Django Gubbins is a collection of useful snippets for enhancing or replacing functionality within Django.
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Latest commit d94e910 Dec 4, 2015 @carlio Adding obsoletion notice

README.md

django-gubbins

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Django Gubbins is a collection of useful snippets for enhancing or replacing functionality within Django.

OBSOLETE

Note: work on this project has been abandoned. Better alternatives exist for everything included here. See for example the django-model-utils project for a replacement InheritanceManager implementation

Models

Automatic downcasting to model subclasses

This is for the case when you have a model hierarchy, with several models inheriting from a base class, and you want to query the base class but get instances of the subclasses out of the query set.

Example:

class MyBaseModel(models.Model):
    ... fields ...
    def some_function(self):
        return 'base!'

class MyModel(MyBaseModel):
    ... fields ...
    def some_function(self):
        return 'subclass'

class MyModel2(MyBaseModel):
    ... fields ...
    def some_function(self):
        return 'subclass2'

With the standard Django Manager, querying MyBaseModel will return MyBaseModel instances, so that some_function will return base!. If you want to be able to get an instance of MyModel or MyModel2 instead, you can use the InheritanceManager:

from gubbins.db.manager import InheritanceManager

class MyBaseModel(models.Model):
    manager = InheritanceManager()
    ... 

From now on any queryset on MyBaseModel will correctly downcast to the subclass.

See http://jeffelmore.org/tag/django-python-inheritance-downcasting-orm-polymorphism-queryset/

Fields

EnumField

EnumField provides an easy way to have a model field which only accepts some values, and at the same time makes it easy to reference those values in your code.

Usage example:

from gubbins.db.field import EnumField

class FruitField(EnumField):
    BANANA = 'b'
    APPLE = 'a'
    TOMATO = 't'

class MyLovelyModel(models.Model):
    fruit = FruitField(null=True, default=FruitField.BANANA)
    ...

An EnumField is simply a standard Django CharField with some additional helping methods.

You can use the constants defined on your field class throughout your code, thus improving readability and

def make_everything_apples():
    MyLovelyModel.objects.update(fruit=FruitField.APPLE)
    return 'mmm'

Note: the names of the values on your class must be entirely uppercase or they will be ignored.

You can pass any arguments into the constructor, and they will be passed on to CharField, with two excpetions: firstly, choices is set automatically so you cannot specify it yourself. Secondly, max_length will be adhered to after a sanity check to ensure all of the defined values can fit. If max_length is not specified, then the length of the largest value will be used.

Using an unspecified value will result in a ValueError when trying to save the model:

>>> m = MyLovelyModel()
>>> m.fruit = 'carrot'
>>> m.save()
  ...
ValueError: carrot is not an acceptable value for this field

JSONField

gubbins.db.field.JSONField allows you to store JSON strings in a database. It automatically uses json.loads and json.dumps to convert to and from strings.

This was taken from the django-annoying project due to various shortcomings in the original and the lack of activity on the original repo; hopefully this version will fix and improve upon the original.

Usage:

from gubbins.db.field import JSONField

class MyLovelyModel(models.Model):
    some_data  = JSONField()

# you can set a dictionary as the value and it will be automatically converted    
>>> my_model = MyLovelyModel()
>>> my_model.some_data = {'a': 1, 'b': 'fish', 'woo': [1, 'f', 5]}
>>> my_model.save()

# the values will be available as dictionaries once again after loading
>>> my_model = MyLovelyModel.objects.get(pk=1)
>>> print my_model.some_data['woo'][1:]
['f', 5]

Note that there are likely to be several outstanding bugs (for example you can't correctly update JSON fields in the admin), please file an issue if you find one.

URLs

ReusableAppURLs

ReusableAppURLs is a simple way to create the correct URL configuration for a reusable django app.

Usage:

myapp/urls.py
   urlpatterns = ...
   urls = ReusableApp('myapp', urlpatterns)


project_name/urls.py
   urlpatterns = patterns(r'^path/', myapp.urls.urls())

   # or with instance namespace
   urlpatterns = patterns(r'^path/', myapp.urls.urls('myapp1'))

Files

SlowFileUploadHandler

SlowFileUploadHandler can be used to really slow down handling of file uploads. This is an implementation of the Django file upload handler which will sleep between processing chunks in order to simulate a slow upload. This is intended for development when creating features such as an AJAXy file upload progress bar, as uploading to a local process is often too quick.

You can either use it globally or per request, see the Django file upload documentation for information on how.

It is recommended to use this based on the DEBUG setting to prevent accidentally enabling this on live.