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people_NN
who_WP
enjoy_VB
science_NN
fiction_NN
are_BER
often_RB
faced_VBN
with_IN
unpleasant_JJ
surprises_NNS
due_JJ
to_IN
the_DT
improper_JJ
labelling_NN
of_IN
novels_NNS
,_,
stories_NNS
,_,
comic_NN
books_NNS
or_CC
movies_NNS
._.
often_RB
science_NN
fiction_NN
aficionados_NNS
find_VB
material_NN
,_,
previously_RB
labelled_VBN
as_IN
science_NN
fiction_NN
,_,
to_IN
be_BE
pure_JJ
fantasy_NN
or_CC
supernatural_JJ
horror_NN
,_,
or_CC
rather_RB
simple_JJ
techno-thriller_NN
._.
in_IN
such_DT
cases_NNS
,_,
mistakes_NNS
are_BER
understandable_JJ
-_-
genre_NN
boundaries_NNS
are_BER
never_RB
clearly_RB
marked_JJ
._.
but_CC
,_,
i_PP
believe_VB
there_RB
are_BER
really_RB
few_DT
cases_NNS
when_CS
a_DT
movie_NN
labelled_VBN
as_IN
science_NN
fiction_NN
actually_RB
happens_VBZ
to_IN
be_BE
straight_JJ
historical_JJ
epic_NN
._.
such_DT
thing_NN
occurred_VBD
in_IN
former_DT
yugoslavia_NP
some_DT
fifteen_CD
years_NNS
ago_RB
,_,
when_CS
national_JJ
distributors_NNS
gave_VBD
such_DT
treatment_NN
to_IN
the_DT
right_NN
stuff_NN
,_,
1983_CD
film_NN
directed_VBN
by_IN
philip_NP
kaufman_NP
._.
the_DT
mistake_NN
of_IN
the_DT
distributors_NNS
could_MD
be_BE
explained_VBN
with_IN
the_DT
fact_NN
that_CS
the_DT
official_JJ
poster_NN
of_IN
the_DT
film_NN
features_NNS
men_NNS
in_IN
space_NN
suits_VBZ
._.
but_CC
the_DT
right_JJ
stuff_NN
film_NN
isn't_BEZ
even_RB
fiction_NN
._.
it_PP
was_BEDZ
based_VBN
on_IN
the_DT
non-fiction_NP
book_NN
by_IN
tom_NP
wolfe_NP
,_,
covering_VBG
the_DT
early_JJ
years_NNS
of_IN
american_JJ
space_NN
program_NN
._.
the_DT
plot_NN
of_IN
the_DT
film_NN
begins_VBZ
in_IN
1947_CD
when_CS
few_DT
people_NN
heard_VBD
of_IN
edwards_NP
air_NN
force_NN
base_NN
,_,
major_JJ
test_NN
site_NN
for_IN
experimental_JJ
planes_NNS
._.
the_DT
major_JJ
aim_NN
of_IN
test_NN
flights_NNS
is_BEZ
to_TO
determine_VB
ability_NN
of_IN
manned_JJ
aircraft_NN
to_IN
reach_NN
1_CD
mach_???
speed_NN
and_CC
thus_RB
break_VB
the_DT
sound_NN
barrier_NN
._.
many_DT
pilots_NNS
tried_VBD
to_TO
achieve_VB
that_DT
goal_NN
and_CC
many_DT
paid_VBN
with_IN
their_PP$
lives_NNS
for_IN
such_DT
bravado_NN
._.
but_CC
one_CD
quiet_JJ
pilot_NN
,_,
chuck_VB
eager_JJ
(_(
played_VBD
by_IN
sam_NP
shaped_JJ
)_)
succeeds_VBZ
and_CC
thus_RB
gives_VBZ
example_NN
for_IN
whole_JJ
new_JJ
generation_NN
of_IN
test_NN
pilots_NNS
,_,
determined_VBN
to_IN
enter_VB
history_NN
books_NNS
by_IN
breaking_VBG
new_JJ
speed_NN
records_NNS
._.
ten_CD
years_NNS
later_RBR
,_,
soviets_NNS
have_HV
launched_VBN
"_"
sputnik_NN
"_"
marking_VBG
the_DT
beginning_NN
of_IN
the_DT
space_NN
age_NN
._.
in_IN
order_NN
to_IN
regain_VB
national_JJ
prestige_NN
,_,
us_PP
government_NN
decides_VBZ
to_IN
be_BE
the_DT
first_OD
to_IN
send_VB
man_NP
into_IN
space_NN
._.
