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earth_NN
is_BEZ
a_DT
harsh_JJ
,_,
unconsoling_VBG
drama_NN
about_IN
the_DT
time_NN
when_CS
india_NP
gained_VBD
independence_NN
from_IN
britain_NP
and_CC
the_DT
ensuing_JJ
turmoil_NN
that_CS
engulfed_VBN
the_DT
subcontinent_NN
._.
people_NN
who_WP
supposedly_RB
loved_VBD
the_DT
same_DT
land_NN
and_CC
the_DT
same_DT
god_NN
found_VBD
themselves_PPX
in_IN
bitter_JJ
conflict_NN
,_,
as_CS
the_DT
country_NN
divided_VBN
into_IN
factions_NNS
fighting_VBG
in_IN
the_DT
streets_NNS
:_:
indian_JJ
and_CC
pakistani_JJ
;_;
muslim_JJ
,_,
hindu_JJ
,_,
sikh_JJ
,_,
parsee_NP
._.
the_DT
story_NN
takes_VBZ
place_NN
in_IN
lahore_NP
,_,
which_WDT
was_BEDZ
indian_JJ
before_IN
partition_NN
,_,
and_CC
pakistani_JJ
afterward_NN
,_,
regardless_RB
of_IN
what_WDT
its_PP$
citizens_NNS
might_MD
call_VB
themselves_PPX
._.
the_DT
action_NN
is_BEZ
seen_VBN
through_IN
the_DT
eyes_NNS
of_IN
lenny_NN
(_(
maaia_???
sethna_NP
)_)
,_,
a_DT
young_JJ
parsee_NN
girl_NN
,_,
but_CC
it_PP
is_BEZ
really_RB
about_IN
her_PP$
nanny_NN
,_,
shanta_NP
._.
shanta_NP
has_HVZ
a_DT
small_JJ
circle_NN
of_IN
male_JJ
admirers_NNS
._.
two_CD
of_IN
the_DT
men_NNS
are_BER
suitors_NNS
:_:
hasan_NP
(_(
rahul_???
khanna_NN
)_(
,_,
a_DT
hindu_JJ
,_,
and_CC
dil_???
navaz_???
(_(
aamir_NP
khan_NP
)_)
,_,
a_DT
muslim_JJ
._.
the_DT
others--sikh_NP
,_,
hindu_JJ
,_,
muslim--are_NN
older_JJR
;_;
some_DT
are_BER
married_JJ
;_;
but_CC
all_PDT
appreciate_VB
shanta_NN
,_,
who_WP
is_BEZ
played_VBN
by_IN
the_DT
stirringly_RB
beautiful_JJ
nandita_NP
das_FW
._.
(_)
she_PP
also_RB
starred_VBD
in_IN
deepa_NP
mehta_NP
's_POS
previous_JJ
film_NN
,_,
fire_NN
,_,
the_DT
first_OD
part_NN
of_IN
a_DT
thematic_JJ
trilogy_NN
which_WDT
will_MD
conclude_VB
with_IN
water_NN
._.
)_)
in_IN
an_DT
early_JJ
scene_NN
,_,
the_DT
men_NNS
are_BER
sitting_VBG
in_IN
a_DT
park_NN
talking_VBG
with_IN
shanta_NP
and_CC
lenny_NP
;_;
political_JJ
tension_NN
in_IN
the_DT
country_NN
is_BEZ
growing_JJ
as_CS
the_DT
day_NN
of_IN
independence_NN
nears_NNS
._.
one_CD
of_IN
the_DT
men_NNS
remarks_NNS
,_,
jokingly_RB
,_,
that_CS
their_PP$
little_JJ
group_NN
is_BEZ
probably_RB
one_CD
of_IN
the_DT
last_OD
places_NNS
in_IN
the_DT
city_NN
where_CS
the_DT
different_JJ
religions_NNS
can_MD
still_RB
get_VB
along_IN
._.
he_PP
is_BEZ
wrong_JJ
:_:
the_DT
men_NNS
make_VB
barbed_JJ
little_JJ
comments_NNS
to_IN
each_DT
other_JJ
,_,
spoken_JJ
like_IN
jokes_NNS
,_,
but_CC
with_IN
an_DT
undercurrent_NN
of_IN
fanaticism_NN
._.
the_DT
tenor_NN
of_IN
these_DT
exchanges_NNS
grows_VBZ
darker_JJR
and_CC
more_RBR
bitter_JJ
as_CS
the_DT
movie_NN
progresses_VBZ
._.
it_PP
is_BEZ
easy_JJ
to_TO
perceive_VB
,_,
in_IN
these_DT
squabbles_NNS
,_,
the_DT
trajectory_NN
which_WDT
ends_VBZ
in_IN
mass_JJ
violence_NN
and_CC
slaughter_NN
._.
