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GEOFFREY CHAUCER. 1328-1400.
(_From the text of Tyrwhitt._)
WHANNE that April with his shoures sote
The droughte of March hath perced to the rote.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 1._
And smale foules maken melodie,
That slepen alle night with open eye,
So priketh hem nature in hir corages;
Than longen folk to gon on pilgrimages.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 9._
And of his port as meke as is a mayde.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 69._
He was a veray parfit gentil knight.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 72._
He coude songes make, and wel endite.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 95._
Ful wel she sange the service devine,
Entuned in hire nose ful swetely;
And Frenche she spake ful fayre and fetisly,
After the scole of Stratford atte bowe,
For Frenche of Paris was to hire unknowe.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 122._
A Clerk ther was of Oxenforde also.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 287._
For him was lever han at his beddes hed
A twenty bokes, clothed in black or red,
Of Aristotle, and his philosophie,
Than robes riche, or fidel, or sautrie.
But all be that he was a philosophre,
Yet hadde he but litel gold in cofre.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 295._
And gladly wolde he lerne, and gladly teche.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 310._
Nowher so besy a man as he ther n' as,
And yet he semed besier than he was.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 323._
His studie was but litel on the Bible.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 440._
For gold in phisike is a cordial;
Therefore he loved gold in special.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 445._
Wide was his parish, and houses fer asonder.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 493._
This noble ensample to his shepe he yaf,--
That first he wrought, and afterwards he taught.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 498._
But Cristes lore, and his apostles twelve,
He taught; but first he folwed it himselve.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 529._
And yet he had a thomb of gold parde.[2-1]
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 565._
Who so shall telle a tale after a man,
He moste reherse, as neighe as ever he can,
Everich word, if it be in his charge,
All speke he never so rudely and so large;
Or elles he moste tellen his tale untrewe,
Or feinen thinges, or finden wordes newe.
_Canterbury Tales. Prologue. Line 733._
For May wol have no slogardie a-night.
The seson priketh every gentil herte,
And maketh him out of his slepe to sterte.
_Canterbury Tales. The Knightes Tale. Line 1044._
That field hath eyen, and the wood hath ears.[2-2]
_Canterbury Tales. The Knightes Tale. Line 1524._
Up rose the sonne, and up rose Emelie.
_Canterbury Tales. The Knightes Tale. Line 2275._
Min be the travaille, and thin be the glorie.
_Canterbury Tales. The Knightes Tale. Line 2408._
To maken vertue of necessite.[3-1]
_Canterbury Tales. The Knightes Tale. Line 3044._
And brought of mighty ale a large quart.
_Canterbury Tales. The Milleres Tale. Line 3497._
Ther n' is no werkman whatever he be,
That may both werken wel and hastily.[3-2]
This wol be done at leisure parfitly.[3-3]
_Canterbury Tales. The Marchantes Tale. Line 585._
Yet in our ashen cold is fire yreken.[3-4]
_Canterbury Tales. The Reves Prologue. Line 3880._
The gretest clerkes ben not the wisest men.
_Canterbury Tales. The Reves Tale. Line 4051._
So was hire joly whistle wel ywette.
_Canterbury Tales. The Reves Tale. Line 4153._
In his owen grese I made him frie.[3-5]
_Canterbury Tales. The Reves Tale. Line 6069._
And for to see, and eek for to be seie.[3-6]
_Canterbury Tales. The Wif of Bathes Prologue. Line 6134._
I hold a mouses wit not worth a leke,
That hath but on hole for to sterten to.[4-1]
_Canterbury Tales. The Wif of Bathes Prologue. Line 6154._
Loke who that is most vertuous alway,
Prive and apert, and most entendeth ay
To do the gentil dedes that he can,
And take him for the gretest gentilman.
_Canterbury Tales. The Wif of Bathes Tale. Line 6695._
That he is gentil that doth gentil dedis.[4-2]
_Canterbury Tales. The Wif of Bathes Tale. Line 6752._
This flour of wifly patience.
_Canterbury Tales. The Clerkes Tale. Part v. Line 8797._
They demen gladly to the badder end.
_Canterbury Tales. The Squieres Tale. Line 10538._
Therefore behoveth him a ful long spone,
That shall eat with a fend.[4-3]
_Canterbury Tales. The Squieres Tale. Line 10916._
Fie on possession,
But if a man be vertuous withal.
