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seen_VBN
may_NP
1999_CD
,_,
1999_CD
on_IN
home_NN
video_NN
(_(
rented_JJ
)_)
._.
one_CD
of_IN
the_DT
best_JJS
things_NNS
about_IN
the_DT
movies_NNS
is_BEZ
that_CS
they_PP
can_MD
make_VB
you_PP
really_RB
start_VB
to_IN
wonder_NN
and_CC
analyze_???
things_NNS
in_IN
your_PP$
own_DT
,_,
everyday_JJ
life_NN
that_CS
you_PP
might_MD
not_XNOT
have_HV
thought_VBN
much_DT
of_IN
otherwise_RB
._.
with_IN
some_DT
films_NNS
it_PP
might_MD
be_BE
just_RB
a_DT
secondary_JJ
issue_NN
,_,
but_CC
with_IN
`_"
dark_JJ
city_NN
'_"
what_WDT
we_PP
get_VB
is_BEZ
nearly_RB
an_DT
entire_JJ
film_NN
committed_VBN
to_IN
philosophizing_VBG
and_CC
theorizing_VBG
about_IN
human_JJ
memory_NN
and_CC
how_WRB
it_PP
defines_VBZ
who_WP
we_PP
are_BER
,_,
which_WDT
is_BEZ
a_DT
poignant_JJ
theme_NN
made_VBN
through_IN
an_DT
absolutely_RB
beautifully-constructed_VBN
film_NN
with_IN
the_DT
kind_NN
of_IN
story_NN
and_CC
setting_NN
that_CS
could_MD
only_RB
happen_VB
in_IN
a_DT
movie_NN
._.
there_EX
's_BEZ
an_DT
old_JJ
role-playing_NN
computer_NN
game_NN
called_VBN
`_"
d_NN
?_?
ja_FW
v_CD
?_?
'_"
wherein_WRB
the_DT
player_NN
takes_VBZ
on_IN
the_DT
role_NN
of_IN
a_DT
man_NN
who_WP
can't_MD
remember_VB
who_WP
he_PP
is_BEZ
,_,
where_CS
he_PP
is_BEZ
and_CC
how_WRB
he_PP
got_VBD
there_RB
._.
the_DT
goal_NN
is_BEZ
to_TO
gather_VB
as_IN
many_DT
clues_NNS
as_IN
possible_JJ
to_IN
figure_NN
that_CS
out_RP
and_CC
along_IN
the_DT
way_NN
overcome_VB
a_DT
conflict_NN
._.
the_DT
premise_NN
to_IN
this_DT
film_NN
is_BEZ
not_XNOT
unlike_JJ
that_CS
game_NN
,_,
only_RB
this_DT
time_NN
we_PP
don't_DO
have_HV
control_NN
over_IN
the_DT
protagonist_NN
._.
we_PP
begin_VB
by_IN
meeting_NN
a_DT
seemingly_RB
ordinary_JJ
man_NN
living_NN
in_IN
an_DT
extremely_RB
dark_JJ
and_CC
dirty_JJ
city_NN
(_(
actually_RB
,_,
it_PP
's_BEZ
more_DT
than_CS
just_RB
the_DT
city_NN
,_,
it_PP
's_BEZ
the_DT
whole_JJ
reality_NN
)_)
that_CS
isn't_BEZ
just_RB
that_DT
neo-gothic_JJ
look_NN
(_(
a_DT
la_NP
`_"
batman_NN
,_,
'_"
`_"
blade_NN
runner_NN
,_,
'_"
)_(
,_,
but_CC
is_BEZ
so_RB
fully_RB
developed_VBN
it_PP
's_BEZ
almost_RB
a_DT
different_JJ
genre_NN
completely_RB
._.
later_RBR
he_PP
will_MD
learn_VB
that_DT
his_PP$
name_NN
is_BEZ
john_NP
murdoch_NP
(_(
sewell_NP
)_)
,_,
but_CC
for_IN
now_RB
he_PP
has_HVZ
no_DT
idea_NN
what_WDT
's_BEZ
going_VBG
on_IN
other_JJ
than_CS
the_DT
fact_NN
something_PN
is_BEZ
not_XNOT
right_JJ
._.
the_DT
fact_NN
there_RB
's_BEZ
a_DT
dead_JJ
body_NN
in_IN
the_DT
corner_NN
goes_VBZ
to_IN
enhance_VB
the_DT
feeling_NN
of_IN
paranoia_NN
and_CC
a_DT
mysterious_JJ
,_,
hurried_VBD
call_NN
telling_VBG
him_PP
to_IN
leave_NN
immediately_RB
is_BEZ
also_RB
very_RB
chilling_JJ
._.