best_JJS
air_NN
force_NN
,_,
navy_NN
and_CC
marine_JJ
pilots_NNS
are_BER
recruited_VBN
into_IN
program_NN
,_,
but_CC
not_XNOT
yeager_NN
,_,
because_CS
he_PP
lacks_VBZ
college_NN
education_NN
and_CC
desired_JJ
all-american_JJ
image_NN
._.
in_IN
one_CD
of_IN
critics_NNS
'_"
polls_NNS
the_DT
right_NN
stuff_NN
was_BEDZ
named_VBN
as_IN
one_CD
among_IN
top_NN
1980s_CD
films_NNS
made_VBN
in_IN
1980s_CD
._.
such_DT
high_JJ
position_NN
could_MD
be_BE
explained_VBN
with_IN
the_DT
fact_NN
that_CS
kaufman_NP
's_POS
film_NN
looks_VBZ
quite_RB
atypical_JJ
for_IN
its_PP$
time_NN
._.
with_IN
more_DT
than_CS
three_CD
hours_NNS
of_IN
length_NN
and_CC
epic_NN
scope_NN
it_PP
looked_VBD
more_DT
suitable_JJ
for_IN
1960s_CD
and_CC
1960s_CD
-_-
age_NN
when_CS
hollywood_NP
used_VBD
to_IN
make_NN
films_NNS
larger_JJR
than_CS
life_NN
._.
but_CC
the_DT
real_JJ
reason_NN
lies_NNS
in_IN
the_DT
fact_NN
that_CS
it_PP
was_BEDZ
made_VBN
by_IN
truly_RB
remarkable_JJ
and_CC
talented_JJ
filmmaker_NN
._.
philip_NP
kaufman_NP
created_VBD
reputation_NN
in_IN
1970s_CD
by_IN
using_VBG
all_PDT
the_DT
opportunities_NNS
of_IN
that_DT
golden_JJ
age_NN
in_IN
order_NN
to_IN
create_VB
original_JJ
,_,
memorable_JJ
movies_NNS
._.
the_DT
right_NN
stuff_NN
was_BEDZ
the_DT
last_OD
of_IN
them_PP
,_,
swan_NP
song_NN
of_IN
an_DT
era_NN
when_CS
producers_NNS
allowed_VBN
directors_NNS
to_IN
spend_NN
big_JJ
bucks_NNS
on_IN
unusual_JJ
,_,
risk-taking_NN
"_"
artsy_NN
"_"
projects_NNS
._.
the_DT
right_NN
stuff_NN
is_BEZ
unusual_JJ
because_CS
it_PP
lacks_VBZ
many_DT
standard_NN
elements_NNS
of_IN
hollywood_NP
film_NN
._.
the_DT
plot_NN
is_BEZ
almost_RB
non-existent_JJ
and_CC
not_XNOT
very_RB
coherent_JJ
;_;
the_DT
story_NN
,_,
featuring_VBG
many_DT
interesting_JJ
incidents_NNS
and_CC
anecdotes_NNS
,_,
shifts_NNS
focus_NN
from_IN
the_DT
old_JJ
generation_NN
of_IN
test_NN
pilots_NNS
,_,
embodied_VBN
in_IN
yeager_NN
,_,
to_IN
new_JJ
generation_NN
of_IN
the_DT
astronauts_NNS
._.
the_DT
film_NN
also_RB
lacks_VBZ
conventional_JJ
protagonist_NN
-_-
yeager_NN
(_(
who_NP
also_RB
appears_VBZ
in_IN
small_JJ
cameo_???
)_(
remains_NNS
the_DT
true_JJ
hero_NN
of_IN
the_DT
film_NN
,_,
but_CC
equal_JJ
time_NN
and_CC
exposure_NN
is_BEZ
also_RB
given_VBN
to_IN
other_JJ
astronauts_NNS
and_CC
their_PP$
wives_NNS
,_,
making_VBG
this_DT
movie_NN
into_IN
ensemble_NN
piece_NN
._.
that_CS
gave_VBD
opportunity_NN
for_IN
kaufman_NP
to_IN
use_NN
multitude_NN
of_IN
great_JJ
acting_JJ
talents_NNS
,_,
until_CS
that_DT
specialised_JJ
only_JJ
for_IN
bit_NN
or_CC
character_NN
roles_NNS
._.
