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Automated Functional testing for Android based on cucumber
Java Ruby HTML JavaScript GAP Cucumber
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Calabash-Android lets you run Cucumber features on your Android device or emulator. A Cucumber feature could look something like this:

Feature: Login feature
  Scenario: As a valid user I can log into my app
    Given I am a valid user
    And I enter my username
    And I enter my password
    And I press "Login"
    Then I see "Welcome to coolest app ever"

You can run your Calabash features on multiple devices using

If you have any questions on Calabash-Android, please use the Google group


The documention is split into the following sections:

Generate a Cucumber skeleton

To get started with calabash it might be a good idea to run calabash-android gen. It will create a Cucumber skeleton in the current folder like this:

| |_app_installation_hooks.rb
| |_app_life_cycle_hooks.rb
| |_env.rb
| |_calabash_steps.rb

In this skeleton you find all the predefined steps that comes with calabash. Try to take a look my_first.feature and change it to fit your app.

Writing a test

The Cucumber features goes in the features library and should have the ".feature" extension.

You can start out by looking at features/my_first.feature. You can extend this feature or make your own using some of the predefined steps that comes with Calabash.

Running test

To run your test:

calabash-android run <apk>

Calabash-android will install an instrumentation along with your app when executing the app. We call this instrumentation for "test server". The "test server" has special permission that allows it to interact very closely with your app during test. Everytime you test a new binary or use an upgraded version of calabash a new test server will be build. The test server is an intrumentation that will run along with your app on the device to execute the test.

Screenshot location

Screenshots are placed in the current working directory by default. The location can be changed by setting the SCREENSHOT_PATH environment variable.

SCREENSHOT_PATH=/tmp/foo/ calabash-android run

would cause the first screenshot to appear at /tmp/foo/screenshot_0.png.

Predefined steps

The predefined steps are located in the features/step_definitions folder. A compiled list of predefined steps with comments is available here


Problems clicking on buttons and text

If it seems that buttons/text aren't being clicked properly, you need to add the following xml to your AndroidManifest.xml:

<uses-sdk android:targetSdkVersion="SDK_VERSION" />

Where SDK_VERSION is the version of the Android SDK you are using. Version numbers can be found here

For example, Android 4.0 uses version 14, Android 4.0.3 uses version 15 and Android 4.1 uses version 16.

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