this_DT
opening_NN
scene_NN
alone_RB
goes_VBZ
a_DT
long_JJ
way_NN
to_IN
define_VB
the_DT
setting_NN
of_IN
the_DT
film_NN
and_CC
its_PP$
bizarre_JJ
,_,
horrific_JJ
tone_NN
._.
the_DT
man_NN
doesn't_DOZ
know_VB
who_NP
he_PP
is_BEZ
nor_CC
where_CS
he_PP
's_BEZ
going_VBG
and_CC
it_PP
's_BEZ
interesting_JJ
to_TO
follow_VB
him_PP
since_CS
we_PP
the_DT
viewers_NNS
have_HV
no_DT
idea_NN
either_RB
we_PP
can_MD
sympathize_VB
and_CC
identify_VB
with_IN
him_PP
._.
in_IN
fact_NN
,_,
this_DT
is_BEZ
the_DT
way_NN
all_PDT
stories_NNS
begin_VB
since_CS
it_PP
's_BEZ
impossible_JJ
to_TO
know_VB
the_DT
history_NN
of_IN
a_DT
character_NN
,_,
their_PP$
feelings_NNS
,_,
values_NNS
,_,
morals_NNS
,_,
etc_RB
._.
until_CS
after_IN
we've_???
observed_JJ
them_PP
for_IN
a_DT
while_NN
._.
but_CC
in_IN
this_DT
case_NN
,_,
the_DT
total_JJ
feeling_NN
of_IN
amnesia_NN
is_BEZ
an_DT
excellent_JJ
tool_NN
towards_IN
characterization_NN
,_,
developing_JJ
the_DT
mood_NN
and_CC
outlining_VBG
the_DT
story_NN
._.
eventually_RB
,_,
some_DT
semblance_NN
of_IN
a_DT
plot_NN
begins_VBZ
to_IN
unfold_VB
as_IN
it_PP
appears_VBZ
that_CS
john_NP
is_BEZ
a_DT
serial_NN
killer_NN
wanted_VBD
by_IN
the_DT
police_NNS
._.
we_PP
met_VBD
inspector_NN
frank_NP
bumstead_NP
(_(
hurt_VB
)_)
,_,
a_DT
quiet_JJ
,_,
unemotional_JJ
,_,
soft-spoken_JJ
deadpan_NN
man_NN
who_WP
appears_VBZ
to_IN
have_HV
been_BEN
on_IN
the_DT
trail_NN
of_IN
the_DT
killer_NN
for_IN
some_DT
time_NN
._.
two_CD
other_JJ
important_JJ
characters_NNS
are_BER
also_RB
introduced_VBN
:_:
dr_NN
._.
daniel_NP
p_NN
._.
schreber_NN
(_(
sutherland_NP
)_)
,_,
a_DT
neurotic_JJ
psychiatrist_NN
who_WP
claims_VBZ
to_IN
be_BE
john_NP
's_POS
doctor_NN
;_;
and_CC
emma_NP
murdoch_NP
(_(
connelly_RB
)_)
,_,
a_DT
jazz_NN
singer_NN
dolled_VBN
up_RP
to_IN
look_NN
like_IN
a_DT
caraciture_NN
right_NN
out_RP
of_IN
the_DT
old_JJ
dick_NP
tracy_NP
serials_NNS
or_CC
any_DT
given_VBN
leading_JJ
lady_NN
of_IN
the_DT
old_JJ
film-noir_NN
movies_NNS
._.
it_PP
was_BEDZ
schreber_NN
who_NP
contacted_VBD
john_NP
for_IN
reasons_NNS
that_CS
are_BER
continually_RB
revealed_VBN
throughout_IN
the_DT
course_NN
of_IN
the_DT
film_NN
._.
he_PP
also_RB
contacts_NNS
emma_NP
,_,
which_WDT
further_VB
helps_VBZ
the_DT
film_NN
reveal_VB
what_WDT
is_BEZ
seemingly_RB
a_DT
complex_JJ
,_,
mysterious_JJ
back_NN
story_NN
._.
but_CC
absolutely_RB
nothing_PN
is_BEZ
as_CS
it_PP
appears_VBZ
to_IN
be_BE
in_CD
`_"
dark_JJ
city_NN
,_,
'_"
which_WDT
is_BEZ
what_WDT
makes_VBZ
it_PP
so_RB
fascinating_JJ
throughout_IN
its_PP$
continual_JJ
scenes_NNS
of_IN
confusion_NN
and_CC
vertigo_NN
._.