sam_NP
shepard_NP
is_BEZ
great_JJ
as_CS
yeager_NN
,_,
war_NN
hero_NN
whose_WP$
greatest_JJS
achievement_NN
-_-
breech_NN
of_IN
the_DT
sound_NN
barrier_NN
-_-
remained_VBD
obscured_VBD
in_CD
history_NN
books_NNS
,_,
probably_RB
due_JJ
to_IN
his_PP$
own_DT
modesty_NN
._.
on_IN
the_DT
surface_NN
,_,
he_PP
lacks_VBZ
personality_NN
compared_VBD
with_IN
his_PP$
hyped_JJ
and_CC
more_DT
fortunate_JJ
astronaut_NP
colleagues_NNS
,_,
but_CC
shepard_NP
gives_VBZ
texture_NN
to_IN
this_DT
character_NN
with_IN
subtle_JJ
gestures_NNS
and_CC
phrases_NNS
._.
shepard_NP
's_POS
performance_NN
is_BEZ
followed_VBN
with_IN
great_JJ
acting_JJ
by_IN
ed_NN
harris_NP
as_IN
clean-cut_JJ
marine_JJ
(_(
and_CC
future_NN
politician_NN
)_)
john_NP
glenn_NP
._.
young_JJ
dennis_NP
quaid_JJ
is_BEZ
more_DT
than_CS
fine_JJ
as_IN
arrogant_JJ
fighter_NN
jock_???
gordo_NP
cooper_NP
,_,
and_CC
this_DT
arrogance_NN
is_BEZ
mirrored_VBN
in_IN
his_PP$
friend_NN
and_CC
most_DT
tragic_JJ
figure_NN
of_IN
virgil_NP
grissom_NN
,_,
superbly_RB
played_VBN
by_IN
fred_NP
ward_NN
._.
always_RB
reliable_JJ
character_NN
actor_NN
scott_NP
glenn_NP
provides_VBZ
some_DT
comic_NN
relief_NN
as_IN
navy_NN
aviator_NN
and_CC
(_(
arguably_RB
)_)
first_OD
american_NN
man_NN
in_IN
space_NN
alan_NP
shepard_NP
._.
kaufman_NP
left_VBD
room_NN
for_IN
female_JJ
talents_NNS
to_IN
excel_VB
too_RB
-_-
barbara_NP
hershey_NP
,_,
pamela_NP
reed_NP
,_,
veronica_NP
cartwright_VBD
and_CC
mary_NP
jo_NP
deschanel_NN
are_BER
great_JJ
as_IN
pilots_NNS
'_"
wives_NNS
._.
royal_JJ
dano_???
is_BEZ
also_RB
impressive_JJ
as_CS
menacing_JJ
figure_NN
of_IN
preacher_NN
,_,
but_CC
the_DT
most_DT
memorable_JJ
performances_NNS
belong_VB
to_IN
donald_NP
moffat_NP
as_IN
vice-president_NN
lyndon_NP
b_NN
._.
johnson_NP
and_CC
jane_NP
dornacker_NN
as_IN
nurse_NN
murch_NN
._.
great_JJ
acting_JJ
talent_NN
assembled_VBN
for_IN
this_DT
film_NN
was_BEDZ
mirrored_VBN
with_IN
kaufman_NP
's_POS
superb_JJ
direction_NN
._.
most_DT
notable_JJ
of_IN
all_PDT
is_BEZ
the_DT
methods_NNS
kaufman_NP
uses_VBZ
in_IN
order_NN
to_IN
suggest_VB
the_DT
passage_NN
of_IN
time_NN
._.
the_DT
beginning_NN
of_IN
the_DT
film_NN
shows_VBZ
test_NN
pilots_NNS
living_NN
in_IN
the_DT
middle_NN
of_IN
desert_NN
,_,
as_CS
virtual_JJ
unknowns_NNS
,_,
far_RB
away_RB
from_IN
strict_JJ
rules_NNS
and_CC
discipline_NN
._.
everything_PN
seems_VBZ
natural_JJ
-yeager_NN
can_MD
indulge_VB
himself_PPX
in_IN
horse_NN
riding_VBG
just_RB
few_DT
yards_NNS
away_RB
from_IN
the_DT
fastest_JJS
and_CC
most_RBS
precious_JJ
aircraft_NN
in_IN
the_DT
world_NN
._.
