:     {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-3.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
    ClusterNodes: {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-3.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
}

Remove nodes

Again, following the procedure described in the official docs it removes a node from the cluster. Uses the _nodes endpoint

$ couchdb-admin remove_node --node=couch-3.couchdb2-replica-admin

2017/06/29 15:55:26  info Removing node...          node=couch-3.couchdb2-replica-admin

2017/06/29 15:55:26  info Checking that node does not own any shard... node=couchdb@couch-3.couchdb2-replica-admin

2017/06/29 15:55:26  info Node successfully removed! node=couch-3.couchdb2-replica-admin

And then, describing the cluster again...

$ couchdb-admin describe_cluster

2017/06/29 15:55:59  info Describing cluster layout... server=127.0.0.1

couchdb_admin.Nodes{
    AllNodes:     {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
    ClusterNodes: {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
}

Node management

Set config values

Sets config values on a node by using the _config endpoint. You can check possible sections, keys and values to use on the config reference. Changes will take effect on the fly, no need to restart!

Here we'll set the log level to debug in a particular node.

$ couchdb-admin set_config --section=log --key=level --value=debug --node=couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin

2017/06/29 16:04:08  info Setting config value...   key=level node=couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin section=log value=debug

2017/06/29 16:04:08  info New config successfully applied! key=level node=couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin section=log value=debug

And in the logs you should see [notice] 2017-06-29T12:42:21.558278Z couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin <0.89.0> -------- config: [log] level set to debug for reason nil

Disable maintenance mode

This is a shortcut method to disable the maintenance_mode flag. The reason for this method is that whenever a new node is configured to replicate a shard it is set into maintenance_mode to avoid unconsistent reads while it syncs.

$ couchdb-admin disasble_maintenance_mode --node=couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin

2017/06/29 16:28:52  info Removing maintenance flag... node=couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin

2017/06/29 16:28:52  info Maintenance flag successfully removed! node=couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin

You should see something like this in the logs: [notice] 2017-06-29T13:07:06.470213Z couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin <0.89.0> -------- config: [couchdb] maintenance_mode set to false for reason nil

Database management

Describe database

Gets a database shards ownership from the _dbs endpoint

$ couchdb-admin describe_database --db=testdb

2017/06/29 16:08:04  info Describing database...    db=testdb

&couchdb_admin.Database{
    name:   "testdb",
    config: couchdb_admin.Config{
        Id:        "testdb",
        Rev:       "1-898af88337774f013e7c14fafeb79f75",
        Shards:    {46, 49, 52, 57, 56, 50, 48, 56, 52, 50, 51},
        Changelog: {
            {"add", "00000000-1fffffff", "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "00000000-1fffffff", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "00000000-1fffffff", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "20000000-3fffffff", "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "20000000-3fffffff", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "20000000-3fffffff", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "40000000-5fffffff", "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "40000000-5fffffff", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "40000000-5fffffff", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "60000000-7fffffff", "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "60000000-7fffffff", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "60000000-7fffffff", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "80000000-9fffffff", "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "80000000-9fffffff", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "80000000-9fffffff", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "a0000000-bfffffff", "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "a0000000-bfffffff", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "a0000000-bfffffff", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "c0000000-dfffffff", "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "c0000000-dfffffff", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "c0000000-dfffffff", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "e0000000-ffffffff", "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "e0000000-ffffffff", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "e0000000-ffffffff", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
        },
        ByNode: {
            "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin": {"00000000-1fffffff", "20000000-3fffffff", "40000000-5fffffff", "60000000-7fffffff", "80000000-9fffffff", "a0000000-bfffffff", "c0000000-dfffffff", "e0000000-ffffffff"},
            "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin": {"00000000-1fffffff", "20000000-3fffffff", "40000000-5fffffff", "60000000-7fffffff", "80000000-9fffffff", "a0000000-bfffffff", "c0000000-dfffffff", "e0000000-ffffffff"},
            "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin": {"00000000-1fffffff", "20000000-3fffffff", "40000000-5fffffff", "60000000-7fffffff", "80000000-9fffffff", "a0000000-bfffffff", "c0000000-dfffffff", "e0000000-ffffffff"},
        },
        ByRange: {
            "20000000-3fffffff": {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            "40000000-5fffffff": {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            "60000000-7fffffff": {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            "80000000-9fffffff": {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            "a0000000-bfffffff": {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            "c0000000-dfffffff": {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            "e0000000-ffffffff": {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            "00000000-1fffffff": {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
        },
    },
}

Where we can see that our database has 8 shards and 3 replicas each shard. The ByNode key describes which shards each node is holding whilst ByRange describes which nodes contain which shard. This is a special case as we have only 3 nodes, so each node has a complete copy of all the data.

Create a database

Creates a new database using the PUT /{db} endpoint.

$ couchdb-admin create_db --db=mydb --shards=3 --replicas=2

2017/06/29 16:15:42  info Creating database...      db=mydb replicas=2 shards=3

2017/06/29 16:15:43  info Database successfully created! db=mydb replicas=2 shards=3

Now we can see its layout across nodes.