the_DT
group_NN
around_IN
shanta_NP
represents_VBZ
,_,
in_IN
a_DT
sense_NN
,_,
a_DT
united_JJ
india_NP
,_,
and_CC
shanta_NP
herself_PPX
the_DT
ideal_JJ
motherland--one_PN
which_WDT
all_RB
love_VB
,_,
which_WDT
inspires_VBZ
hindu_JJ
,_,
muslim_JJ
,_,
and_CC
sikh_JJ
to_IN
live_JJ
peacably_NN
together_RB
._.
but_CC
the_DT
circle_NN
around_IN
shanta_NP
is_BEZ
sundered_VBN
,_,
as_CS
is_BEZ
the_DT
state_NN
._.
a_DT
sikh_JJ
is_BEZ
persecuted_VBN
,_,
hides_VBZ
,_,
then_RB
flees_NNS
._.
another_DT
man_NN
is_BEZ
murdered_JJ
._.
the_DT
group_NN
of_IN
friends_NNS
will_MD
not_XNOT
meet_VB
again_RB
._.
the_DT
movie_NN
is_BEZ
rife_JJ
with_IN
images_NNS
of_IN
breakage_NN
and_CC
destruction_NN
:_:
a_DT
plate_NN
shattered_VBD
on_IN
the_DT
floor_NN
,_,
a_DT
stuffed_JJ
toy_NN
torn_VBN
apart_RB
by_IN
an_DT
upset_JJ
child_NN
,_,
and_CC
,_,
most_RBS
brutally_RB
,_,
when_CS
the_DT
tension_NN
escalates_NNS
into_IN
violence_NN
,_,
a_DT
man_NN
is_BEZ
held_VBN
down_RP
,_,
tied_VBN
between_IN
two_CD
cars_NNS
,_,
and_CC
ripped_VBD
in_IN
half_NN
by_IN
the_DT
opposing_JJ
movement_NN
of_IN
the_DT
vehicles_NNS
._.
it_PP
is_BEZ
a_DT
visceral_JJ
and_CC
effective_JJ
metaphor_NN
for_IN
a_DT
country_NN
which_WDT
is_BEZ
being_BEG
destroyed_VBN
just_RB
as_IN
painfully_RB
._.
the_DT
crux_???
of_IN
earth_NN
's_POS
plot_NN
is_BEZ
the_DT
transformation_NN
undergone_VBN
by_IN
dil_???
navaz_???
._.
his_PP$
sisters_NNS
are_BER
killed_VBN
in_IN
brutal_JJ
fashion_NN
,_,
by_IN
hindus_NNS
,_,
because_CS
they_PP
are_BER
muslim_JJ
._.
dil_???
navaz_???
seeks_VBZ
solace_NN
from_IN
shanta_NP
,_,
and_CC
asks_VBZ
in_IN
desperation_NN
that_CS
she_PP
marry_VB
him_PP
._.
but_CC
she_PP
loves_VBZ
hasan_NP
,_,
and_CC
tenderly_RB
refuses_VBZ
dil_???
navaz_???
's_BEZ
offer_NN
._.
the_DT
combination_NN
of_IN
familial_JJ
anguish_NN
and_CC
romantic_JJ
rejection_NN
twists_NNS
inside_IN
him_PP
,_,
and_CC
it_PP
is_BEZ
easy_JJ
to_TO
see_VB
how_WRB
he_PP
is_BEZ
seduced_VBN
by_IN
the_DT
growing_JJ
mob_NN
mentality_NN
:_:
the_DT
muslim_JJ
cause_NN
gives_VBZ
him_PP
a_DT
motive_NN
to_IN
vent_NN
his_PP$
anger_NN
and_CC
hate_VB
._.
despite_IN
the_DT
things_NNS
he_PP
later_RBR
does_DOZ
,_,
it_NN
is_BEZ
to_TO
the_DT
credit_NN
of_IN
earth_NN
that_CS
it_PP
does_DOZ
not_XNOT
simply_RB
denounce_VB
dil_???
navaz_???
and_CC
those_DT
like_IN
him_PP
,_,
but_CC
shows_VBZ
how_WRB
circumstances_NNS
can_MD
make_VB
decent_JJ
enough_RB
men_NNS
do_DO
monstrous_JJ
things_NNS
._.
the_DT
conclusion--the_NP
consequence_NN
of_IN
dil_???
navaz_???