in_IN
that_DT
setting_NN
,_,
it_PP
's_BEZ
quite_RB
normal_JJ
for_IN
important_JJ
technical_JJ
problems_NNS
to_IN
be_BE
solved_VBD
with_IN
simple_JJ
chainsaw_NN
and_CC
for_IN
the_DT
test_NN
pilots_NNS
not_XNOT
to_TO
report_VB
their_PP$
ribs_NNS
being_NN
broken_JJ
before_IN
most_DT
important_JJ
flights_NNS
._.
but_CC
the_DT
times_NNS
are_BER
changing_JJ
;_;
ww2_???
alliance_NN
with_IN
ussr_NP
is_BEZ
replaced_VBN
with_IN
cold_JJ
war_NN
,_,
and_CC
"_"
natural_JJ
"_"
pilots_NNS
like_IN
yeager_NN
must_MD
be_BE
replaced_VBN
with_IN
more_DT
disciplined_JJ
,_,
conventional_JJ
pilots_NNS
._.
their_PP$
entire_JJ
lives_NNS
become_VB
focus_NN
of_IN
media_NN
frenzy_NN
,_,
and_CC
their_PP$
job_NN
is_BEZ
subjected_VBN
to_IN
strict_JJ
rules_NNS
,_,
meticulous_JJ
plans_NNS
and_CC
they_PP
must_MD
fight_VB
the_DT
bureaucrats_NNS
,_,
publicity-seeking_VBG
politicians_NNS
and_CC
uncaring_JJ
scientists_NNS
(_(
like_IN
former_DT
nazi_JJ
rocket_NN
expert_NN
werner_NP
von_NP
braun_???
,_,
played_VBD
by_IN
scott_NP
beach_NN
)_)
only_RB
to_IN
preserve_NN
their_PP$
most_DT
basic_JJ
human_JJ
dignity_NN
._.
this_DT
contrast_NN
is_BEZ
underlined_VBN
with_IN
the_DT
beautifully_RB
edited_VBN
sequence_NN
-_-
while_CS
yeager_NN
conducts_NNS
his_PP$
final_JJ
and_CC
most_DT
spectacular_JJ
test_NN
flight_NN
in_IN
absolute_JJ
obscurity_NN
,_,
"_"
mercury_NP
"_"
astronauts_NNS
receive_VB
fame_NN
and_CC
fortune_NN
,_,
although_CS
some_DT
of_IN
them_PP
even_RB
before_IN
going_VBG
in_IN
the_DT
space_NN
._.
those_DT
contrasts_NNS
and_CC
similar_JJ
effects_NNS
are_BER
achieved_VBN
with_IN
kaufman_NP
's_POS
superb_JJ
use_NN
of_IN
poetic_JJ
movie_NN
language_NN
._.
editing_NN
is_BEZ
great_JJ
,_,
and_CC
photography_NN
by_IN
caleb_???
deschanel_NN
provides_VBZ
many_DT
memorable_JJ
scenes_NNS
like_IN
the_DT
funeral_NN
in_IN
the_DT
desert_NN
or_CC
astronauts_NNS
in_IN
their_PP$
suits_NNS
walking_VBG
in_IN
slow_JJ
motion_NN
(_(
the_DT
same_DT
image_NN
would_MD
be_BE
copied_VBN
in_IN
many_DT
latter_DT
films_NNS
)_)
._.
although_CS
kaufman_NP
enjoyed_VBD
support_NN
of_IN
nasa_NP
and_CC
american_JJ
military_JJ
,_,
which_WDT
provided_VBD
authentic_JJ
locations_NNS
and_CC
period_NN
equipment_NN
,_,
he_PP
still_RB
had_HVD
to_TO
use_VB
special_JJ
effects_NNS
in_IN
order_NN
to_IN
simulate_VB
space_NN
flights_NNS
._.
those_DT
effects_NNS
are_BER
excellent_JJ
and_CC
they_PP
can_MD
still_RB
fool_VB
the_DT
audience_NN
accustomed_VBN
to_IN
cgi_???
and_CC
real_JJ
footage_NN
of_IN
earth_NN
from_IN
outer_JJ
space_NN
._.
another_DT
fine_JJ
contribution_NN
of_IN
this_DT
film_NN
is_BEZ
"_"
oscar_NP
"_"
-awarded_VBD
musical_JJ
score_NN
by_IN
bill_NN
conti_???