_Canterbury Tales. The Frankeleines Prologue. Line 10998._
Truth is the highest thing that man may keep.
_Canterbury Tales. The Frankeleines Tale. Line 11789._
Full wise is he that can himselven knowe.[4-4]
_Canterbury Tales. The Monkes Tale. Line 1449._
Mordre wol out, that see we day by day.[5-1]
_Canterbury Tales. The Nonnes Preestes Tale. Line 15058._
But all thing which that shineth as the gold
Ne is no gold, as I have herd it told.[5-2]
_Canterbury Tales. The Chanones Yemannes Tale. Line 16430._
The firste vertue, sone, if thou wilt lere,
Is to restreine and kepen wel thy tonge.
_Canterbury Tales. The Manciples Tale. Line 17281._
The proverbe saith that many a smale maketh a grate.[5-3]
_Canterbury Tales. Persones Tale._
Of harmes two the lesse is for to cheese.[5-4]
_Troilus and Creseide. Book ii. Line 470._
Right as an aspen lefe she gan to quake.
_Troilus and Creseide. Book ii. Line 1201._
For of fortunes sharpe adversite,
The worst kind of infortune is this,--
A man that hath been in prosperite,
And it remember whan it passed is.
_Troilus and Creseide. Book iii. Line 1625._
He helde about him alway, out of drede,
A world of folke.
_Troilus and Creseide. Book iii. Line 1721._
One eare it heard, at the other out it went.[6-1]
_Troilus and Creseide. Book iv. Line 435._
Eke wonder last but nine deies never in toun.[6-2]
_Troilus and Creseide. Book iv. Line 525._
I am right sorry for your heavinesse.
_Troilus and Creseide. Book v. Line 146._
Go, little booke! go, my little tragedie!
_Troilus and Creseide. Book v. Line 1798._
Your duty is, as ferre as I can gesse.
_The Court of Love. Line 178._
The lyfe so short, the craft so long to lerne,[6-3]
Th' assay so hard, so sharpe the conquering.
_The Assembly of Fowles. Line 1._
For out of the old fieldes, as men saithe,
Cometh al this new corne fro yere to yere;
And out of old bookes, in good faithe,
Cometh al this new science that men lere.
_The Assembly of Fowles. Line 22._
Nature, the vicar of the Almightie Lord.
_The Assembly of Fowles. Line 379._
O little booke, thou art so unconning,
How darst thou put thy-self in prees for drede?
_The Flower and the Leaf. Line 59._
Of all the floures in the mede,
Than love I most these floures white and rede,
Soch that men callen daisies in our toun.
_Prologue of the Legend of Good Women. Line 41._
That well by reason men it call may
The daisie, or els the eye of the day,
The emprise, and floure of floures all.
_Prologue of the Legend of Good Women. Line 183._
For iii may keep a counsel if twain be away.[6-4]
_The Ten Commandments of Love._
FOOTNOTES:
[2-1] In allusion to the proverb, "Every honest miller has a
golden thumb."
[2-2] Fieldes have eies and woodes have eares.--HEYWOOD:
_Proverbes, part ii. chap. v._
Wode has erys, felde has sigt.--_King Edward and the Shepard, MS.
Circa 1300._
Walls have ears.--HAZLITT: _English Proverbs, etc._ (_ed. 1869_)
_p. 446._
[3-1] Also in _Troilus and Cresseide, line 1587._
To make a virtue of necessity.--SHAKESPEARE: _Two Gentlemen of
Verona, act iv. sc. 2._ MATTHEW HENRY: _Comm. on Ps. xxxvii._
DRYDEN: _Palamon and Arcite._
In the additions of Hadrianus Julius to the _Adages_ of Erasmus,
he remarks, under the head of _Necessitatem edere_, that a very
familiar proverb was current among his countrymen,--"Necessitatem
in virtutem commutare" (To make necessity a virtue).
