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Behaviors

A (really) simple way to check a modules exports in node.js.

This module is useful for projects implementing a plugin-style API, where warning the developer of missing or invalid exports is more friendly than simply starting up a server and letting all hell break loose.

This approach is similar to behaviors in Erlang (hence the name), where a module is checked for required callbacks at compile time. In this case, we check a module when it is require()'d.

Usage

An example behavior description module (it could also just be an object):

exports.id = [Number, String];
exports.name = [String, undefined];
exports.init = Function;
exports.reserved = undefined;

A module implementing this behavior MUST export an id of type Number or String, and an init function. It MUST NOT export 'reserved' (unless it exports undefined as its value). It MAY export name, which must be a string.

Using a behavior description:

var behaviors = require('behaviors');
var plugin_behavior = require('./behaviors/plugin_behavior');

var plugin1 = behaviors.require('./plugins/plugin1', plugin_behavior);

In the above example, an exception will be thrown if plugin1 does not meet the requirements defined in plugin_behavior. The exception message will show some useful information on whether an expected property was the wrong type or missing.

Supported Export Types

  • Boolean
  • Function
  • Number
  • Object
  • String
  • null
  • undefined

Tests

To run the tests you'll need to get testrunner, which is a submodule in this respository. This can be done by the following commands:

git submodule init
git submodule update

The tests can then be run by doing:

node test.js
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