everything_PN
the_DT
filmmakers_NNS
want_VB
us_PP
to_IN
see_NN
has_HVZ
some_DT
significance_NN
-_-
considering_VBG
how_WRB
intricate_JJ
the_DT
detail_NN
is_BEZ
to_TO
every_DT
single_JJ
shot_NN
,_,
its_PP$
lighting_NN
,_,
art_NN
direction_NN
and_CC
overall_JJ
production_NN
design_NN
,_,
they_PP
don't_DO
seem_VB
to_IN
be_BE
able_JJ
to_TO
afford_VB
any_DT
gratuities_NNS
._.
however_RB
,_,
that_CS
might_MD
also_RB
be_BE
what_WDT
's_BEZ
keeping_VBG
it_PP
from_IN
reaching_VBG
its_PP$
maximum_JJ
potential_NN
._.
by_IN
continuing_JJ
to_IN
follow_VB
john_NP
as_IN
he_PP
wanders_VBZ
around_IN
this_DT
strange_JJ
place_NN
,_,
so_RB
much_DT
unlike_JJ
the_DT
real_JJ
world_NN
we_PP
know_VB
,_,
we_PP
come_VB
to_TO
realize_VB
that_DT
it_PP
's_BEZ
all_PDT
a_DT
hoax_???
._.
everyone_PN
in_IN
the_DT
city_NN
is_BEZ
the_DT
subject_NN
of_IN
an_DT
experiment_NN
being_BEG
conducted_VBN
by_IN
a_DT
race_NN
of_IN
aliens_NNS
to_IN
understand_VB
what_WDT
makes_VBZ
humans_NNS
tick_NN
in_IN
their_PP$
efforts_NNS
to_IN
somehow_RB
save_VB
themselves_PPX
from_IN
extinction_NN
._.
but_CC
,_,
as_CS
the_DT
film_NN
's_POS
tagline_JJ
says_VBZ
,_,
`_"
last_OD
night_NN
,_,
one_CD
of_IN
us_NP
went_VBD
off_RP
._.
'_"
for_IN
reasons_NNS
that_CS
are_BER
never_RB
clearly_RB
explained_VBN
,_,
it_PP
appears_VBZ
that_CS
john_NP
possesses_VBZ
telekinetic_JJ
powers_NNS
to_IN
can_NN
do_DO
pretty_RB
much_DT
whatever_WDT
his_PP$
mind_NN
can_MD
conceive_VB
(_(
a_DT
process_NN
known_VBN
as_IN
`_"
tuning_VBG
'_"
)_(
._.
the_DT
aliens_NNS
,_,
which_WDT
look_VB
like_IN
very_RB
old_JJ
bald_JJ
human_JJ
men_NNS
with_IN
pasty_NN
skin_NN
,_,
also_RB
possess_VB
the_DT
power_NN
en_FW
masse_FW
and_CC
use_NN
it_PP
to_IN
change_NN
the_DT
city_NN
every_DT
night_NN
at_IN
midnight_NN
._.
at_IN
the_DT
same_DT
time_NN
all_PDT
the_DT
humans_NNS
fall_VB
asleep_JJ
and_CC
after_IN
the_DT
changes_NNS
are_BER
made_VBN
,_,
they_PP
awake_VB
and_CC
either_RB
continue_VB
where_CS
they_PP
left_VBD
off_RP
or_CC
begin_VB
a_DT
new_JJ
life_NN
they_PP
have_HV
no_DT
idea_NN
they_PP
did_DOD
not_XNOT
have_HV
until_IN
then_RB
._.
this_DT
premise_NN
certainly_RB
is_BEZ
interesting_JJ
and_CC
director_NN
and_CC
co-screenwriter_NN
alex_NP
proyas_NP
is_BEZ
able_JJ
to_TO
keep_VB
the_DT
film_NN
consistently_RB
mysterious_JJ
in_IN
this_DT
regard_NN
._.
he_PP
does_DOZ
provide_VB
some_DT
explanations_NNS
such_DT
as_IN
that_DT
dr_NN
._.
schreber_NN
is_BEZ
an_DT
assistant_NN
to_IN
`_"
the_DT
strangers_NNS
'_"
because_CS
he_PP
somehow_RB
could_MD
synthesize_VB
memory_NN
into_IN
chemical_JJ
form_NN
._.
the_DT
aliens_NNS
mix_VB
and_CC
match_VB
the_DT
memories_NNS
of_IN
the_DT
city_NN
's_POS
population_NN
to_IN
see_VB
who_NP
will_MD
change_VB
and_CC
who_WP
will_MD
not_XNOT
._.
