orgFixLinks.py, a Python Command-Line Utility
Please see Warnings and State of Development below.
Be sure to check out the wiki. There is a cookbook section. Also check out orgFixLinksHighlights.mm, which is readable using Freeplane.
This is a script aspriring to be in this category: http://orgmode.org/worg/org-tools/
I wrote over 800 org files, which reside on my local disk. They consist of simple notes with links to websites and other files on local disk. Broken links would naturally occur as I made changes to files on local disk. Files for some of my favorite subjects would gradually become full of broken links, leaving me unable to make more notes. I could not find a solution online. I am an amateur who has been spending some time learning python, but still has a lot to learn, and this project seemed like the next thing to try.
I have read almost zero org mode documentation. I use org mode to keep simple notes, and am mostly interested in quickly looking up information in my collection of org files. When links are broken, my org files greatly diminish in usefulness.
The goals of this script:
repair links (inside an org file) to files on local disk
Optionally add a header to an org file; this header is a list of incoming links, outgoing links, and tags. This feature is off by default.
The script is a command line utility to be used in the terminal. Currently it is known to run in the Ubuntu OS only. Display its help message:
python orgFixLinks.py -h
Warnings and State of Development
WARNING this python script is amateur work
WARNING bugs are still regularly appearing. Comprehensively testing this
code is not easy; there is now a test script:
orgFixLinksTests.py. First run
the test script. If it finds a problem, fixing that problem is recommended
before operating on your files.
orgFixLinks.py can screw up your files. Please first backup your files.
orgFixLinks.py does not recognize all possible org file characteristics and may trample
them (backup first; dry run mode first)
WARNING org mode in emacs can change and this script can break as a result
WARNING intended for experienced users only
WARNING tags that are all caps are changed to all lowercase; if you know
python, this is easy to change
The script is amateur work that overwrites files on your local disk. If you are not ready, willing, and able to restore all your files from backups, don't run this.
WARNING only known to work in
Ubuntu 14.04, with default bash
recommended but optional: set up a virtual environment (http://docs.python-guide.org/en/latest/dev/virtualenvs/)
emacs 24.3.1 and org mode 7.9.3f
pudb (debugger) not required, but useful; script has a flag to run it.
pip list in my virtual environment:
In terminal, typing
python orgFixLinks.py -h prints the usage message:
`Before running orgFixLinks.py on your org files, first run orgFixLinksTests.py, and resolve any errors it reports example of running orgFixLinks.py: python -O orgFixLinks.py -uD -f /home/userName/Documents/myOrgFilename.org -N 20 -t 300 flags with no input argument: -h, --help: show this help blurb -H, --addHeader: add a header to org files; default is to not add a header to any org file -u, --userFixesLinks: when automatic link repair fails and it makes sense to do so, prompt user to fix broken links manually (menu-driven) -n, --noSpideringStopViaKeystroke: normally spidering can be stopped via typing anything then hitting enter key; -n disables this. also set by -d. -d, --debug: run script in pudb. additionally sets -n. -D, --dryRun: make no changes to org files on disk. make a copy of database and make changes to the copy. -l, --showLog: display log file in terminal after operating on each org file; this gives user time to inspect a rewritten org file in dry run mode before the file is reverted to original -b, --noBackup: do not make .bak copy of each org file before replacing it on disk -q, --quickMode: when a file has been recently spidered, just look up outward links in database and move to next file to spider, rather than making full representation, repairing links, etc; intention is to speed things up flags that require input argument: -f, --inputFile: supply a file to begin spidering; if no -f, all org files in /home/username/Documents (default) are walked; see also -F, --folderToSpider -L, --loggingLevel: logging to take place above this level. valid inputs: None, debug, info, warning, error, critical; default value None -N, --maxFilesToSpider: max number of files to spider, an integer -t, --maxTimeToSpider: max time to spend spidering (seconds) -F, --folderToSpider: specify a folder to spider in (will spider in this folder and subfolders recursively); default is /home/username/Documents useful python flags: python -O: -O flag turns off assert statements in the script orgFixLinks.py. Assert statements identify associated preconfigured error conditions. Suppressing them via -O flag speeds up script execution. At current state of development of orgFixLinks.py, it is recommended to not use the -O flag. files that affect the behavior of orgFixLinks.py: pastInteractiveRepairs.csv: contains data from past runs of orgFixLinks.py in which a user interactively repaired broken links orgFilesDryRunCopy.sqlite, orgFiles.sqlite: sqlite database used by orgFixLinks.py .OFLDoNotSpider: each line is a pattern corresponding to files or folders that will not be spidered. Each line is interpreted to match files/folders on disk using the Python module glob.glob. Any folder will blacklist all files whose path contains that folder. .OFLDoNotRepairLinks: same as .OFLDoNotSpider, but broken links to matching files/folders will not be repaired. Also, the matches will not be used to repair broken links.`
For further details, please check out the wiki.
Search inside orgFixLinks.py for comments that include the text 'setting'
Blacklisting for spidering and repairing links is essential since many users will have a subset of their files that they do not want orgFixLinks.py to modify. To control blacklisting, create configuration files .OFLDoNotSpider, .OFLDoNotRepairLinks. Each line is interpreted using glob.glob: see a PyMOTW article.
Example configuration file contents:
# this is a comment
There are further blacklisting controls inside orgFixLinks.py, primarily two lists of individual folder names (e.g. 'env', 'venv') for blacklisting; find them via text search for 'setting.'
There is no question that this script will improve given further development. It does run on my machine, but bugs appear regularly.
Boilerplate from https://gist.github.com/zenorocha/4526327:
Create your feature branch:
git checkout -b my-new-feature
Commit your changes:
git commit -am 'Add some feature'
Push to the branch:
git push origin my-new-feature
Submit a pull request :D
I am a beginner with Github. I make no promises in terms of maintaining
anything. The phrase 'the code is free, people are not' applies. You can at
least fork. If I can comprehend your changes (far more likely if sufficiently
documented), I am much more likely to accept a pull request. A test in the test
orgFixLinksTest.py should be written for any nontrivial change.
Submissions must respect intellectual property rights of work they are derived
from (e.g. citing
I put this project on Github because it would make me happy if someone found it useful. It would be exciting to see a better programmer improve on it. There is nothing promised here except for the free code.
This is an amateur
python script originally developed by the github user
The script contains comments which credit sources of code snippets found on e.g. http://programmers.stackexchange.com/.
GNU General Public License v3.0
The free online book Python for Informatics Exploring Information by Severance: the Twitter spidering example in Ch 14 provided the idea for this script.
The Gauld Tutorial http://www.alan-g.me.uk/tutor/index.htm
I am highly aware that I did not read and understand everything, and have much more to learn.