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Mandelbrot fractal on NVidia GPUs using CUDA dynamic parallelism and Mariani-Silver algorithm
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Mandelbrot fractal with CUDA dynamic parallelism (sample) INTRO This is a set of two samples that both create an image of the Mandelbrot fractal on NVidia GPUs with and without dynamic parallelism. Each sample has its own directory: mandelbrot/ - without dynamic parallelism mandelbrot-dyn/ - with dynamic parallelism The sample without dynamic parallelism uses escape time algorithm (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandelbrot_fractal#Escape_time_algorithm) to compute the dwell on the GPU. The dynamic parallelism sample uses the hierarchical Mariani-Silver algorithm (see, e.g., http://mrob.com/pub/muency/marianisilveralgorithm.html). In both cases, final coloring is done on the CPU, just to make the code clearer. Depending on the image size and maximum dwell, the dynamic parallelism version is 1.3-6x faster than the version where each pixel is evaluated. This code has been developed by Andrew V. Adinetz, who is employed as researcher in Juelich Supercomputing Centre, Forschungszentrum Juelich. This code is property of Forschungszentrum Juelich. Users can modify and/or distribute code free of charge, provided that this notice is retained. These samples have been primarily developed for educational purposes. They have been used, e.g., in a lecture on CUDA dynamic parallelism in Advanced GPU Programming course in Forschungszentrum Juelich (http://www.fz-juelich.de/ias/jsc/EN/Expertise/Services/Documentation/presentations/presentation-adv-gpu_table.html). Other users can freely use this code for teaching, illustrative or copy-paste purposes, if the link to the original source is provided. REQUIREMENTS For both: - Unix-like OS (tested on Linux) - libpng (to save the generated image) For Mandelbrot without dynamic parallelism: - CUDA 4.0 or higher - NVidia GPU with Compute Capability 2.0 or higher (= Fermi or higher) For Mandelbrot with dynamic parallelism: - CUDA 5.0 or higher - NVidia GPU with Compute Capability 3.5 or higher (= Kepler K20 or higher) COMPILING AND RUNNING The following commands should be executed in the directory of the corresponding sample. To compile a sample, execute the following command: make To compile and run a sample, execute the following command: make run Upon running successfully, the sample will create the PNG image of Mandelbrot fractal (mandelbrot.png). The resolution of the image and the maximum dwell used to generate it are set in the source code of the sample using W, H and MAX_DWELL constants, respectively.