in_IN
the_DT
process_NN
this_DT
creates_VBZ
for_IN
a_DT
good_JJ
deal_NN
of_IN
deep_JJ
,_,
thought-provoking_VBG
philosophies_NNS
that_CS
could_MD
be_BE
applied_VBN
to_IN
the_DT
real_JJ
world_NN
._.
however_RB
,_,
where_CS
the_DT
film_NN
errs_???
is_BEZ
by_IN
not_XNOT
playing_VBG
up_RP
the_DT
idea_NN
of_IN
memory_NN
versus_IN
the_DT
human_JJ
heart_NN
as_IN
to_IN
what_WDT
makes_VBZ
a_DT
person_NN
who_WP
he_PP
or_CC
she_PP
is_BEZ
._.
the_DT
main_JJ
characters_NNS
are_BER
all_PDT
closely_RB
intertwined_JJ
within_IN
the_DT
seemingly_RB
complex_JJ
murder_NN
mystery_NN
which_WDT
never_RB
actually_RB
happened_VBN
,_,
yet_RB
when_CS
they_PP
start_VB
to_TO
go_VB
through_IN
some_DT
of_IN
the_DT
expected_JJ
emotions_NNS
it_PP
comes_VBZ
off_RP
as_IN
distant_JJ
,_,
static_JJ
and_CC
cold_JJ
(_(
mediocre_JJ
performances_NNS
by_IN
hurt_JJ
and_CC
connelly_RB
don't_DO
help_VB
either_RB
)_)
._.
for_IN
example_NN
,_,
john_NP
realizes_VBZ
emma_NP
is_BEZ
not_XNOT
and_CC
probably_RB
never_RB
was_BEDZ
his_PP$
wife_NN
so_RB
he_PP
does_DOZ
not_XNOT
feel_VB
an_DT
emotional_JJ
bond_NN
to_IN
her_PP$
,_,
yet_RB
in_IN
some_DT
scenes_NNS
crucial_JJ
to_IN
the_DT
film_NN
's_POS
plot_NN
,_,
we_PP
are_BER
expected_VBN
to_IN
believe_VB
they_PP
do_DO
have_HV
a_DT
genuine_JJ
love_NN
for_IN
each_DT
other_JJ
,_,
which_WDT
is_BEZ
also_RB
part_NN
of_IN
the_DT
film_NN
's_POS
climax_NN
and_CC
ending_NN
._.
and_CC
that_CS
's_NNS
what_WDT
proyas_NP
seems_VBZ
to_IN
be_BE
inferring_CS
with_IN
the_DT
film_NN
,_,
but_CC
never_RB
quite_RB
manages_VBZ
to_IN
convey_VB
in_IN
its_PP$
fullest_JJS
sense_NN
._.
ironically_RB
,_,
this_DT
is_BEZ
what_WDT
made_VBD
his_PP$
first_OD
film_NN
`_"
the_DT
crow_NP
'_"
work_NN
so_RB
well_RB
,_,
which_WDT
had_HVD
a_DT
similar_JJ
theme_NN
of_IN
struggling_VBG
to_IN
find_NN
hope_NN
and_CC
the_DT
human_JJ
spirit_NN
within_IN
a_DT
nearly_RB
identical_JJ
,_,
dark_JJ
twisted_JJ
world_NN
._.
with_IN
`_"
dark_JJ
city_NN
'_"
the_DT
messenger_NN
seems_VBZ
to_IN
be_BE
mistaken_JJ
for_IN
the_DT
message_NN
._.
still_RB
,_,
the_DT
film_NN
is_BEZ
by_IN
no_DT
means_NN
bad_JJ
and_CC
is_BEZ
consistently_RB
entertaining_JJ
and_CC
enjoyable_JJ
._.
there_EX
's_BEZ
a_DT
lot_NN
to_IN
like_IN
here_RB
,_,
most_DT
notably_RB
the_DT
sheer_JJ
visual_JJ
look_NN
and_CC
style_NN
of_IN
it_PP
all_PDT
which_WDT
accounts_NNS
for_IN
at_IN
least_DT
half_NN
the_DT
reasons_NNS
the_DT
film_NN
is_BEZ
able_JJ
to_TO
tell_VB
the_DT
story_NN
it_PP
does_DOZ
._.
the_DT
story_NN
as_IN
a_DT
whole_JJ
is_BEZ
one_CD
of_IN
the_DT
most_DT
original_JJ
to_IN
come_VBN
out_RP
of_IN
hollywood_NP
in_IN
years_NNS
._.
`_"
dark_JJ
city_NN
'_"
is_BEZ
what_WDT
the_DT
movies_NNS
are_BER
all_PDT
about_IN
-_-
the_DT
escape_NN
from_IN
the_DT
real_JJ
world_NN
._.
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