's_BEZ
transformation--is_???
rather_RB
abrupt_JJ
._.
the_DT
story_NN
earth_NN
tells_VBZ
does_DOZ
not_XNOT
end_VB
._.
it_PP
just_RB
stops_VBZ
._.
it_PP
is_BEZ
an_DT
appropriate_JJ
finish_NN
:_:
giving_VBG
us_PP
closure_NN
would_MD
have_HV
imparted_VBN
,_,
at_IN
least_DT
on_IN
an_DT
aesthetic_JJ
level_NN
,_,
a_DT
sense_NN
of_IN
resolution_NN
,_,
of_IN
satisfaction_NN
._.
but_CC
there_EX
was_BEDZ
no_DT
resolution_NN
for_IN
india_NP
and_CC
pakistan--they_NP
have_HV
been_BEN
at_IN
war_NN
,_,
on_IN
a_DT
small_JJ
or_CC
large_JJ
scale_NN
,_,
for_IN
decades_NNS
._.
since_CS
the_DT
personal_JJ
dramas_NNS
in_IN
earth_NN
mirror_NN
the_DT
political_JJ
struggles_NNS
of_IN
a_DT
nation_NN
,_,
it_PP
is_BEZ
only_RB
right_JJ
that_CS
those_DT
dramas_NNS
should_MD
have_HV
no_DT
terminus_NN
._.
there_EX
is_BEZ
no_DT
healing_NN
to_IN
be_BE
had_HVD
,_,
no_RB
closure_NN
,_,
on_IN
any_DT
level_NN
(_(
despite_IN
the_DT
needless_JJ
,_,
tacked-on_???
ending_NN
,_,
with_IN
voice-over_NN
narration_NP
from_IN
lenny_NP
as_IN
an_DT
adult_NN
,_,
framing_VBG
the_DT
story_NN
)_)
._.
earth_NN
is_BEZ
,_,
in_IN
some_DT
ways_NNS
,_,
an_DT
unexceptional_JJ
movie_NN
._.
it_PP
does_DOZ
not_XNOT
reinvent_VB
the_DT
wheel_NN
,_,
following_JJ
instead_RB
the_DT
standard_NN
pattern_NN
of_IN
historical_JJ
dramas_NNS
._.
but_CC
deepa_NP
mehta_NP
's_POS
directon_NP
is_BEZ
assured_VBN
,_,
and_CC
the_DT
issues_NNS
she_PP
addresses_VBZ
run_NN
deep_JJ
._.
earth_NN
does_DOZ
for_IN
india_NP
what_WDT
movies_NNS
like_IN
zhang_NP
yimou_???
's_BEZ
to_TO
live_VB
and_CC
tian_???
zhuangzhuang_VBD
's_BEZ
the_DT
blue_JJ
kite_NN
did_DOD
for_IN
china_NP
:_:
they_PP
show_VB
us_PP
the_DT
agonies_NNS
endured_VBD
by_IN
unremarkable_JJ
people_NN
who_WP
had_HVD
the_DT
bad_JJ
luck_NN
to_IN
be_BE
caught_JJ
up_IN
and_CC
smashed_VBN
in_IN
the_DT
crucible_NN
of_IN
history_NN
._.
such_DT
films_NNS
strike_NN
me_PP
as_CS
inherently_RB
valuable_JJ
,_,
even_RB
when_CS
flawed_JJ
._.
they_PP
may_MD
be_BE
biased_JJ
or_CC
inaccurate_JJ
,_,
but_CC
they_PP
bear_VB
the_DT
weight_NN
of_IN
human_JJ
hardship_NN
,_,
and_CC
this_DT
confers_VBZ
on_IN
them_PP
a_DT
nobility_NN
and_CC
gravity_NN
which_WDT
other_JJ
,_,
more_DT
inventive_JJ
films_NNS
,_,
often_RB
lack_NN
._.
it_PP
is_BEZ
notable_JJ
that_CS
all_PDT
three_CD
movies_NNS
were_BED
banned_VBN
in_IN
their_PP$
native_JJ
countries_NNS
:_:
the_DT
events_NNS
shown_VBN
may_MD
have_HV
happened_VBN
decades_NNS
ago_RB
,_,
but_CC
they_PP
still_RB
touch_VB
a_DT
nerve_NN
._.
the_DT
issues_NNS
tackled_VBN
in_IN
earth_NN
have_HV
a_DT
particular_JJ
urgency_NN
in_IN
light_NN
of_IN
the_DT
nuclear_JJ
test_NN
bombings_NNS
that_CS
took_VBD
place_NN
last_VB
year_NN
._.
in_IN
the_DT
near_IN
future_NN
,_,
india_NP
and_CC
pakistan_NP
may_MD
launch_VB
nuclear_JJ
missiles_NNS
at_IN
each_DT
other_JJ
._.
at_IN
the_DT
time_NN
of_IN
the_DT
tests_NNS
i_PP
had_HVD
some_DT
understanding_NN
of_IN
the_DT
reasons_NNS
why_WRB
this_DT
might_MD
happen_VB
;_;
after_IN
seeing_VBG
earth_NN
,_,
i_PP
have_HV
a_DT
much_DT
,_,
much_DT
better_JJR
understanding_NN
._.
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