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# Authors: Paul Cunnane 2016, Peter Dahlebrg 2016
#
# This module borrows from the Adafruit BME280 Python library. Original
# Copyright notices are reproduced below.
#
# Those libraries were written for the Raspberry Pi. This modification is
# intended for the MicroPython and esp8266 boards.
#
# Copyright (c) 2014 Adafruit Industries
# Author: Tony DiCola
#
# Based on the BMP280 driver with BME280 changes provided by
# David J Taylor, Edinburgh (www.satsignal.eu)
#
# Based on Adafruit_I2C.py created by Kevin Townsend.
#
# Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
# of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
# in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
# to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
# copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
# furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
#
# The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
# all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
#
# THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
# IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
# AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
# LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
# OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
# THE SOFTWARE.
import time
from ustruct import unpack, unpack_from
from array import array
# BME280 default address.
BME280_I2CADDR = 0x76
# Operating Modes
BME280_OSAMPLE_1 = 1
BME280_OSAMPLE_2 = 2
BME280_OSAMPLE_4 = 3
BME280_OSAMPLE_8 = 4
BME280_OSAMPLE_16 = 5
BME280_REGISTER_CONTROL_HUM = 0xF2
BME280_REGISTER_CONTROL = 0xF4
class BME280:
def __init__(self,
mode=BME280_OSAMPLE_1,
address=BME280_I2CADDR,
i2c=None,
**kwargs):
# Check that mode is valid.
if mode not in [BME280_OSAMPLE_1, BME280_OSAMPLE_2, BME280_OSAMPLE_4,
BME280_OSAMPLE_8, BME280_OSAMPLE_16]:
raise ValueError(
'Unexpected mode value {0}. Set mode to one of '
'BME280_ULTRALOWPOWER, BME280_STANDARD, BME280_HIGHRES, or '
'BME280_ULTRAHIGHRES'.format(mode))
self._mode = mode
self.address = address
if i2c is None:
raise ValueError('An I2C object is required.')
self.i2c = i2c
# load calibration data
dig_88_a1 = self.i2c.readfrom_mem(self.address, 0x88, 26)
dig_e1_e7 = self.i2c.readfrom_mem(self.address, 0xE1, 7)
self.dig_T1, self.dig_T2, self.dig_T3, self.dig_P1, \
self.dig_P2, self.dig_P3, self.dig_P4, self.dig_P5, \
self.dig_P6, self.dig_P7, self.dig_P8, self.dig_P9, \
_, self.dig_H1 = unpack("<HhhHhhhhhhhhBB", dig_88_a1)
self.dig_H2, self.dig_H3 = unpack("<hB", dig_e1_e7)
e4_sign = unpack_from("<b", dig_e1_e7, 3)[0]
self.dig_H4 = (e4_sign << 4) | (dig_e1_e7[4] & 0xF)
e6_sign = unpack_from("<b", dig_e1_e7, 5)[0]
self.dig_H5 = (e6_sign << 4) | (dig_e1_e7[4] >> 4)
self.dig_H6 = unpack_from("<b", dig_e1_e7, 6)[0]
self.i2c.writeto_mem(self.address, BME280_REGISTER_CONTROL,
bytearray([0x3F]))
self.t_fine = 0
# temporary data holders which stay allocated
self._l1_barray = bytearray(1)
self._l8_barray = bytearray(8)
self._l3_resultarray = array("i", [0, 0, 0])
def read_raw_data(self, result):
""" Reads the raw (uncompensated) data from the sensor.
Args:
result: array of length 3 or alike where the result will be
stored, in temperature, pressure, humidity order
Returns:
None
"""
self._l1_barray[0] = self._mode
self.i2c.writeto_mem(self.address, BME280_REGISTER_CONTROL_HUM,
self._l1_barray)
self._l1_barray[0] = self._mode << 5 | self._mode << 2 | 1
self.i2c.writeto_mem(self.address, BME280_REGISTER_CONTROL,
self._l1_barray)
sleep_time = 1250 + 2300 * (1 << self._mode)
sleep_time = sleep_time + 2300 * (1 << self._mode) + 575
sleep_time = sleep_time + 2300 * (1 << self._mode) + 575
time.sleep_us(sleep_time) # Wait the required time
# burst readout from 0xF7 to 0xFE, recommended by datasheet
self.i2c.readfrom_mem_into(self.address, 0xF7, self._l8_barray)
readout = self._l8_barray
# pressure(0xF7): ((msb << 16) | (lsb << 8) | xlsb) >> 4
raw_press = ((readout[0] << 16) | (readout[1] << 8) | readout[2]) >> 4
# temperature(0xFA): ((msb << 16) | (lsb << 8) | xlsb) >> 4
raw_temp = ((readout[3] << 16) | (readout[4] << 8) | readout[5]) >> 4
# humidity(0xFD): (msb << 8) | lsb
raw_hum = (readout[6] << 8) | readout[7]
result[0] = raw_temp
result[1] = raw_press
result[2] = raw_hum
def read_compensated_data(self, result=None):
""" Reads the data from the sensor and returns the compensated data.
Args:
result: array of length 3 or alike where the result will be
stored, in temperature, pressure, humidity order. You may use
this to read out the sensor without allocating heap memory
Returns:
array with temperature, pressure, humidity. Will be the one from
the result parameter if not None
"""
self.read_raw_data(self._l3_resultarray)
raw_temp, raw_press, raw_hum = self._l3_resultarray
# temperature
var1 = ((raw_temp >> 3) - (self.dig_T1 << 1)) * (self.dig_T2 >> 11)
var2 = (((((raw_temp >> 4) - self.dig_T1) *
((raw_temp >> 4) - self.dig_T1)) >> 12) * self.dig_T3) >> 14
self.t_fine = var1 + var2
temp = (self.t_fine * 5 + 128) >> 8
# pressure
var1 = self.t_fine - 128000
var2 = var1 * var1 * self.dig_P6
var2 = var2 + ((var1 * self.dig_P5) << 17)
var2 = var2 + (self.dig_P4 << 35)
var1 = (((var1 * var1 * self.dig_P3) >> 8) +
((var1 * self.dig_P2) << 12))
var1 = (((1 << 47) + var1) * self.dig_P1) >> 33
if var1 == 0:
pressure = 0
else:
p = 1048576 - raw_press
p = (((p << 31) - var2) * 3125) // var1
var1 = (self.dig_P9 * (p >> 13) * (p >> 13)) >> 25
var2 = (self.dig_P8 * p) >> 19
pressure = ((p + var1 + var2) >> 8) + (self.dig_P7 << 4)
# humidity
h = self.t_fine - 76800
h = (((((raw_hum << 14) - (self.dig_H4 << 20) -
(self.dig_H5 * h)) + 16384)
>> 15) * (((((((h * self.dig_H6) >> 10) *
(((h * self.dig_H3) >> 11) + 32768)) >> 10) +
2097152) * self.dig_H2 + 8192) >> 14))
h = h - (((((h >> 15) * (h >> 15)) >> 7) * self.dig_H1) >> 4)
h = 0 if h < 0 else h
h = 419430400 if h > 419430400 else h
humidity = h >> 12
if result:
result[0] = temp
result[1] = pressure
result[2] = humidity
return result
return array("i", (temp, pressure, humidity))
@property
def values(self):
""" human readable values """
t, p, h = self.read_compensated_data()
p = p // 256
pi = p // 100
pd = p - pi * 100
hi = h // 1024
hd = h * 100 // 1024 - hi * 100
return ("{}C".format(t / 100), "{}.{:02d}hPa".format(pi, pd),
"{}.{:02d}%".format(hi, hd))
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