;_;
i_CD
still_JJ
tremble_VB
from_IN
excitement_NN
every_DT
time_NN
i_PP
hear_VB
it_PP
._.
it_PP
is_BEZ
accompanied_VBN
with_IN
the_DT
use_NN
of_IN
holst_CS
and_CC
debussy_NP
._.
some_DT
of_IN
the_DT
songs_NNS
used_VBN
in_IN
the_DT
background_NN
also_RB
provide_VB
authentic_JJ
atmosphere_NN
of_IN
the_DT
historical_JJ
period_NN
._.
this_DT
film_NN
is_BEZ
great_JJ
,_,
and_CC
its_PP$
cult_NN
status_NN
is_BEZ
well_RB
deserved_JJ
,_,
but_CC
there_EX
are_BER
some_DT
minor_JJ
flaws_NNS
._.
some_DT
of_IN
the_DT
"_"
mercury_NP
"_"
astronauts_NNS
aren't_BER
fleshed_VBN
out_RP
enough_RB
(_(
although_CS
being_NN
played_VBD
by_IN
fine_JJ
actors_NNS
,_,
like_IN
lance_NN
henriksen_NP
)_)
._.
film_NN
also_RB
lacks_VBZ
proper_JJ
closure_NN
._.
on_IN
the_DT
other_JJ
hand_NN
,_,
most_DT
logical_JJ
conclusion_NN
of_IN
the_DT
film_NN
-_-
landing_NN
on_IN
the_DT
moon_NN
-_-
would_MD
require_VB
this_DT
film_NN
to_IN
be_BE
more_DT
than_CS
six_CD
hours_NNS
long_JJ
._.
also_RB
,_,
some_DT
critics_NNS
were_BED
prone_JJ
to_TO
attack_VB
this_DT
film_NN
as_IN
too_RB
amerocentric_NN
and_CC
hard_JJ
on_IN
russians_NNS
,_,
who_WP
were_BED
portrayed_VBN
as_IN
evil_JJ
monsters_NNS
,_,
just_RB
in_IN
line_NN
with_IN
most_DT
virulent_JJ
cold_JJ
war_NN
rhetoric_NN
of_IN
reagan_NP
's_POS
america_NP
._.
in_IN
some_DT
of_IN
contemporary_JJ
interviews_NNS
,_,
kaufman_NP
defended_VBD
that_CS
approach_NN
by_IN
claiming_VBG
that_DT
he_PP
wanted_VBD
to_IN
make_NN
film_NN
as_IN
authentic_JJ
as_CS
possible_JJ
,_,
and_CC
in_IN
order_NN
to_IN
do_DO
that_CS
,_,
he_PP
portrayed_VBD
russians_NNS
not_XNOT
as_IN
they_PP
were_BED
in_IN
real_JJ
life_NN
,_,
but_CC
as_CS
they_PP
were_BED
perceived_JJ
by_IN
americans_NNS
in_IN
early_JJ
1960s_CD
._.
time_NN
has_HVZ
passed_VBN
;_;
now_RB
we_PP
don't_DO
see_VB
astronauts_NNS
as_IN
heroes_NNS
._.
in_IN
this_DT
age_NN
of_IN
widespread_JJ
satellite_NN
communications_NNS
and_CC
routine_NN
space_NN
missions_NNS
,_,
those_DT
men_NNS
and_CC
women_NNS
in_IN
space_NN
suits_VBZ
are_BER
seen_VBN
as_IN
mere_JJ
maintenance_NN
workers_NNS
._.
few_DT
young_JJ
boys_NNS
want_VB
to_IN
be_BE
astronauts_NNS
when_CS
they_PP
grow_VB
up_RP
._.
but_CC
this_DT
film_NN
,_,
sentimental_JJ
reminder_NN
of_IN
the_DT
times_NNS
"_"
when_CS
future_NN
began_VBD
"_"
,_,
perhaps_RB
could_MD
encourage_VB
at_IN
least_DT
some_DT
of_IN
them_PP
to_IN
follow_VB
"_"
mercury_NP
"_"
astronauts_NNS
'_"
footsteps_NNS
seek_VB
new_JJ
frontiers_NNS
in_IN
the_DT
sky_NN
._.
and_CC
even_RB
if_CS
they_PP
decide_VB
to_TO
stay_VB
on_IN
earth_NN
,_,
they_PP
could_MD
still_RB
appreciate_VB
the_DT
right_NN
stuff_NN
as_IN
an_DT
extraordinary_JJ
piece_NN
of_IN
cinema_NN
._.