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Deploy Laravel applications with Capistrano v3.*


If managing your Capistrano deploy as a ruby project, add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'capistrano', '~> 3.0.0'
gem 'capistrano-laravel'

And then execute:


Or install it yourself as:

gem install capistrano-laravel

Setting up Capistrano

After installing Capistrano, you can use it to initialize a skeleton configuration. To setup Capistrano, please follow the documentation provided on their website:

This will generate the following files:

├── Capfile                # Used to manage Capistrano and its dependencies
├── config
│   ├── deploy
│   │   ├── production.rb  # Configuration for production environment
│   │   └── staging.rb     # Configuration for staging environment
│   └── deploy.rb          # Common configuration for all environments
└── lib
    └── capistrano
        └── tasks          # Customized Capistrano tasks for your project


Require the module in your Capfile:

require 'capistrano/laravel'


The gem makes the following configuration variables available (shown with defaults).

# Which roles to consider as laravel roles
set :laravel_roles, :all

# The artisan flags to include on artisan commands by default
set :laravel_artisan_flags, "--env=#{fetch(:stage)}"

# Which roles to use for running migrations
set :laravel_migration_roles, :all

# The artisan flags to include on artisan commands by default when running migrations
set :laravel_migration_artisan_flags, "--force --env=#{fetch(:stage)}"

# The version of laravel being deployed
set :laravel_version, 5.3

# Whether to upload the dotenv file on deploy
set :laravel_upload_dotenv_file_on_deploy, true

# Which dotenv file to transfer to the server
set :laravel_dotenv_file, './.env'

# The user that the server is running under (used for ACLs)
set :laravel_server_user, 'www-data'

# Ensure the dirs in :linked_dirs exist?
set :laravel_ensure_linked_dirs_exist, true

# Link the directores in laravel_linked_dirs?
set :laravel_set_linked_dirs, true

# Linked directories for a standard Laravel 4 application
set :laravel_4_linked_dirs, [

# Linked directories for a standard Laravel 5 application
set :laravel_5_linked_dirs, [

# Ensure the paths in :file_permissions_paths exist?
set :laravel_ensure_acl_paths_exist, true

# Set ACLs for the paths in laravel_acl_paths?
set :laravel_set_acl_paths, true

# Paths that should have ACLs set for a standard Laravel 4 application
set :laravel_4_acl_paths, [

# Paths that should have ACLs set for a standard Laravel 5 application
set :laravel_5_acl_paths, [


The following tasks are added to your deploy automagically when adding capistrano/laravel to your deploy.

before 'deploy:starting', 'laravel:resolve_linked_dirs'
before 'deploy:starting', 'laravel:resolve_acl_paths'
after  'deploy:starting', 'laravel:ensure_linked_dirs_exist'
before 'deploy:updating', 'laravel:ensure_acl_paths_exist'
before 'deploy:updated',  'deploy:set_permissions:acl'
before 'deploy:updated',  'laravel:upload_dotenv_file'
after  'composer:run',    'laravel:storage_link'
after  'composer:run',    'laravel:optimize'

Task Descriptions

# Determine which folders, if any, to use for linked directories.
invoke 'laravel:resolve_linked_dirs'

# Determine which paths, if any, to have ACL permissions set.
invoke 'laravel:resolve_acl_paths'

# Ensure that linked dirs exist.
invoke 'laravel:ensure_linked_dirs_exist'

# Ensure that ACL paths exist.
invoke 'laravel:ensure_acl_paths_exist'

# Upload dotenv file for release.
invoke 'laravel:upload_dotenv_file'

# Execute a provided artisan command.
# Replace :command_name with the command to execute
invoke 'laravel:artisan[:command_name]'

# Create a cache file for faster configuration loading
invoke 'laravel:config_cache'

# Create a route cache file for faster route registration
invoke 'laravel:route_cache'

# Optimize the framework for better performance.
invoke 'laravel:optimize'

# Create a symbolic link from "public/storage" to "storage/app/public"
invoke 'laravel:storage_link'

# Run the database migrations.
invoke 'laravel:migrate'

# Rollback the last database migration.
invoke 'laravel:migrate_rollback'


After checking out the repo, run bin/setup to install dependencies. Then, run rake spec to run the tests. You can also run bin/console for an interactive prompt that will allow you to experiment.

To install this gem onto your local machine, run bundle exec rake install. To release a new version, update the version number in version.rb, and then run bundle exec rake release, which will create a git tag for the version, push git commits and tags, and push the .gem file to


Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at


The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.


Gem for deploying Laravel projects with capistrano v3.*







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