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<?php
/**
* Model behaviors base class.
*
* Adds methods and automagic functionality to Cake Models.
*
* PHP 5
*
* CakePHP(tm) : Rapid Development Framework (http://cakephp.org)
* Copyright 2005-2011, Cake Software Foundation, Inc. (http://cakefoundation.org)
*
* Licensed under The MIT License
* Redistributions of files must retain the above copyright notice.
*
* @copyright Copyright 2005-2011, Cake Software Foundation, Inc. (http://cakefoundation.org)
* @link http://cakephp.org CakePHP(tm) Project
* @package Cake.Model
* @since CakePHP(tm) v 1.2.0.0
* @license MIT License (http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php)
*/
/**
* Model behavior base class.
*
* Defines the Behavior interface, and contains common model interaction functionality. Behaviors
* allow you to simulate mixins, and create reusable blocks of application logic, that can be reused across
* several models. Behaviors also provide a way to hook into model callbacks and augment their behavior.
*
* ### Mixin methods
*
* Behaviors can provide mixin like features by declaring public methods. These methods should expect
* the model instance to be shifted onto the parameter list.
*
* {{{
* function doSomething(Model $model, $arg1, $arg2) {
* //do something
* }
* }}}
*
* Would be called like `$this->Model->doSomething($arg1, $arg2);`.
*
* ### Mapped methods
*
* Behaviors can also define mapped methods. Mapped methods use pattern matching for method invocation. This
* allows you to create methods similar to Model::findAllByXXX methods on your behaviors. Mapped methods need to
* be declared in your behaviors `$mapMethods` array. The method signature for a mapped method is slightly different
* than a normal behavior mixin method.
*
* {{{
* public $mapMethods = array('/do(\w+)/' => 'doSomething');
*
* function doSomething(Model $model, $method, $arg1, $arg2) {
* //do something
* }
* }}}
*
* The above will map every doXXX() method call to the behavior. As you can see, the model is
* still the first parameter, but the called method name will be the 2nd parameter. This allows
* you to munge the method name for additional information, much like Model::findAllByXX.
*
* @package Cake.Model
* @see Model::$actsAs
* @see BehaviorCollection::load()
*/
class ModelBehavior extends Object {
/**
* Contains configuration settings for use with individual model objects. This
* is used because if multiple models use this Behavior, each will use the same
* object instance. Individual model settings should be stored as an
* associative array, keyed off of the model name.
*
* @var array
* @see Model::$alias
*/
public $settings = array();
/**
* Allows the mapping of preg-compatible regular expressions to public or
* private methods in this class, where the array key is a /-delimited regular
* expression, and the value is a class method. Similar to the functionality of
* the findBy* / findAllBy* magic methods.
*
* @var array
*/
public $mapMethods = array();
/**
* Setup this behavior with the specified configuration settings.
*
* @param Model $model Model using this behavior
* @param array $config Configuration settings for $model
* @return void
*/
public function setup(Model $model, $config = array()) { }
/**
* Clean up any initialization this behavior has done on a model. Called when a behavior is dynamically
* detached from a model using Model::detach().
*
* @param Model $model Model using this behavior
* @return void
* @see BehaviorCollection::detach()
*/
public function cleanup(Model $model) {
if (isset($this->settings[$model->alias])) {
unset($this->settings[$model->alias]);
}
}
/**
* beforeFind can be used to cancel find operations, or modify the query that will be executed.
* By returning null/false you can abort a find. By returning an array you can modify/replace the query
* that is going to be run.
*
* @param Model $model Model using this behavior
* @param array $query Data used to execute this query, i.e. conditions, order, etc.
* @return boolean|array False or null will abort the operation. You can return an array to replace the
* $query that will be eventually run.
*/
public function beforeFind(Model $model, $query) {
return true;
}
/**
* After find callback. Can be used to modify any results returned by find.
*
* @param Model $model Model using this behavior
* @param mixed $results The results of the find operation
* @param boolean $primary Whether this model is being queried directly (vs. being queried as an association)
* @return mixed An array value will replace the value of $results - any other value will be ignored.
*/
public function afterFind(Model $model, $results, $primary) { }
/**
* beforeValidate is called before a model is validated, you can use this callback to
* add behavior validation rules into a models validate array. Returning false
* will allow you to make the validation fail.
*
* @param Model $model Model using this behavior
* @return mixed False or null will abort the operation. Any other result will continue.
*/
public function beforeValidate(Model $model) {
return true;
}
/**
* beforeSave is called before a model is saved. Returning false from a beforeSave callback
* will abort the save operation.
*
* @param Model $model Model using this behavior
* @return mixed False if the operation should abort. Any other result will continue.
*/
public function beforeSave(Model $model) {
return true;
}
/**
* afterSave is called after a model is saved.
*
* @param Model $model Model using this behavior
* @param boolean $created True if this save created a new record
* @return boolean
*/
public function afterSave(Model $model, $created) {
return true;
}
/**
* Before delete is called before any delete occurs on the attached model, but after the model's
* beforeDelete is called. Returning false from a beforeDelete will abort the delete.
*
* @param Model $model Model using this behavior
* @param boolean $cascade If true records that depend on this record will also be deleted
* @return mixed False if the operation should abort. Any other result will continue.
*/
public function beforeDelete(Model $model, $cascade = true) {
return true;
}
/**
* After delete is called after any delete occurs on the attached model.
*
* @param Model $model Model using this behavior
* @return void
*/
public function afterDelete(Model $model) { }
/**
* DataSource error callback
*
* @param Model $model Model using this behavior
* @param string $error Error generated in DataSource
* @return void
*/
public function onError(Model $model, $error) { }
/**
* If $model's whitelist property is non-empty, $field will be added to it.
* Note: this method should *only* be used in beforeValidate or beforeSave to ensure
* that it only modifies the whitelist for the current save operation. Also make sure
* you explicitly set the value of the field which you are allowing.
*
* @param Model $model Model using this behavior
* @param string $field Field to be added to $model's whitelist
* @return void
*/
protected function _addToWhitelist(Model $model, $field) {
if (is_array($field)) {
foreach ($field as $f) {
$this->_addToWhitelist($model, $f);
}
return;
}
if (!empty($model->whitelist) && !in_array($field, $model->whitelist)) {
$model->whitelist[] = $field;
}
}
}
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