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xcaddy - Custom Caddy Builder

This command line tool and associated Go package makes it easy to make custom builds of the Caddy Web Server.

It is used heavily by Caddy plugin developers as well as anyone who wishes to make custom caddy binaries (with or without plugins).

Stay updated, be aware of changes, and please submit feedback! Thanks!

Requirements

Install

You can download binaries that are already compiled for your platform from the Release tab.

You may also build xcaddy from source:

$ go install github.com/caddyserver/xcaddy/cmd/xcaddy@latest

For Debian, Ubuntu, and Raspbian, an xcaddy package is available from our Cloudsmith repo:

sudo apt install -y debian-keyring debian-archive-keyring apt-transport-https
curl -1sLf 'https://dl.cloudsmith.io/public/caddy/xcaddy/gpg.key' | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/caddy-xcaddy-archive-keyring.gpg
curl -1sLf 'https://dl.cloudsmith.io/public/caddy/xcaddy/debian.deb.txt' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/caddy-xcaddy.list
sudo apt update
sudo apt install xcaddy

Command usage

The xcaddy command has two primary uses:

  1. Compile custom caddy binaries
  2. A replacement for go run while developing Caddy plugins

The xcaddy command will use the latest version of Caddy by default. You can customize this for all invocations by setting the CADDY_VERSION environment variable.

As usual with go command, the xcaddy command will pass the GOOS, GOARCH, and GOARM environment variables through for cross-compilation.

Custom builds

Syntax:

$ xcaddy build [<caddy_version>]
    [--output <file>]
    [--with <module[@version][=replacement]>...]
  • <caddy_version> is the core Caddy version to build; defaults to CADDY_VERSION env variable or latest.
    This can be the keyword latest, which will use the latest stable tag, or any git ref such as:

    • A tag like v2.0.1
    • A branch like master
    • A commit like a58f240d3ecbb59285303746406cab50217f8d24
  • --output changes the output file.

  • --with can be used multiple times to add plugins by specifying the Go module name and optionally its version, similar to go get. Module name is required, but specific version and/or local replacement are optional.

Examples:

$ xcaddy build \
    --with github.com/caddyserver/ntlm-transport

$ xcaddy build v2.0.1 \
    --with github.com/caddyserver/ntlm-transport@v0.1.1

$ xcaddy build master \
    --with github.com/caddyserver/ntlm-transport

$ xcaddy build a58f240d3ecbb59285303746406cab50217f8d24 \
    --with github.com/caddyserver/ntlm-transport

$ xcaddy build \
    --with github.com/caddyserver/ntlm-transport=../../my-fork

$ xcaddy build \
    --with github.com/caddyserver/ntlm-transport@v0.1.1=../../my-fork

You can even replace Caddy core using the --with flag:

$ xcaddy build \
    --with github.com/caddyserver/caddy/v2=../../my-caddy-fork

This allows you to hack on Caddy core (and optionally plug in extra modules at the same time!) with relative ease.

For plugin development

If you run xcaddy from within the folder of the Caddy plugin you're working on without the build subcommand, it will build Caddy with your current module and run it, as if you manually plugged it in and invoked go run.

The binary will be built and run from the current directory, then cleaned up.

The current working directory must be inside an initialized Go module.

Syntax:

$ xcaddy <args...>
  • <args...> are passed through to the caddy command.

For example:

$ xcaddy list-modules
$ xcaddy run
$ xcaddy run --config caddy.json

The race detector can be enabled by setting XCADDY_RACE_DETECTOR=1. The DWARF debug info can be enabled by setting XCADDY_DEBUG=1.

Getting xcaddy's version

$ xcaddy version

Library usage

builder := xcaddy.Builder{
	CaddyVersion: "v2.0.0",
	Plugins: []xcaddy.Dependency{
		{
			ModulePath: "github.com/caddyserver/ntlm-transport",
			Version:    "v0.1.1",
		},
	},
}
err := builder.Build(context.Background(), "./caddy")

Versions can be anything compatible with go get.

Environment variables

Because the subcommands and flags are constrained to benefit rapid plugin prototyping, xcaddy does read some environment variables to take cues for its behavior and/or configuration when there is no room for flags.

  • CADDY_VERSION sets the version of Caddy to build.
  • XCADDY_RACE_DETECTOR=1 enables the Go race detector in the build.
  • XCADDY_DEBUG=1 enables the DWARF debug information in the build.
  • XCADDY_SETCAP=1 will run sudo setcap cap_net_bind_service=+ep on the temporary binary before running it when in dev mode.
  • XCADDY_SKIP_BUILD=1 causes xcaddy to not compile the program, it is used in conjunction with build tools such as GoReleaser. Implies XCADDY_SKIP_CLEANUP=1.
  • XCADDY_SKIP_CLEANUP=1 causes xcaddy to leave build artifacts on disk after exiting.
  • XCADDY_WHICH_GO sets the go command to use when for example more then 1 version of go is installed.
  • XCADDY_GO_BUILD_FLAGS overrides default build arguments. Supports Unix-style shell quoting, for example: XCADDY_GO_BUILD_FLAGS="-ldflags '-w s'".

© 2020 Matthew Holt