Laudem virtutis necessitati damus (We give to necessity the praise
of virtue).--QUINTILIAN: _Inst. Orat. i. 8. 14._
[3-2] Haste makes waste.--HEYWOOD: _Proverbs, part i. chap. ii._
Nothing can be done at once hastily and prudently.--PUBLIUS SYRUS:
_Maxim 357._
[3-3] Ease and speed in doing a thing do not give the work lasting
solidity or exactness of beauty.--PLUTARCH: _Life of Pericles._
[3-4] E'en in our ashes live their wonted fires.--GRAY: _Elegy,
Stanza 23._
[3-5] Frieth in her own grease.--HEYWOOD: _Proverbs, part i. chap.
xi._
[3-6] To see and to be seen.--BEN JONSON: _Epithalamion, st. iii.
line 4._ GOLDSMITH: _Citizen of the World, letter 71._
Spectatum veniunt, veniunt spectentur ut ipsæ (They come to see;
they come that they themselves may be seen).--OVID: _The Art of
Love, i. 99._
[4-1] Consider the little mouse, how sagacious an animal it is
which never entrusts his life to one hole only.--PLAUTUS:
_Truculentus, act iv. sc. 4._
The mouse that always trusts to one poor hole
Can never be a mouse of any soul.
POPE: _Paraphrase of the Prologue, line 298._
[4-2] Handsome is that handsome does.--GOLDSMITH: _Vicar of
Wakefield, chap. i._
[4-3] Hee must have a long spoon, shall eat with the
devill.--HEYWOOD: _Proverbes, part ii. chap. v._
He must have a long spoon that must eat with the
devil.--SHAKESPEARE: _Comedy of Errors, act iv. sc. 3._
[4-4] Thales was asked what was very difficult; he said, "To know
one's self."--DIOGENES LAERTIUS: _Thales, ix._
Know then thyself, presume not God to scan;
The proper study of mankind is man.
POPE: _Epistle ii. line 1._
[5-1]
Murder, though it have no tongue, will speak
With most miraculous organ.
SHAKESPEARE: _Hamlet, act ii. sc. 2._
[5-2] Tyrwhitt says this is taken from the _Parabolae_ of ALANUS
DE INSULIS, who died in 1294,--Non teneas aurum totum quod
splendet ut aurum (Do not hold everything as gold which shines
like gold).
All is not golde that outward shewith bright.--LYDGATE: _On the
Mutability of Human Affairs._
Gold all is not that doth golden seem.--SPENSER: _Faerie Queene,
book ii. canto viii. st. 14._
All that glisters is not gold.--SHAKESPEARE: _Merchant of Venice,
act ii. sc. 7._ GOOGE: _Eglogs, etc., 1563._ HERBERT: _Jacula
Prudentum._
All is not gold that glisteneth.--MIDDLETON: _A Fair Quarrel,
verse 1._
All, as they say, that glitters is not gold.--DRYDEN: _The Hind
and the Panther._
Que tout n'est pas or c'on voit luire (Everything is not gold that
one sees shining).--_Li Diz de freire Denise Cordelier, circa
1300._
[5-3] Many small make a great.--HEYWOOD: _Proverbes. part i. chap.
xi._
[5-4] Of two evils the less is always to be chosen.--THOMAS À
KEMPIS: _Imitation of Christ, book ii. chap. xii._ HOOKER:
_Polity, book v. chap. lxxxi._
Of two evils I have chose the least.--PRIOR: _Imitation of
Horace._
E duobus malis minimum eligendum (Of two evils, the least should
be chosen).--ERASMUS: _Adages._ CICERO: _De Officiis, iii. 1._
[6-1] Went in at the tone eare and out at the tother.--HEYWOOD:
_Proverbes, part ii. chap. ix._
[6-2] This wonder lasted nine daies.--HEYWOOD: _Proverbes, part
ii. chap. i._
[6-3] Ars longa, vita brevis (Art is long: life is
brief).--HIPPOCRATES: _Aphorism i._
[6-4] Three may keepe counsayle, if two be away.--HEYWOOD:
_Proverbes, part ii. chap. v._
THOMAS À KEMPIS. 1380-1471.
Man proposes, but God disposes.[7-1]
_Imitation of Christ. Book i. Chap. 19._
And when he is out of sight, quickly also is he out of mind.[7-2]
_Imitation of Christ. Book i. Chap. 23._
Of two evils, the less is always to be chosen.[7-3]
_Imitation of Christ. Book iii. Chap. 12._