$ couchdb-admin describe_db --db=mytdb

2017/06/29 16:16:43  info Describing database...    db=mydb

&couchdb_admin.Database{
    name:   "mydb",
    config: couchdb_admin.Config{
        Id:        "mydb",
        Rev:       "1-73e3eedeb4a3304842633c8f695e36c0",
        Shards:    {46, 49, 52, 57, 56, 55, 52, 48, 56, 51, 54},
        Changelog: {
            {"add", "00000000-55555554", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "00000000-55555554", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "55555555-aaaaaaa9", "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "55555555-aaaaaaa9", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "aaaaaaaa-ffffffff", "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "aaaaaaaa-ffffffff", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
        },
        ByNode: {
            "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin": {"55555555-aaaaaaa9", "aaaaaaaa-ffffffff"},
            "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin": {"00000000-55555554", "aaaaaaaa-ffffffff"},
            "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin": {"00000000-55555554", "55555555-aaaaaaa9"},
        },
        ByRange: {
            "55555555-aaaaaaa9": {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            "aaaaaaaa-ffffffff": {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            "00000000-55555554": {"couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
        },
    },
}

Replicate a shard

Configures a node to also be a replica for a particular shard. It follows the procedure described in the official docs.

$ couchdb-admin replicate --shard=55555555-aaaaaaa9 --db=mydb --replica=couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin

2017/06/29 16:21:16  info Replicating shard...      db=mydb replica=couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin shard=55555555-aaaaaaa9

2017/06/29 16:21:16  info Shard successfully replicated db=mydb replica=couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin shard=55555555-aaaaaaa9

2017/06/29 16:21:16  warn Node was sent into maintenance!. Remember to reenable it once it catches up with changes node=couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin

And now describing the db again we can see that the shard 555... is on all nodes and taht couch-1 node holds all three shards!

$ couchdb-admin describe_db --db=mydb

2017/06/29 16:21:57  info Describing database...    db=mydb

&couchdb_admin.Database{
    name:   "mydb",
    config: couchdb_admin.Config{
        Id:        "mydb",
        Rev:       "2-5c965ef57142374eda39b6f4718b6298",
        Shards:    {46, 49, 52, 57, 56, 55, 52, 48, 56, 51, 54},
        Changelog: {
            {"add", "00000000-55555554", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "00000000-55555554", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "55555555-aaaaaaa9", "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "55555555-aaaaaaa9", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "aaaaaaaa-ffffffff", "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "aaaaaaaa-ffffffff", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
        },
        ByNode: {
            "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin": {"55555555-aaaaaaa9", "aaaaaaaa-ffffffff"},
            "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin": {"00000000-55555554", "aaaaaaaa-ffffffff", "55555555-aaaaaaa9"},
            "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin": {"00000000-55555554", "55555555-aaaaaaa9"},
        },
        ByRange: {
            "55555555-aaaaaaa9": {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            "aaaaaaaa-ffffffff": {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            "00000000-55555554": {"couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
        },
    },
}

BEWARE!!!: The node receiving the new replica is automatically set into maintenance mode. You should check the logs for pending changes and once it finishes syncing disable maintenance mode so that it participates in reads again.

Remove a shard's replica

Configures a node to stop being a replica for a particular shard. It follows the procedure described in the official docs.

$ couchdb-admin remove_replica --db=mydb --shard=55555555-aaaaaaa9 --from=couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin

2017/06/29 16:34:47  info Removing shard ownership... db=mydb replica=couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin shard=55555555-aaaaaaa9

2017/06/29 16:34:47  info Replica shard successfully removed! db=mydb replica=couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin shard=55555555-aaaaaaa9

And describing the database layout again we see that couch-1 is no longer replicating shard 555...

$ couchdb-admin describe_db --db=mydb

2017/06/29 16:35:48  info Describing database...    db=mydb

&couchdb_admin.Database{
    name:   "mydb",
    config: couchdb_admin.Config{
        Id:        "mydb",
        Rev:       "3-64420ae508c9ad647f615d5d823ec9b8",
        Shards:    {46, 49, 52, 57, 56, 55, 52, 48, 56, 51, 54},
        Changelog: {
            {"add", "00000000-55555554", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "00000000-55555554", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "55555555-aaaaaaa9", "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "55555555-aaaaaaa9", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "aaaaaaaa-ffffffff", "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            {"add", "aaaaaaaa-ffffffff", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
        },
        ByNode: {
            "couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin": {"55555555-aaaaaaa9", "aaaaaaaa-ffffffff"},
            "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin": {"00000000-55555554", "aaaaaaaa-ffffffff"},
            "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin": {"00000000-55555554", "55555555-aaaaaaa9"},
        },
        ByRange: {
            "00000000-55555554": {"couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            "55555555-aaaaaaa9": {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-2.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
            "aaaaaaaa-ffffffff": {"couchdb@couch-0.couchdb2-replica-admin", "couchdb@couch-1.couchdb2-replica-admin"},
        },
    },
}

Vendoring

couchdb-admin currently uses Glide for vendoring.

Developing couchdb-admin

If you wish to work on couchdb-admin you'll first need Go installed (version 1.8+ is required). Make sure you have Go properly installed, including setting up your GOPATH.

Next, clone this repository into $GOPATH/src/github.com/cabify/couchdb-admin. Then enter into the directory cli/couchdb-admin and type:

$ make all

This will generate a binary file couchdb-admin which you can now play with. In case you are running on macOS type make darwin instead.